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Turquoise

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About TurquoiseHide

Formula:
Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Colour:
bright blue, sky-blue, pale green, blue-green, turquoise-blue, apple-green, green-gray
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Dull, Earthy
Hardness:
5 - 6
Specific Gravity:
2.6 - 2.8
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named from French "turques" or "turquois" meaning "Turkish" the original material found on the south slopes of the Al-Mirsah-Kuh Mountains (Iran), but which found its way to Europe via Turkey. The name was known at least as early as the 17th century C.E. Turquoise and members of its group were redefined by Foord and Taggert in 1998, with turquoise reserved for an end-member composition. Foord and Taggert (1998) also noted that most of the gem material labeled "turquoise" is inhomogeneous and that planerite is the most common constituent in commercial "turquoise".
Isostructural with:
Turquoise Group. Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series. Planerite-Turquoise Series. The copper analogue of Faustite.

A secondary mineral occurring in the potassic alteration zone of hydrothermal porphyry copper deposits. Also formed by the action of meteoric waters, usually in arid regions, on aluminous igneous or sedimentary rocks (as vein filling in volcanic rocks and phosphatic sediments).

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Turquoise.


Classification of TurquoiseHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.DD.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4= 2:1
Dana 7th ed.:
42.9.3.1
42.9.3.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
19.2.8

19 : Phosphates
2 : Phosphates of Cu

Pronounciation of TurquoiseHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of TurquoiseHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Dull, Earthy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Comment:
Dull to waxy in massive varieties, subvitreous in crystals.
Colour:
bright blue, sky-blue, pale green, blue-green, turquoise-blue, apple-green, green-gray
Comment:
Ferric iron substitution may cause the color to be green
Streak:
Pale greenish blue to white
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}, good on {010}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
2.6 - 2.8 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.91 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TurquoiseHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.610 nβ = 1.615 nγ = 1.650
2V:
Measured: 40° , Calculated: 44°
Birefringence:
0.040
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v strong
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X= colorless
Z= pale blue or pale green

Chemical Properties of TurquoiseHide

Formula:
Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ca

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
P2O523.41 %
Al2O328.31 %
Fe2O3 (total)9.60 %
CuO6.37 %
Total:67.69 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Mt. Vohidraty, Antaly Commune, Ampanihy District, Atsimo-Andrefana Region, Tuléar Province, MadagascarBehier, J. (1959): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1959. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive: 237-250

Crystallography of TurquoiseHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.409(1) Å, b = 7.635(1) Å, c = 9.914(2) Å
α = 111.356°, β = 114.973°, γ = 69.532°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.97 : 1 : 1.298
Unit Cell V:
449.39 ų
Z:
1
Morphology:
Crystals rare. Steep pinacoidal crystals exhibiting {010}, {110} and {001}. Fine granular, globular crusts, veinlets, massive.

Crystallographic forms of TurquoiseHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Turquoise no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.09 (50)
6.17 (70)
4.80 (60)
3.68 (100)
3.44 (70)
3.28 (70)
2.91 (80)
2.02 (60)
Comments:
ICDD 6-214; A very weak d(010) peak near d = 9.0 is indicative of A-site vacant material, such as planerite.

Synonyms of TurquoiseHide

Other Language Names for TurquoiseHide

Varieties of TurquoiseHide

AgaphiteA vitreous variety of Iranian turquoise.
RashleighiteTurquoise Group . A ferrian Turquoise variety, intermediate on the Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series.

Originally reported from Bunny Mine (Bonny Mine; St Austell Hills Mine; Shelton Mine), Bugle, Hensbarrow Downs, Luxulyan Area (Luxulian Area), St Auste...

Relationship of Turquoise to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
UM1981-32-PO:FeHFe2+Fe3+6(PO4)4-x[PO3(OH)]x(OH)8·4H2O
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
ChalcedonySiO2
KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
PyriteFeS2
WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Wavellite76 photos of Turquoise associated with Wavellite on mindat.org.
Senegalite75 photos of Turquoise associated with Senegalite on mindat.org.
Quartz51 photos of Turquoise associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Variscite24 photos of Turquoise associated with Variscite on mindat.org.
Crandallite18 photos of Turquoise associated with Crandallite on mindat.org.
Libethenite17 photos of Turquoise associated with Libethenite on mindat.org.
Varlamoffite12 photos of Turquoise associated with Varlamoffite on mindat.org.
Fluorapatite7 photos of Turquoise associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.
Olivenite7 photos of Turquoise associated with Olivenite on mindat.org.
Planerite7 photos of Turquoise associated with Planerite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DD.05ChenevixiteCu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DD.05LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DD.10Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DD.10GuanacoiteCu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DD.15Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.15AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DD.20ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
8.DD.20EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
8.DD.20Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.9.3.2CoeruleolactiteTric. 1 : P1
42.9.3.3Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
42.9.3.4ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
42.9.3.5Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
42.9.3.6PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
42.9.3.6AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.2.1LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
19.2.2CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.2.3ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m
19.2.4LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
19.2.5PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.2.6NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
19.2.7ZapataliteCu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2OTet.
19.2.9SieleckiiteCu3Al4(PO4)2(OH)12 · 2H2OTric.
19.2.10PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.11HentscheliteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon.
19.2.13ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.14Phosphofibrite(H2O,K)3.5Fe8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 5H2OMon. 2/m

Fluorescence of TurquoiseHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble with difficulty in HCl.

Often found as pseudomorphs after orthoclase; also after apatite, bone and teeth.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Jewelry stone.

