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Tangeite

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About TangeiteHide

Formula:
CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Colour:
yellow, yellow-green, olive green, green to dark green; light green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.75
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by Aleksandr Evgenievich Fersman in 1925 after its discovery locality in the Tange Gorge, Ferghana Valley, Alai Mountains, Kyrgyzstan.
Adelite-Descloizite Group. Conichalcite-Tangeite Series.

This name replaced calciovolborthite (Basso et al., 1994).

A secondary mineral found in sandstone and in the oxidized zones of vanadium-bearing deposits.


Classification of TangeiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BH.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
41.5.1.6

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
21.1.13

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
1 : Vanadates of the alkalis and Cu

Physical Properties of TangeiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Luster pearly on cleavage surfaces.
Colour:
yellow, yellow-green, olive green, green to dark green; light green in transmitted light.
Streak:
light yellow green
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect; on {001}, good.
Density:
3.75 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.84 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TangeiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.010 nβ = 2.050 nγ = 2.090
2V:
Measured: 83° , Calculated: 88°
Birefringence:
0.08
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.080
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v, strong
Optical Extinction:
Parallel
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Brown
Y = Brown
Z = Green
Comments:
XYZ = abc

Chemical Properties of TangeiteHide

Formula:
CaCu(VO4)(OH)

Crystallography of TangeiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
2 2 2 - Disphenoidal
Space Group:
P21 21 21
Setting:
P21 21 21
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.45 Å, b = 9.26 Å, c = 5.91 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.805 : 1 : 0.638
Unit Cell V:
407.71 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals are unusual, platy and short prismatic with acute terminations. Occurs as scaly aggregates, rosette-shaped at times, also fibrous to dense massive, botryoidal to spheroidal.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.86 Å(40)
4.15 Å(75)
3.73 Å(40)
3.14 Å(60)
2.88 Å(100)
2.61 Å(100)
1.73 Å(30)
1.61 Å(60)
Comments:
ICDD 31-265

Type Occurrence of TangeiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
A.E. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, (m6065, m6066, & m6068).
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Sedimentary deposits

Synonyms of TangeiteHide

Other Language Names for TangeiteHide

Relationship of Tangeite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
GabrielsonitePbFe3+(As3+O3)OOrth. mm2 : Pmc21
GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
NickelaustiniteCaNi(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)Orth.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

BaryteBaSO4
CalciteCaCO3
ChalcociteCu2S
ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
CopperCu
CredneriteCuMnO2
Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Manganese OxidesA review on these minerals has been published by Post (1999).
Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
13 photos of Tangeite associated with TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
9 photos of Tangeite associated with SulvaniteCu3VS4
8 photos of Tangeite associated with QuartzSiO2
5 photos of Tangeite associated with PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
4 photos of Tangeite associated with CalciteCaCO3
4 photos of Tangeite associated with BrauniteMn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
3 photos of Tangeite associated with TuraniteCu5(VO4)2(OH)4
3 photos of Tangeite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
3 photos of Tangeite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
1 photo of Tangeite associated with BaryteBaSO4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BH.05ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.BH.10DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10IsokiteCaMg(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)FMon.
8.BH.10PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)Mon.
8.BH.10TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)FMon. m : Bb
8.BH.15DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BH.20Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
8.BH.20CirroliteCa3Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 (?)
8.BH.20KulaniteBa(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
8.BH.20PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.20PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.20JohntomaiteBaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.25Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4Orth.
8.BH.25Palermoite(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4Orth.
8.BH.30CarminitePbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.30SewarditeCaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.35AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35GabrielsonitePbFe3+(As3+O3)OOrth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.BH.35NickelaustiniteCaNi(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.40ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.BH.40DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.40MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.40PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.45BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.45VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BH.50PaganoiteNiBi(AsO4)OTric. 1 : P1
8.BH.55JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Tric.
8.BH.60Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BH.65LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ibam

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.5.1.1AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
41.5.1.2ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
41.5.1.3AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
41.5.1.4DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
41.5.1.5GabrielsonitePbFe3+(As3+O3)OOrth. mm2 : Pmc21
41.5.1.7NickelaustiniteCaNi(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
41.5.1.8CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
41.5.1.9ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
41.5.1.11HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

21.1.1MetamuniriteNaVO3Orth.
21.1.2MuniriteNaVO3 · 1.9H2OMon.
21.1.3Barnesite(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
21.1.4Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15Mon. 2/m : B2/m
21.1.5HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3Tric. 1 : P1
21.1.6HuemuliteNa4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2OTric.
21.1.7Blossiteα-Cu2(V2O7)Orth. mm2 : Fdd2
21.1.8Ziesiteβ-Cu2(V2O7)Mon.
21.1.9StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2Mon.
21.1.10McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
21.1.11FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2Tric. 1 : P1
21.1.12VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
21.1.14VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
21.1.15LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6Orth.

