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Tundrite-(Ce)

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About Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Colour:
Yellow-brown, green-yellow
Lustre:
Greasy, Silky
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Originally called titanorhabdophane. Named tundrite after the Lovozero tundra, by E. I. Semenov in 1963. The suffix was added later, following the Levinson rule, to indicate the dominant rare earth element.
Tundrite Group.

Closely related to kihlmanite-(Ce).


Classification of Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

Approved
9.AH.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
H : Nesosilicates with CO3, SO4, PO4, etc.
17.1.11.

17 : COMPOUND CARBONATES
1 : Miscellaneous
17.4.15

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
4 : Silicates with carbonates

Physical Properties of Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

Greasy, Silky
Colour:
Yellow-brown, green-yellow
Hardness:

Optical Data of Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.743 nβ = 1.800 nγ = 1.880
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.137
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v moderate

Chemical Properties of Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
IMA Formula:
Na2Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(CO3)2

Crystallography of Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.5702(6) Å, b = 13.949(2) Å, c = 5.0235(5) Å
α = 100.19(1)°, β = 70.88(1)°, γ = 101.26(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.543 : 1 : 0.36
Unit Cell V:
487.91 ų
Z:
2

Type Occurrence of Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

Relationship of Tundrite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Structurally related to group(s):

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Aegirine2 photos of Tundrite-(Ce) associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Ranciéite2 photos of Tundrite-(Ce) associated with Ranciéite on mindat.org.
Rhabdophane-(Ce)2 photos of Tundrite-(Ce) associated with Rhabdophane-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Riebeckite1 photo of Tundrite-(Ce) associated with Riebeckite on mindat.org.
Orthoclase1 photo of Tundrite-(Ce) associated with Orthoclase on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AH.05Iimoriite-(Y)Y2[SiO4][CO3]Tric.
9.AH.10Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
9.AH.15SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
9.AH.20TernesiteCa5(SiO4)2(SO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AH.25Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25ChlorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5FHex.
9.AH.25HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
9.AH.25MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25Tritomite-(Ce)Ce5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,O)
9.AH.25Tritomite-(Y)Y5(SiO4,BO4)3(O,OH,F)
9.AH.25Fluorcalciobritholite(Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.AH.25Fluorbritholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

17.1.11.2Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.4.1TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
17.4.2SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.3ParaspurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.4ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
17.4.5FukaliteCa4[Si2O6][CO3](OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.4.6MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
17.4.7Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
17.4.8CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
17.4.9Iimoriite-(Y)Y2[SiO4][CO3]Tric.
17.4.10Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.4.11Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth. mm2
17.4.12Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
17.4.13AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2OTet.
17.4.14Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
17.4.16Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1965): 50: 2097.
Semenov, E.I., Kazakova, M.E., Aleksandrova, R.A. (1967) The Lovozero minerals nenadkevichite, gerassimovskite and tundrite from Ilímaussaq, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 181: 1-11. Abstract: American Mineralogist (1968): 53: 1780.
Shlyukova, Z.V., Vlasova, Ye.V., Kazakova, M.E., Piloyan, G.O., Shumyatskaya, I.G., Borutskiy, B.E. (1974) New data on tundrite. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR., Earth Sciences Section: 211: 128-131. Abstract: American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 633.
Shumyatskaya, N.G., Voronkov, A.A., Ilyukhin, V.V., Belov, N.V. (1976) Tundrite, Na2Ce2TiO2[SiO4](CO3)2 - refinement of the crystal structure and chemical formula. Soviet Physics – Crystallography: 21: 399-404.
Karup-Møller, S. (1982) Tundrite from the Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Minerlogie, Monatshefte Jg.: 1982: 481-494.
Grice, J.D., Rowe, R., Poirier, P., Wight, Q. (2008) Tundrite-(Ce) from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, crystal-structure analysis and species characterization. Canadian Mineralogist: 46: 413-422.

Internet Links for Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Tundrite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
Semenov, Evgenii Ivanovich, M. E. Kazakova & R. A. Aleksandrova. 1967. The Lovozero Minerals - Nenadkevichite, Gerassimovskite and Tundrite - from Ilîmaussaq, South Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 181(5 1.del) [published with 181(5), 2.del] ; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
KARUP MØLLER, S. (1982): Tundrite from the Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Minerlogie, Monatshefte Jg. 1982, 481-494.
Karup-Møller, S. 1982: Tundrite from the Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 481–494
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data; L. Kruszewski collection (analysed; Ce-dominant)
Yakovenchuk, V. N., Krivovichev, S. V., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Pakhomovsky, Ya. A., Selivanova, E. A.,Zhitova, E. A., Kalashnikova,G. O., Zolotarev, A. A., Mikhailova, J. A., Kadyrova, G. I. (2014): Kihlmanite-(Ce), Ce2TiO2[SiO4](HCO3)2(H2O), a new rare-earth mineral from the pegmatites of the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 483-496.
      • Lovozero Massif
        • Seidozero Lake
          • Lepkhe-Nel'm Mt (Lepkhe-Nelm; Nepkha)
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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