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Vaesite

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About VaesiteHide

Formula:
NiS2
Colour:
Black, silver-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4½ - 5½
Specific Gravity:
4.45
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1945 by Paul F. Kerr in honor of Johannes Franciscus Vaes [1902 - 1978], administrator, geologist and mineralogist with the Union Minière du Haut-Katanga, in the Belgian Congo, now Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Isostructural with:

Classification of VaesiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.EB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
2.12.1.2

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.11.5

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Physical Properties of VaesiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black, silver-gray
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
4½ - 5½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=743 - 837 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{001}
Density:
4.45 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.47 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of VaesiteHide

Formula:
NiS2
Common Impurities:
Co,Fe

Crystallography of VaesiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Pa3
Setting:
Pa3
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.66787(8) Å
Unit Cell V:
182.08 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009853VaesiteNowack E, Schwarzenbach D, Hahn T (1991) Charge densities in CoS2 and NiS2 (pyrite structure) Acta Crystallographica B47 650-6591991synthetic0135
0010989VaesiteNowack E, Schwarzenbach D, Gonschorek W, Hahn T (1989) Deformationsdichten in CoS2 und NiS2 mit pyritstruktur Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 186 213-21519890145
0010990VaesiteNowack E, Schwarzenbach D, Gonschorek W, Hahn T (1989) Deformationsdichten in CoS2 und NiS2 mit pyritstruktur Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 186 213-21519890295
0011917VaesiteFuruseth S, Kjekshus A, Andresen A F (1969) On the magnetic properties of CoSe2, NiS2, and NiSe2 Acta Chemica Scandinavica 23 2325-23341969synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of VaesiteHide

Other Language Names for VaesiteHide

German:Vaesit
Russian:Ваэсит
Simplified Chinese:方硫镍矿
二硫镍矿
Spanish:Vaesita

Varieties of VaesiteHide

Relationship of Vaesite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
CattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
DzharkeniteFeSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
GaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
PyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
TrogtaliteCoSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2Tric.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
14 photos of Vaesite associated with MilleriteNiS
1 photo of Vaesite associated with JamboriteNi2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
1 photo of Vaesite associated with PyriteFeS2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EB.05aAurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05bBambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aGeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aHaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aInsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aLauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPenroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aTrogtaliteCoSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aVillamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2Tric.
2.EB.05aDzharkeniteFeSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aGaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsSMon. 2 : P21
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aFerroseliteFeSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10cGlaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMattagamiteCoTe2Orth.
2.EB.10eParacostibiteCoSbSOrth.
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
2.EB.10fOeniteCoSbAsOrth.
2.EB.15aAnduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aNisbiteNiSb2Orth.
2.EB.15aOmeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
2.EB.15cPaxiteCuAs2Mon.
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aSafflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
2.EB.20Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsSOrth. mm2 : Pca21
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
2.EB.25Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25KrutoviteNiAs2Iso.
2.EB.25MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25PadmaitePdBiSeIso.
2.EB.25PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
2.EB.25TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
2.EB.25TolovkiteIrSbSIso.
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25WillyamiteCoSbS
2.EB.25ChangchengiteIrBiSIso.
2.EB.25MayingiteIrBiTeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.30UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
2.EB.35RheniiteReS2Tric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.12.1.1PyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.3CattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.4Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.5TrogtaliteCoSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.6Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2Tric.
2.12.1.7FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.8Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.9HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.10LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.11AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.12KrutoviteNiAs2Iso.
2.12.1.13SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.14GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.15InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.16ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.17DzharkeniteFeSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.18GaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
2.12.1.19MayingiteIrBiTeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.9Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2Tric.
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.24DieneriteNi3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25Hex. 6mm : P63mc
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.27NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33LangisiteCoAsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.11.39WillyamiteCoSbS

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VaesiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kerr P F (1945) Cattierite and vaesite: New Co-Ni minerals from the Belgian Congo. American Mineralogist 30, 483-497
Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 950.