References for TurquoiseHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Tavernier (1678) Voy. en Turquie, en Persie, etc., Paris.
Bocconi (1697) Museo di Fisica, etc.: 278 (as Turchine).
Fischer (1806) Mem. Soc. nat. Moscou: 1 (as Turquois orientale).
John (1806) Mem. soc. nat. Moscou: 1 (as Johnite).
John (1807) Journal für Chemie und Physik, Nuremberg: 3: 93 (as Johnite).
Onomasticon Min. Mus. Imp. Moscou (1811) (as Calaite).
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen: 444 (as Hydrargillite).
Blake (1883) American Journal of Science: 25: 197 (as Chalchuite).
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 844.
Carnot (1894) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 118: 995.
Penfield (1900) American Journal of Science: 10: 346.
Schaller (1912) American Journal of Science: 33: 35.
Schaller (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 50: 120.
Pogue, J.E. (1915) The Turquois, a study of its history, mineralogy, geology, ethnology, archaeology, mythology, folklore, and technology. National Academy of Science Mem. 12, part 2, 207 pp.
Davy (1929) Transactions of the Royal Geology Society of Cornwall: 16: 43.
Hintze, Carl (1931) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3B]: 941.
Ball (1941) Bulletin of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, no. 128 (Uses of turquoise in N. & S. America).
Pearl (1941) Economic Geology: 36: 335.
Northrop (1942) University of New Mexico Bulletin no. 379: 313.
Pearl (1945) Gemmologist, London: 14: 62.
Graham, R. (1947) X-ray study of chalcosiderite and turquoise. University of Toronto Studies, Geology Series, 52, 39–53.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 646.
American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 964.
Cid-Dressner, H. (1965) Determination and refinement of the crystal structure of turquois, CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 •4H2O. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 121: 87–113.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 121: 87-113.
Guthrie, G.D., Jr. and D.L. Bish (1991) Refinement of the turquoise structure and determination of the hydrogen positions. Geological Society of America, Annual Meeting Abstracts with Program, 23(5), 158A (abs.).
Foord, E.E. & Taggart, J.E. (1998): A reexamination of the turquoise group; the mineral aheylite, planerite (redefined), turquoise and coeruleolactite. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 93-111. https://rruff.info/doclib/MinMag/Volume_62/62-1-93.pdf
Extra Lapis No. 16 (1999).
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 606.
Kolitsch, U. and G. Giester (2000): The crystal structure of faustite and its copper analogue turquoise. Mineral. Mag. 64, 905-913.
Y. A. Abdu, S. K. Hull, M. Fayek & F. C. Hawthorne (2011): The turquoise-chalcosiderite Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8•4H2O solid-solution series: A Mössbauer spectroscopy, XRD, EMPA, and FTIR study. American Mineralogist 96, 1433-1442.

Internet Links for TurquoiseHide

Localities for TurquoiseHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
Dina, H. (1993). Hentschelita en Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Córdoba. Informacion Tecnologica, 48(3-4), 277-282.
Mr. Nelson Valenzuela.
  • Jujuy
    • Susques Department
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Neuquén
    • Confluencia department
      • Plaza Huincul
PONS, Josefina M. et al. Alteration, Cu mineralization and bitumen in the Barda González prospect, Neuquén. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 501-513.
  • Salta
    • La Poma Department
A. G. Quiroga y T. Ruíz (1994). Mimetesita, Pb5[Cl(AsO4)3] de la mina Diana, dpto. La Poma, provincia de Salta, Argentina. 2da Reunión de Mineralogía y Metalogenia. Instituto Nacional de Recursos Mineros, UNLP. Publicación 3:325-335.
    • Los Andes department
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Armenia
 
  • Loṙi Province (Lori)
Lopatkin Oleg Collection
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Canbelego Co.
      • Girilambone
Chapman, J. R., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2005): The copper deposits at Girilambone, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 91-99.
    • Dampier Co.
      • Bodalla
Maggie Wilson
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Goonumbla
[var: Rashleighite] Uwe Kolitsch XRD analyses (to be published)
    • Narromine Co.
      • Peak Hill
JR Chapman - Geological Survey of NSW and CRC LEME Report, 2003 Peak Hill Au deposit, Peak Hill, NSW.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Sandover
Australian Museum and Museum Victoria specimens.
Hosking, A. J. (1995) EL 8607 Tosca, First annual-final report - for year ending 15/6/1995. Shaft and Tunnel Pty Ltd Report Number: ST/8607/1.
    • Central Desert Region
      • Harts Range (Harts Ranges; Hartz Range; Hartz Ranges)
        • Mt Riddock Station
Sloggett, T. (1979) Preliminary Report for Hillrise Properties Pty. Ltd. on Uranium Deposition, the occurrence of red corundum (ruby) and potential industrial minerals in The Harts Range, Illogwa Creek area, Northern Territory, CR1979-0012.
      • Jervois Station
        • Jervois Range
Robertson, W.A. (1959) Jervois Range Copper-Lead Deposit, Northern Territory, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia, Records 1959/103 (unpublished).
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.
    • Logan City Shire
Murray, C G (1973): Fluellite and Minyulite from Wolffdene, near Beenleigh, Queensland - Geological Survey of Queensland, Government Mining Journal August 1973, No.862 pp 271-274
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
[MinRec 18:431, 19:471, 19:486]; Day, B. E. & Beyer, B. D. (1996): Some mines of the Mt Isa district. Part 3 - The Mt Oxide mine. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (1), 3-10.
    • North Burnett Region
Den, B. E. (1977) Lady Elliot Island Fraser Island. Field Conference Geological Society of Australia Incorporated, Queensland Division
  • South Australia
    • Eyre peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Duke Complex
Francis, G.L., 2010. Minerals from the South Middleback Range deposits 2003-2008. (self published) 44pp.
        • Iron Knob
[MinRec 12:106]; Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Barossa Valley
          • Angaston
Peter Elliott
        • Kapunda
Peter Elliott
        • Robertstown
Peter Elliott
    • Olary Province
Hosking, A. J. (1995). EL 8607 Tosca, first annual-final report for year ending 15-06-1995.
      • Anabama Hill
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Yorke Peninsula
      • Kadina
      • Moonta
[MinRec 19:412]
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Bottrill & Baker, 2008
Bottrill & Baker 2008 Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania
      • Corinna-Savage River district
Bottrill & Taheri, 2008, Savage River mine, Unpub. Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania Bottrill, unpublished. Rept, 2017
    • George Town municipality
      • George Town district
        • Back Creek
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Meander Valley municipality
      • Dunorlan
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Victoria
    • Macedon Ranges Shire
      • Romsey
        • View Hill
    • Mansfield Shire
      • Mansfield
W.D.Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp 67-77
      • Merrijig
    • Mornington Peninsula Shire
      • Moorooduc
    • Rural City of Wangaratta
      • Greta South
Birch, W.D. & Henry D.A. (1993) Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special publication No.3 (192p) pp.83-90.
      • Whitfield
W. D. Birch and D. A. Henry in Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, p.83-90.
Birch, W.D. & Henry D.A. (1993) Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special publication No.3 (192p).
Birch, W.D. & Henry D.A. (1993) Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special publication No.3 (192p).
Birch, W.D. & Henry D.A. (1993): Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special publication No.3 (192p).
    • South Gippsland Shire
      • Hoddle Range
        • Fish Creek
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection; Birch, W. D. & Henry, D. A. (1993) Phosphate minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3, pp. 79-81
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
[AmMin 85:1321]; Am Min 93:691-697; W.D. Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3, pp. 14-27; D.A.Henry & W.D.Birch 1998. Sampleite and associated minerals from Lake Boga granite quarry, Victoria, Australia. Australian Mineralogist Vol. 3 Oct.-Dec. 1988, pp. 135-148
  • Western Australia
    • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
      • Greenbushes Tinfield
Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
[MinRec 9:83]
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Bulong Goldfield
Fetherston, J. M., Stocklmayer, S. M. and Stocklmayer, V. C. (2013): Gemstones of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, 306 pp.
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
Mineralogical Magazine 39,577-579(1974);
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Roebourne
Kim Macdonald
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Woodlands station
Nickel, E. H. et al. (2008): The Woodlands variscite-gold occurrence in the north Gascoyne region of Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 27-36.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Mühldorf
Martin Slama collection
LÖFFLER, Erwin & KNOBLOCH, Gerald (1997): Türkis-Erstfund in Österreich. Neuentdeckung im Graphitlager von Amstall.- Lapis, 22/10, 44-47, 62, München.
LÖFFLER, Erwin & KNOBLOCH, Gerald (1997): Türkis-Erstfund in Österreich. Neuentdeckung im Graphitlager von Amstall.- Lapis, 22/10, 44-47, 62, München.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994); Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
Azerbaijan
 
