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Tvalchrelidzeite

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About TvalchrelidzeiteHide

Formula:
Hg3SbAsS3
Colour:
Lead-gray, very dark red
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after A.A. Tvalchrelidze (b. 1915), academician, Georgia Academy of Science.
This page provides mineralogical data about Tvalchrelidzeite.


Classification of TvalchrelidzeiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1974
2.GC.45

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
C : Poly-sulfarsenites
3.8.3.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.4.8

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
4 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of TvalchrelidzeiteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Lead-gray, very dark red
Streak:
Red-black
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of TvalchrelidzeiteHide

Formula:
Hg3SbAsS3
Common Impurities:
Cu

Crystallography of TvalchrelidzeiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.5526 Å, b = 4.3852 Å, c = 156373 Å
β = 91.845(2)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.634 : 1 : 35659.263
Unit Cell V:
791.79 ų
Comment:
Space group P21/n.

Type Occurrence of TvalchrelidzeiteHide

Synonyms of TvalchrelidzeiteHide

Other Language Names for TvalchrelidzeiteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫砷锑汞矿
Traditional Chinese:硫砷銻汞礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Metacinnabar3 photos of Tvalchrelidzeite associated with Metacinnabar on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.GC.05HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1
2.GC.05Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
2.GC.10SinneriteCu6As4S9Tric. 1 : P1
2.GC.15WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5Orth.
2.GC.20SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
2.GC.25QuadratiteAg(Cd,Pb)AsS3Tet.
2.GC.25ManganoquadratiteAgMnAsS3Tet. 4 2 2 : P43 2 2
2.GC.30SmithiteAgAsS2Mon. 2/m
2.GC.35TrechmanniteAgAsS2Trig.
2.GC.40aAleksitePbBi2Te2S2Trig.
2.GC.40bKochkaritePbBi4Te7Trig.
2.GC.40cPoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4Trig.
2.GC.40cRucklidgeitePbBi2Te4Trig.
2.GC.40eBabkinitePb2Bi2(S,Se)3Trig.
2.GC.40dSaddlebackitePb2Bi2Te2S3Hex.
2.GC.50MutnovskitePb4As2S6IClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.4.1NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
5.4.2Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4
5.4.3AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
5.4.4LaffittiteAgHgAsS3Mon.
5.4.5Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.4.6LivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.4.7GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12Trig.
5.4.9HakiteCu6[Cu4Hg2]Sb4Se13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TvalchrelidzeiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1975): 225: 911-913.
American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 174.
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Earth Science Sections: 225: 123-125.
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 290: 1208-1211.
Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Costin, G., Eichler, C.M. (2007): Crystal structure and revision of chemical formula of tvalchrelidzeite, Hg3SbAsS3. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 1529-1533.
Transactions of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Sections: 290: 184-187.
American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 949.

Internet Links for TvalchrelidzeiteHide

Localities for TvalchrelidzeiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
[MinRec 17:340]; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577
Georgia (TL)
 
  • Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti Region
    • Oni District
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Am Min 74:949; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Russia
 
  • Altaiskii Krai
    • Gornyi Altai
American Mineralogist, 74:949
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi District
          • Adam Peak
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Mineral and/or Locality  
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