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Valleriite

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Johan G. Wallerius
Formula:
2[(Fe,Cu)S] · 1.53[(Mg,Al)(OH)2]
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Dark gray-bronze-yellow
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
1 - 1½
Name:
Named after Johan Gottschalk Wallerius (Vallerius) (11 July 1709, Närke, Sweden – 16 November 1785, Uppsala, Sweden), chemist and mineralogist at the University of Uppsala, Sweden. He was the first chair of chemistry, medicine, and pharmacy in 1750. He had numerous publications on chemical, mineralogical, and geological subjects.

See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-6-153088.html for discussion on origin of the name and the false attribution to Goran Wallerius (1683-1742), Swedish mining engineer.
Valleriite Group.
May be confused with mackinawite.


Classification of Valleriite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.FD.30

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
F : Sulfides of arsenic, alkalies; sulfides with halide, oxide, hydroxide, H2O
D : With O, OH, H2O
2.14.1.1

2 : SULFIDES
14 : Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
4.7

4 : Oxysulphides

Physical Properties of Valleriite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Dark gray-bronze-yellow
Streak:
Black
Hardness (Mohs):
1 - 1½
Cleavage:
Very Good
{0001}
Density:
3.14 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.21 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Valleriite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong, golden yellow
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
Pale yellow to deep brown

Chemical Properties of Valleriite

IMA Formula:
2[(Fe,Cu)S] · 1.53[(Mg,Al)(OH)2]
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ni,Ca,K,Na,Si

Crystallography of Valleriite

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.79 Å, c = 34.1 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 8.997
Unit Cell Volume:
V 424.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Valleriite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Wroclaw University, Wroclaw, Poland, II–14152.

Relationship of Valleriite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Ekplexite(Nb,Mo,W)S2·(Mg1-xAlx)(OH)2+x
FerrotochiliniteFe62+(Fe2+,Mg)5S6(OH)10
Ferrovalleriite2(Fe,Cu)S·1.5Fe(OH)2
Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Yushkinite(Mg,Al)V4+S2(OH)2
2.FD.UKI-2004-(OS:BiCuPb)PbCu4Bi4S2O16 (?)
2.FD.05KermesiteSb2OS2
2.FD.10Viaeneite(Fe,Pb)4S8O
2.FD.20ErditeNaFeS2 · 2H2O
2.FD.25CoyoteiteNaFe3S5 · 2H2O
2.FD.30Haapalaite2[(Fe,Ni)S] · 1.61[(Mg,Fe)(OH)2]
2.FD.30Yushkinite(Mg,Al)(OH)2VS2
2.FD.35Tochilinite6(Fe0.9S) · 5[(Mg,Fe)(OH)2]
2.FD.40WilhelmramsayiteCu3FeS3 · 2H2O
2.FD.45VyalsoviteCaFeAlS(OH)5
2.FD.50BazhenoviteCa8S5(S2O3)(OH)12 · 20H2O
4.1BazhenoviteCa8S5(S2O3)(OH)12 · 20H2O
4.2KermesiteSb2OS2
4.3SarabauiteCaSb103+O10S6
4.4SchöllhorniteNa0.3CrS2 · H2O
4.5Yushkinite(Mg,Al)(OH)2VS2
4.6VyalsoviteCaFeAlS(OH)5
4.8Tochilinite6(Fe0.9S) · 5[(Mg,Fe)(OH)2]
4.9Haapalaite2[(Fe,Ni)S] · 1.61[(Mg,Fe)(OH)2]
4.10ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
4.11Versiliaite(Fe2+,Fe3+,Zn)8(Sb3+,Fe3+,As)16O32S1.3

Other Names for Valleriite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Valleriit
Simplified Chinese:墨铜矿
Spanish:Valleriita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Valleriite

Reference List:
Blomstrand, C.W. (1870) Om några nya svenska mineralier samt om magnetkisen sammansättning. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar: 1870: 19-27.

Hiller, J.E. (1939) Zur kristallstruktur des valleriits. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 101: 425-434.

Foshag, W.F. (1933) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 18: 222-224.

Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 235-236.

Evans, H.T., Milton, C., Chao, E.C.T., Adler, I., Mead, C., Ingram, B., Berner, R.A. (1964) Valleriite and the new iron sulfide, mackinawite. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper: 475-D: 64-69.

Evans, H.T., Allmann, R. (1968) The crystal structure and crystal chemistry of valleriite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 127: 73-93.

