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Astrophyllite

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Formula:
K2NaFe72+Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
Bronze-yellow, golden ...
Lustre:
Greasy, Pearly, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
3
Name:
From the Greek άστρον ("astron") for "star" and φύλλον ("phyllon") for "leaf", in allusion to its habit of starburst-like sprays and micaceous cleavage.

Classification of Astrophyllite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DC.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
C : Inosilicates with branched 2-periodic single chains; Si2O6 + 2SiO3 Si4O12
69.1.1.1

69 : INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
1 : Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
14.9.29

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
9 : Silicates of Ti

Physical Properties of Astrophyllite

Greasy, Pearly, Sub-Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Bronze-yellow, golden yellow, brown to reddish brown.
Streak:
Golden
Hardness (Mohs):
3
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001}
Poor on {100}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.2 - 3.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of Astrophyllite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.680 nβ = 1.700 nγ = 1.730
2V:
Measured: 70° to 90°, Calculated: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.050
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
none
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X= deep red-orange
Y= orange-yellow
Z= lemon-yellow

Chemical Properties of Astrophyllite

IMA Formula:
K2NaFe72+Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Nb,Ta,Zr,Al,Mg,Ca

Crystallography of Astrophyllite

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.76 Å, b = 5.36 Å, c = 21.08 Å
α = 90°, β = 94°, γ = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.194 : 1 : 3.933
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,325.51 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
tabular, bladed, acicular
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Occurrences of Astrophyllite

Type Occurrence of Astrophyllite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mineralogische Sammlung der TU Bergakademie Freiberg
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Nepheline-syenite pegmatite

Relationship of Astrophyllite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Kupletskite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
BulgakiteLi2(Ca,Na)Fe72+Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(F,O)(H2O)2
Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
NalivkiniteLi2Na(Fe2+,Mn2+)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Tarbagataite(K□)Ca(Fe2+,Mn)7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)5
Zircophyllite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe2+)7(Zr,Ti)2Si8O24(O,OH,F)7
9.DC.05Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
9.DC.05KupletskiteK2NaMn72+Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
9.DC.05LobanoviteK2Na(Fe42+Mg2Na)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4
9.DC.05NiobophylliteK2NaFe72+(Nb,Ti)(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(O,F)
9.DC.05ZircophylliteK2NaMn72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
9.DC.05Kupletskite-(Cs)Cs2NaMn72+Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
9.DC.05NiobokupletskiteK2NaMn72+(Nb,Zr,Ti)(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(O,F)
9.DC.05NalivkiniteLi2NaFe72+Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F(H2O)2
9.DC.05SveinbergeiteCa(Fe62+Fe3+)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)5 · 4H2O
14.9.1NatisiteNa2TiO(SiO4)
14.9.2LorenzeniteNa2Ti2O3(Si2O6)
14.9.3LintisiteNa3LiTi2O2(SiO3)4 · 2H2O
14.9.4DavaniteK2TiSi6O15
14.9.5KazakoviteNa6Mn2+TiSi6O18
14.9.6TitaniteCaTiSiO5
14.9.7OhmiliteSr3(Ti,Fe3+)(Si2O6)2(O,OH) · 2H2O
14.9.8Lamprophyllite(SrNa)Ti2Na3Ti(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2
14.9.9BenitoiteBaTiSi3O9
14.9.10BatisiteNa2BaTi2(Si4O12)O2
14.9.11FresnoiteBa2TiO(Si2O7)
14.9.12Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Fe2+Ti2Ce2(SiO3)8O2(OH) · H2O
14.9.13Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Fe2+Ce2Ti2(SiO3)8O2(O,OH) · H2O
14.9.14Strontiojoaquinite(Na,Fe)2Ba2Sr2Ti2(SiO3)8(O,OH)2 · H2O
14.9.15Bario-orthojoaquiniteBa4Fe22+Ti2O2(SiO3)8 · H2O
14.9.16Strontio-orthojoaquiniteNaSr4Fe3+Ti2Si8O24(OH)4
14.9.17BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
14.9.18HejtmaniteBa2Mn42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
14.9.19DelindeiteBa2Ti2(Na2◻)Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2O2
14.9.20Barytolamprophyllite(BaK)Ti2Na3Ti(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2
14.9.21Trimounsite-(Y)Y2Ti2O5SiO4
14.9.22Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti24+O8(Si2O7)2
14.9.23Chevkinite(Ce,Ca,Th)4(Fe,Mn)2(Ti,Fe)3[Si2O7]2O8
14.9.24Strontiochevkinite(Sr,Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)4O8(Si2O7)2
14.9.25TisinaliteNa3Mn2+TiSi6O15(OH)3
14.9.26NeptuniteKNa2LiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
14.9.27ManganoneptuniteKNa2LiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
14.9.28KupletskiteK2NaMn72+Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
14.9.30Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
14.9.31LobanoviteK2Na(Fe42+Mg2Na)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4
14.9.32BaratoviteKLi3Ca7Ti2(SiO3)12F2
14.9.34AenigmatiteNa4(Fe102+Ti2)O4[Si12O36]
14.9.35SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(Fe23+Si)O12
14.9.36TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn)2TiOSi7O18(OH)
14.9.37Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
14.9.38KoashviteNa6CaTiSi6O18