Internet Links for VaesiteHide

Localities for VaesiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja Province
    • Vinchina Department
      • Jagüé
        • Quebrada de Cumichango
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kanowna Goldfield
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291 pages. Baensch, A. (2000) The Mineralogy of the Massive Sulphides in the High Grade Silver Swan Massive Nickel Sulphide Deposit. With an emphasis on the distribution of arsenic and cobalt mineralisation. BSc. thesis, Curtin University of Technology, 225 pages.; Barnes, S. J., Wells, M. A., & Verrall, M. R. (2009). Effects of magmatic processes, serpentinization, and talc-carbonate alteration on sulfide mineralogy and ore textures in the Black Swan disseminated nickel sulfide deposit, Yilgarn Craton. Economic Geology, 104(4), 539-562.
    • Kondinin Shire
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Tamsweg District
Putz, H. (2011): Putz, H. (2011): Neuigkeiten zur Landesmineralogie von Salzburg. Miner. Arch. Salzb., 14, 304-308 (pp. 306-307: Gersdorffit und Vaesit(?) aus dem Tauerntunnel).
    • Zell am See District
      • Fusch an der Grossglocknerstrasse
Kolitsch, U. & Auer, C. (2018): 2080) Annabergit, Aragonit, Arseniosiderit(?), Chalkopyrit, Galenit, Hörnesit, ein Mineral der Kaolinitgruppe, Limonit, Polybasit, Polydymit, Pyrrhotin, Scheelit, Zn-Tetraedrit, Vaesit, Violarit und Zincochromit von der Brennkogel-Nordflanke, Fuschertal, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg. Pp. 216-218 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
        • St Gertraudi
          • Großkogel (Reither Kogel)
Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Mineralien des Gertraudstollens und seiner Halde in St. Gertraudi, Tirol. Lapis 32 (6), 58-63.
Azerbaijan
 
  • Republic of Artsakh
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
Günter Grundmann collection; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
        • Sossego Mine
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., Hitzman, M.W., Juliani, C., de Souza Filho, C.R., and de R. Carvalho, E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 317-336.
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., Hitzman, M.W., Juliani, C., de Souza Filho, C.R., and de R. Carvalho, E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 317-336.
      • Curionópolis
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Province
    • Gotse Delchev
Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998)
  • Haskovo Province
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Pazardzhik Province
    • Panagyurishte
      • Panagyurishte
Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155
  • Sofia Province
    • Zlatitsa Obshtina
      • Zlatitsa
Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Timmins area
        • Kidd Township
Hannington M.D., Bleeker W. and Kjarsgaard I (1999). Sulfide Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Ore Genesis of the Kidd Creek Deposit: Part II. The Bornite Zone: Economic Geology, Monograph 10, 225-266.
    • Kenora District
      • Kapkichi Lake Area
Can Mineral 1984 22: 13-21
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
Boulanger, R. A. (2012). Geological, petrographic and geochemical characterization of the Roughrider West Zone unconformity-type uranium deposit, Athabasca Basin, Saskatchewan (Masters thesis, Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research, University of Regina).
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Gannan
      • Luqu Co.
Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111
  • Guizhou
    • Zunyi
      • Bozhou District
        • Zunyi Ni-Mo-PGE-Au ore field
Guangdi Zhang, Jiuling Li, Qunyao Xiong, Feng Qi, and Mingguo Zhen (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(4), 377-386; Bin Chang, and Hanjie Wen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(4), 439-446; Jie Zhou, Kai Hu, and Jianren Mao (2009): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 24(2), 111-116
Lishun Kao, Peacor, D.R., Coveney, Jr., R.M., Gengmei Zhao, Dungey, K.E., Curtis, M.D., Penner-Hahn, J.E. (2001): American Mineralogist 86, 852-861
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Suxian District
- Jian-Wei Li, Mei-Fou Zhou, Xian-Fu Li, Zi-Jin Li, and Zhao-Ren Fu (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 213-225.
    • Zhangjiajie
      • Cili Co.
Youyu Li, Shuzhen Cheng, Yuchen Zhai, Mingxun Dai, and Guishen Xu (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(3), 15-19
  • Sichuan
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
  • Xinjiang
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yizhou District
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Peiqing Hu, Liye Ren, Piao'er Fu, Mingjie Zhang, Xiaoya Li, and Hongyi Qin (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(1), 158-168
  • Yunnan
    • Pu'er
      • Mojiang County
Kaiji Yu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(1), 19-25; Hanlong Ying, Denghong Wang, and Helin Liu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24, 44-51; Xiaoming Sun, Dexin Xiong, Shengwei Wang, Guiyong Shi, Wei Zhai (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(4), 438-446
      • Zhenyuan County
        • Laowangzhai orefield
          • Zhenyuan Mine
Zhang, H., Chai, P., Zhang, H., Hou, Z., Chen, S., Sun, Y., & Peng, Q. (2019). Two‐Stage Sulfide Mineral Assemblages in the Mineralized Ultramafic Rocks of the Laowangzhai Gold Deposit (Yunnan, SW China): Implications for Metallogenic Evolution. Resource Geology.
  • Zhejiang
    • Hangzhou
      • Tonglu County
Huijin Lu and Jian Wang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 567-574
    • Shaoxing
      • Zhuji Co.
Huijin Lu and Jian Wang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 567-574
Huijin Lu and Jian Wang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 567-574
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
  • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [277].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Simon, Grigore, Kesler, Stephen E., Essene, Eric J. (1997) Phase relations among selenides, tellurides, and oxides; II, Applications to selenide-bearing ore deposits. Economic Geology, 92(4), 468-484.; http://edit.africamuseum.be/geco_website/pdf/Shinkolobwe.pdf
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Kittilä
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Soretialehto - Gold Database
  • North Ostrobothnia
Vuorelainen Y, Huhma A, Häkli A (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125 ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Vuorelainen, Y. (1962) Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62.
France
 