Iiishi, K., Tomisaka, T., Katô, T., Takeno, S. (1970) Synthesis of valleriite. American Mineralogist: 55: 2107-2110.

Harris, D.C., Cabri, L.J., Stewart, J.M. (1970) A "valleriite-type" mineral from Noril'sk, western Siberia. American Mineralogist: 55: 2110-2114.

Petruk, W., Harris, D.C., Murray, E.J. (1971) An occurrence of valleriite from New Imperial Mine, Yukon. The Canadian Mineralogist: 10: 885-888.

Harris, D.C., Vaughan, D.J. (1972) Two fibrous iron sulfides and valleriite from Cyprus with new data on valleriite. American Mineralogist: 57: 1037-1052.

Internet Links for Valleriite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-4136.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Valleriite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Valleriite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza
    • Tupungato department
      • Tupungato
KOSTADINOFF, J. et al. Geofisica del cuerpo ultramáfico de la mina Salamanca, provincia de Mendoza. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2004, vol.59, n.1 [citado 2011-06-03], pp. 113-120
  • San Luis
    • Coronel Pringles department
      • El Trapiche
FERRACUTTI, G.; BJERG, E. and MOGESSIE, A.. Precious and base metals in Las Águilas, Sierra de San Luis: Mineralogy, genesis and evolution. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.3, pp. 434-446.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Clarke Co.
      • Rockvale
McClatchie & Sylvester (1970)
    • Mouramba Co.
      • Nymagee
McKinnon, A. R., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2005): Other notable mineral occurrences in the Cobar region. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 117-121.
    • Wellesley Co.
      • Delegate
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: University of California Press.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
      • Thackaringa District
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
Bottrill & Sorrell 2007
Ralph Bottrill collection
        • North Dundas
Groves, DI, 1968, the cassiterite-sulphide deposits of western tasmania. Unpub PhD thesis, Uni. Tas.
  • Victoria
    • Mansfield Shire
      • Woods Point
Bussat, F, (1980) Minerals from some mines in the Woods Point district, Victoria, The Australian Mineralogist No. 31, July 1980, pp. 147-152.
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Nepean
Nickel, E. H., & Hudson, D. R. (1976). The replacement of chrome spinel by chromian valleriite in sulphide-bearing ultramafic rocks in Western Australia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 55(3), 265-277.
      • Widgiemooltha
McQueen, K.G. (1981) The nature and metamorphic history of the Wannaway nickel deposit, Western Australia. Economic Geology 1981, Vol. 76(6), pp.1444-1468.
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Broad Arrow Goldfield
        • Bardoc
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
John Barry (1974) Geochemistry of the Scotia Nickel Deposit PhD thesis University of Adelaide
    • Leonora Shire
      • Leinster
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Lake Way Station
Grguric, B.A., Seat, Z., Karpuzov, A.A., Simonov, O.N. (2013) The West Jordan deposit, a newly-discovered Type 2 dunite-hosted nickel sulphide system in the northern Agnew-Wiluna Belt, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 51, pg. 79-92
      • Mount Keith
Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No. 2 , pg. 55-71.
    • Yalgoo Shire
      • Mellenbye Station
Copper Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1979.
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberwart
      • Bernstein
Huber, S. & Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. Christian Weise Verlag, München & Pinguin-Verlag, Innsbruck, 270 pp.
Huber, S. & Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp. ; Feuerbach, M. & H. J. Unger (1969): Die Schwefelkieslagerstätte Bernstein (Burgenland, Österreich). Arch. f. Lagerst.forsch. Ostalpen, 9, 3-33.
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberger Erzberg
          • Knappenberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Stubach valley
Strasser, A. (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs. Salzburg. 346p
    • Kitzbühel Alps
      • Mittersill
        • Rettenbach District
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Zell am See
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
        • Piesendorf
Archiv f.Lagerstättenforschung
    • Lungau
      • Murwinkel
        • Schellgaden
          • Gold mines
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
C. Auer: Lapis 20(11):11-20 (1995)
  • Styria
    • Leoben
      • St Stefan ob Leoben
Postl (1981)
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Defereggen valley
        • St Jakob
          • Tögischgraben
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Fortaleza de Minas
Marchetto (1990) Econ Geol 85:921-927
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
[MinRec 15:266-267]
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Alberni Mining Division
      • Vancouver Island
Minfile Database (2017)
    • Atlin Mining Division
Peter, J.M. (1989): The Windy Craggy copper-cobalt-gold massive sulphide deposit, Northwestern British Columbia (114P). British Columbia Ministry of Energy Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geologica Fieldwork, 1988, Paper 1989-1, 455-466.
    • Liard Mining Division
Nixon, G. T., & Smyth, W. R. (1998). Ni–Cu sulfide mineralization in the Turnagain Alaskan-type complex: a unique magmatic environment. Geological Survey of British Columbia, Paper, 1.
  • Nunavut
    • Coppermine River area
AmMin 50:682
    • Mackenzie District
      • Itchen Lake
Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22, 493-498
  • Ontario
Canadian Mineralogist 7:85
      • Levack Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Motte
Sabina (2003)126
            • Marbridge No. 1 mine
Mineral Record (1976) 7:4 pp174-178
Mineral Record (1976) 7:4 pp174-178
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Wakefield
Sabina, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41, 34-35 p.
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse Mining District
Sabina, A.P. (1972) Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Alaska Highway, Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Yukon/Alaska border. GSC paper 72-32, 65.
Tenney, D., 1994. The Whitehorse Copper Belt: Mining, Exploration and Geology (1967-1980). Geology Section, Yukon Region, Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Bulletin 1, 29 p.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Héon, D. (2004). The Whitehorse Copper Belt, Yukon. An Annotated Geology Map. Yukon Geological Survey, Open File, 15.; Tenney, D., 1994. The Whitehorse Copper Belt: Mining, Exploration and Geology (1967-1980). Geology Section, Yukon Region, Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Bulletin 1, 29 p.
W. Petruk, D. C. Harris, and E. J. Murray (1971) An occurrence of valleriite from New Imperial Mine, Yukon. Can Mineral 10:885-888
Chile
 