  • Gədəbəy District (Gadabey)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Lienne valley
        • Lierneux
          • Petit-Sart
Uwe Kolitsch collection
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
Michel Bloindieau collection
Daltry, Vaughn & Deliens, Michel (1994) The Type Mineralogy of Belgium . Annals of the Belgium Geological Society 116:15-28
        • Cahai (Cahay)
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
        • Salmchâteau
- Blondieau, M. (2005): Les gisements minéraux du Salmien dans le massif de Stavelot. Published by M. Blondieau, Tellin, Belgium, 90 pp.
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Arque Province
Jaroslav Hyrsl analysis; field collected by Mateo Vlahovic
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Brumadinho
Frost, R. L., López, A., Xi, Y., Murta, N., & Scholz, R. (2013). The molecular structure of the phosphate mineral senegalite Al 2 (PO 4)(OH) 3⋅ 3H 2 O–A vibrational spectroscopic study. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1048, 420-425.
    • Igarapé
[MinRec 20:394]
  • Pará
    • Viseu
Rev. Esc. Minas vol.57 no.4 Ouro Preto Oct./Dec. 2004
  • São Paulo
    • Registro
http://www.sbgeo.org.br/597.html
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Mineralni Bani Obshtina
      • Spachievo ore field (Spahievo ore field)
Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
  • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
    • Momchilgrad Obshtina
Kunov, A. & Mandova, E. (1997): Supergene minerals of the Obichnik Au-Ag deposit (Eastern Rhodopes). Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 58, 19-24. (in Bulgarian)
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
A.Molina & M. Dini collections - analysed material
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
[MinRec 9:330]
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • Escondida
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Bárbara Romero, Shoji Kojima, Chilong Wong, Fernando Barra, Walter Véliz and Joaquin Ruiz (2011): Molybdenite Mineralization and Re-Os Geochronology of the Escondida and Escondida Norte Porphyry Deposits, Northern Chile. Resource Geology 61, 91–100.
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Diego de Almagro
        • El Salvador district
Maurizio Dini database 2007
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
        • Carrera Pinto
samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
      • Quebrada San Miguel
SEM-EDS by Joy Desor and Gerhard Möhn
      • Zapallar district
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
    • Huasco Province
      • Alto del Carmen
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Pozo Almonte
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Anqing Prefecture
Huatian Wang, Chunsun Zhang, and Jurui He (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(1), 58-65
    • Hefei Prefecture
      • Lujiang Co.
Ruqing Ji, Wenya Zhou, and Shilan Zhang (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(1), 64-71
    • Ma'anshan Prefecture
Deyin Yue (1995): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 14(1)
Huatian Wang, Chunsun Zhang, and Jurui He (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(1), 58-65
www.gac.ca/activities/abstracts/YK2007_complete.pdf
[MinRec 18:326, 18:365]
    • Shiyan Prefecture
      • Yun Co.
Jiasheng Wang, Weixuan Yan, and Qing Wei (1996): Hubei Geology and Mineral Resources 19(2)
http://nevadagem.com/pages/mineinfo5.html
      • Zhushan Co.
http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_hubei.htm
http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_hubei.htm
http://www.smartminerals.com/cina2004/art_hubei.htm
Yan Xiong and Quanli Chen (2008): Journal of Gems & Gemmology 10(2)
Zhenrong Shi (2008): Jiangsu Geology 32(2), 109-112
  • Jiangsu Province
Huatian Wang, Chunsun Zhang, and Jurui He (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(1), 58-65
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Ankang Prefecture
      • Baihe Co.
Zhenrong Shi and Keqin Cai (2008): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 27(2), 164-170.
    • Shangluo Prefecture
Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Gejiu Co.
Huan Zhang, Taiyi Luo, Henmin Gao, Deyun Ma, and Yan Tao (2007): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 26(4), 439-445.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
      • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Škoda, R. and Ondruš, P., 2006: New naturally occurring mineral phases from the Krásno  Horní Slavkov area, western Bohemia, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 51, 159-187.; Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Ondruš, P., Beran, P. & Susser, C. (2006): Mineralogy of phosphate accumulations in the Huber stock, Krásno ore district, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 103-147.
        • Vysoký Kámen
Sejkora, J., Süsser, C., Plášil, J.: Natrodufrénit a asociace fosfátů, ložisko Vysoký kámen – greisen, Krásno u Horního Slavkova. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2007, roč. 14-15, s. 116-125; Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z. & Gabašová, A. (2006): New data on mineralogy of the Vysoký Kámen deposits near Krásno, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 43-55.
  • South Bohemia Region
    • Písek
Sejkora J., Cícha J., Jebavá I.: Minerální asociace fosfátů z Čížové u Písku (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2011, 19, 1, 1-26.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Pelhřimov District
      • Černovice
Vrtiška L, Sejkora J, Malíková R, Kadlec T (2017) Revize a nové nálezy fosfátů na historickém nalezišti Černovice u Tábora (Česká republika). Bull Mineral Petrolog 25(2)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kipushi
No reference listed
    • Kolwezi District
Paul De Bondt.; Paul De Bondt.
Egypt
 
