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Vandenbrandeite

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About VandenbrandeiteHide

Formula:
Cu(UO2)(OH)4
Colour:
Blackish green to dark green with bluish green tint
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
4
Specific Gravity:
5.03
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named by Alfred Schoep in 1932 in honour of Pierre Van den Brande (born Brussels April 11 th 1896 and died December 10th 1957 near Kabombwe, DRCongo, after an attack by elephants), Belgian geologist, Geological Survey of Katanga, who discovered the deposit at Kalongwe.
Highly stable in the presence of water and H2O2.


Classification of VandenbrandeiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First published:
1932
4.GB.45

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
G : Uranyl Hydroxides
B : With additional cations (K, Ca, Ba, Pb, etc.); with mainly UO2(O,OH)5 pentagonal polyhedra
5.3.2.1

5 : OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
3 : AXO4·xH2O
7.16.9

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
16 : Oxides of U

Physical Properties of VandenbrandeiteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Blackish green to dark green with bluish green tint
Streak:
Green
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001} perfect; distinct in the zone [001]; and, indistinct also in that zone.
Density:
5.03 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.26 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of VandenbrandeiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.765 - 1.770 nβ = 1.780 - 1.792 nγ = 1.800
2V:
Measured: 90° , Calculated: 60° to 88°
Birefringence:
0.035
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.035
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
none
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X blue green, Z yellow green

Chemical Properties of VandenbrandeiteHide

Formula:
Cu(UO2)(OH)4

Crystallography of VandenbrandeiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Setting:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.86 Å, b = 5.44 Å, c = 6.10 Å
α = 91.87°, β = 102.0°, γ = 89.62°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.445 : 1 : 1.121
Unit Cell V:
254.99 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Somewhat bladed {001} crystals with acute habit, often in parallel aggregates; lathlike at times. Massive.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0012336VandenbrandeiteRosenzweig A, Ryan R R (1977) Vandenbrandeite CuUO2(OH)4 Crystal Structure Communications 6 53-561977Musonoi Mine, Kolwezi, Katanga, Zaire0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.06 Å(40)
4.29 Å(100)
2.92 Å(80)
2.56 Å(40)
2.09 Å(30)
1.85 Å(30)
1.47 Å(30)
1.32 Å(30)
Comments:
ICDD 4-340 (natural)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Oxide zone above a supergene copper deposit

Type Occurrence of VandenbrandeiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
1) Natural History Museum, Paris, France, 134-72.
2) The Natural History Museum, London, England, 1933,261–263.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Schoep, A. (1932) La vandenbrandeite, un nouveau minéral uranifére. Annales du Musée du Congo Belge, Tervuren: 1(3): 24-31.

Synonyms of VandenbrandeiteHide

Other Language Names for VandenbrandeiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
23 photos of Vandenbrandeite associated with CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
17 photos of Vandenbrandeite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
13 photos of Vandenbrandeite associated with GuilleminiteBa(UO2)3(SeO3)2O2 · 3H2O
6 photos of Vandenbrandeite associated with KasolitePb(UO2)(SiO4) · H2O
2 photos of Vandenbrandeite associated with Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
2 photos of Vandenbrandeite associated with DemesmaekeritePb2Cu5(UO2)2(SeO3)6(OH)6 · 2H2O
2 photos of Vandenbrandeite associated with Shabaite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
2 photos of Vandenbrandeite associated with Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
2 photos of Vandenbrandeite associated with UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
2 photos of Vandenbrandeite associated with TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.GB.05AgrinieriteK2(Ca,Sr)[(UO2)3O3(OH)2]2 · 5H2OOrth.
4.GB.05CompreignaciteK2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2OOrth.
4.GB.05RameauiteK2Ca(UO2)6O6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. m : Bb
4.GB.10BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2OOrth. mm2 : Pna21
4.GB.10BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2OOrth. mm2
4.GB.10ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
4.GB.15Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24 · 41H2O Tric.
4.GB.20BauranoiteBa(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
4.GB.20Calciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
4.GB.20Metacalciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb,K2)U2O7 · 2H2O
4.GB.25FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2OOrth.
4.GB.30WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
4.GB.35MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OOrth.
4.GB.40MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12Orth.
4.GB.40VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
4.GB.50SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
4.GB.55CuritePb3(H2O)2[(UO2)4O4(OH)3]2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.GB.60Iriginite(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
4.GB.65UranosphaeriteBi(UO2)O2(OH)Mon. 2/m
4.GB.70HolfertiteCaxU6+2-xTi(O8-xOH4x) · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.16.1UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.16.2Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
7.16.3ParaschoepiteUO3 · 2H2OOrth.
7.16.4Metaschoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.16.5MetastudtiteUO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.16.6Studtite[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2OMon.
7.16.7IanthiniteU4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2OOrth. mm2 : Amm2
7.16.8CompreignaciteK2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2OOrth.
7.16.10RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.16.11BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2OOrth. mm2 : Pna21
7.16.12RameauiteK2Ca(UO2)6O6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. m : Bb
7.16.13AgrinieriteK2(Ca,Sr)[(UO2)3O3(OH)2]2 · 5H2OOrth.
7.16.14ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
7.16.15BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2OOrth. mm2
7.16.16BauranoiteBa(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
7.16.17Metacalciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb,K2)U2O7 · 2H2O
7.16.18Calciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
7.16.19OrthobranneriteU4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2Orth.
7.16.20Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6Mon.
7.16.21Davidite-(La)La(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38Trig.
7.16.22Davidite-(Ce)Ce(Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH,F)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.16.23BranneriteUTi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.16.24FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2OOrth.
7.16.25Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24 · 41H2O Tric.
7.16.26CuritePb3(H2O)2[(UO2)4O4(OH)3]2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.16.27MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OOrth.
7.16.28VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
7.16.29MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12Orth.
7.16.30SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.16.31WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
7.16.32Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2OTrig.
7.16.33UranosphaeriteBi(UO2)O2(OH)Mon. 2/m

Fluorescence of VandenbrandeiteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Notes:
2327 and 1604 cm−1 bands of the Raman spectra are overtones; a 1554 cm−1 band is a combination band
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VandenbrandeiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schoep, A. (1932) La vandenbrandeite, un nouveau minéral uranifére. Annales du Musée du Congo Belge, Tervuren: 1(3): 24-31.
Thoreau, J. (1933) L'uranolepidite, nouveau mineral uranifere de Shinkolobwe (Katanga). Annales de la Societe Geologique de Belgique: 55,1931-1932: C3-C5. (as Uranolepidite)
Foshag, W.F. (1933) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 18: 179-180.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 632-633.
Milne, I.H., Nuffield, E.W. (1951) Studies of radioactive compounds: I-vandenbrandeite. American Mineralogist: 36: 394-410.
Frondel, C. (1958) US Geological Survey Bulletin 1064: 100-103.
Rosenzweig, A. and Ryan, R.R. (1977) Vandenbrandeite CuUO2(OH)4. Crystal Structure Communications: 6: 53-56.
Cejka, J. (1994) Vandenbrandeite, CuUO2/OH4. Thermal analysis and infrared spectrum. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte: 1994(3): 112-120.
Botto, I.L., Barone, V.L., Sanchez, M.A. (2002) Spectroscopic and thermal contribution to the structural characterization of vandenbrandeite. Journal of Materials Science: 37: 177–183.
Burns, P.C. (2005) U6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. The Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.
Colmenero, F., Plášil, J., Cobos, J., Sejkora, J., Timón, V., Čejka, J., Fernández, A.M., Petříček, V. (2019): Structural, mechanical, spectroscopic and thermodynamic characterization of the copper-uranyl tetrahydroxide mineral vandenbrandeite. RSC Advances: 9: 40708

Internet Links for VandenbrandeiteHide

Localities for VandenbrandeiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic
 
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Nové Město na Moravě
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
      • Shinkolobwe
Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [287].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
    • Lubumbashi
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048.; Gauthier, Gilbert, François, Armand, Deliens, Michel, Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record, 20(4), 265-288; 304 [268].; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
Milne, I.H., Nuffield, E.W. (1951) Studies of radioactive compounds: I - Vandenbrandeite. American Mineralogist, 36(5-6), 394-410.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
      • Kamoto
J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
      • Kolwezi
Anderson, V. (1978) Microminerals. Mineralogical Record, 9(1), 32-34.; Pinch, William W. (1978) Rare Minerals Report. Mineralogical Record, 9(2), 113-114.; Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Wilson, W.E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49: 236-304.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
        • Le Puech
Caubel, A. (1997) Minéralogie du gisement d'uranium de Rabejac (Hérault). Le Règne Minéral: 13: 5-18.; Bariand, P., Bachet, B., Brassy, C., Medenbach, O., Deliens, M., Vautier, R., & Piret, P. (1993) A New Uranium Mineral from the Talmessi Mine, Iran, and Rabejac, France. Mineralogical Record: 24: 463-467
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Just
        • Botallack
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
 
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