  • Santiago Metropolitan Region
    • Santiago Province
Econ Geol (1985) 80:1544-1565
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Tongling Prefecture
      • Shizishan ore field
Zhaowen Xu, Xiancai Lu, Geng Gao, Changquan Fang, Yunjian Wang, Xiaonan Yang, Shaoyong Jiang, and Bangguo Chen (2007): Geological Review 53(1), 44-51
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
  • Gansu Province
    • Jinchang Prefecture
      • Jinchuan District
Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Kano Shimpei, Kitamura Tsuyoshi, Kitakaze Arashi, and Sun Kuoxiong (1990): Bulletin of the Research Institute of Mineral Dressing and Metallurgy, Tohoku University, 45(2), 99-104; Xuanzhu Yang, Hiroharu Matsueda, Hiroharu, Shunzo Yui, and Xianyang Dong (1992): Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, Vol. XXIII, No.2
  • Guizhou Province
    • Zunyi Prefecture
      • Zunyi Co.
        • Zunyi Ni-Mo-PGE-Au ore field
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
  • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Jixi Prefecture
      • Jidong Co.
Guanghui Li, Jinggui Sun, Yongwei Huang, Shuneng Liang, Yixin Li, Peilong Cui, and Jia Guo (2010): Global Geology 29(1), 28-32
  • Hunan Province
    • Changsha Prefecture
      • Liuyang Co.
Siwei He and Minyun Sun (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 28-35
    • Zhangjiajie Prefecture
      • Cili Co.
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Hinggan League (Xing'an Prefecture)
      • Horqin Right Middle Banner (Ke'erqin Youyi Zhongqi)
Bingjian Xiao (2000): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 23(1), 27-31; Xinli Wu, Jingwen Mao, and Zhenhua Zhou (2014): Mineral Deposits 33(1), 210-222
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Huichang Co.
Yunhuai Lin (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(4), 22-28
  • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Tonghua Prefecture
      • Tonghua Co.
USGS Open-File Report 03-220
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Dalian Prefecture
        • Wafangdian Co.
Matsuda, K. (1969) Copper-bearing contact deposits of Hua-tung-kou, Fu Hsien, Feng-tien province, Manchuria (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, vol. 2, pp 414-422, Tokyo University Press).
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huili Co.
        • Lalachang Cu deposit (Lala Cu deposit)
Zhimin Zhu, Lingxi Zeng, Jiayun Zhou, Liping Luo, Jiabiao Chen, and Bing Shen (2009): Geological Journal of China Universities 15(4), 485-495
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
        • Pobei ore district
Jingwen Mao, Pirajno, F., Zuoheng Zang, Fengmei Chai, Hua Wu, Shiping Chen, Linsong Cheng, Jianmin Yang, and Changqing Zhang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Zhuangzhi Qian, Tao Sun, Zhongli Tang, Changyi Jiang, Ke He, Mingzhe Xia, and Jianzhong Wang (2009): Geological Review 55(6), 873-884; Peiqing Hu, Liye Ren, Piao'er Fu, Mingjie Zhang, Xiaoya Li, and Hongyi Qin (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(1), 158-168
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Zuoheng Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Andao Du, Pirajno, F., Zhiliang Wang, Fengmei Chai, Zhaochong Zhang, and Jianmin Yang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, in press.
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
          • Sartohay (Sartokay; Sartuohai; Saertuohai)
Zhou, M.-F., Robinson, P.T., Malpas, J., Sun, M., Aitchison, J., Bai, W.J., Hu, X.-F., and Yang, J.-S. (2001): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 19(4), 517-534.
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Jinping Co.
Kaiji Yu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(1), 19-25
    • Qujing Prefecture
      • Zhanyi Co.
Nansheng Chen (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (ed.): "Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China", Science Press (Beijing), 528-548
Cuba
 