  • New Caledonia
    • Northern Province
      • Canala Commune
Ramdohr, P. (1967) On the wide-spread paragenesis of ore minerals originating during serpentinization. Geologiya Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, No. 2, 32-43 (in Russian)
  • Occitanie
    • Tarn
      • Castres
        • Mont-Roc
Alain TUEL Collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Karlsruhe Region
      • Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
        • Weinheim
          • Hohensachsen
            • Kohlbach
Nickel, E., and Fettel, M. (1985): Odenwald. Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 65, 2nd ed., Bornträger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 231 pp.
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Märkischer Kreis
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Burbach
Henrich, J.M., Reinhardt, M., Frenz, G. (2019): Die Grube Schöne Ausicht bei Burbach im Siegerland: Fundort vieler seltener Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt, 30 (6), 12-39 (in German).
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Stolberg
          • Breinig
Graf, HW., (1990): Blei- und Zinkerzbergbau um Stolberg bei Aachen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41, 111-130
          • Mausbach
Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
      • Euskirchen
        • Mechernich
Klemm, D., (1962): Untersuchungen über die Misckristallbildung im Dreiecksdiagramm FeS2-CoS2-NiS2 und ihre Beziehungen im Aufbau der natürlichen "Bravoite", Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 76-91
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Donnersberg District
      • Nordpfälzer Land
        • Obermoschel
Krupp, R.E. (1989) Paragenesis and conditions of formation of the Moschellandsberg mercury deposit, SW Germany. Mineralium Deposita, 24:2, 69-76.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld-Südharz
      • Südharz
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Marienberg
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
  • Thuringia
    • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Km 3
            • Km 3 mines
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
    • Pécs District
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
India
 
  • Jharkhand
    • East (Purbi) Singhbhum District
      • Jadugora (Jadugoda; Jaduguda)
Sinha, D. K., & Verma, M. B. (2018). Uranium Potential of the Singhbhum Shear Zone, India: Future Prospects (No. IAEA-CN--261).
Italy
 
