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Athabascaite

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Lake Athabasca, Canada
Formula:
Cu5Se4
Colour:
Light grey, bluish-grey to white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
6.59 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named for Lake Athabasca, which crosses the border between Saskatchewan and Alberta, Canada. The type locality is near the lake.
This page provides mineralogical data about Athabascaite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AthabascaiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1969
First Published:
1970
Approval History:
IMA1969-022
2.BA.25

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au
2.16.17.1

2 : SULFIDES
16 : Miscellaneous
3.1.13

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of AthabascaiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Light grey, bluish-grey to white
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN15=78 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Density:
6.59 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AthabascaiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong, creamy white to dark blue
Reflectivity:
400nmR1=21.2%R2= 25.1%
420nmR1=19.9%R2= 25.2%
440nmR1=19.6%R2= 25.3%
460nmR1=19.3%R2= 25.4%
480nmR1=19.0%R2= 25.5%
500nmR1=18.6%R2= 25.6%
520nmR1=18.3%R2= 25.6%
540nmR1=17.8%R2= 25.5%
560nmR1=17.4%R2= 25.4%
580nmR1=16.9%R2= 25.1%
600nmR1=16.3%R2= 25.0%
620nmR1=15.5%R2= 24.5%
640nmR1=15.0%R2= 24.2%
660nmR1=14.2%R2= 23.7%
680nmR1=13.4%R2= 23.1%
700nmR1=12.5%R2= 22.4%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 25.6%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Light gray to blue-gray

Chemical Properties of AthabascaiteHide

Formula:
Cu5Se4
Common Impurities:
S

Crystallography of AthabascaiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.227 Å, b = 11.982 Å, c = 6.441 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.687 : 1 : 0.538
Unit Cell V:
634.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
laths to 100 microns

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.44 (30)
3.235 (100)
3.015 (60)
1.997 (80)
1.893 (50)
1.817 (30)
1.664 (40)
Comments:
Martin Lake mine, Canada.

Type Occurrence of AthabascaiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Canada, Ottawa; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, M29432.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
As inclusions in and replacements of umangite, as stringers and veinlets in carbonate veins cutting basalt.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Harris, D.C., Cabri, L.J., Kaiman, S. (1970) Athabascaite, a new copper selenide mineral from Martin Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist: 10: 207-215.

Synonyms of AthabascaiteHide

Other Language Names for AthabascaiteHide

Simplified Chinese:斜方硒铜矿
Spanish:Athabascaita
Traditional Chinese:斜方硒銅礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Tyrrellite2 photos of Athabascaite associated with Tyrrellite on mindat.org.
Umangite1 photo of Athabascaite associated with Umangite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Athabascaite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Berzelianite1 photo of Athabascaite associated with Berzelianite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BA.05ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BA.05DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
2.BA.05GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
2.BA.05RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
2.BA.10AniliteCu7S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.BA.10DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.BA.15BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
2.BA.20BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
2.BA.20BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.BA.25UmangiteCu3Se2Tet.
2.BA.30RickarditeCu7Te5Orth.
2.BA.30WeissiteCu2-xTeHex.
2.BA.35AcanthiteAg2SMon. 2/m : P21/m
2.BA.40MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.BA.40StromeyeriteAgCuSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.BA.40dUM2003-13-S:AgAuCuAg6AuCu2S5
2.BA.45JalpaiteAg3CuS2Tet.
2.BA.45SelenojalpaiteAg3CuSe2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
2.BA.50EucairiteAgCuSeOrth.
2.BA.55AguilariteAg4SeSMon. 2/m
2.BA.55NaumanniteAg2SeOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.BA.60CervelleiteAg4TeSMon. 2/m
2.BA.60HessiteAg2TeMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BA.60ChenguodaiteAg9Fe3+Te2S4Orth.
2.BA.65Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
2.BA.65StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36Hex.
2.BA.70ArgyroditeAg8GeS6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.BA.70CanfielditeAg8SnS6Orth. mm2
2.BA.70Putzite(Cu4.7Ag3.3)GeS6Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.BA.75FischesseriteAg3AuSe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
2.BA.75Penzhinite(Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4Hex.
2.BA.75PetrovskaiteAuAg(S,Se)Mon.
2.BA.75PetziteAg3AuTe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
2.BA.75UytenbogaardtiteAg3AuS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
2.BA.80Bezsmertnovite(Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)Orth.
2.BA.80BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2Iso.
2.BA.80Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)Iso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.1.1ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.1.4AniliteCu7S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
3.1.6SpionkopiteCu39S28Trig.
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
3.1.8CovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
3.1.11UmangiteCu3Se2Tet.
3.1.12YarrowiteCu9S8Trig.
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.16WeissiteCu2-xTeHex.
3.1.17RickarditeCu7Te5Orth.
3.1.18VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
3.1.19BambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
3.1.20LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.21MgriiteCu3AsSe3
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.1.26MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.29IdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.1.31PutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2OHex.
3.1.33EskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
3.1.34Chaméanite(Cu,Fe)4As(Se,S)4Iso.
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AthabascaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Harris, D.C., Cabri, L.J., Kaiman, S. (1969) A new copper selenide from Martin Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist: 10: 135-136 (abstr.).
Harris, D.C., Cabri, L.J., Kaiman, S. (1970) Athabascaite, a new copper selenide mineral from Martin Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist: 10: 207-215.
Fleischer, M. (1971) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 56: 631-640.