Other Names for Astrophyllite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Astrophyllite

Reference List:
Weibye, P.C. (1848) Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde: 22: 465-544, 673-678.

Scheerer, T. (1854) Verhandlungen des bergmännischen Vereins zu Freiberg, Berg- und hüttenmännische Zeitung: 13: 239-240.

Scheerer, T. (1864) Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit. Annalen der Physik und Chemie: 198(2/122): 107-138. (as brown mica)

Brøgger, W.C. (1890) Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite, 35. Astrophyllit. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie: 16: 200-216.

Woodrow, P.J. (1967) The crystal structure of astrophyllite. Acta Crystallographica: 22: 673-678.

Manning, P.G. (1968) On the origin of colour and pleochroism of astrophyllite and brown clintonite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 663-677.

Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Cabri, L.J. (1975) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 60: 736-739.

Zhesheng Ma, Guowu Li, Nicheng Shi, Huyun Zhou, Danian Ye, Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2001) Structure refinement of astrophyllite. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences): 44(6): 508-516.

Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 996-999.

Piilonen, P., Lalonde, A., McDonald, A., Gault, R, Larsen, A. (2003) Insights into Astrophyllite-group minerals. I. Nomenclature, composition and development of standardized general formula. Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1-26.

Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., LaLonde, A.E. (2003) Insights into astrophyllite–group minerals. II. Crystal chemistry. The Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 27-54.

Sokolova, E., Cámara, F. (2008) Re-investigation of the crystal structure of magnesium astrophyllite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 20: 253-260.

Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) The crystal structures of niobophyllite, kupletskite-(Cs) and Sn-rich astrophyllite: Revisions to the crystal chemistry of the astrophyllite-group minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 1-16.

Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) The crystal structures of niobophyllite, kupletskite-(Cs) and Sn-rich astrophyllite: Revisions to the crystal chemistry of the astrophyllite-group minerals: Erratum. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 431-431.

Sokolova, E. (2012) Further developments in the structure topology of the astrophyllite-group minerals. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 863-882.

Sokolova, E., Cámara, F., Hawthorne, F.C., Ciriotti, M.E. (2017) The astrophyllite supergroup: nomenclature and classification. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 143-153.

