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Turanite

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Formula:
Cu52+(VO4)2(OH)4
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
Green, olive-green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
4½ - 5
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Tyuya Muyun, Ferghana, Turan Region, Uzbekistan.
This page provides mineralogical data about Turanite.


Classification of Turanite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BB.70

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1
41.4.4.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2Zq

Physical Properties of Turanite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Green, olive-green
Hardness (Mohs):
4½ - 5
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN50=436 kg/mm2
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on (011)
Density:
4.25 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.452 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Turanite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.000 nβ = 2.010 nγ = 2.020
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v strong.
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Brown
Y = Brown
Z = Green

Chemical Properties of Turanite

IMA Formula:
Cu52+(VO4)2(OH)4
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Turanite

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.3834 Å, b = 6.2736 Å, c = 6.8454 Å
α = 86.169°, β = 91.681°, γ = 92.425°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.858 : 1 : 1.091
Unit Cell Volume:
V 230.38 ų
Z:
1
Morphology:
Reniform crusts and spherical concretions with a radial-fibrous structure. Tabular crystals
Twinning:
Polysynthetic twinning noted in all crystals.

Type Occurrence of Turanite

General Appearance of Type Material:
spherulite aggregates
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Fersman Mineralogical Museum RAS (Moscow)
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Cavities in limestone from hydrothermal solutions.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Relationship of Turanite to other Species

8.BB.XArsenowagneriteMg2AsO4F
8.BB.05AmblygoniteLiAlPO4F
8.BB.05MontebrasiteLiAlPO4(OH)
8.BB.05TavoriteLiFe3+PO4(OH)
8.BB.10Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2PO4(F,OH)
8.BB.10ZwieseliteFe2+Mn2+PO4F
8.BB.15SarkiniteMn22+AsO4(OH)
8.BB.15TriploiditeMn22+(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.15WagneriteMg2PO4F
8.BB.15WolfeiteFe22+PO4(OH)
8.BB.15StanĕkiteFe3+Mn2+O(PO4)
8.BB.15JoosteiteMn2+Mn3+O(PO4)
8.BB.15HydroxylwagneriteMg2PO4(OH)
8.BB.20HoltedahliteMg12(PO3OH,CO3)(PO4)5(OH,O)6
8.BB.20Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)12(PO3OH)(PO4)5(OH,O)6
8.BB.25AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,◻)
8.BB.30AdamiteZn2AsO4(OH)
8.BB.30EveiteMn22+AsO4(OH)
8.BB.30LibetheniteCu2PO4(OH)
8.BB.30OliveniteCu2AsO4(OH)
8.BB.30ZincolibetheniteCuZnPO4OH
8.BB.30ZincoliveniteCuZnAsO4(OH)
8.BB.30AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+AsO4O
8.BB.35ParadamiteZn2AsO4(OH)
8.BB.35TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.40BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40WilhelmkleiniteZnFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.45TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BB.50NamibiteCu(BiO)2VO4(OH)
8.BB.55Phosphoellenbergerite(Mg,◻)2Mg12(PO4,PO3OH)6(PO3OH,CO3)2(OH)6
8.BB.60UrusoviteCuAlO(AsO4)
8.BB.65TheoparacelsiteCu3(OH)2As2O7
8.BB.75StoiberiteCu5O2(VO4)2
8.BB.80FingeriteCu11O2(VO4)6
8.BB.85AverieviteCu5O2(VO4)2 · CuCl2
8.BB.90LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.90RichelliteCaFe23+(PO4)2(OH,F)2
8.BB.90ZinclipscombiteZnFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2

Other Names for Turanite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Turanit
Spanish:Turanita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Turanite

Reference List:
Nenadkevich, K.A. (1909): Turanite and alaite, two new vanadium minerals. Izvestiya Imperatorskoy Akademii Nauk, 3, 185-187.

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 207.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 818.

Sokolova, E.V., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A. (2004): Turanite, Cu2+5(V5+O4)2(OH)4, from the Tyuya-Muyun radium-uranium deposit, Osh District, Kyrgyzstan: a new structure for an old mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 731-739.

Karpenko VY, Agakhanov AA, Pautov LA, Sokolova EV, Hawthorne F, Bekenova GK (2005): Turanite from Tyuya-Muyun, Kirgizia: new data on mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 37-43.

Internet Links for Turanite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-4058.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Turanite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Kyrgyzstan (TL)
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 818, 1046; Bull Min 79 (1956), 245; Canadian Mineralogist (2004): 42(3): 731-739.; Karpenko VY, Agakhanov AA, Pautov LA, Sokolova EV, Hawthorne F, Bekenova GK (2005): Turanite from Tyuya-Muyun, Kirgizia: new data on mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 37-43.
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Gibellini District
        • Fish Creek Range
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999; Karpenko VY, Agakhanov AA, Pautov LA, Sokolova EV, Hawthorne F, Bekenova GK (2005): Turanite from Tyuya-Muyun, Kirgizia: new data on mineral. New Data on Minerals, 40, 37-43.
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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