  • Sinai Peninsula
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 949.
Ethiopia
 
  • Amhara Region
    • Angolela (Angolola)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 949.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969); NICOLAS, J. & de ROSEN, A. (1963): Le massif granitique des Colettes (Allier) et ses mineralizations. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 86, 126-128.
Pierre Le Roch & Jean-Marc Johannet collections
J.M. Boisson et al. : "Filon Sainte Barbe, Commune d'Echassières, Allier, France", Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2000, 4, 3-46
de ROSEN, A. (1966): Évolution continue d'un massif granitique et succession minérale: le massif des Colettes (Échassières, Allier). Deuxième partie: filons, altérations et minéralisations. – Bull. Minéral. Franç. Minéral. Cristallogr., 89, 155-176.
    • Rhône
      • Villefranche
        • Chessy-les-Mines
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 1988, 4, p.6-46]
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Soumans
        • Montebras
Pirard, C., Hatert, F., and Fransolet, A.-M. (2007) Alteration sequences of aluminium phosphates from Montebras Pegmatite, Massif Central, France. Granitic Pegmatites: The State of the Art – International Symposium. 06th – 12th May 2007, Porto, Portugal.; Patureau, J., Chiaperro, P.-J., and Lebocey, J. (2011) Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans (Creuse). Le Règne Minéral, 99, 5-33.
  • Occitanie
    • Tarn
      • Castelnau-de-Brassac
        • Fumade
GAYRAUD, L. (2010): Gisement de phosphates de Castelnau-de-Brassac aux environs de Fumade (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 107, 12-17.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Fichtelberg
          • Mehlmeisel
Meier, S. (2007): Das Flötztal im südlichen Fichtelgebirge. Lapis 32, 17-20; 58.
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Pleystein
Dill, H.G., Weber, B. (2009), Pleystein-City on Pegmatite, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Recife, Brazil.
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
  • Hesse
    • Wetzlar
      • Laufdorf
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Weilburg
        • Essershausen
[var: Rashleighite] P Kohorst collection
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
        • Bestwig
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Sundern
        • Hellefeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Taunus
        • Katzenelnbogen
https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Rheinland-Pfalz/Rhein-Lahn-Kreis/Katzenelnbogen/Grube%20Zollhaus
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2005): Neufunde aus dem Bergrevier Schneeberg im Erzgebirge. Lapis 30 (7-8), 71-73; 81-82.
    • Görlitz
      • Neißeaue
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Seltene Phosphate und Vanadate von Emmerichswalde bei Görlitz/Sachsen. Mineralien-Welt 24 (2), 40-55
      • Rengersdorf
T. Witzke & T. Giesler (1997): Neufunde aus Sachsen (VI): Churchit-(Y), Cyrilovit, Faustit, Kidwellit, Meurigit und Nickelhexahydrit aus der Lausitz.- Lapis 22, 9, 36-38
    • Vogtland
      • Klingenthal
        • Kielberg
Min Rec 39 pp355-367
        • Mühlleithen
Fischer, E. (1958): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 6, 182-189.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 949; H. Vollstädt, R. Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
      • Plauen
M Adelt collection
        • Meßbach
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 949.
  • Thuringia
    • Saalfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Zeulenroda-Triebes
Riedel, H., Holzhey, G., Pestel, S. & Weiß, S. (1998): Türkis aus Thüringen und Sachsen. Lapis, 23(2), 42-44.; Pestel, S. & Kasiske, J. (2007): Fundstellen im Vogtland: Jarosit-Kristalle aus Weckersdorf. Mineralien-Welt 18(5), 32-34.; H. Vollstädt, R. Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádfürdő
Fehér,Kollárová-2013
India
 
  • Kerala (Travancore)
    • Thrissur District (Trichur)
M. Santosh and K. G. Thara (1985) The Mannapra syenite, Central Kerala, India: Geochemistry, petrogenesis and bearing on anorogenic magmatism — Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 94, 43-56.
Iran
 
  • Fars Province
    • Shiraz County
      • Shiraz
Mousivand, F. (2007): N. Jahrb. Mineral. Abh. 183, 297-315.
  • Kerman Province
    • Shahr-e Babak County
      • Shahr Babak
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Razavi Khorasan Province
H. Abbasi
    • Nishapur County
      • Nishâpûr (Nishabur; Neyshabur)
        • Ali-mersai mountain
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 949.
  • Semnan Province
    • Damghan
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
  • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
Daliran, F. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 383-404.
  • Yazd Province
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Kerry
Moreton et al. (1995) Irish J. Earth Sciences, 14, 1-5..
  • Co. Limerick
    • Ardagh
Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2005) J. Russ. Soc., 8(2), p.78-80.
    • Shanagolden
[MinRec 24:392]; No reference listed
Israel
 
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
    • Eilat
      • Timna Valley
Mohsen Manutchehr-Danai (2000) Dictionary of Gems and Gemology. Springer
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Takashi Yamada, Tokuhei Tagai, Takeshi Kojiro, Akira Harada, and Yasuhiro Kosuge (1999) Rare Minerals from Kawazu Mine, Shizuoka Prefecture. Chikyu-Wakusei Godo-Taikai Koen-Yoshi (Abstract of the Joint Meeting of the Societies of Earth and Planetary Sciences), conference presentation, Mc-002
    • Kanto Region
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Nikko City
          • Imaichi
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto); Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda
    • Bukhar-Zhyrau District
      • Altyn-Tyube area
J.Ralph collection
    • Karkaraly District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 949.
  • Pavlodar
Deposits and occurrences of precious and semiprecious gems // textbook Gems of Kazakhstan, Almaty, 1999, v.1, p. 60-62.
Kenya
 
  • Taita-Taveta County
Liberia
 
  • Bomi Co.
Sam Rosenblum and S.P. Srivastava (1979) The Bambuta phosphate deposit, Liberia; a reconnaissance report. USGS Bulletin 1480
Madagascar
 
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Atsimo-Andrefana Region
      • Ampanihy District
        • Antaly Commune
Behier, J. (1959): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1959. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive: 237-250; Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mali
 
  • Sikasso Region
Gineste, C. (2012): N'golokasso, une occurrence de phosphates dans le Sud Mali. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 110-120
Mexico
 