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Metropolitan City of Bologna
      • Gaggio Montano
De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; Calanchi, N., Dalrio, G. (1975) Anatasio, brookite, millerite e vaesite in paragenesi nelle idrotermaliti dell'Appennino emiliano. Atti dell'Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, serie 8, Classe di Scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, Memorie, 59, 5, 445-454; Dalrio, G. (1980) Mineralogia del bolognese. Officine Grafiche Cacciari, Bologna, 120 pp.; Pedroni, G., Rosciglione, L., Varoli, M., Baratta, C. (1996) I minerali delle ofioliti nell'Appennino bolognese e modenese. Gruppo A.V.I.S. Mineralogia e Speleologia, Bologna, 286 pp.
      • Monterenzio
Pedroni, G., Rosciglione, L., Varoli, M., Baratta, C. (1996) I minerali delle ofioliti nell'Appennino bolognese e modenese. Gruppo A.V.I.S. Mineralogia e Speleologia, Bologna, 286 pp.
        • San Clemente
Pedroni, G., Rosciglione, L., Varoli, M., Baratta, C. (1996) I minerali delle ofioliti nell'Appennino bolognese e modenese. Gruppo A.V.I.S. Mineralogia e Speleologia, Bologna, 286 pp.
Pedroni, G., Rosciglione, L., Varoli, M., Baratta, C. (1996) I minerali delle ofioliti nell'Appennino bolognese e modenese. Gruppo A.V.I.S. Mineralogia e Speleologia, Bologna, 286 pp.
Pedroni, G., Rosciglione, L., Varoli, M., Baratta, C. (1996) I minerali delle ofioliti nell'Appennino bolognese e modenese. Gruppo A.V.I.S. Mineralogia e Speleologia, Bologna, 286 pp.
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Modena Province
      • Frassinoro
Borghi, E., Borghi, M., and Scacchetti, M. (1996) Minerali dell'ofiolite di Ca' de Giannasi (MO). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 20, 3 (3-1996), 259-267.
      • Montese
        • Castelluccio di Moscheda
Calanchi, N., and Dalrio G. (1975) - Anatasio, brookite, millerite e vaesite in paragenesi nelle idrotermaliti dell'Appennino Emiliano. Atti della Reale Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, serie 8, Rendiconti, Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 59, 5, 445-452; Dalrio, G. (1982) I minerali di Sasso delle Lucine (Modena). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 6, 4 (4-1982), 115-121; Pedroni, G., Rosciglione, L., Varoli, M., and Baratta, C. (1996) I minerali delle ofioliti nell'Appennino bolognese e modenese. Gruppo A.V.I.S. Mineralogia e Speleologia, Bologna, 286 pp.
Pedroni, G., Rosciglione, L., Varoli, M., and Baratta, C. (1996) I minerali delle ofioliti nell'Appennino bolognese e modenese. Gruppo A.V.I.S. Mineralogia e Speleologia, Bologna, 286 pp.
      • Sestola
        • Vesale
Pedroni, G., Rosciglione, L., Varoli, M., and Baratta, C. (1996) I minerali delle ofioliti nell'Appennino bolognese e modenese. Gruppo A.V.I.S. Mineralogia e Speleologia, Bologna, 286 pp.
    • Parma Province
      • Varsi
Marco Poli Collection
    • Reggio Emilia Province
      • Villa Minozzo
I minerali di varie ofioliti attorno a Villa Minozzo (RE). O.Bartoli, M.Scacchetti & D.Bersani. Notiziario della Società Reggiana di Scienze Naturali - 2007 - Dicembre 2007
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Lanzada
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Arburese
Moroni, M., Rossetti, P., Naitza, S., Magnani, L., Ruggieri, G., Aquino, A., Tartarotti, P., Franklin, A., Ferrari, E., Castelli, D., Oggiano, G., and Secchi, F. (2019) Factors controlling hydrothermal nickel and cobalt mineralization - Some suggestions from historical ore deposits in Italy. Minerals, 9 (7), 429; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9070429
Moroni, Marilena & Rossetti, Piergiorgio & Naitza, Stefano & Magnani, Lorenzo & Ruggieri, Giovanni & Aquino, Andrea & Tartarotti, Paola & Franklin, Andrea & Ferrari, Elena & Castelli, Daniele & Oggiano, Giacomo & Secchi, Francesco. (2019). Factors Controlling Hydrothermal Nickel and Cobalt Mineralization-Some Suggestions from Historical Ore Deposits in Italy. Minerals. 9. 429. 10.3390/min9070429.
      • Fluminimaggiore
Moroni, M., Rossetti, P., Naitza, S., Magnani, L., Ruggieri, G., Aquino, A., Tartarotti, P., Franklin, A., Ferrari, E., Castelli, D., Oggiano, G., and Secchi, F. (2019) Factors controlling hydrothermal nickel and cobalt mineralization - Some suggestions from historical ore deposits in Italy. Minerals, 9 (7), 429; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9070429
      • Gonnosfanadiga
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
Moroni, Marilena & Rossetti, Piergiorgio & Naitza, Stefano & Magnani, Lorenzo & Ruggieri, Giovanni & Aquino, Andrea & Tartarotti, Paola & Franklin, Andrea & Ferrari, Elena & Castelli, Daniele & Oggiano, Giacomo & Secchi, Francesco. (2019). Factors Controlling Hydrothermal Nickel and Cobalt Mineralization-Some Suggestions from Historical Ore Deposits in Italy. Minerals. 9. 429. 10.3390/min9070429.; Moroni, M., Rossetti, P., Naitza, S., Magnani, L., Ruggieri, G., Aquino, A., Tartarotti, P., Franklin, A., Ferrari, E., Castelli, D., Oggiano, G., and Secchi, F. (2019) Factors controlling hydrothermal nickel and cobalt mineralization - Some suggestions from historical ore deposits in Italy. Minerals, 9 (7), 429; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9070429
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
AGMT (Associazione Geomineralogica Toscana) - 2008
AGMT (Associazione Geomineralogica Toscana) - 2008
    • Livorno Province
      • Livorno
Ciampalini, A., Sammartino, F. (2010) I minerali della scogliera di Antignano. Codice Armonico 2010. Terzo congresso di scienze naturali. Ambiente toscano, 47-56.
    • Massa-Carrara Province
Orlandi, P., and Franzini, M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Cassa di Risparmio di Carrara - Amilcare Pizzi Editore S.p.A., Milano, 109 pp.; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Miseglia quarrying basin (Miseglia-Fantiscritti quarrying basin; Fantiscritti quarrying basin)
Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.; Morino, A., and Passarino, G. (2016) Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
        • Torano quarrying basin
Orlandi, P., and Del Chiaro, L. (1989) Nuovi dati sui minerali delle geodi del marmo di Carrara. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 96, 313-325; Orlandi, P., and Franzini, M. (1994) I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Cassa di Risparmio di Carrara - Amilcare Pizzi Editore S.p.A., Milano, 109 pp.
      • Massa
Gregorio, F., Lattanzi, P., Tanelli, G., and Vurro, F. (1979) Garavellite, FeSbBiS4, a new mineral from the Cu-Fe deposit of Valle del Frigido in the Apuane Alps, northern Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 99-102.
    • Metropolitan City of Florence
      • Greve in Chianti
        • Strada in Chianti
Bonechi M., 1994. La cava di Meleto ed i suoi minerali. Riv. Min. Ital., 17: 123-130.
Japan
 