Internet Links for AthabascaiteHide

Localities for AthabascaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja
    • General Lamadrid department
      • Villa Castelli
Excalibur Mineral specimen
Handbook of Mineralogy
Canada
 
  • Nunavut
    • Kivalliq Region
      • Baker Lake
Miller A. (1980) Uranium Geology of the Eastern Baker Lake Basin, District of Keewatin, Northwest Territories; G.S.C. Bulletin 330.
  • Saskatchewan
    • Beaverlodge Lake area
HARRIS, D.C., CABRI, L.J. & KAIMAN, S. (1969): A new copper selenide from Martin Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 135 136 (abstr.). HARRIS, D.C., CABRI, L.J. & KAIMAN, S. (1970): Athabascaite, a new copper selenide mineral from Martin Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 207-215. Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Alxa League (Alashan Prefecture)
      • Alxa Right Banner (Alashan Youqi)
Jiayong Pan, Chengdong Liu, Guolin Guo, Anping Chen, Fazheng Chen, Zhaobin Yan, Yiping Chen, and Rengui Wu (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(1), 44-48
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Plzeň Region
      • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
Scharmová, M., Scharm, B.: Minerály selenu na uranovém ložisku Zadní Chodov. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 43-47.
      • Rožmitál pod Třemšínem
        • Nové Mitrovice
Scharm, B. & Scharmová, M. (2000) Accessory minerals of siliceous rocks from the Kokšín hill near Mítov (Barrandian Neoproterozoic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 75(3), 307-318.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Litochleb, J., Škácha, P., Pavlícek, R. (2012): A selenide association with macroscopic umangite from the abandoned uranium deposit Zálesí, Rychlebské hory Mountains (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 20, 187-196 (in Czech with English abstract).
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
        • Rožná deposit
In the collection of Brent Thorne. Obtained from Paleone.pl.
      • Žďár nad Sázavou District
        • Nové Město na Moravě
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kolwezi District
      • Kolwezi
Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008)
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Sauxillanges
        • Chaméane
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Sachsa
        • Zorge
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Sweden
 
  • Östergötland
    • Valdemarsvik
Sandström, F. (2007): Skrikerum. Litiofilen 24 (1), 22-38; Jonsson, E., Högdahl, K., Majka, J. & Murashko, M. (2014): Te-Cu-rich sudburyite – the first platinum-group-element mineral from the selenide mineralisation at Skrikerum, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen. 191, 137-144
Mineral and/or Locality  
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