  • Baja California (Baja California Norte; BC Norte)
    • Mun. de Ensenada
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Panczner(1987):383.
Panczner(1987):383.
Panczner (1987): 383.
Panczner (1987): 383.
      • El Rosario
Panczner(1987):383.
Panczner(1987):383.
  • Sonora
P Cristofono collection
    • Mun. de Cananea
Rob Lavinsky
      • Cuitaca
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Mun. de Nacozari de García
      • La Caridad
Panczner(1987).
    • Mun. de Onavas
      • Santa María
Panczner(1987):383.
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Concepción del Oro
      • Concepción del Oro
Panczner(1987).
    • Mun. de Mazapil
      • Mazapil
Panczner (1987): 383.
Panczner (1987): 383.
Panczner (1987): 383.
      • Santa Rosa
Panczner (1987): 143-398.
Mongolia
 
  • Orhon Aimag (Orkhon Aimag)
    • Erdenet
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.340)
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 802 pp (in English).
  • Karas Region
    • Berseba District
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 802 pp (in English).
    • Lüderitz District
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 802 pg (in English)
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Notodden
      • Lake Heddal
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 126 ; Werner, R. (1998): Tinfos jernverks kvartsbrudd. STEIN 25 (2), 6-7
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Western Province (Fly Province)
    • Star Mts
      • Mount Fubilan
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., Moring, B.C. (2008) Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Peru
 
  • Moquegua Department
    • Mariscal Nieto Province
      • Tala
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 949.
    • Wrocław County
      • Kobierzyce
Żaba, J. (2006): Ilustrowana Encyklopedia Skał i Minerałów. Videograf II 2006.
Portugal
 
  • Beja District
    • Barrancos
      • Barrancos
Pedro Alves collection
  • Bragança District
    • Torre de Moncorvo
      • Felgar
Pedro Alves collection (p-XRD and SEM EDS analysed samples)
  • Évora District
    • Alandroal
      • São Brás dos Matos
Rui Nunes visit 18 July 2015
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
[var: Rashleighite]
  • Guarda District
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
Pedro Alves collection
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Caminha
      • Vilar de Mouros
Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by p-XRD
  • Viseu District
Identified in Rebentão Mine
    • Vila Nova de Paiva
      • Queiriga
        • Lagares do Estanho Mines
    • Vouzela
      • Queirã
Pedro Alves collection (p-XRD and SEM EDS analysed samples) Pedro Alves (2013) La ‘Coeruleolactita’ y su relación con la serie Planerita-Turquesa. El caso de la mina Bejanca (Carvalhal do Estanho), centro de Portugal. ACOPIOS-Revista Ibérica de Mineralogía, Vol 4 (2013): 59-71.
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Chebarkul'
          • Zauralovo
Pavel M. Kartashov data
        • Plast
Local geolofist S.V.Kolesnichenko data
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Ngororero District
      • Gatumba
F. Hatert, P. Lefèvre, A.M. Fransolet, M.R. Spirlet, F. Fontan, P. Keller : "Ferrorosemaryite, []NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3, a new phosphate mineral from the Rubindi pegmatite, Rwanda", Bull. Liaison S.F.M.C., Vol. 16, 2004, pp 44-45.; Lefèvre, P., Fransolet, A. M., Fontan, F., & Keller, P. Petrographic study of the Al-rich phosphate mineral associations of the Rubindi-Kabilizi pegmatite, Gatumba area, Rwanda.
Senegal
 
  • Tambacounda Region
    • Falémé River basin
      • Saraya
Gineste, C. & Bantsimba, C. (2005): Sénégalite et phosphates associés de Kouroudiako, Falémé, Sénégal. Le Règne Minéral, 65, 13-24.; Keegan T D, Araki T, Moore P B (1979) Senegalite, Al2(OH)3(H2O)(PO4), a novel structure type, American Mineralogist, 64, 1243-1247
  • Thiès Region
    • Taiba
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/micheelsenite.pdf.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Bushmanland
      • Koenabib farm (Hotson 42 farm)
Schoch A E, Beukes G J, Praekelt H E (1985) A natroalunite - zaherite - hotsonite paragenesis from Pofadder, Bushmanland, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist 23, 29-34
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 250.
    • ZF Mgcawu District
      • Keimoes
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 250.
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
      • Minas de Horcajo
Borja Sainz de Baranda, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia (2004) El Horcajo. Paraiso de los fosfatos. Bocamina, 13: 30-68
  • Castile and Leon
    • Zamora
      • Aliste
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
Camprubí, A., Melgarejo, J.C., Proenza, J.A., Costa, F., Bosch, J., Estrada, A., Borrell, F., Yushkin, N.P., Andreichev, V.L., 2003. Mining and geological knowledge during the Neolithic: a geological study on the variscite mines at Gavà, Catalonia. Episodes, v. 26 (4), p. 295-301.
          • Bruguers
Bareche, E (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona, 269 p.
      • Vallès Occidental
        • Montcada i Reixac
http://www.foro-minerales.com/forum/viewtopic.php?SRC=YWxmcmVkb0BtaW5kYXQub3Jn&p=133085#133085
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
Camprubi, A, Costa, F. and Melgarejo J.C. (1.994) "Mineralizaciones de fosfatos férrico-alumínicos de Gavà (Catalunya)", Boletín Geológico y minero Vol. 105-5
J. Rosell (02/2016)
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Mérida
Joan Rosell
    • Cáceres
      • Cáceres
Garcia Guinea, J. y Galán, E. (1992). Materiales gemológicos españoles. En: Recursos Minerales de España (García-Guinea, J. y Martínez Frías, J., eds), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid.649-700.
      • Zarza la Mayor
Viñals, J. and Calvo, M. (2011). Secondary phosphates of La Paloma mine, Zarza la Mayor, Cáceres, Spain. Mineral Up 2 (5), 8-31.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Lousame (Noya)
        • Vilacova
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp
    • Pontevedra
      • Tomiño
Juan Usoz
Sudan
 
  • North Kurdufan Wilayah (Shamal Kurdufan Wilayah)
    • Nuba Mtns.
Adam, A. A., Eltayeb, M. A. H., & Ibrahim, O. B. (2014). Uranium recovery from Uro area phosphate ore, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 7(5), 758-769.
Tanzania
 