  • Akita Prefecture
    • Kosaka
Kato, A. (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 14. (Kinichi Sakurai collection)
  • Gunma Prefecture
    • Fujioka City
Hori; H., Nagashima, K., Yamada, M., Miyawaki, R., Marubashi , T. (1986) Ammonioleucite, a new mineral from Tatarazawa, Fujioka, Japan. American Mineralogist: 71(7-8): 1022-1027.
Mongolia
 
  • Bayan-Ölgii Province
    • Tolbonur ore cluster
Borisenko, A. S., Pavlova, G. G., Borovikov, A. A., & Obolenskiy, A. A. (1999). Ag-Sb deposits of the Yustid depression, eastern Russia and northwest Mongolia. International geology review, 41(7), 639-664.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
    • Tinghir Province
      • Imiter mining district
Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
North Macedonia
 
  • Lipkovo Municipality
Antonović, A.; Deleon, G.; Divjan, S.; Radusinović, D. (1957): The Lojane complex ores (As, Sb, Ni, Co). Second Geol. Congr. Yugoslavia (1957), 494-503; Janković, S. (1960): Allgemeine Charakteristika der Antimonerzlagerstätten Jugoslawiens. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie – Abhandlungen, 94, 506-538 (in German).; Radusinović, D. R. (1966): Greigite from the Lojane chromium deposit, Macedonia. American Mineralogist 51, 209-215.; Đorđević, T., Kolitsch, U., Tasev, G., Serafimovski, T. & Boev, B. (2017): Anomalous As-enrichment in gersdorffite in a realgar-rich environment: Lojane, Macedonia. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 163, 38 (abs.).
Norway
 
  • Rogaland
    • Sokndal
      • Sandbekk
Krause, H. & Pape, H. (1975): Mikroskopische Untersuchungen der Mineralvergesellschaftung in Erz und Nebengestein der Ilmenitlagerstätte Storgangen (Süd-Norwegen). Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 55: 387-422; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p 38.
  • Telemark
    • Bamble
      • Bamble Nickel Mines
        • Nystein
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 37.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Głogów County
      • Gmina Jerzmanowa
Harańczyk 1972: Mineralizacja kruszcowa dolnocechsztyńskich osadów euksenicznych monokliny przedsudeckiej. Arch. Miner. T. 30, z. 1-2
Piestrzyński, A., & Pieczonka, J. (2012). Low temperature ore minerals associations in the Kupferschiefer type deposit, Lubin–Sieroszowice mining district, SW Poland. Мінералогічний збірник, (2), 59-66.
    • Lubin County
      • Lubin
Harańczyk 1972: Mineralizacja kruszcowa dolnocechsztyńskich osadów euksenicznych monokliny przedsudeckiej. Arch. Miner. T. 30, z. 1-2
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Gliwice County
      • Knurów
Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Romania
 
  • Bihor
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Gavril_Sbu/publication/265125228_poster/links/53ff6b1a0cf2194bc29a7b6d.pdf
    • Nucet
Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003). Cervelleite, Ag4TeS, from three localities in Romania, substitution of Cu, and the occurrence of the associated phase, Ag2Cu2TeS. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2003(7), 321-336.; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Moldova Nouă-Sasca Cu-Mo ore field
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Russia
 
  • Adygea
    • Maykopsky District
Pekov I.V. et al. (2010) Mineralogy of Belorechenskoe deposit (Northern Caucasus, Russia). Mineralogical Almanakh, 15(2).
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Miass River
Zaykov, V. V., Melekestseva, I. Y., Zaykova, E. V., Kotlyarov, V. A., & Kraynev, Y. D. (2017). Gold and platinum group minerals in placers of the South Urals: Composition, microinclusions of ore minerals and primary sources. Ore Geology Reviews, 85, 299-320.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Lysanskiy dunite-peridotite-gabbro complex
Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Medina Region
Nehlig, P., Salpeteur, I., Asfirane, F., Bouchot, V., Eberlé, J. M., & Genna, A. (1999). The Mineral Potential of the Arabian Shield: A reassessment. In Proceedings of the IUGS/UNESCO Meeting on the “Base and Precious Metal Deposits in the Arabian Shield”, Jeddah, November (pp. 12-19).
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Poltár District
Maťo,Ľ., Maťová, 1994: Mineralizácia v okolí Ozdína, výskyt zlata s obsahom Sb-Ni v tmavých bridliciach, JZ časti veporského kryštalinika (stredné Slovensko). Min.Slovaca, 26,1,30 – 37
    • Revúca District
Udubașa, G., Ďud'a, R., Szakáll, S., Kvasnytsya, V., Koszowska, E., Novák, M. (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians (Szakáll, S., ed.). Granit, Prague, Czech Rep., 482 pp.
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Smolnícka Huta
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Košice-okolie District
      • Medzev
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí i Poblet
Econ Geol (1992) 87:142-153
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
UK
 
  • England
    • Northumberland
      • Newbrough
Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Fort William and Ardnamurchan
Graham, S.D., Holwell, D.A., McDonald, I., Jenkin, G.R.T., Hill, N.J., Boyce, A.J., Smith, J., Sangster, C. (2017) Magmatic Cu-Ni-PGE-Au sulfide mineralisation in alkaline igneous systems: An example from the Sron Garbh intrusion, Tyndrum, Scotland. Ore Geology Reviews: 80: 961-984.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino County
      • Orphan Mining District
        • Grand Canyon Village
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 409; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Gornitz, V. (2004), Grand Canyon Uranium: The Orphan Mine, Mineral News: 20(6): 7..
  • California
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Guerneville Mining District
          • Guerneville
Henderson, F.B. (1969) Hydrothermal alteration and deposition in serpentine-type mercury deposits. Economic Geology: 64: 492; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 65.
  • Illinois
    • Hardin Co.
Mineralogical Record, v. 28, no. 1, 1997
      • Cave-In-Rock Sub-District
        • Cave-in-Rock
          • Ozark-Mahoning group
Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
  • Maine
    • Knox Co.
      • Union
Rainville, G. D. and Park, W. C. (1976) Nickeliferous Pyrrhotite Deposits, Knox County, Southeastern Maine in Lyons, P. C. and Brownlow, A. H. (editors) Studies in New England Geology, Memoir 146, Geological Society of America, p. 319-347.
  • Missouri
    • Iron Co.
      • Bixby
Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
Rocks & Min. Mar. 1998
    • Reynolds Co.
      • Ellington
MinRec 9:111-112; Rocks & Min.:64:22&26.
      • West Fork
Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
Leach, D. L., Viets, J. B., Foley-Ayuso, N., & Klein, D. P. (1995). Mississippi Valley-type Pb-Zn deposits. Preliminary compilation of descriptive geoenvironmental mineral deposit models. US Geological Survey Open-File Report, 95-831.
Zambia
 
  • North-Western Province
    • Solwezi District
Capistrant, P.L., Hitzman, M.W., Wood, D., Kelly, N.M., Williams, G., Zimba, M., Kuiper, Y., Jack, D., Stein, H. (2015) Geology of the Enterprise hydrothermal nickel deposit, North-Western Province, Zambia. Economic Geology, 110:1, 9-38.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Matabeleland South
    • Insiza District
Pirajno, F., & González-Álvarez, I. (2013). A re-appraisal of the Epoch nickel sulphide deposit, Filabusi Greenstone Belt, Zimbabwe: A hydrothermal nickel mineral system?. Ore Geology Reviews, 52, 58-65.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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