Internet Links for Astrophyllite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-405.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Astrophyllite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Astrophyllite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
      • Poços de Caldas
Horstpeter H. G. J. Ulbrich (1984) A Petrografia, a Estrutura e o Quimismo de Nefelina Sienitos do Maciço Alcalino de Poços de Caldas MG-SP
Nomura, S.F., Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Cutinho, J.M.V. and Karipidis, T.K. (2010): Manganoeudialyte, a new mineral from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 139 (4), 35-47..
  • Paraná
    • Tijucas do Sul
      • Morro Redondo complex
Vilalva, F.C.J., and Vlach, S.R.F. (2010): Mineralogical Magazine 74(4), 645-658
  • Santa Catarina
G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
No reference listed
  • New Brunswick
    • Queens Co.
Martin, R F, Payette, C (1988) The Welsford Anorogenic Igneous Complex, southern New Brunswick: Rift-Related Acadian Magmatism. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File Issue: 1727
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Miller, R. R. (1988). Yttrium (Y) and other rare metals (Be, Nb, REE, Ta, Zr) in Labrador. Newfoundland Dept Min Rept, 88, 229-245.
Curtis, L.W. & Currie, K.L. (1977) Geology and petrology of the Red Wine complex, Central Labrador. GSC Bulletin 287, 61p. + maps
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • King´s Point
Miller, R. R., & Abdel-Rahman, A. M. (1995) The King's Point Complex, Newfoundland, and Its Potential for Rare-metal Mineralization. Geological Survey Report 95-1 pp159-175
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/can.htm.; Badham 91978), Davidson (1978 & 1983)
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
Wallace et al. (1990) Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Piilonen et al. (2003) Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1 & 27 Martin D. (1975), Studies of astrophyllite from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. B.Sc. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
Lacroix (1890)
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
Currie (1985): GSC Paper 85-1A, 73-80; A. Kerr and H. Rafuse (2012) Rare-earth element (REE) geochemistry of the Strange Lake deposits: Implications for resource estimation and metallogenic models. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2012 pp39-60; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Geol, Survey of Canada database
Chile
 
  • Aisén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region
    • Aisén Province (Aysén Province)
Welkner, Daniela; Godoy, Estanislao; Bernhardt, Heinz-J. (2002): Peralkaline rocks in the Late Cretaceous Del Salto Pluton, Eastern Patagonian Andes, Aisen, Chile (47° 35'S). Revista Geologica de Chile 29, 3-15.
China
 
  • Sichuan Province
    • Panzhihua Prefecture
      • Yanbian Co.
Fenlian Wang, Taiping Zhao, and Wei Chen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(2), 293-308
Fenlian Wang, Taiping Zhao, and Wei Chen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(2), 293-308
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Nyingtri Prefecture (Linzhi Prefecture)
      • Mêdog Co. (Motuo Co.)
        • Mount Namjagbarwa (Mount Nanjiabawa)
Yan Liu, Zhesheng Ma, Xiuling Han, Huyun Zhou, Peishan Zhang, and Dalai Zhong (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(4), 338-340
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Jingwu Yin, Xingkun Shao, Haitao Yang, Tingxian Piao, Haiming Xu, and Jun Wang (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(2), 337-352; Jingwu Yin, Guowu Li, Guangming Yang, Xiangkun Ge, Haiming Xu and Jun Wang (2015) Fluornatropyrochlore, a new pyrochlore supergroup mineral from the Boziguoer rare earth element deposit, Baicheng County, Akesu, Xinjiang, China. Canadian Mineralogist. 53,455-460
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
Jones, A. P. & Larsen, L.M. (1985): Geochemistry and REE minerals of nepheline syenites from the Motzfeldt Centre, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 70, 1087-1100.
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p. 238); Montgomery, A. (1974): An American Mineralogist Part IV. Mineralogical Record 5 (3), 115-127
        • Narsaarsuup Qaava
McDonald, A.M., Petersen, O.V., Gault, R.A., Johnsen, O., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Giester, G. (2001): Micheelsenite, (Ca,Y)3Al(PO3,OH,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6•12H2O,a new mineral from Mont Saint- Hilaire, Quebec, Canada and the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 337-351
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, Southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Groenland. 167 (1), 1-251
          • Head of Kangerluarsuk
            • Lilleelv
Knut Eldjarn photo & specimen
Petersen, O. V. (2001). List of minerals identified in the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland.Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190: 25-33.
Bohse, H., Petersen, O., Niedermayr, G. (2001): Notes on Leucophanite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 119-121
Lorenzen, J. (1884). Untersuchung einiger Mineralien aus Kangerdluarsuk in Grönland. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie unde Mineralogie. 9, 243-254.
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 167. Reitzels Forlag København. 251 p.
      • Nunarssuit Island
Finch, A.A., Mansfeld, J. & Andersen, T. (2001) U-Pb radiometric age of Nunarsuit pegmatite, Greenland: constraints on the timing of Gardar magmatism. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, Vol. 48, pp. 1–7, Copenhagen.
http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/uni/emi/ag-markl/pages/marks/pages/abstracts/EUG2001.html; Marks,M., Vennemann, T., Siebel, W. & Markl, G.(2003): Quantification of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Processes in a Peralkaline Syenite-Alkali Granite Complex Based on Textures, Phase Equilibria, and Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes. Journal of Petrology. 44:1247-1280
      • Quagdlimiut
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
  • Qeqqata
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
Stephenson, D. & Upton, B.J.G.(1982): Ferromagnesian silicates in a differentiated alkaline complex: Kûngnât Fjeld, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 46, 283-300
Guinea
 
Biagioni, C. (2007). I disilicati di Zr-Ti-Nb-REE delle sieniti a nefelina delle Iles de Los (Guinea). Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
http://geo.web.ru/druza/l-Kent.htm
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
      • Sokh Valley
        • Upper Khodzhaachkan River
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Zeravshan range
      • Matcha massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Malawi
 
  • Balaka District
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Wooley (2001)
  • Zomba District
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
Mongolia
 
  • Gobi Desert
N.V. Vladykin data
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
      • Mankhan Soum
Žáček, V., Buriánek, D., Pécskay, Z., Škoda, R. (2016): Astrophyllite-alkali amphibole rhyolite, an evidence of early Permian A-type alkaline volcanism in the western Mongolian Altai. Journal of Geosciences: 61: 93-103; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12611 (2016)
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Brandberg Area
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 270 (in English)
Nigeria
 
  • Plateau State
Am Min 51:299-323
OMADA, J.I., MARTINS, R.F. & ABAA, S.I. (2003): The Kigom peralkaline granite pluton of the Nigerian Younger Granite suite.- Global J. of Geol. Sci., Nigeria, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp 1-11.
      • Younger ring complex
Wooley (2001) p.242
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Kongsberg
Bonin, B. & Sørensen, H. (2003): The granites of the Mykle region in the southern part of the Oslo igneous province, Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Bulletin, 441: 17-24
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Gunhildrud
Jahren, J.; Berg, H.J.; Hurum, J.H. & Wulff-Pedersen, E. (1998): Nye undersøkelser av amazonitt-genthelvin pegmatitten fra Fiskum, Øvre Eiker. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 13-16
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Nordmarka
Raade, G. & Haug, J. (1980): Rare Fluorides from a soda granite in the Oslo Region, Norway. Mineralogical Record, 11, 83-91
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langesundsfjorden
Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65
        • Siktesøya
Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A.O. & Selbekk, R.S. (2012): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zr and Ti mineral assemblages in miaskitic and agpaitic pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Mineralogia Polonica. 43(2), 3- 34
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Farris
Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
        • Lågendalen
Sæbø, P.( 1966): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no.35. The first occurences of the rare mineral barylite, Be2BaSi2O7, in Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 46, 335-348; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
      • Langesundsfjorden
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie, 16, 200-216
Svein A. Berge observation 1992
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI, p.257
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Knut Edvard Larsen, observation on site May 2007
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2383
        • Barkevik area
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-2379)
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field aug.2012
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie, 16, 200-216; Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien Welt 7(4):21-100
Svein A. Berge collection ( first find by Frode Andersen 1989)
Svein A. Berge collection (find 1978)
Ragnar Hansen & Svein A. Berge observation 1975
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates (p. 468-477)
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100.
Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm collection # 19130633; Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates
Scheerer, T. (1854): Verhandlungen des bergmännischen Vereins zu Freiberg, Berg- und hüttenmännische Zeitung. 13, 239-240 ; Scheerer, T. (1864): Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit. Annalen der Physik und Chemie. 198 (2/122), 107-138
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp.( p. 595)
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp
        • Vesle Arøya
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp (p.461)
Flink, G. (1899): Über einige seltene Mineralien aus der Gegend von Langesund in Norwegen. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Uppsala 4, 16-27; Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71; Larsen, A.O., Kolitsch, U., Gault, R.A. & Giester, G. (2010): Eirikite a new mineral species of the leifite group from the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 875–880
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p 462
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Peter Andresen collection, 2016.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
    • Sandefjord
      • Vesterøya
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Raade, G & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60, 117-124
    • Tjøme
      • Færder
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
    • Peshawar
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212
Portugal
 