  • Tanga Region
Zwaan, P. C., & Zwaan, P. C. (1974). Garnet, corundum and other gem minerals from Umba, Tanzania. Rijksmuseum van Geologie en Mineralogie.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Linkinhorne
        • Minions
[var: Rashleighite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 951.
[var: Rashleighite] Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 591-594
[var: Rashleighite] Rudler, F.W. (1905): A Handbook to a Collection of the Minerals of the British Islands, Mostly Selected from the Ludlam Collection. HMSO Publications (London), 241 pp.
      • St Columb Major
        • Castle-an-Dinas
[var: Rashleighite] Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Enoder
        • Fraddon
[MinRec 12:350-352]
      • St Neot
No reference listed
      • Treverbyn
        • Stenalees
[var: Rashleighite] Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
[var: Rashleighite] Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
[MinRec 12:350-352]; Barstow, R. W. (1982). Variscite from Hensbarrow china clay works, St. Austell, Cornwall. Mineralogical magazine, 46, 512.
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Clay Co.
Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1979): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391
      • Idaho District
        • Gold Mines Creek
Rocks & Min.:58:61.
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
    • Cleburne Co.
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
    • Coosa Co.
      • Weogufta
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 74.
          • Courtland
            • Casey Hill
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046265, MRDS ID #M241147.
          • Gleeson
Univ. AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 59.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 404; Crawford, W.P. & F. Johnson (1937), Turquoise deposits of Courtland, Arizona: Econ.Geol.: 32: 511-523.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ: 81.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 12:314-316]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 404; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 74.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 74.
            • Sacramento Hill
No reference listed
      • Sulphur Springs Valley
        • Pearce Hills
          • Pearce District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 404; Guild, F.N. (1910), The mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 74.
      • Tombstone Hills
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
          • Silver Plume Mine (Emerald & Silver Plume Mine group)
Georges Favreau collection
Self collected by Brent Thorne
    • Gila Co.
      • Fort Apache Indian Reservation
        • Canyon Creek
Moore, Richard T. (1968), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 177: 54-55.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10161389, MAS ID #0040070672.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 404.
        • Miami-Inspiration District
          • Inspiration
            • Castle Dome area (Castle Dome Mine area; Pinto Valley Mine area)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 404; Peterson, N.P., et al (1946), Hydrothermal alteration in the Castle Dome copper deposit, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 41: 820-840; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342; Peterson, N.P., et al (1951), Geology and ore deposits of the Castle Dome area, Gila Co., USGS Bull. 971; Simmons, W.W. & J.E. Fowells (1966), Geology of the Copper Cities Mine, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (eds.), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. of AZ Press, Tucson: 151-156; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 74.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
          • Miami
            • Sleeping Beauty Peak
              • Copper Cities Mine area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 125, 404; Peterson, N.P. (1954), Copper Cities copper deposit, Globe-Miami district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 49, 362-377; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 76; Peterson, N.P., et al (1951), Geology and ore deposits of the Castle Dome area, Gila Co., USGS Bull. 971; Peterson, N.P., et al (1946), Hydrothermal alteration in the castle Dome copper deposit, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 41: 820-840; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami District, Arizona, USGS PP 342: 91.
Charles Mila specimen
    • Graham Co.
      • Gila Mts
        • Lone Star District (Safford District; Dos Pobres District)
          • Sanchez
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 106, 261, 404; Robinson, R.F. & A. Cook (1966), The Safford copper deposit, Lone Star mining district, Graham Co., AZ, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 251-266.
      • Greasewood Mountain
        • O-Bar-O Canyon
MRDS database Dep. ID #10209994.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 404; Moolick, R.T. & J.J. Durek (1966), The Morenci district, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 221-231.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 107, 137, 404.
          • Morenci
MRDS database Dep. ID #10027138, MRDS ID #M002216.
    • Maricopa Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 404.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 404; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 87.
MRDS file #10113372.
    • Mohave Co.
MRDS file #10113287.
      • Cerbat Mts (Cerbat Range)
Van King
MRDS file #10259054.
        • Wallapai District
Sterrett, D.B. (1908), Precious stones: Mineral Resources of the U.S., 1908, Part 2; MRDS file #10027775.
          • Cerbat District
            • Cerbat
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 405; Frenzel, A.B. (1898), A turquoise deposit in Mohave Co., AZ, Engr,Mining Jour,: 66:24.
          • Mineral Park District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 404; Eidel, J.J., et al (1968), Copper-molybdenum mineralization at Mineral Park, Mohave Co., AZ, in J.D. Ridge (ed.), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A.I.M.E.: 1258-1281; Sterrett, D.B. (1908), Turquoise-Mineral Park area, in Mineral Resources of the United States, USGS: 847-852; Crawford, W.P. & Johnson, F. (1937), Turquoise deposits of Courtland, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 32:511-523; Thomas, B.E. (1949), Ore deposits of the Wallapai district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 44:663-705; Schrader, F.C. (1907), The mineral deposits of the Cerbat Range, Black Mountains, and Grand Wash Cliffs, Mohave Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 340: 53-83; Guild, F.N. (1910), The mineralogy of AZ, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 107; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 74.
            • Mineral Park
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
      • Hualapai (Hualpai) Mts
        • Kingman District
Rick Dalrymple photo
    • Pima Co.
      • Ajo District
        • Little Ajo Mts
          • Ajo
Thomas, W.J. & R.B. Gibbs (1983), Famous mineral localities: The New Cornelia mine, Ajo, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 283-298.
      • Empire Mts
        • Empire District
          • Hilton (Lead Mountain)
            • Copper Camp
              • Hilton Mines (Hilton Mine group; Hiltano group; Hiltano & State of Maine group)
                • Prince Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 158.
      • Sierrita Mts
        • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 107, 405; Schmidt, H.A., et al (1959), Disseminated deposits at the Esperanza copper mine, in Southern AZ Guidebook II, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 2: 205.
          • Twin Buttes
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 405.
      • Silver Bell Mts
        • Silver Bell District
          • Mineral Mountain
            • Silver Bell Mine
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 399.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 399, 405.
          • Vaca Hills
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039891, MRDS ID #M051061.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10095454, MRDS ID #M051062.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039893, MRDS ID #M051065.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10095455, MRDS ID #M051066.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Riverside District
        • Kelvin
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 399, 405; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 74.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 405.
  • Arkansas
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Mauldin Mt.
Rocks & Min.: 56:190.
      • North Mountain
Rocks & Min.: 63:113; 64:294; Sick (1984).
    • Polk Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
      • Gilham
        • Porter Mountain
Rocks & Min.: 64:295.
      • Shady
Rocks & Min.:64:297-298.
Am Min 51:1811-1814
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Ferndale
Rocks & Min.:63:120 & 64:296; Stone, et al (1973).
  • California
    • El Dorado Co.
      • Slate Mts
        • Slate Mountain District
Mineralogical Research Company
    • Imperial Co.
      • Chocolate Mts
        • Paymaster District
          • Midway Well
Tucker, W. Burling (1926), Imperial, Inyo Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 22: 270; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 375.
Tucker, W. Burling (1926), Imperial, Inyo Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 22: 270; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 375.
    • Madera Co.
Whitney, J.D. (1864), Second annual report of the State Geologist for 1863: App. Jour. Senate and Assembly, 15th. Session: 5; Moore, Gideon E. & V. von Zepharovich (1885), Kallait pseudomorphs nach Apatit aus Californien: Zeitschr. Kristallographic, Band 10: 240-251; Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 107; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 375.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Panoche
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 375; Mrose, M.E., Meyrowitz, R., Alfors, J.T., and Chesterman, C.W. (1967) Nissonite. American Mineralogist: 52: 927; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 322.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Goffs
Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 107; urdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 376.
      • Goldstone District
        • Goldstone
Rogers, Malcomb J. (1929), Report of an archeological reconnaissance in the Mohave sink region: San Diego Museum Archives: 1, 13 pp.; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 376.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 950; Sterrett, Douglas Bovard (1911a), Gems and precious stones: Mineral Resources U.S., 1909, part 2: 780; Pogue, Joseph Ezekiel (1915), The turquoise: National Academy of Science Memorandum 12, part 2, N. 3, 162 pp.: 47; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 376.
      • Halloran Springs District
        • Solomons Knob
Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 49(1-2): 149; Sinkankas, J. (1959) Gemstones of North America. D. Van Nostrand Co., New York, 675 pp.: 227; Pemberton, H. Earl (1964b), Place names in the Turquoise Mountains The Mineralogist: 32: 10-13 (October 1964); Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 322.
        • Turquoise Mountain
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Beckerman, G. M., 1982, Petrology of the Southern Portion of the Teutonia Batholith: a large intrusive complex of Jurassic and Cretaceous age in Eastern Mohave Desert, California. MS thesis, University of California
Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 107; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 26, 376.
Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 49: tabulated list, No. 434: 149; Sinkankas, J. (1959) Gemstones of North America. D. Van Nostrand Co., New York, 675 pp.: 227; Pemberton, H. Earl (1964b), Place names in the Turquoise Mountains The Mineralogist: 32: 10-13 October 1964; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 322.
        • Yucca Grove (Pass Alto; Halloran Summit)
Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 107; Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 49): 49(1-2): tabulated list of mines: No. 435, p. 149-150.
      • New York Mts
        • Vanderbilt District (New York District)
          • Barnwell
Martin, Al. H. (1911), Mining for precious stones in California: Mining and Scientific Press: 66: 316-317; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 376.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
[MinRec 8:282]
Tucker, W. Burling & Reid J. Sampson (1930), Los Angeles field division: California Mining Bureau. Report 26: 307; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 376.
    • San Luis Obispo Co.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 376.
  • Colorado
    • Conejos Co.
      • Manassa
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 13, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; Economic Geology; May 1941; v. 36; no. 3; p. 335-344; I acquired the mineral listed from the King family mine owners.
    • Eagle Co.
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 11-12
    • Lake Co.
      • Leadville District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 950; Mineralogical Record: 16: 171-201.
      • St. Kevin - Independence
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 11-12; USGS: Geological Survey Circular 321; USGS Bull 1027E
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 11-12; USGS Bull 1027E; Economic Geology; May 1941; v. 36; no. 3; p. 335-344
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 11-12
    • Mineral Co.
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 11-12; Economic Geology; May 1941; v. 36; no. 3; p. 335-344
    • Rio Grande Co.
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 11-12
        • South Mountain
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Kevin Conroy Collection
    • Saguache Co.
      • Bonanza District (Kerber Creek District)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 950; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Economic Geology; May 1941; v. 36; no. 3; p. 335-344
      • Cotton Creek
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Teller Co.
Rock & Gem, September 2001, pp. 48-51
        • Cripple Creek
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 11-12
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2002) pp. 11-12
2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
  • Montana
    • Silver Bow Co.
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen; "Butte, Montana, Minerals, Mines and History", The Mineralogical Record, Vol 33, No. 1, Jan-Feb, 2002
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Fairview District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Jessup District
John Meek Collection
    • Clark Co.
      • Las Vegas District
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
      • New York Mts
        • Crescent District
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
Rob Lavinsky
      • Spring Mts
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Douglas Co.
      • Buckskin Range
        • Buckskin District (Smith Valley District)
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada; Gibson, P. C. (1987). Geology of the Buckskin Mine, Douglas County, Nevada (Masters thesis, University of Nevada, Reno).
    • Elko Co.
      • Beaver District
NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; USGS Open-File Report 76-56
      • Carlin District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Merrimac District
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); USGS Open-File Report 76-56
      • Railroad District
NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada
      • Swales Mountain District
NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Wells District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada; NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Coaldale District
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Crow Springs District
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); NBMG Open File Report 79-3; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Gilbert District
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada
      • Klondyke District
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Lone Mountain District
MacFall, 1951. Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed. & NBMG Rept. 17
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Rock Hill District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Royston District
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada; NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Cortez District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lynn District
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
      • Maggie Creek District
        • Mike deposit
John W. Norby and Michael J.T. Orobona (2002) Geology and Mineral Systems of the Mike Deposit. in Gold Deposits of the Carlin Trend , NBMG Bulletin 111 pp 143-167
        • Schroeder Mt
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society, 135(6), 2006, pp 13–18; Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
[MinRec 23:425]
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain District
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada; USGS Prof Paper 798D
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia; USGS Prof Paper 798D
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
      • Bullion District
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
Sydney Dalrymple
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
      • Callaghan Ranch District
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 70 Geology and Mineral Resources of Washoe and Storey Counties, Nevada
      • Carico Lake District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Cortez District
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
      • Hilltop District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
