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Variscite

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About VarisciteHide

Formula:
AlPO4 · 2H2O
Colour:
Pale to emerald-green, bluish green, colourless to white, pale shades of brown or yellow, rarely red; Colourless to pale green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Waxy
Hardness:
3½ - 4½
Specific Gravity:
2.57 - 2.61
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
For Variscia, an old name for Vogtland, the German district where the mineral was first discovered.
Dimorph of:
Variscite-Strengite Series.
The orthorhombic dimorph of Metavariscite.

Pseudo-tetragonal-dipyramidal crystals may be confused with wardite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Variscite.


Classification of VarisciteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Approval Year:
1967
8.CD.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O = 1:2
40.4.1.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
19.7.5

19 : Phosphates
7 : Phosphates of Al alone

Physical Properties of VarisciteHide

Vitreous, Waxy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Pale to emerald-green, bluish green, colourless to white, pale shades of brown or yellow, rarely red; Colourless to pale green in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3½ - 4½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {010}, poor on {001}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Splintery
Comment:
Sub-conchoidal to conchoidal when fine-grained or glassy.
Density:
2.57 - 2.61 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.59 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Density of 2.2 to 2.5 observed in microcrystalline and massive varieties.

Optical Data of VarisciteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.563 nβ = 1.588 nγ = 1.594
2V:
Measured: 50° , Calculated: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.031
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v perceptible

Chemical Properties of VarisciteHide

Formula:
AlPO4 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Al(PO4) · 2H2O
Common Impurities:
Fe,As

Crystallography of VarisciteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pbca
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.822 Å, b = 8.561 Å, c = 9.63 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.147 : 1 : 1.125
Unit Cell V:
808.81 ų
Z:
8
Morphology:
Uncommon in crystals, pseudo-octahedral {111}, with {001} and additional forms as modifying faces only, lathlike. Commonly fine-grained massive, nodular, stalagtitic, crustiform, veinlets; chalcedonic, opaline.
Twinning:
On {201}, rare.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of VarisciteHide

Synonyms of VarisciteHide

Other Language Names for VarisciteHide

Dutch:Varisciet
French:Variquoise
Italian:Variscite
Polish:Waryscyt
Simplified Chinese:磷铝石
Slovak:Variscit
Traditional Chinese:磷鋁石

Varieties of VarisciteHide

Ferrian VarisciteAn iron-bearing variety of variscite.

Formed by the action of phosphatic solutions derived from guano on aluminous igneous rocks.
GelvarisciteA gel or colloidal form of Variscite
RedonditeContains Fe''' in substitution for Al.

Relationship of Variscite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
YanomamiteInAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Apatite"Apatite" is a field term for unidentified calcium phosphate members of the apatite group.
ChalcedonySiO2
CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Crandallite155 photos of Variscite associated with Crandallite on mindat.org.
Wardite119 photos of Variscite associated with Wardite on mindat.org.
Wavellite80 photos of Variscite associated with Wavellite on mindat.org.
Quartz35 photos of Variscite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Turquoise24 photos of Variscite associated with Turquoise on mindat.org.
Metavariscite24 photos of Variscite associated with Metavariscite on mindat.org.
Strengite24 photos of Variscite associated with Strengite on mindat.org.
Albite20 photos of Variscite associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Montgomeryite20 photos of Variscite associated with Montgomeryite on mindat.org.
Rockbridgeite15 photos of Variscite associated with Rockbridgeite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CD.CastellaroiteMn2+3(AsO4)2·4H2OMon. 2/m
8.CD.05KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
8.CD.05MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CD.05PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
8.CD.05UM2005-02-AsO:AlHPScSiScAsO4 · 2H2O
8.CD.10MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CD.10ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.CD.10StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CD.10YanomamiteInAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CD.15ParascoroditeFeAsO4 · 2H2OTrig.
8.CD.20LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CD.25SterlinghilliteMn3(AsO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CD.30RollanditeCu3(AsO4)2 · 4H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.4.1.2StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
40.4.1.3ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
40.4.1.4MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
40.4.1.5YanomamiteInAsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.7.1BerliniteAlPO4Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
19.7.2AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.7.3TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.7.4SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2
19.7.6MetavarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.7.7BolivariteAl2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2OAmor.
19.7.8WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.7.9EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2OAmor.
19.7.10VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2OOrth.
19.7.11KingiteAl3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2OTric.
19.7.12VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in alkalies. Slightly soluble in HCl (fine-grained or chalcedonic material).

Easily altered by alkaline solutions containing alkaline earths or alkalies, yielding secondary minerals including crandallite, wardite, Montgomeryite, etc.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Gemstones & jewelry.

References for VarisciteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt (1830) Journal für Chemie und Physik, Nuremberg: 60: 308 (as Peganite).
Breithaupt (1837) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 10: 506.
Chester (1878) American Journal of Science: 15: 207.
Kunz (1895) USGS 16th Annual Report, part 4: 602 (as Utahlite).
Tschirwinsky (1904) Ann. géol. min. Russie: 7: 28.
Sterrett (1908) USGS Mineral Resources, part 2: 832 (as Amatrice).
Sterrett (1909) USGS Mineral Resources, part 2: 853 (as Chlor-utahlite).
Pisani analysis in: Lacroix, A. (1910) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 4: 480-481.
Pelloux (1912) Ann. Mus. Genova: 5: 470.
Schaller (1912) Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum: 41: 413.
Schaller (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 50: 321.
Schaller (1916) USGS Bull. 610: 56 (as Lucinite).
Moschetti (1918) Acc. Torino, Att.: 53: 1062.
Loczka analysis in: Ulrich (1922) Rozpr. České Ak., Cl. 2, 31, no. 10.
Larsen, E.S. and Schaller (1925).
Machatschki (1929) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 321.
Ulrich (1930) Rozpr. České Ak., Cl. 2, 39, no. 17 (as Alpha-variscite).
Hintze, Carl (1933) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4A]: 1283, 1288.
Strunz and Sztrókay (1939) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 272.
McConnell (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 719.
Kolbeck (1941) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 52: 363.
Larsen, E.S. (1942) American Mineralogist: 27: 281.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 756-761.
American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 36-44.
Acta Crystallographica (1977): B33: 263.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 621.

Internet Links for VarisciteHide

Localities for VarisciteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antigua and Barbuda
 
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
        • Cerro Blanco pegmatite district
Mr. Nelson Valenzuela.
  • Jujuy
    • Humahuaca Department
      • Aguilar district
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Rous Co.
      • Chillingham
Rocks & Min.:64(5):410.
    • Westmoreland Co.
      • Oberon
Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Sandover
        • Ammaroo Station (Amaroo Station)
Hosking, A. J. (1995). EL 8607 Tosca, first annual-final report for year ending 15-06-1995.
No reference listed
  • Queensland
    • Logan City Shire
Murray, C G (1973): Fluellite and Minyulite from Wolffdene, near Beenleigh, Queensland - Geological Survey of Queensland, Government Mining Journal August 1973, No.862 pp 271-274
    • Moreton Bay Region
Dion Glastra M. collection
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Day, B. E. & Beyer, B. D. (1996): Some mines of the Mt Isa district. Part 3 - The Mt Oxide mine. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (1), 3-10.
    • North Burnett Region
Duggan, et al., Canadian Mineralogist 28,125-131(1990); Duggan, M. B., Jones, M. T., Richards, D. N., & Kamprad, J. L. (1990). Phosphate minerals in altered andesite from Mount Perry, Queensland, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 125-131.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Duke Complex
Francis, G.L., 2010. Minerals from the South Middleback Range deposits 2003-2008. (self published) 44pp.
        • Iron Knob
Pilkington, E. S., Segnit, E. R., Watts, J. and Francis, G. (1979): Kleemanite, a new zinc aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 93-95.
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Barossa Valley
          • Angaston
Harrowfield, I. R., Segnit, E. R., & Watts, J. A. (1981). Aldermanite, a new magnesium aluminium phosphate. Mineralogical Magazine, 44(333), 59-62.
        • Kapunda
Australian Journal of Mineralogy vol.16: 26-27
Frost, R.L., S.J. Mills, and K.L. Erickson, (2004), Thermal decomposition of peisleyite: a thermogravimetry and hot stage Raman spectroscopic study. Thermochimica Acta, 419(1-2): p. 109-114.;
        • Robertstown
Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Fairview and St John's phosphate deposits, South Australia. (self published).
    • Olary Province
Hosking, A. J. (1995). EL 8607 Tosca, first annual-final report for year ending 15-06-1995.
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Southern Islands
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Meander Valley municipality
      • Dunorlan
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Queenstown district
Ralph Bottrill et al in prep.
Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
  • Victoria
    • Mansfield Shire
      • Mansfield
W.D.Birch & D.A.Henry 1993. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp 67-77
    • Rural City of Wangaratta
      • Greta South
Birch, W.D. & Henry D.A. (1993) Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria - Special publication No.3 (192p) pp.83-90.
      • Whitfield
W. D. Birch and D. A. Henry in Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, p.83-90.
    • South Gippsland Shire
      • Hoddle Range
        • Fish Creek
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection; Birch, W. D. & Henry, D. A. (1993) Phosphate minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3, pp. 79-81
    • Southern Grampians Shire
      • Dunkeld
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
No reference listed
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Downes, P.J., Shields, P., Bevan, A.W.R. (2002) A suite of secondary minerals from the Nifty copper mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 8:2, 47-54.
Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 12, 25-42.
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
Mineralogical Magazine 39,577-579(1974);
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
      • Mount Padbury Station
Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S.M., Stocklmayer, V.C. (2013) Gemstones of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, 306 pages.
    • Perenjori Shire
      • Weelhamby Lake
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp. 760.
Simpson, E.S. (1931-1932) Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia: 18: 69. Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 936.
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Woodlands station
Nickel, E. H. et al. (2008): The Woodlands variscite-gold occurrence in the north Gascoyne region of Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 27-36.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Mühldorf
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Styria
    • Frohnleiten
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759.
    • Leoben
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Hainaut Province (Henegouwen; Hennegau)
    • Mons
      • Blaton
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., (1988): Mineralogische Notizen IV, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 153-168
  • Liège Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Lienne valley
        • Lierneux
          • Arbrefontaine
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
Daltry, Vaughn & Deliens, Michel (1994) The Type Mineralogy of Belgium . Annals of the Belgium Geological Society 116:15-28
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro Department
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
[MinRec 32:472]
  • Potosí Department
    • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
      • Llallagua
[MinRec 32:474]
    • Sud Chichas Province
      • Atocha-Quechisla District
        • Cerro Chorolque
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Brazil
 
Rui Nunes December 2010
  • Maranhão
    • Godofredo Viana
Sioeira, N. v. m. e., & DE Oliveira, N. p. 0 (1982) Padrão DE Distribuição DE Elementos Principais E Traços'nas Lateritas Fosfatadas Da Chapada DE Pirocaua (Ha).
  • Mato Grosso
P Haas collection
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Collection from Elmar Lackner. New find from 2006.
Field Trip Guide, Eastern Brazilian Pegmatite Province, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, 2009; Scholz R, Chukanov N V, Menezes L A D, Atencio D, Lagoeiro L, Belotti F M, Chaves M L S C, Romano A W, Brandão P R, Belakovskiy D I, Pekov I (2014) Césarferreiraite, Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)28·H2O, from Eduardo mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Second arsenate in the laueite mineral group. American Mineralogist 99, 607-611
    • Galiléia
      • Sapucaia do Norte
Rob Lavinsky specimen
Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365
    • Iron Quadrangle
      • Igarapé
        • Itatiaiuçu hills
Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes,Fo.
No reference listed
Robinson, G.W. (1993): What's New in Minerals ? Mineralogical Record 24: 49
  • Pará
    • Monte Alegre
      • Maicuru range
Lemos, V. P., & da Costa, M. C. (1989). Mineralogical aspects of the laterites of Maicuru. Sociedade Brasileira de Geoquimica, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); 531 p; 1989; p. 375-384; 13. International Geochemical Exploration Symposium. 2. Brazilian Geochemical Congress; Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); 1-6 Oct 1989
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Pedra Lavrada
Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Mineralni Bani Obshtina
      • Spachievo ore field (Spahievo ore field)
Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.; Hikov, A., N. Velinova, S. Georgieva, A. Kunov (2011) Aluminium-phosphate-sulphate (APS) minerals in Bulgaria: characteristics and possibility for preservation. - In: V Intern. Symp. “Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation”, 9-15 October 2009, Sofia, Working papers, 37-48.
  • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
    • Momchilgrad Obshtina
Kunov, A. & Mandova, E. (1997): Supergene minerals of the Obichnik Au-Ag deposit (Eastern Rhodopes). Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 58, 19-24. (in Bulgarian)
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Fort Norman
Can Min vol 25 pp 221-226 (1987)
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
      • Itsy Mts
Maggie Wilson
Cape Verde
 
  • Barlavento Islands
Figueiredo, M. O.; Pereira da Silva, T.; Veiga, J. P.; Chevallier, P. (2003): Phosphatization of basaltic rocks from Sal Island, Cape Verde Archipelago: A microtopochemical approach using synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence. Journal de Physique IV: Proceedings, 104 (X-Ray Microscopy), 399-402.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Nanping Prefecture
      • Yanping District
Zhaolin Li, Jinzhang Zhang, Qizhi Wu, and Zhonghui Ouyang (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(2)
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
Xunyi Wang (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(2), 154-156
  • Guizhou Province
    • Bijie Prefecture
      • Zhijin Co.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Suxian District
Damao Wu and Yansong Tan (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 34-36; Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
Hunan 230 Laboratory, Hunan 305 Geological Team, Wuhan Geological Institution X-ray Laboratory (1976): Acta Geologica Sinica 50(2), 203-204.
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Fuzhou Prefecture
      • Chongren Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
      • Le'an Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
          • Zoujiashan ore district
Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
    • Ji'an Prefecture
      • Suichuan Co.
Yunhuai Lin and Shiyang Chen (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(3), 23-31
    • Shangrao Prefecture
      • Dexing Co.
        • Yinshan ore field
Mangen Li, Baoqun Hu, Lihong Bai, Guolin Guo, Zhengqi Wang, and Zhenxing Wang (2007): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 31(3), 353-358
      • Yanshan Co. (Qianshan Co.)
Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Lopnur Co. (Yuli Co.; Weili Co.)
Keqiao Chen, Tinggao Yu, Cunhuan Huang, and Zhizhong Peng (1981): Geological Review 27(4), 360-364
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Qinghe Co. (Qinggil Co.; Chinggil Co.)
Denghong Wang, Yuchuan Chen, and Zhigang Xu (2001): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(3), 419-425
Colombia
 
  • San Andrés y Providencia Department
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemia Region
    • Benešov (Beneschau)
      • Votice (Wotitz)
        • Líštěnec
Vrtiška L., Malíková R., Sejkora J. (2016): An interresting phosphate occurence around líštěnec near Votice (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 24 (1): 114-131. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/310616264_An_interresting_phosphate_occurence_around_listenec_near_votice_Czech_republic
    • Hořovice (Horschowitz; Horowitz)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759; Pauliš, P.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2000, s. 101.
Zepharovich (1867) Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Sitzber.: 56: 24.
Černý P., Černý P., Vrtiška L., Malíková R., Exnar P. (2015) Jarosit a doprovodné minerály z opuštěného lomu Milina u Zaječova (Česká republika). Bull., mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 23, 2, 242-246. ISSN 1211-0329. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305164945_Jarosite_and_accompanying_minerals_from_abandoned_quarry_Milina_near_Zajecov_Czech_Republic
    • Příbram
Vrtiška L., Loun J., Malíková R., Sejkora J. (2016):Fluorwavellit a variscit z Počepic u Sedlčan (Česká republika)_(Fluorwavellite and variscite from Počepice near Sedlčany (Czech Republic)), Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. 24, 2, 285-297. (with english abstract) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318109106_Fluorwavellite_and_variscite_from_Pocepice_near_Sedlcany_Czech_Republic
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
      • Krásno (Schönfeld)
        • Vysoký Kámen
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z. & Gabašová, A. (2006): New data on mineralogy of the Vysoký Kámen deposits near Krásno, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 43-55.
  • Liberec Region
    • Jilemnice (Starkenbach)
Pauliš, P.: Dufrenit z Poniklé v Krkonoších. Minerál, 2003, r. 11, č. 3, str. 166 – 168
  • Plzeň Region
    • Rokycany (Rokitzan; Rokytzan)
Janouš, F.: Minerály z Kněží hory u Těškova (okres Rokycany), Minerál, 1995, roč. 3, č. 6, s. 367-369.
  • South Bohemia Region
    • Písek
Sejkora J., Cícha J., Jebavá I.: Minerální asociace fosfátů z Čížové u Písku (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2011, 19, 1, 1-26.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Pelhřimov District
      • Černovice
Vrtiška L, Sejkora J, Malíková R, Kadlec T (2017) Revize a nové nálezy fosfátů na historickém nalezišti Černovice u Tábora (Česká republika). Bull Mineral Petrolog 25(2)
    • Třebíč District
Roman Gramblička collection
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
MinRec 20:287-288
  • Nord-Kivu
Nasraoui, M., Bilal, E., & Gibert, R. (1999). Fresh and weathered pyrochlore studies by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with thermal analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(4), 567-567.
  • Sud-Kivu
    • Mwenga
Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Frank de Wit collection; Uwe Kolitsch collection and SXRD-analysis
Y. Vessely collection
Luigi Chiappino collection
Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25.
  • French West Indies
    • Martinique
      • Le Diamant
Lacroix, A. (1910): Minéralogie de la France et de ses colonies, Librairie Polytechnique, Ch. Béranger Editeur, Tome IV, 482.
      • Le Prêcheur
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Soumans
        • Montebras
Pirard, C., Hatert, F., and Fransolet, A.-M. (2007) Alteration sequences of aluminium phosphates from Montebras Pegmatite, Massif Central, France. Granitic Pegmatites: The State of the Art – International Symposium. 06th – 12th May 2007, Porto, Portugal.; Patureau, J., Chiaperro, P.-J., and Lebocey, J. (2011) Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans (Creuse). Le Règne Minéral, 99, 5-33.
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Rieupeyroux
Jean-Marie Laurent Collection
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
    • Tarn
      • Castelnau-de-Brassac
        • Fumade
GAYRAUD, L. (2010): Gisement de phosphates de Castelnau-de-Brassac aux environs de Fumade (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 107, 12-17.
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
      • Pannecé
Lheur C. (1993), Les minéralisations de l'ancienne carrière de La Floquerie près de Pannecé (Loire-Atlantique), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°4, pp: 14-21
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Fichtelberg
          • Mehlmeisel
Meier, S. (2007): Das Flötztal im südlichen Fichtelgebirge. Lapis 32, 17-20; 58.
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Auerbach
        • Nitzlbuch (Nitzelbuch)
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Mücke, A. & Keck, E. (2011): Karbonate aus dem Pegmatit von Hagendorf-Süd/Opf.: Zusammensetzung, Verbreitung und begleitende Phosphat-Mineralien (Apatit, Hagendorfit und Eosphorit-Gruppe) - darunter einige Neufunde (Triplit, Mineralien der Arrojadit-Dickinsonit Reihe, Goyazit und Variscit). Aufschluss 62, 87-117.; Grey, I. E., Macrae, C. M., Keck, E., & Birch, W. D. (2012). Aluminium-bearing strunzite derived from jahnsite at the Hagendorf-Süd pegmatite, Germany. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(5), 1165-1174.
Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Heppenheim
        • Kirschhausen
A. Wittern: Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
    • Wetzlar
      • Rodheim-Bieber
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Waldgirmes
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
        • Bestwig
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Sundern
        • Altenhellefeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Hellefeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Warstein
        • Hirschberg
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Taunus
      • Katzenelnbogen
https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Rheinland-Pfalz/Rhein-Lahn-Kreis/Katzenelnbogen/Grube%20Zollhaus
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Neuwied
          • Dernbach
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
        • Großer Auerberg
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.112. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
  • Saxony
    • Chemnitz
      • Frankenberg
        • Langenstriegis
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759.
    • Erzgebirge
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Oberlausitz
      • Görlitz
        • Neißeaue
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Seltene Phosphate und Vanadate von Emmerichswalde bei Görlitz/Sachsen. Mineralien-Welt 24 (2), 40-55
      • Niesky
        • Horscha
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Der Schieferabbau Pansberg bei Horscha in der Lausitz, Sachsen. Lapis 32 (7-8), 68-73; 86.
    • Vogtland
      • Plauen
        • Meßbach
Journ.prakt.Chem.(1837) 10, 506; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Zeulenroda-Triebes
Pestel, S. & Kasiske, J. (2007): Fundstellen im Vogtland: Jarosit-Kristalle aus Weckersdorf. Mineralien-Welt 18(5), 32-34.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádfürdő
Szakáll: 100 Hungarian Mineral Loc., 2004
Iceland
 
  • Northeastern Region
    • Myvatn
Carson, G. L. (2015). Hydrothermal Acid-sulfate Alteration at Krafla and Námafjall, Ne Iceland: Implications for Gusev Crater and Meridiani Planum, Mars. Masters thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Bafq (Bafgh)
Yaghubpur, A., and Mehrabi, B. (1997): J. Sci. I. R. Iran 8(2), 117-126.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Cork
    • Tracton
      • Minane Bridge
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari metropolitan city (Metropolitan City of Cagliari)
      • Sinnai
Marini, C., Gimeno, D., Sistu, G. (1989) Le mineralizzazioni a variscite del Sarrabus (Sardegna SE). Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana, 108, 2, 357-367; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi, G. (1993) Sarrabus. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, et al., Stige Milano Srl, Milano, 208 pp.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Sarrabus
          • San Vito
Marini, C., Gimeno, D., Sistu, G. (1989) Le mineralizzazioni a variscite del Sarrabus (Sardegna SE). Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana, 108, 2, 357-367; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi, G. (1993) Sarrabus. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, et al., Stige Milano Srl, Milano, 208 pp.
          • Villaputzu
Pelloux, A. (1912) Variscite del Sarrabus (Sardegna). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, serie 3a, 45, 470-472; Sitzia R. (1966) Spettri I.R. di alcuni fosfati naturali. Rendiconti del Seminario della Facoltà di Scienze dell'Università di Cagliari, 36, 1-11; Marchesini, A., De Michele, V. (1967) Su un affioramento fosfatico nel Sarrabus (Sardegna). Nota Preliminare. Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali, 106, 2, 167-170; Conti-Vecchi, G. (1971) La variscite di Villaputzu (Sardegna centro-orientale). Rendiconti del Seminario della Facoltà di Scienze dell'Università di Cagliari, 41, 7-13; Marini, C., Gimeno, D., Sistu, G. (1989) Le mineralizzazioni a variscite del Sarrabus (Sardegna SE). Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana, 108, 2, 357-367; Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi, G. (1993) Sarrabus. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, et al., Stige Milano Srl, Milano, 208 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Pietrasanta
          • Valdicastello Carducci
Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Hidaka Province
      • Monbetsu (Mombetsu)
Ito (1975) Chigaku Kenkyu, 26, 217-220.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Takashi Yamada, Tokuhei Tagai, Takeshi Kojiro, Akira Harada, and Yasuhiro Kosuge (1999) Rare Minerals from Kawazu Mine, Shizuoka Prefecture. Chikyu-Wakusei Godo-Taikai Koen-Yoshi (Abstract of the Joint Meeting of the Societies of Earth and Planetary Sciences), conference presentation, Mc-002
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Abu town
Matsubara, S. & A. Kato: Phosphates from the Hinomaru-Nako mine, Abu-cho, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Western Japan: Mem.Natn.Sci.Mus., Tokyo, 30,167-183(1998)
    • Kanto Region
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Nikko City
          • Imaichi
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Jambyl Region
    • Talas Alatau Range (Talas Ala-Too Range)
Ankinovich, E.A, Bekenova, G.K., Shabanova, T.A., Zazubina, I.S., and Sandomirskaya, S.M. (1997): Mitryaevaite, Al10((PO4)8.7(SO3OH)1.3)10AlF3.3OH2O, a new mineral species from a Cambrian carbonaceous chert formation, Karatau Range and Zhabagly Mountains, Southern Kazakhstan. Canadian Mineralogist 35(6), 1415-1419.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
      • Fergana Valley
        • Fergana
Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
Liberia
 
  • Bomi Co.
Sam Rosenblum and S.P. Srivastava (1979) The Bambuta phosphate deposit, Liberia; a reconnaissance report. USGS Bulletin 1480
Malaysia
 
  • Sarawak
Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
Mali
 
  • Sikasso Region
Gineste, C. (2012): N'golokasso, une occurrence de phosphates dans le Sud Mali. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 110-120
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Mun. de Cuatrociénegas
      • Cuatro Ciénegas (Cuatrociénegas de Carranza; Venustiano Carranza)
        • Limestone caves
Forti, P. et al. (2006): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 35/1, 79–98.
  • Queretaro
    • Mun. de Tolimán
      • Soyatal
Panczner (1987): 389.
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
Der Aufschluss 36:117-119
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Clarion-Clipperton zone
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
Peru
 
  • Junín Department
J.Hyrsl (2012) Gemstones of Peru, p. 79
Poland
 
  • