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Tungstenite

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About TungsteniteHide

Formula:
WS2
Colour:
Lead-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
7.4
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
The name reflects its tungsten content.

Classification of TungsteniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.EA.30

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
A : M:S = 1:2 - With Cu, Ag, Au
2.12.10.3

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.8.10

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
8 : Sulphides etc. of Cr, Mo, W an Mn

Physical Properties of TungsteniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Lead-gray
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Comment:
Soils fingers
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{0001}
Density:
7.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.732 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TungsteniteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
strong in colors of pink and deep blue
Colour in reflected light:
Pure white
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
very high

Chemical Properties of TungsteniteHide

Formula:
WS2
CAS Registry number:
12138-09-9

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society

Crystallography of TungsteniteHide

Polytype:
Formula:
Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Ratio:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Z:
Tungstenite-2HTungstenite-3R
WS2WS2
Hexagonal Trigonal 
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
P63/mmc R3m
P63/mmc  
a = 3.132(4) Å, c = 12.323(5) Å
a = 3.158(1) Å, c = 18.49(1) Å
a:c = 1 : 3.935a:c = 1 : 5.855
V 104.69 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
V 159.70 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
23

Type Occurrence of TungsteniteHide

Synonyms of TungsteniteHide

Other Language Names for TungsteniteHide

German:Tungstenit
Simplified Chinese:辉钨矿
Spanish:Tungstenita

Relationship of Tungstenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
MolybdeniteMoS2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Dolomite2 photos of Tungstenite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Renierite1 photo of Tungstenite associated with Renierite on mindat.org.
Kiddcreekite1 photo of Tungstenite associated with Kiddcreekite on mindat.org.
Clausthalite1 photo of Tungstenite associated with Clausthalite on mindat.org.
Tennantite1 photo of Tungstenite associated with Tennantite on mindat.org.
Scheelite1 photo of Tungstenite associated with Scheelite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EA.05Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
2.EA.10CalaveriteAuTe2Mon.
2.EA.15KostoviteCuAuTe4Orth.
2.EA.15KrenneriteAu3AgTe8Orth. mm2 : Pma2
2.EA.20BerndtiteSnS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.EA.20KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig.
2.EA.20MeloniteNiTe2Trig.
2.EA.20Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
2.EA.20Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
2.EA.20ShuangfengiteIrTe2Trig.
2.EA.20SudovikovitePtSe2Trig.
2.EA.25VerbeekitePdSe2Mon.
2.EA.30DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.EA.30JordisiteMoS2
2.EA.30MolybdeniteMoS2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.12.10.1MolybdeniteMoS2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.12.10.2DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.8.1BrezinaiteCr3S4Mon. 2/m
3.8.2CaswellsilveriteNaCrS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.8.3KalininiteZnCr2S4
3.8.4DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.8.5Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
3.8.6MolybdeniteMoS2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.8.7 Molybdenite-3RMoS2Trig. 3m : R3m
3.8.8JordisiteMoS2
3.8.9DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.8.12AlabanditeMnSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.8.13HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.8.14Manganoshadlunite(Mn,Pb,Cd)(Cu,Fe)8S8

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TungsteniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Journal of the Washington Academy of Science (1917): 7: 596.
American Mineralogist (1918): 3: 30.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 331-332.
Canadian Mineralogist (1972): 10: 729-731.
Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal, Kiev (1982): 4: 33-40.

Internet Links for TungsteniteHide

Localities for TungsteniteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Zillertal
        • Tux valley
          • Tux (Lanersbach; Lannersbach)
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Brazil
 
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Currais Novos
Falster et al. (1997). J. Jaszczak (Raman and SEM-EDS analysis).
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Timmins area
        • Kidd Township
ontariominerals.com; Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22 (2), 227-232; Thorpe, R.I., Pringle, G.J. & Purr, A.G. (1976): Occurrence of selenide and sulphide minerals in bornite ore of the Kidd Creek massive sulphide deposit, Timmins, Ontario. Geol. Sun, Can. Pap. 76-lA,
China
 
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Dongpo ore field
http://caod.oriprobe.com/articles/34008210/Tungstenite_in_China.htm
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Kashi Prefecture (Kashgar Prefecture; Qeshqer Prefecture)
      • Tashiku'ergan Co. (Taxkorgan Co.; Tashqurqan Co.)
        • Kukexiluke
Jianguo Huang, Chunlong Cui, Wenjie Li, and Yuyin Zhu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(2), 218-223
Czech Republic
 
  • Liberec Region
Pašava J, Veselovský F, Drábek M, Svojtka M, Pour O, Klomínský J, Škoda R, Ďurišová J, Ackerman L, Halodová P, Haluzová E (2015): Molybdenite-tungstenite association in the tungsten-bearing topaz greisen at Vítkov (Krkonoše-Jizera Crystalline Complex, Bohemian Massif): indication of changes in physico-chemical conditions in mineralizing system. Journal of Geosciences, 60, 149-161.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kipushi
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Anzat-le-Luguet
P. Picot, Z. Johan : "Atlas of Ore Minerals", BRGM, Elsevier, 1982
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Crevoladossola
Lapis, 20 (10), 15-23+86.
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2, 192 pp.
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otavi
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Peru
 
  • Ancash Department
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
Econ Geol (1985) 80:416-478
Russia
 
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Chaunskii District (Chaun)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Koryakskoe plateau
      • Tamvatnei massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
    • Baksan Valley
Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
  • Murmansk Oblast
Olga Yakovleva, I. Pekov, I. Bryzgalov, Yu. Men’shikov, V. Yapaskurt, E. Guseva, N. Korotaeva (2009) Chalcogenide Minerals in Fenitized Xenoliths in Khibiny Alkaline Complex Kola Peninsula, Russia): Diversity and Chemical Features. Fifth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp213-216
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Siidra, O.I. (2014): Ekplexite (Nb,Mo)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, kaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x and manganokaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mn1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, three new valleriite-group mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 663-679.
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
      • Hnilec (Hniletz; Nyilas; Nagyhnilec)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí
          • Poblet Monastery
C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
Sweden
 
  • Västerbotten
    • Lycksele
Bark, G. (2005). Genesis and tectonic setting of the hypozonal Fäboliden orogenic gold deposit, northern Sweden. Luleå University of Technology, Division of Ore Geology and Applied Geophysics, Licentiate thesis, 73, 64.
USA
 
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
      • Trumbull
        • Long Hill
Schairer, John. (1931): Minerals of Connecticut. Connecticut Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 51.
J. Zolan Collec.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Wasatch Mts
        • Little Cottonwood District (Alta District)
J.Wash.Acad.Sci.(1917) 7, 596-602; Am. Min. 3 (1918), 30; Dana 7:I:332.; Calkins, F. C.; Butler, B. S.; Heikes, V. C. (1943) Geology and ore deposits of the Cottonwood-American Fork area, Utah, with sections on history and production. USGS Professional Paper: 201
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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