  • Holguín Province
    • Mayarí-Baracoa Belt
      • Moa-Baracoa District
        • Barracanao (Baracoa)
Lazarenkov, V.G., Tikhomirov, I.N., Zhidkov, A.Y., and Talovina, I.V. (2005): Lithology and Mineral Resources 40(6), 521-527.
Cyprus
 
  • Limassol District (Lemesos District; Limasol District; Leymosun District)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Foose, M. P., Economou, M., & Panayiotou, A. (1985). Compositional and mineralogic constraints on the genesis of ophiolite hosted nickel mineralization in the Pevkos Area, Limassol Forest, Cyprus. Mineralium Deposita, 20(4), 234-240.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Havlíčkův Brod (Německý Brod; Deutschbrod)
        • Pohled
HAK, J. & Z. JOHAN (1962): Mineralogical and geochemical study of the indium anomaly in the Pohled deposit near Havlíčkův Brod. Sborník Geologických věd. Technologie, Geochemie, No. 2, 77-106.
        • Staré Ransko
Pašava, J., Vavřín, I., Frýda, J., Janoušek, V., & Jelínek, E. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of Platinum-group elements in the Ransko gabbro–peridotite massif, Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic). Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 298-311.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
Helmy, H.M., and Mogessie, A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 58-71.
      • Wadi Haimur
Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp (p.346)
    • Siilinjärvi
Puustinen, K. (1971): Geology of the Siilinjärvi carbonatite complex, Eastern Finland. Bull. Comm. Geol. Finl. 249.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Nivala
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1236-1241; Geological Survey of Finland 2006 Hitura - NICKEL Database; Mäki, T. (1997). Volcanic hosted massive sulphide and gold deposits in the Skellefte district, Sweden and western Finland. Geological Survey of Finland.
    • Taivalkoski
Jupperi Aarre 1997. The magnetite gabbro and related Mustavaara vanadium ore deposits in the Porttivaara layered intrusion north-eastern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 288
    • Vihanti
Sergeeva, N. E., Eremin, N. I., & Dergachev, A. L. (2011, February). Vanadium mineralization in ore of the Vihanti massive sulfide base-metal deposit, Finland. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 436, No. 2, pp. 210-212). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Vihanti - ZINC Database
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Sastamala
      • Vammala
Häkli,T.; Vormisto, K. 1985. The Vammala nickel-copper deposit in: The nickel-copper deposits of the Baltic Shield and Scandinavian Caledonides. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 333, 273-286.
    • Ylöjärvi
      • Viljakkala
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • La Lauzière massif
        • Montchabert
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R.. (2000). La Lauzière : les espèces minérales, Savoie, France. Le Règne Minéral hors-série n°6, pp. 24-39. Editions du Piat.
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Bastia
        • Casamozza
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
      • Corte
        • Ghisoni
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
P. Picot, Z. Johan : "Atlas of Ore Minerals", BRGM, Elsevier, 1982
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
          • Matra
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Odenwald
      • Eberbach
Frenzel, G. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 409-444.
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Marktredwitz
          • Pechbrunn
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Wunsiedel
          • Sinatengrün
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Bodenmais
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Lam
        • Buchet
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Leonberg
        • Pfaffenreuth
Lapis, 10 (9), 13-20+50.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Rammelsberg
No reference listed
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Bad Gottleuba-Berggießhübel
Baumann, L., Kuschka, E., and Seifert, T. (2000): Lagerstätten des Erzgebirges. Enke (Stuttgart), 300 pp.
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Kiel
Ackermand, D. & Raase, P. (1973) Die mineralogische Zusammensetzung des Meteoriten von Kiel: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 39(4):289-300. (Dec 1973)
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greenland
 