  • Azores District
    • São Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
[Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888] [Ternes, B., Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel, Lapis, 20-42, 1999 ]
          • Lake Fogo
Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Charrier, T., Dorcet, V., Carpentier, J.-F. (2017): Fogoite-(Y), Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3, a Group-I TS-block mineral from the Lagoa do Fogo, the Fogo volcano, the São Miguel Island, the Azores: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 369–381
Ternes, B. (1999): Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel (Portugal). Lapis, 24 (1), 20-42
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Buriatia (Buryatia)
        • Mama River Basin
          • Maigunda River
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
Starikova, Sharygin, V.V. (2015): Ba-dominant fluoroaluminates from the Katugin rare-metal deposit (Transbaikalia, Russia): chemical and Raman data. XXXII International Conference "Alkaline Magmatism of the Earth and Related Strategic Metal Deposits", August 7-14, Apatity, Kola, Russia
    • Tuva Republic
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Belye Tundry Massif
Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
        • Keivy Mountains
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
        • Khibiny Massif
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
            • 3rd left tributary of Vuonnemijok river (Astrophillytovyi stream)
A.N. Labuntsov Mineralogical survey of central parts of Khibina massif (zircon, catapleiite and fersmanite localities), - Khibinskie apatity, 1933, N6, p. 202-209.
            • Astrophyllite Stream
Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
Men'shikov Yu.P., Khomyakov A.P., Ferraris G. e.a. (2003) Eveslogite, (Ca,K,Na,Sr,Ba)48[(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe")12(OH)12Si48O144](F,OH,Cl)14, a new mineral from the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia, - Zapiski VMO, 132(1), pp. 59-67 (in Rus.).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Men'shikov, Y.P., Krivovichev, S.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Mikhailova, J.A., Armbruster, T., and Selivanova, E.A. (2006): Chivruaiite, Ca4(Ti,Nb)5[(Si6O17)2|(OH,O)5]·13-–14H2O, a new mineral from hydrothermal veins of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs. American Mineralogist 91, 922-928.
P.M. Kartashov data; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Yakovenchuk V N, Ivanyuk G Y, Pakhomovsky Y A, Selivanova E A, Korchak J A, Nikolaev A P (2010) Strontiofluorite, SrF2, a new mineral species from the Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1487-1492
          • Koashva Mt
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
          • Kukisvumchorr Mt
P Haas collection
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.; Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
          • Rypnetsk Mt.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sokolova, E., & Cámara, F. (2008). Re-investigation of the crystal structure of magnesium astrophyllite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 20(2), 253-260.
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
        • Lovozero Massif
Y. P. Men'shikov et al.: Am. Min. 91:922-928 (2006)
Arzamastseva, L.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A. [Арзамасцева, Л.В., Пахомовский Я.А.] (1999): Mineral associations in rocks of Niva agpaitic intrusion (Kola Peninsula) as indicators of its forming conditions [Минеральные ассоциации пород агпаитовой интрузии Нива (Кольский Полуостров) как индикаторы условий ее образования]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 128, 6, 1-16 (in Russian); Arzamastsev, A.A., Belyatsky, B.V., Arzamastseva, L.V. (2000): Agpaitic magmatism in the northeastern Baltic Shield: a study of the Niva intrusion, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Lithos, 51, 1, 27-46.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Gondomar
