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Vaesite

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Formula:
NiS2
Colour:
Black, silver-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4½ - 5½
Specific Gravity:
4.45
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1945 by Paul F. Kerr in honor of Johannes Franciscus Vaes [1902 - 1978], administrator, geologist and mineralogist with the Union Minière du Haut-Katanga, in the Belgian Congo, now Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Isostructural with:
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of VaesiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.EB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
2.12.1.2

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.11.5

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Physical Properties of VaesiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black, silver-gray
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
4½ - 5½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=743 - 837 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{001}
Density:
4.45 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.47 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of VaesiteHide

Formula:
NiS2
Common Impurities:
Co,Fe

Crystallography of VaesiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Pa3
Setting:
Pa3
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.66787(8) Å
Unit Cell V:
182.08 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4

Type Occurrence of VaesiteHide

Other Language Names for VaesiteHide

German:Vaesit
Russian:Ваэсит
Simplified Chinese:方硫镍矿
二硫镍矿
Spanish:Vaesita

Relationship of Vaesite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
CattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
DzharkeniteFeSe2Iso.
ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
GaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
PyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
TrogtaliteCoSe2
Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Millerite14 photos of Vaesite associated with Millerite on mindat.org.
Jamborite1 photo of Vaesite associated with Jamborite on mindat.org.
Pyrite1 photo of Vaesite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EB.05aAurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05bBambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aGeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aHaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aInsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aLauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPenroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aTrogtaliteCoSe2
2.EB.05aVillamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
2.EB.05aDzharkeniteFeSe2Iso.
2.EB.05aGaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsSMon. 2 : P21
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aFerroseliteFeSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10cGlaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMattagamiteCoTe2Orth.
2.EB.10eParacostibiteCoSbSOrth.
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth.
2.EB.10fOeniteCoSbAsOrth.
2.EB.15aAnduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aNisbiteNiSb2Orth.
2.EB.15aOmeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
2.EB.15cPaxiteCuAs2Mon.
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aSafflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
2.EB.20Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsSOrth. mm2 : Pca21
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
2.EB.25Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25KrutoviteNiAs2Iso.
2.EB.25MaslovitePtBiTe
2.EB.25MicheneritePdBiTe
2.EB.25PadmaitePdBiSeIso.
2.EB.25PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
2.EB.25TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
2.EB.25TolovkiteIrSbSIso.
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
2.EB.25ChangchengiteIrBiSIso.
2.EB.25MayingiteIrBiTeIso.
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.30UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
2.EB.35RheniiteReS2Tric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.12.1.1PyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.3CattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.4Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.5TrogtaliteCoSe2
2.12.1.6Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
2.12.1.7FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.8Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.9HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.10LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.11AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.12KrutoviteNiAs2Iso.
2.12.1.13SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.14GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.15InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
2.12.1.16ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.17DzharkeniteFeSe2Iso.
2.12.1.18GaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
2.12.1.19MayingiteIrBiTeIso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.9Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig.
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig.
3.11.24Dienerite
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25Hex. 6mm : P63mc
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.27NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth.
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.11.39Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VaesiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kerr P F (1945) Cattierite and vaesite: New Co-Ni minerals from the Belgian Congo. American Mineralogist 30, 483-497
Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 950.

Internet Links for VaesiteHide

Localities for VaesiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja
    • Vinchina Department
      • Jagüé
        • Quebrada de Cumichango
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kanowna Goldfield
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
    • Kondinin Shire
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Radstädter Tauern
Putz, H. (2011): Putz, H. (2011): Neuigkeiten zur Landesmineralogie von Salzburg. Miner. Arch. Salzb., 14, 304-308 (pp. 306-307: Gersdorffit und Vaesit(?) aus dem Tauerntunnel).
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • St Gertraudi
              • Großkogel (Reither Kogel)
Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Mineralien des Gertraudstollens und seiner Halde in St. Gertraudi, Tirol. Lapis 32 (6), 58-63.
Azerbaijan
 