  • Qaasuitsup
    • Qeqertarsuaq Island (Disko Island)
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.54)
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
      • Ivittuut (Ivigtut)
Guatemala
 
  • Alta Verapaz Department
Econ Geol (1980) 75:1053-1065
Hungary
 
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Márianosztra
Szakáll & Jánosi. Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Tapolcai Basin
        • Nemesgulács
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995.
Indonesia
 
  • Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
    • Papua Province
      • New Guinea
        • Carstensz Mts
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Iraq
 
  • Iraqi Kurdistan
    • Sulaymaniyah province
      • Qala-Diz (Qala-Dizeh; Qala-Diza)
        • Hero
Al-Hermezi, H. M., McKie, D., & Hall, A. J. (1986). Baghdadite, a new calcium zirconium silicate mineral from Iraq. Mineralogical Magazine, 50, 119-123.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Castiglione Chiavarese
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
      • Genova
        • Borzoli
Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977 and PIpio G. (1986) - La Valleriite - tiariocronio di Monte Ramazzo (GE) in Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, fasc. 1, 1986, pp. 30-35
      • Sestri Levante
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Valfurva
          • Zebrù Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006). I minerali della medio-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Tip. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Chiusella Valley
          • Traversella
Gruppo Mineralogico Valchiusella, Pagano, R., Barresi, A. (2005): La miniera di Traversella: passato, presente e futuro. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2005, 8-26.
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Soana Valley
          • Valprato Soana
            • Campiglia Soana
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
            • Piamprato
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Balangero
Prete, R. (1995): L'amiantifera di S. Vittore, Balangero, Torino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1995, 313-333.
        • Grande Valley
          • Chialamberto
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Susa Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Ornavasso
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto. G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Mastallone Valley
          • Rimella
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Aurina Valley (Ahrnbach Valley)
        • Predoi (Prettau)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
      • Isarco Valley (Eisack Valley)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
      • Passiria Valley (Passeier Valley)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
    • Trento Province
      • Cembra Valley
        • Fornace
Dessau G., Perna G., 1966 - Le mineralizzazioni a galena e blenda del Trentino-Alto Adige e loro contenuto in elementi accessori. Symp. Int. Sui Giac. Min. delle Alpi, Trento, 3, 587-687
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
      • Shimokawa
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Hyuga City
Matsukuma, T. (1962) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, 2, #2, 20-59.
      • Kijoh-cho
Matsukuma, T. (1962) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, 2, #2, 20-59.
      • Takachiho
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
Lobanov, K. V., & Gaskov, I. V. (2012). The Karchiga copper massive sulfide deposit in the high-grade metamorphosed rocks of the Kurchum block: geologic structure, formation, and metamorphism (Rudny Altai). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 53(1), 77-91.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
      • Balkhash (Balqash)
        • Kounrad Massif
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Kosovo
 
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28
Madagascar
 
  • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
    • Betsiboka Region
      • Tsaratanàna District
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Montenegro
 
  • Andrijevica
    • Konjusi (Konjuhe)
Ivan Jurković (2007) Polymetallic Sulphide Occurrences In The Upper Paleozoic Complexes Of Northeastern Montenegro. Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik 19:11-25
Ivan Jurković (2007) Polymetallic Sulphide Occurrences In The Upper Paleozoic Complexes Of Northeastern Montenegro. Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik 19:11-25
  • Bijelo Polje
Ivan Jurković (2007) Polymetallic Sulphide Occurrences In The Upper Paleozoic Complexes Of Northeastern Montenegro. Rudarsko-geološko-naftni zbornik 19:11-25
  • Pljevlja
http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Norway
 
  • Finnmark
    • Alta
      • Seiland Island
Oosterom, M.G. (1956): Some notes on the Lille Kufjord layered gabbro. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. Årbok 1955. 195, 73-87
  • Hedmark
    • Folldal
- Pedersen, S.A.S.(1979): Structures and Ore Genesis of the Grimsdalen Sulphide Deposits, Southern Trondheim Region, Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 351: 77-98 + map
  • Nordland
    • Ballangen
      • Håfjellet
Foslie, S. (1950): Supergene marcasite, replacing pyrrhotite. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 28, 144-150.
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
        • Sulitjelma Cu Mines
Ramdohr, P.(1938): Antimonreiche Paragenesen von Jakobsbakken bei Sulitjelma. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 18: 275-289
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvassli
Vokes, F.M. (1963): Geological studies on the Caledonian pyritic zinc-lead orebody at Bleikvassli, Nordland, Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 222, 1-126; Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56
    • Lofoten
      • Vågan
        • Austvågøya
Flood, B. (1964): A copper-zinc mineralization in Trolldalen, Lofoten, northern Norway. Årbok 1963. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 228, 114-138.
    • Rana
Saager, R. (1967): Drei Typen von Kieslagerstätten im Mofjell-Gebiet, Nordland, und ein neuer Vorschlag zur Gliederung der kaledonischen Kieslager Norwegens. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 47: 333-358( p. 337)
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Røros
      • Røros copper mines
Jøsang, O. 1964: En mikroskopisk undersøkelse av en del av Rørosmalmene. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. 228, 180-216
Jøsang, O. 1964: En mikroskopisk undersøkelse av en del av Rørosmalmene. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. 228, 180-216
        • Storwartz mine field
Jøsang, O. 1964: En mikroskopisk undersøkelse av en del av Rørosmalmene. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. 228, 180-216
Jøsang, O. 1964: En mikroskopisk undersøkelse av en del av Rørosmalmene. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. 228, 180-216
Jøsang, O. 1964: En mikroskopisk undersøkelse av en del av Rørosmalmene. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. 228, 180-216
Jøsang, O. 1964: En mikroskopisk undersøkelse av en del av Rørosmalmene. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. 228, 180-216
Jøsang, O. 1964: En mikroskopisk undersøkelse av en del av Rørosmalmene. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. 228, 180-216
  • Troms
    • Kåfjord
      • Kåfjorddalen
Vokes, F.M. (1957): The Copper Deposits of the Birtavarre District, Troms, Northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 199, 239p.
Peru
 
  • Pasco department
    • Pasco province
      • Cerro de Pasco
        • Atacocha mining district
De Montreuil, L.A. (1971): Ocurrencia de valleriita an Atacocha, Peru: Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica del Peru, 41, 5–14.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Gogołów-Jordanów Massif
Georg Horninger (1940): Beobachtungen am Erzinhalt von Gesteinen und an Chromerz aus Tampadel in Schlesien. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie 52, 315-346.
    • Kaczawskie Mts
      • Radzimowice
        • Stara Góra
Janeczek, J, Kozłowski, K., Żaba, J.: Zbieramy minerały i skały. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, 1991. s. 210-222.
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Kratovo-Zletovo ore District
RMZ - Materials and Geoenvironment Vol 52 No. 3 pp 535-548 (2006)
  • Radoviš (Radovish)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; St. Lehmanna, J. Barcikowski, A. von Quadt, D. Gallhofer, I. Peytcheva, C.A. Heinricha, T. Serafimovski (2013) Geochronology, geochemistry and isotope tracing of the Oligocene magmatism of the Buchim–Damjan–Borov Dol ore district: Implications for timing, duration and source of the magmatism. Lithos 180–181:216–233; Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., & Stefanova, V. (2013). Rare mineral phases related with major sulphide minerals in the Bučim porphyry copper deposit, R. Macedonia. Geologica Macedonica, 27(1), pp-43.; Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., Strmić Palinkaš, S., Palinkaš, L.A. and Gjorgjiev, L. (2016): Porphyry Cu mineralization related to the small Tertiary volcanic intrusions in the Bučim ore deposit, Eastern Macedonia. Geologia Croatica 69, 101-119.
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 65(3), pp. 351–372
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Bodaibo
          • Lena Gold District
Yudovskaya, M. A., Distler, V. V., Prokofiev, V. Y., & Akinfiev, N. N. (2015). Gold mineralisation and orogenic metamorphism in the Lena province of Siberia as assessed from Chertovo Koryto and Sukhoi Log deposits. Geoscience Frontiers.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Aldan
USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p26
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1203-1212; (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320
            • Noril'sk Cu-Ni deposit
              • Noril'sk-1 Cu-Ni deposit
Gritsenko, Y.D., and Spiridonov, E.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 590-598.
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Am Min 66:638-639; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Geology of Ore Deposits (2009) 50:755-762; Yevstigneyeva, T. L., Genkin, A. D., Troneva, N. V., Filimonova, A. A., & Tsepin, A. I. (1973). Shadlunite, a new sulfide of copper, iron, lead, manganese, and cadmium from copper nickel ores. International Geology Review, 15(11), 1341-1350.; Czamanske. et al (1992). A Proton Microprobe Study of Magmatic Sulfide Ores from the Norilsk-Talnakh District, Siberia (Vol 30, Pg 249, 1992). Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 1189-1189.
Czamanske. et al (1992). A Proton Microprobe Study of Magmatic Sulfide Ores from the Norilsk-Talnakh District, Siberia (Vol 30, Pg 249, 1992). Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 1189-1189.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Udokan
Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sayan Mts
        • Eastern Sayan
Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
        • Dal'negorsk (Dalnegorsk; Tetyukhe; Tjetjuche; Tetjuche)
Min Rec vol 32, pp 7-30 (2001)
      • Shcherbakovka
Warren J. Nokleberg et al (1996) Significant Metalliferous and Selected Non-Metalliferous Lode Deposits and Placer Districts for the Russian Far East, Alaska, and the Canadian Cordillera. USGS Open-File Report 96-513-B.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, pp. 1307-1311). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Asbest
Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
        • Kirovgrad
Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.
        • Sysert' District
          • Polevskoi (Polevskoi Zavod)
Grabezhev, A. I., Pertsev, N. N., Zadov, A. E., Pribavkin, S. V., & Murzin, V. V. (2007). Calcic hydrosilicate metasomatic rocks at the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit in the central Urals, Russia. Petrology, 15(5), 514-522.
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Pervomayskiy
Spiridonov, A. M., Kulikova, Z. I., Zorina, L. D., Granina, E. M., Parshin, A. V., & Budyak, A. E. Material Composition of Ores and Metasomatically Altered Rocks at Bereznyakovskoe Epithermal Gold Ore Deposit (the South Urals).
Serbia
 
  • Belgrade
    • Mt Avala
Cissarz, A. & Rakic, S. (1957): The lead and zinc deposit of Crveni Breg at Avalaberg near Belgrade. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 90, 91-111.
  • Bor District
    • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
      • Bor
Albrecht von Quadt, Vladica Cvetković, Rade Jelenković, Miodrag Banjesević, Vladica Cvetković & Aleksandar Pačevski, Ljubomir Cvetković & Robert Moritz(2007) Advances in Regional Geological and Metallogenic Studies in the Carpathians, Balkans, Rhodope Massif and Caucasus (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria and Georgia) Field Guide
  • Podrinje District
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Vladan D. Kašić (2013): Polymetallic mineralization of the Boranja orefield, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: zonality, mineral associations and genetic features. Periodico di Mineralogia, 82, 61-87.
Radosavljevic-Mihajlovic, A. S., Stojanovic, J. N., Dimitrijevic, R. Z. & Radosavljevic, S. A. (2007): Rare Pb-Bi sulfosalt mineralization from the Boranja orefield (Podrinje district, Serbia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 184, 217-224.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
      • Vysoká
Lexa, J., Štohl, J., and Konečný, V. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 639-654.; Ozdín D., Uher P., Koděra P. (2013) Prvý výskyt kobaltpentlanditu na Slovensku (Ca-Mg skarn, Vysoka-Zlatno) [First occurrence of cobaltpentlandite in the Slovak Republic (Ca-Mg skarn, Vysoká-Zlatno)]. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 21, 2, 234-239.
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
South Africa
 
  • Eastern Cape Province
    • Alfred Nzo District
      • Insizwa
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 607-618 (1981)
  • Limpopo Province
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
[MinRec 9:114]; Heinrich, E. (1970) The Palabora Carbonatitic Complex - a Unique Copper Deposit. Can Mineral 10:585-598; Kingman, S. W., Vorster, W., & Rowson, N. A. (2000). The effect of microwave radiation on the processing of Palabora copper ore. Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy(South Africa), 100(3), 197-204.; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Lydenburg
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Ehlanzeni District
Minerals of South Africa
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
      • Grycksbo
No reference listed
No reference listed
  • Lappland
    • Malå
No reference listed
    • Vilhelmina
Juve, Gunnar (1974) - Ore mineralogy and ore types of the Stekenjokk deposit, Central Scandinavian Caledonides, Sweden. SGU ser C 706.
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
Kresten,P. (1990): The Alnø area (in Swedish). In: Lundqvist, T. (Ed.), Beskrivning Till Bergrundskartan Over Västernorrlands län. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning serie Ba, 31, 238–278.
  • Närke
    • Askersund
      • Zinkgruvan
Sandström, F., Lorin, T, Niklasson, S.O. & Strand, U. (2011): Zinkgruvan. Litiofilen, 28 (1): 15-37
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
K.Gatedal
      • Långban district
Kjell Gatedal
      • Persberg district
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Östra Värmlands Mineral Society,Långban,Sweden
  • Västerbotten
    • Boliden
No reference listed
    • Norsjö
Ödman, O. (1939): The Au-Cu-As ore at Holmtjärn, Skellefte District, N. Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 61: 91-111
    • Sandfors
Nysten, P. (1990): Tsumoite from the Björkdal gold deposit, Västerbotten County, northern Sweden. GFF 112, 59-60.
  • Västmanland
    • Ljusnarsberg
      • Kopparberg
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Öfvers. KVA handl.(1870) 27, 19
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 423.
        • Marmorera lake
Volker Dietrich (1972) Die sulfidischen Vererzungen in den Oberhalbsteiner Serpentiniten. Beitrage zur Geologie der Schweiz. Geotechnische Serie 49.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Malcantone
      • Alto Malcantone
Köppel V. (1966): Die Vererzungen im insubrischen Kristallin des Malcantone (Tessin). Beiträge Geol. Schweiz, Geotechn. Ser. 40, 123 p.
      • Miglieglia
Köppel V. (1966): Die Vererzungen im insubrischen Kristallin des Malcantone (Tessin). Beiträge Geol. Schweiz, Geotechn. Ser. 40, 123 p.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Simplon
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 423.
Turkey
 
  • Eastern Anatolia Region
    • Elazig Province
      • Keban
Kines, M. T. (1969). The geology and the ore mineralization in the Keban area, east Turkey (Doctoral dissertation, Durham University).
  • Mediterranean Region
    • Hatay Province
Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
  • South-Eastern Anatolia Region
    • Diyarbakir Province
      • Ergani (Arghana; Osmaniye; Erganiosmaniye)
Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Lizard Peninsula
        • Mullion
[Golley & Williams, 1995 - 65 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
[Golley & Williams, 1995 - 65 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
Ukraine
 
  • Odessa Oblast'
    • Dnister-Bug domain
      • Savran-Sinistovska ore zone
Bobrov, O. B., Merkushin, I. E., Sergienko, V. M., Pogukaj, V. I., Mudrovska, I. V., Voloshyn, O. A., ... & Sivoronov, A. O. (2006, August). Object B2. Mayske gold deposit. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD; Bobrov A.B. (2014) Mayske gold deposit. OBJECT G8. IAGOD Field trip.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 409; Perry, D.V. (1969), Skarn genesis at the Christmas mine, Gila Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 64: 255-270; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990.
    • Pima Co.
      • Sierrita Mts
        • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
          • San Xavier
            • Mission complex
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 409; Min.Rec.: 8: 517.
      • Tucson
[MinRec 9:113]
  • California
    • Del Norte Co.
      • Klamath Mts
Gail E. Dunning and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2002) Paragenesis of Troilite from the Low Divide District, Del Norte County, California
          • Low Divide
California Geology: 48(5):119; Gail E. Dunning and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2002) Paragenesis of Troilite from the Low Divide District, Del Norte County, California
California Geology: 48 (5): 119
  • Georgia
    • Paulding Co.
      • Draketown Pyrite District
Rocks & Minerals: 64:202.
      • Hiram
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Maine
    • Hancock Co.
      • Brooksville
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v1.
    • Knox Co.
      • Union
Rainville, G. D. and Park, W. C. (1976) Nickeliferous Pyrrhotite Deposits, Knox County, Southeastern Maine in Lyons, P. C. and Brownlow, A. H. (editors) Studies in New England Geology, Memoir 146, Geological Society of America, p. 319-347; Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998, Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd edition, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta.
      • Warren
Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998, Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd edition, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta.
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Ely-Hoyt Lakes Area
Desautels, P., Patelke, R., Maunula, T., & Belluz, N. (2007). Technical Report on the Northmet Deposit, Minnesota, USA.
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Hanover-Fierro District
        • U. V. Industries Continental Pit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
A Listing of North Carolina Minerals- Leonard S. Wiener and Sigrid Ballew-1995
  • Vermont
    • Orange Co.
      • Strafford
        • South Strafford
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Washington
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Darrington
        • Jumbo Mountain
Aleksandrov, S. M. (2005). Genesis and Composition of Borate and Sulfide Mineralization in the Mount Jumbo Dunite, Snohomish County, Washington, United States. Geochemistry International, 43(3), 277-289.
      • Monte Cristo District
        • Monte Cristo
Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
Zimbabwe
 
  • Midlands
    • Gweru District (Gwelo District)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.337-349 (1979)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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