        • Vincios
Floor, P. (1961): Astrophyllite, a new mineral in Spain. Notas y Communs. Inst. Geol. y Minero Espana, No. 62, 59-72.
      • Vigo
Floor, P. (1961): Astrophyllite, a new mineral in Spain. Notas y Communs. Inst. Geol. y Minero Espana, No. 62, 59-72.
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Azov Sea Region
      • Oktyabr'skii Massif (Mariupol'skii)
Pekov I.V., Belovitskaja Ju.V., Kartashov P.M. e.a. New data on perraultite (Priazovie), - ZVMO, 1999, 3, pp.112-120
  • Zaporozhskaya Oblast' (Zaporiz'ka; Zaporozh'e)
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1976) 51:495-507
“Smith, A.E., Jr., 1996, Collecting Arkansas Minerals: A R“Smith, A.E., Jr., 1994, “Through the Scope: Collecting Microminerals at Cove Creek, Magnet Cove, Arkansas”: Rocks & Minerals, 69:180-185.eference and Guide.” and
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Smith, A. (1996) Collecting Arkansas Minerals
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
http://www.mindat.org/mesg-11-307314.html
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 122; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Paul J. Broyles
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Gross, E. and Heinrich, E., 1966, Petrology and Mineralogy of the Mount Rosa Area, El Paso and Teller Counties, Colorado. II. Pegmatites, American Mineralogist, v. 51, p. 299-323.
reference: "Petrology and Mineralogy of the Mount Rosa area, El Paso and Teller Counties, Colorado II. Lamprophyres and Mineral Deposits" By E. B. Gross and E. WM. Heinrich - The American Mineralogist, Vol 51, Sept-Oct, 1966
Hanson, S.L. and Zito, G. (2013) Mineralogy of Miarolitic Pegmatites in the Stove Mountain Area, Colorado. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 14-15.
  • Maine
    • Kennebec Co.
      • Litchfield
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v.1.
    • York Co.
Toulmin, P., 1957, Notes on a Peralkaline Granite from Cashes Ledge, Gulf of Maine, American Mineralogist, 42: 912-915
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
P Cristofono collection , 2009
      • Rockport
Sears, J. H. (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County, p. 241.; Toulmin, Priestley, 1957, v. 42, p.912-915.
    • Norfolk Co.
Pirsson, L.V. (1910): Note on the Occurrence of Astrophyllite in the Granite at Quincy, Massachusetts (AmJourSci 29:215-216)
      • Sharon
Whitehead, Walter L. (1913): The Geology of the Rattlesnake Hill Granite of Sharon, Massachusetts (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mining Engineering and Metallurgy).
  • Montana
    • Jefferson Co.
The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
        • Goldflint Mountain
W.C van Laer, in preparation
van Laer, in preparation
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
Meyers & Stewart, 1956. Geology of NH: Part III, Minerals & Mines
        • North Conway
Rocks & Min 80:245; Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
      • Moultonborough
Woolley, A.R. (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World
    • Coos Co.
Morrill, 1960. NH Mines and Mineral Localities.
Rocks & Min 80:249
Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, University of Rhode Island, Kingston
  • Virginia
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.51; Saul Krotki
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