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Hetian Jade

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White, yellow, bluish white, grey, black
Named for the occurrences in Hetian County (Hotan County), Xinjiang Province, China.
A variety of Tremolite Jade

One of the classic Chinese jades. It consists almost entirely of tremolite, but may contain up to 5 wt.-% of impurities such as diopside, epidote, clinozoisite, olivine, dolomite, quartz, magnetite, pyrite, apatite, limonite and carbonaceous matter, which are disseminated in the ground mass and impart various shades of colours. In trade, four colour varieties are distinguished: white, yellow, blue and black Hetian Jade. White Hetian Jade, typically off white to very pale yellow and containing more than 99 wt.-% of tremolite, and yellow Hetian jade, which owes its deeper yellow colour to iron oxide inclusions, are the most valuable ones. The blue varieties contain microscopic inclusions of bluish green silicate minerals (other than actinolite) and the black varieties contain up to 5 wt.-% of both iron minerals and carbonacous matter.

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Physical Properties of Hetian JadeHide

White, yellow, bluish white, grey, black

Synonyms of Hetian JadeHide

Other Language Names for Hetian JadeHide

Simplified Chinese:和阗玉

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hetian JadeHide

Reference List:
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Yanling Tang, Dequan Liu, and Ruizhong Zhou (2002): Study on name, culture, quality and mineral deposit of Hetian jade. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 21(s1), 13-21.
Wenyuan Cui and Fuxu Yang (2002): Study on Hetian jade (tremolite jade). Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 21(s1), 26-33.
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp. (in Chinese)
Jingfang Mao, Ruzeng Yang, Mingjie Li, and Xinqiang Yuan (2007): Analysis of the structural difference of Xinjiang white jade and Xiaomeiling white jade in Jiangsu and their optical results. Shanghai Geology 28(2).
Zhenhua Zhou and Jiarui Feng (2010): A petrological and mineralogical comparison between Xinjiang nephrite and Xiuyan nephrite. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 29(3), 331-340.

Internet Links for Hetian JadeHide

Localities for Hetian JadeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Xinjiang
    • Hetian Prefecture (Khotan Prefecture; Hotan Prefecture; Hoten Prefecture)
Yanling Tang, Dequan Liu, and Ruizhong Zhou (2002): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 21(s1), 13-21
Reuters (2007): China orders crackdown on rush for rare white jade, October 30, 2007
      • Yutian Co. (Keriye Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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