      • New Pass District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
      • Ravenswood District
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
      • Simpson Park Mts
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington District
Collected by Dick Thomssen.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Yerington
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
Pullman, Steven, and Thomssen, Richard, "Nevada Mineral Locality Index" Rocks & Minerals, Vol. 74 No. 6. pg. 375
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
    • Mineral Co.
      • Candelaria District
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
        • Candelaria Silver Mine
Collection of Kelly Starnes 1990
NBMG Bull 58 Geology and Mineral Resources of Mineral County, Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Pilot Mountains District
          • Mina
Rocks & Min.: 24:145.
Steve Sorrell Collection
NBMG Bull 58 Geology and Mineral Resources of Mineral County, Nevada
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
NBMG Open File Report 79-3
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
      • Silver Star District
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
    • Nye Co.
      • Cactus Range
        • Cactus Springs District
NBMG Bull 77 Geology and Mineral Resources of Southern Nye County, Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Hot Creek Range
        • Morey District
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
        • Tybo District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Paradise Range
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Royston Hills
        • Republic District
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968); J.V. Tingley and J. Quade (1986) A mineral inventory of the Tonopah Resource Area, Battle Mountain District, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology OFR 86-14
        • Royston District
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
J.V. Tingley and J. Quade (1986) A mineral inventory of the Tonopah Resource Area, Battle Mountain District, Nevada. NBMG OF1986-14
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Tony Charlton photo & collection (Photo ID 625615)
      • San Antonio Mts
        • Tonopah District
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
          • Tonopah
Rocks & Min.:7:96.
Rocks & Min.:7:96.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Rocks & Min.: 7: 94-95.
      • Toquima Range
        • Belmont District
          • Belmont
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
J.V. Tingley and J. Quade (1986) A mineral inventory of the Tonopah Resource Area, Battle Mountain District, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology OFR 86-14
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
        • Manhattan District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
        • Northumberland District
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Storey Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
Gems and Minerals of America - Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
  • New Mexico
    • Doña Ana Co.
      • Organ Mts
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; Glover, Thomas J., (1975) Geology and ore deposits of the northwestern Organ Mountains, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. NMBGMR Open-file Report OF-63
Glover, Thomas J., (1975) Geology and ore deposits of the northwestern Organ Mountains, Doña Ana County, New Mexico. NMBGMR Open-file Report OF-63
    • Grant Co.
      • Burro Mountains District
        • Tyrone Area
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 949.; Economic Geology 2:464-492
USGS Prof Paper 973F; Economic Geology 2:464-492; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
NMBMMR Bull 83 Mineral Deposits of Western Grant County, New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 83 Mineral Deposits of Western Grant County, New Mexico
Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Edition; D. Court Collection
      • Eureka District
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2001) pp. 18-19; Lasky, S. G. (1947) Geology and ore deposits of the Little Hatchet Mountains, Hidalgo and Grant Counties, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 208
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2001) pp. 18-19; Lasky, S. G. (1947) Geology and ore deposits of the Little Hatchet Mountains, Hidalgo and Grant Counties, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 208
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2001) pp. 18-19; Lasky, S. G. (1947) Geology and ore deposits of the Little Hatchet Mountains, Hidalgo and Grant Counties, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 208
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2001) pp. 18-19; Lasky, S. G. (1947) Geology and ore deposits of the Little Hatchet Mountains, Hidalgo and Grant Counties, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 208
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2001) pp. 18-19; Lasky, S. G. (1947) Geology and ore deposits of the Little Hatchet Mountains, Hidalgo and Grant Counties, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 208
Lasky, S. G. (1947) Geology and ore deposits of the Little Hatchet Mountains, Hidalgo and Grant Counties, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 208
Lasky, S. G. (1947) Geology and ore deposits of the Little Hatchet Mountains, Hidalgo and Grant Counties, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 208
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Lasky, S. G. (1947) Geology and ore deposits of the Little Hatchet Mountains, Hidalgo and Grant Counties, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 208
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Georgetown District
        • San Lorenzo
Timothy Hanson, 1994 Mineralogical Record pp 195-202 "Copper Roses from the Rose Mine, Near San Lorenzo, New Mexico"
      • Hanover-Fierro District
NMBMMR Mineral Museum no. 12485
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Santa Rita
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; Rocks & Minerals 84:492-500
      • White Signal District
NMBMMR Bull 83 Mineral Deposits of Western Grant County, New Mexico
NMBMMR Bull 83 Mineral Deposits of Western Grant County, New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Peloncillo Mts
        • San Simon District
Rolf Luetcke
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Nogal District
NMBMMR Circular 123 Mineral Deposits of Nogal and Bonito Mining Districts New Mexico
NMBMMR Circular 123 Mineral Deposits of Nogal and Bonito Mining Districts New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Santa Fe Co.
NMBMMR Bull 81 Summary of the Mineral Resources of Bernalillo, Sandoval, and Santa Fe Counties, New Mexico
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Los Cerrillos Mts
Rocks & Min.: 21:670.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. ed., 1996
        • Bingham
[MinRec 23:425]
Mineralogical Record: 26(5): 483.
A Listing of North Carolina Minerals- Leonard S. Wiener and Sigrid Ballew-1995
    • Moore Co.
      • Robbins District
Bruce Osborne Collection
  • Pennsylvania
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Mount Holly Springs
[MinRec.: 11:311]
    • Northampton Co.
      • Lower Saucon Township
        • Hellertown
[MinRec 11:311]
    • Snyder Co.
      • Perry Township
        • Mount Pleasant Mills
          • Lime Ridge
K. Cabaniss & L.E. Kearns (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 13.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
  • Texas
    • Culberson Co.
      • Guadalupe Mts
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.
McFall, 1951. Gem Hunter's Guide
    • Hudspeth Co.
      • Carizzo Mts
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
  • U.S. Virgin Islands
    • St. John
Alminas, H.V., Foord, E.E., Tucker, R.E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2057, 36 pages.
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Bingham District (West Mountain District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Sheeprock Mts
        • East Erickson District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Campbell Co.
      • James River-Roanoke River Manganese District
        • Lynch Station
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
        • Mineral
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Rockbridge Co.
      • Lyndhurst-Vesuvius District
MinRec: 10:49; Rocks & Min.: 57:20-22 & 60:168.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Navoiy Viloyati (Navoi)
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Auminzatau Mts
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Bukantau Mts
Pechenkin, V.G., and Pechenkin, I.G. (2005): Lithology and Mineral Resources 40(5), 462-471.
    • Uchkuduk area
not refered listen
  • Samarkand Viloyati (Samarqand)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 949.
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Almalyk
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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