Fluorescence of TangeiteHide

Not fluorescent.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TangeiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Credner (1848) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 74: 546 (as Kalkvolborthit).
Rammelsberg (as Kalk-volborthit).
Adam, M. (1869) Tableau minéralogique, Paris: 33 (as Calcvolborthite).
D’Achiardi, A. (1883) I Metalli loro Minerali e Miniere. Milan. Volume 2, 635 pp.: 492. (as Calcio-volborthite).
Hillebrand and Merwin (1913) American Journal of Science: 35: 441 (as Calciovolborthite)
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 154.
Nenadkevič and Volkov (1926) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., n.s.: 43.
Barth and Berman (1930) Chemie der Erde, Jena: 5: 30.
Strunz (1939) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 101: 496.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 816, 817-818.
Basso, R., Palenzona, A., and Zefiro, L. (1989) Crystal structure refinement of a Sr-bearing term related to copper vanadates and arsenates of adelite and descloizite groups. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1989): 300-308.
Basso, R. and Zefiro, L. (1994) Mineral nomenclature: status of calciovolborthite and tangeite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 205-208.
American Mineralogist (1995) 80: 185-186.
Pekov, I.V. (1998) Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
Back, M.E. and Mandarino, J.A. (2008) Fleischer's Glossary of Mineral Species: 2008. The Mineralogical Record, Tucson, Arizona.
Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.

Internet Links for TangeiteHide

Localities for TangeiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Mount Lyndhurst station
Collection of Mark Willoughby
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hallein District
      • Adnet
MEIXNER, H. (1976): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXVI. Carinthia II, 166./86., 11-42. [pp. 19-21: "358. Ged. Kupfer und ein Vanadiummineral (Tangeit) von Adnet, Salzburg"]
Meixner, H. (1976): New mineral finds from Austria. XXVI. Carinthia 2, 86, 11-42 [as "calciovolborthite"]; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
MEIXNER, H. (1978): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXVIII. Carinthia II, 168./88., 81-103. [P. „419. Neue Mineralfunde aus den Jura-Kalken von Adnet, Salzburg“]; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Nanaimo Mining Division
      • Menzies Bay
INGELSON, A. (1984) Mineral occurrences in Western Canada. Mineralogical Record 15, 89-94.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Taltal
Bob Jenkins collection
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Göttingen
      • Bad Lauterberg
No reference listed
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
Hentschel, G. (1987) Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane. Weise (München), 2. Auflage. Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Schüller, W. (1990) Die Mineralien des Bellerberges bei Ettringen. Lapis, 15/5, 9-35.
      • Nickenich
Hentschel, G. (1983) Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane. Weise Verlag (München).; Künzel, H.E., Blaß, G., and Schüller, W. (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36(7-8), 55-66; 86.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Daun
        • Dockweiler
Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
        • Oberstadtfeld
Blass, G. and Graf, H.W. (1996) Neue mineralogische Erkenntnisse und neue Funde aus Eifel, Schwarzwald und Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt, 7(2), 55-64.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Helgoland
Markus Gerstmann - Collection
  • Thuringia
    • Gotha
      • Friedrichroda
        • Gottlob Hill
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 817; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
Palenzona A. (1987) - Tangeite e Marsturite di Molinello (1a segnalazione) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, fasc. 3, pp.149-151 and [MinRec 32:355]
        • Reppia
          • Monte Copello
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Borghetto di Vara
analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39-42
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Batken Region
V.Y. Karpenko et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(2):59-68 (2004)
  • Osh Region
    • Aravan District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 817.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Karpenko et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp37-43
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Santa Cruz Municipality
      • Cuitaca
Jordi Fabre
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas
      • Mesopotamia copper valley
Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Franz Neuhold collection
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein
Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 661 pp (in English)
Russia
 
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 817.
UK
 
  • England
    • Leicestershire
      • Hinckley and Bosworth
        • Stanton under Bardon
          • Cliffe Hill Quarry
Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
      • Leicester
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]; King, R.J. and Dixon, J.A. (1971) A New Occurrence of Vanadium Minerals in Leicestershire. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 38, n° 296, 488-492.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177. Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
King, R.J. and Dixon, J.A. (1971) A New Occurrence of Vanadium Minerals in Leicestershire. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 38, n° 296, 488-492.; Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Bethesda
Bevins, R.E. (1994) A Mineralogy of Wales. National Museum of Wales, Geological Series No. 16. Cardiff.; Green, D.I., Hubbard, N., and Ince, F. (2008) A review of the occurrences of the copper vanadate minerals volborthite and tangeite in the British Isles. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 54-58.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache County
      • Dinnehotso
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 150, 172; Gavasci, A.T. & P.F. Kerr (1968), Uranium emplacement at Garnet Ridge, Econ.Geol.: 63: 859-876.
    • Cochise County
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 150; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 71.
    • Coconino County
      • Prospect Canyon Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 147, 150, 296, 311, 405, 414; Wenrich, K.J. & H.B. Sutphin (1989), Lithotectonic setting necessary for formation of a uranium-rich, solution-collapse breccia-pipe, Grand Canyon region, AZ, USGS Open File Rept. 89-0173.
    • La Paz Co.
      • New Water Mts
        • New Water Mining District
          • Moore Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 150.
[MinRec 14:119]
Hunt, W. (1983) Calciovolborthite from the New Water Mountains Yuma County, Arizona. Mineralogical Record 14:119
    • Navajo Co.
      • Mineral Mining District
        • Mystery Valley
          • Monument No. 1 channel (Channel No. 36)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 150; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 71.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Big Bug Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 150.
  • California
    • Glenn Co.
      • Chrome
        • Grindstone Creek
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 817.
    • Imperial Co.
      • Cargo Muchacho Mts
        • Cargo Muchacho Mining District (Hedges Mining District; Ogilby Mining District)
          • Obregon
Robert E.Walstrom Collection
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Kearsarge Mining District [2]
          • Kearsarge
Paul M. Adams (2003) Unusual vanadium minerals from the Green Monster Mine, Inyo County, California. Mineral News, 19, #8.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Signal Mining District (Vontrigger Mining District)
        • Piute Range [N]
          • Signal Hill
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 817; Schrader, Frank Charles, R.W. Stone & Samuel Sanford (1917), Useful minerals of the United States (a revision of Bulletin 585): USGS Bulletin 624: 46; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 116; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 323.
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Huerfano Co.
      • La Veta Pass Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Moffat Co.
      • Skull Creek Mining District (Blue Mountain Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Montrose Co.
      • Uravan Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Garo Area
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 817; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Telluride Mining District (Upper San Miguel Mining District)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 817.
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Copper Harbor
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Montana
    • Madison Co.
      • Norwegian Mining District (Whitehall Mining District)
Gibson, Richard I. (2018) Supergene Minerals from the Mayflower Mine, Madison County, Montana. In Scarberry, K.C., and Barth, S., 2018, Proceedings Montana Mining and Mineral Symposium 2017, technical papers and abstracts: Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 699.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 295.
  • Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington Mining District
          • Ludwig
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
      • Wilson Mining District
        • Cambridge Hills
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan Mining District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Socorro Co.
      • Abbey District
Northrup, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Barton, I., Barton, M. D., & Thorson, J. (2018) Characteristics of Cu and UV Deposits in the Paradox Basin (Colorado Plateau) and Associated Alteration. Guidebook series, 59.
  • Utah
    • Grand Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Tintic Mining District
        • Mammoth
          • Mammoth Peak
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Collected by and in the collection of Alex Earl
    • San Juan Co.
      • La Sal Quadrangle
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • Monitor Butte
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Mercur Mining District (Camp Floyd Mining District)
Rick Dalrymple Collection
    • Utah Co.
      • Thorpe Hills
Collection of Alex Earl
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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