  • Kəlbəcər District (Kalbacar; Kelbajar; Karavajar)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
        • Sossego Mine
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., Hitzman, M.W., Juliani, C., de Souza Filho, C.R., and de R. Carvalho, E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 317-336.
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., Hitzman, M.W., Juliani, C., de Souza Filho, C.R., and de R. Carvalho, E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 317-336.
      • Curionópolis
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
    • Gotse Delchev Obshtina
      • Rhodope Mts
Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998)
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Rhodope Mts
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Panagyurishte
Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Zlatitsa Obshtina
      • Zlatitsa
Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Timmins area
        • Kidd Township
Hannington M.D., Bleeker W. and Kjarsgaard I (1999). Sulfide Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Kidd Creek Deposit: Part II. The Bornite Zone: Economic Geology, Monograph 10, 225-266.
    • Kenora District
      • Kapkichi Lake Area
Can Mineral 1984 22: 13-21
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Luqu Co.
Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111
  • Guizhou Province
    • Zunyi Prefecture
      • Zunyi Co.
        • Zunyi Ni-Mo-PGE-Au ore field
Guangdi Zhang, Jiuling Li, Qunyao Xiong, Feng Qi, and Mingguo Zhen (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(4), 377-386; Bin Chang, and Hanjie Wen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(4), 439-446; Jie Zhou, Kai Hu, and Jianren Mao (2009): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 24(2), 111-116
Lishun Kao, Peacor, D.R., Coveney, Jr., R.M., Gengmei Zhao, Dungey, K.E., Curtis, M.D., Penner-Hahn, J.E. (2001): American Mineralogist 86, 852-861
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Suxian District
- Jian-Wei Li, Mei-Fou Zhou, Xian-Fu Li, Zi-Jin Li, and Zhao-Ren Fu (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 213-225.
    • Zhangjiajie Prefecture
      • Cili Co.
Youyu Li, Shuzhen Cheng, Yuchen Zhai, Mingxun Dai, and Guishen Xu (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(3), 15-19
  • Sichuan Province
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Peiqing Hu, Liye Ren, Piao'er Fu, Mingjie Zhang, Xiaoya Li, and Hongyi Qin (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(1), 158-168
  • Yunnan Province
    • Pu'er Prefecture
      • Mojiang Co.
Kaiji Yu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(1), 19-25; Hanlong Ying, Denghong Wang, and Helin Liu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24, 44-51; Xiaoming Sun, Dexin Xiong, Shengwei Wang, Guiyong Shi, Wei Zhai (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(4), 438-446
  • Zhejiang Province
    • Hangzhou Prefecture
      • Tonglu Co.
Huijin Lu and Jian Wang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 567-574
    • Shaoxing Prefecture
      • Zhuji Co.
Huijin Lu and Jian Wang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 567-574
Huijin Lu and Jian Wang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 567-574
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
    • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Shinkolobwe
[MinRec 20:277]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
      • Swambo
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Kittilä
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Soretialehto - Gold Database
  • Northern Finland Region
Vuorelainen Y, Huhma A, Häkli A (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125 ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Tarn
      • Villefranche d'Albigeois
Alain TUEL Collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Odenwald
      • Weinheim
        • Hohensachsen
          • Kohlbach
Nickel, E., and Fettel, M. (1985): Odenwald. Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 65, 2nd ed., Bornträger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 231 pp.
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Stolberg
        • Breinig
Graf, HW., (1990): Blei- und Zinkerzbergbau um Stolberg bei Aachen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41, 111-130
        • Mausbach
Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
    • Eifel
      • Mechernich
Klemm, D., (1962): Untersuchungen über die Misckristallbildung im Dreiecksdiagramm FeS2-CoS2-NiS2 und ihre Beziehungen im Aufbau der natürlichen "Bravoite", Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 76-91
    • Sauerland
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
Italy
 
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Bologna Province
      • Reno Valley
        • Gaggio Montano
Calanchi, N. & Dalrio, G. (1975): Anatasio, brookite, millerite e vaesite in paragenesi nelle idrotermaliti dell'Appennino emiliano. Atti Accademia dei Lincei, 59(5), 445-454.
      • San Clemente
        • Sillaro Valley
J F Carpenter
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Modena Province
      • Frassinoro
Borghi E. et al., 1996. Minerali dell'ofiolite di Ca' de Giannasi (MO). Riv. Miner. Ital., 3: 259-267.
      • Montese
        • Castelluccio di Moscheda
Calanchi N., Dalrio G. (1975) - Anatasio, Brookite, Millerite e vaesite in paragenesi nelle idrotermaliti dell'Appennino Emiliano - Atti acc. Naz. Lincei, vol. LIX, fasc. 5, pp 445-452 - Roma Dalrio G. - I Minerali di sasso delle Lucine, (Modena) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, vol. 4 - 1982 - Milano
      • Panaro Valley
        • Sestola
          • Vesale
Matteo Chinellato personal collection; Pedroni G., Rosciglione L., Varoli M., Baratta C. (1996): I minerali delle ofioliti nell'Appennino bolognese e modenese. Gruppo A.V.I.S. Mineralogia e Speleologia, Bologna, 286 pp.
    • Parma Province
      • Taro Valley
        • Ceno Valley
          • Varsi
Marco Poli Collection
    • Reggio Emilia Province (Reggio nell'Emilia Province)
      • Villa Minozzo
I minerali di varie ofioliti attorno a Villa Minozzo (RE). O.Bartoli, M.Scacchetti & D.Bersani. Notiziario della Società Reggiana di Scienze Naturali - 2007 - Dicembre 2007
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Florence Province
      • Greve in Chianti
        • Strada in Chianti
Bonechi M., 1994. La cava di Meleto ed i suoi minerali. Riv. Min. Ital., 17: 123-130.
    • Grosseto Province
      • Amiata Mt.
AGMT (Associazione Geomineralogica Toscana) - 2008
AGMT (Associazione Geomineralogica Toscana) - 2008
    • Livorno Province
      • Livorno
Giuliano Bettini Collection
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
        • Massa
          • Ischignano
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Fujioka
American Mineralogist (1986): 71, 1022-1027.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Kosaka
Kato, A. (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 14. (Kinichi Sakurai collection)
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
        • Imiter District
Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
New Caledonia
 
  • Northern Province
    • Canala Commune
Ramdohr, P. (1967) On the wide-spread paragenesis of ore minerals originating during serpentinization. Geologiya Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, No. 2, 32-43 (in Russian)
Norway
 
  • Rogaland
    • Sokndal
      • Sandbekk
Krause, H. & Pape, H. (1975): Mikroskopische Untersuchungen der Mineralvergesellschaftung in Erz und Nebengestein der Ilmenitlagerstätte Storgangen (Süd-Norwegen). Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 55: 387-422; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p 38.
  • Telemark
    • Bamble (Bamle)
      • Bamble Nickel Mines
        • Nystein
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 37.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Legnica
      • Lubin District
        • Lubin
Harańczyk 1972: Mineralizacja kruszcowa dolnocechsztyńskich osadów euksenicznych monokliny przedsudeckiej. Arch. Miner. T. 30, z. 1-2
Harańczyk 1972: Mineralizacja kruszcowa dolnocechsztyńskich osadów euksenicznych monokliny przedsudeckiej. Arch. Miner. T. 30, z. 1-2
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Gliwice District
      • Knurów
Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Lipkovo
Antonović, A.; Deleon, G.; Divjan, S.; Radusinović, D. (1957): The Lojane complex ores (As, Sb, Ni, Co). Second Geol. Congr. Yugoslavia (1957), 494-503; Radusinović, D. R. (1966): Greigite from the Lojane chromium deposit, Macedonia. American Mineralogist 51, 209-215.
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003). Cervelleite, Ag4TeS, from three localities in Romania, substitution of Cu, and the occurrence of the associated phase, Ag2Cu2TeS. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2003(7), 321-336.
Russia
 
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Adygea Republic (Adygeya)
Pekov I.V. et al. (2010) Mineralogy of Belorechenskoe deposit (Northern Caucasus, Russia). Mineralogical Almanakh, 15(2).
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah Al Madinah
Nehlig, P., Salpeteur, I., Asfirane, F., Bouchot, V., Eberlé, J. M., & Genna, A. (1999). The Mineral Potential of the Arabian Shield: A reassessment. In Proceedings of the IUGS/UNESCO Meeting on the “Base and Precious Metal Deposits in the Arabian Shield”, Jeddah, November (pp. 12-19).
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Poltár Co.
Maťo,Ľ., Maťová, 1994: Mineralizácia v okolí Ozdína, výskyt zlata s obsahom Sb-Ni v tmavých bridliciach, JZ časti veporského kryštalinika (stredné Slovensko). Min.Slovaca, 26,1,30 – 37
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Košice Co.
      • Medzev (Metzenseifen)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Slovenské Rudohorie Mts
      • Smolník Mining District
        • Smolnícka Huta (Schmöllnitzhütte; Schmöllnitzer Hütte; Szomolnokhuta; Szomolnokhutta)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí
Econ Geol (1992) 87:142-153
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
UK
 
  • England
    • Northumberland
      • Tyne Valley
        • Fourstones
Ixer, R. A., & Duller, P. R. (1998). Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations. els autors.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • South Rim
        • Orphan District
          • Grand Canyon Village
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 409; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Gornitz, V. (2004), Grand Canyon Uranium: The Orphan Mine, Mineral News: 20(6): 7..
  • California
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Guerneville District
          • Guerneville
Henderson, F.B. (1969) Hydrothermal alteration and deposition in serpentine-type mercury deposits. Economic Geology: 64: 492; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 65.
  • Illinois
    • Hardin Co.
      • Cave-in-Rock Sub-District
Mineralogical Record, v. 28, no. 1, 1997
          • Ozark-Mahoning group
Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
  • Maine
    • Knox Co.
      • Union
Rainville, G. D. and Park, W. C. (1976) Nickeliferous Pyrrhotite Deposits, Knox County, Southeastern Maine in Lyons, P. C. and Brownlow, A. H. (editors) Studies in New England Geology, Memoir 146, Geological Society of America, p. 319-347.
  • Missouri
    • Iron Co.
      • Viburnum Trend District
        • Bixby
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
Rocks & Min. Mar. 1998
    • Reynolds Co.
Leach, D. L., Viets, J. B., Foley-Ayuso, N., & Klein, D. P. (1995). Mississippi Valley-type Pb-Zn deposits. Preliminary compilation of descriptive geoenvironmental mineral deposit models. US Geological Survey Open-File Report, 95-831.
        • Ellington
MinRec 9:111-112; Rocks & Min.:64:22&26.
        • West Fork
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
Zambia
 
  • North-Western Province
    • Kabompo District
Capistrant, P. L., Hitzman, M. W., Wood, D., Kelly, N. M., Williams, G., Zimba, M., ... & Stein, H. (2015). Geology of the Enterprise hydrothermal nickel deposit, North-western Province, Zambia. Economic Geology, 110(1), 9-38.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Midlands
    • Gweru District (Gwelo District)
Pirajno, F., & González-Álvarez, I. (2013). A re-appraisal of the Epoch nickel sulphide deposit, Filabusi Greenstone Belt, Zimbabwe: A hydrothermal nickel mineral system?. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 58-65.
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