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Atelestite

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Formula:
Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Colour:
Sulphur-yellow to yellowish-green or wax-yellow, yellow-brown; light yellow to colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Adamantine, Resinous
Hardness:
4½ - 5
Specific Gravity:
6.82
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
From the Greek άτελής for "incomplete," presumably because its composition was unknown when first described.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AtelestiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BO.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
O : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1
Dana 7th ed.:
41.11.5.1
41.11.5.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
11 : Miscellaneous
20.6.4

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
6 : Arsenates of Bi

Physical Properties of AtelestiteHide

Adamantine, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Sulphur-yellow to yellowish-green or wax-yellow, yellow-brown; light yellow to colourless in transmitted light.
Comment:
Crystals are sulphur-yellow.
Streak:
(not reported)
Hardness:
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
On {001}, indistinct.
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
6.82 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of AtelestiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.140 nβ = 2.150 nγ = 2.180
2V:
Measured: 42° to 46°, Calculated: 62°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v, strong

Chemical Properties of AtelestiteHide

Formula:
Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
IMA Formula:
Bi2O(AsO4)(OH)

Crystallography of AtelestiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.88 Å, b = 7.42 Å, c = 6.98 Å
β = 107.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.466 : 1 : 0.941
Unit Cell V:
538.29 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals generally minute, tabular {100}, with a, g, d and q commonly prominent. q{313} somewhat rounded. Other faces smooth and brilliant. Also occurs as spherical or mammillary crystalline aggregates with smooth surfaces.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.239 (100b)
6.62 (20)
4.233 (20)
3.116 (40)
2.725 (30)
2.526 (20)
2.201 (20)

Type Occurrence of AtelestiteHide

Synonyms of AtelestiteHide

Other Language Names for AtelestiteHide

Relationship of Atelestite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
HechtsbergiteBi2(VO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
SmrkoveciteBi2(PO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Mixite11 photos of Atelestite associated with Mixite on mindat.org.
Quartz4 photos of Atelestite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Walpurgite4 photos of Atelestite associated with Walpurgite on mindat.org.
Zeunerite3 photos of Atelestite associated with Zeunerite on mindat.org.
Bismutite2 photos of Atelestite associated with Bismutite on mindat.org.
Bariopharmacosiderite2 photos of Atelestite associated with Bariopharmacosiderite on mindat.org.
Kaolinite1 photo of Atelestite associated with Kaolinite on mindat.org.
Beyerite1 photo of Atelestite associated with Beyerite on mindat.org.
Cuprian Adamite1 photo of Atelestite associated with Cuprian Adamite on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite1 photo of Atelestite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BO.05NacaphiteNa2Ca(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BO.10PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BO.10PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)Tric.
8.BO.10SchumacheriteBi3(VO4)2O(OH)Tric.
8.BO.15HechtsbergiteBi2(VO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BO.15SmrkoveciteBi2(PO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BO.20KombatitePb14(VO4)2O9Cl4Mon.
8.BO.20SahlinitePb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4Mon.
8.BO.25HeneuiteCaMg5(CO3)(PO4)3(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BO.30NefedoviteNa5Ca4(PO4)4FTric.
8.BO.35Kuznetsovite(Hg+2)Hg2+(AsO4)ClIso. 2 3 : P21 3
8.BO.40Artsmithite(Hg+2)2Al(PO4)1.74(OH)1.78Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BO.45SchlegeliteBi7(AsO4)3(MoO4)2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.6.1RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)Mon. 2/m
20.6.2PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
20.6.3Arsenobismite
20.6.5MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
20.6.6Walpurgite(BiO)4(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 3H2OTric.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in HCl; soluble with difficulty in HNO3.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AtelestiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt, A. (1832) Vollständige Characteristik etc. 2nd. Ed.: 307.
Rath (1869) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 136: 422.
Weisbach (1874) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 302, 870 (as Rhagite).
Winkler (1874) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 10: 190.
Goldschmidt, V. (1886) Index der Krystallformen der Mineralien. 3 volumes: 1: 265.
Busz (1889) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 15: 625
Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 120.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 42.
Frondel, C. (1943) American Mineralogist: 28: 538 (discreditation of Rhagite).
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 792-793.
Fischer, E. (1956): Über Morphologie und chemische Zusammensetzung von Atelestit. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 5(2), 113-117 (in German).
Canadian Mineralogist (1963): 7: 547-553.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1996): (3): 97-102.

Internet Links for AtelestiteHide

Localities for AtelestiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
      • Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad)
        • Slavkovský Les Mtn
Ridkosil, T., Sejkora, J., Srein, V. (1996): Smrkovecite, monoclinic Bi2O(OH)(PO4), a new mineral of the atelestite group. Neues Jahrb.Mineral., Mh., 1996, 97-102; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Sejkora, J., Pauliš, P., Toegel, V., Pour, O. (2016): Bi - Se - Au mineralizace z uranového rudního výskytu Smrkovec u Lázní Kynžvart (Česká republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 24 (2), 269-277 (in Czech with English abstract).
    • Liberec Region
      • Harrachov (Harrachsdorf)
Sejkora, J., Veselovský, F., Šrein, V.: The supergene mineralization of uranium occurence Rýžoviště near Harrachov (Krkonoše Mts., Czech republic). Acta Mus. Nat. Prague, Ser. B, Hist. nat., 1994, 50, p. 55-91.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Luhanka
Luukkonen, Ari (1994): Main geological features, metallogeny and hydrotermal alteration phenomena of certain gold and gold-tin-tungsten prospects in Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 377. 153p.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
        • Munster
Nicolas Meisser, Lausanne Geologic Museum
    • Vosges
      • Val-d'Ajol
        • Faymont
- ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54.
- ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54.
  • Occitanie
    • Lozère
      • Saint-Amans
        • Estables
Queneau Patrice collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Baiersbronn
        • Schönegründ
No reference listed
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).; American Mineralogist: 69: 1190
No reference listed
Stephan Wolfsried collection
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Wüstenbächle
Aufschluss 1981(5), 176
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); Gröbner, J., Kolitsch, U. und Bayerl, R. (2005): Interessante Uranmineralien im Stinkspat der Grube Clara. Lapis 30 (10), 34-39; 90; Gröbner, J., Bayerl, R. und Kolitsch, U. (2006): Weitere Beobachtungen zu den Uran- und Vanadium-Paragenesen der Grube Clara aus den Jahren 2002, 2004 und 2005. Erzgräber 20, 1-10
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Gadernheim
No reference listed
        • Reichenbach
          • Hohenstein
No reference listed
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
        • Steinbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
No reference listed
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Handbook of Mineralogy
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 793; Lapis (2005): 30(7/8): 70.
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 793; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV.
Stephan Wolfsried collection
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Rieck, B & Rieck, P (1999). LAPIS 24 7/8, 59-63 (the complete (at that time!) mineral list; in German)
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Belalcázar
Rewitzer C., Hochleitner R., Fehr T., Utrera C., Karibibite, schneiderhöhnite, tooeleite and other uncommon secondary minerals in the Nuestra Señora de las Alcantarillas mine, Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain; MineralUp (Revista de Minerales) No.1 Oct. 2016 Page 9-39
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 56; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Somerset
      • Brendon Hills
        • Luxborough
Steve Rust Collection;
USA
 
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Mammoth
Handbook of Mineralogy; Anthony, John W., et. al. Volume IV.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
collected by Brent Thorne
    • Utah Co.
      • Tintic District
Handbook of Mineralogy
Mineral and/or Locality  
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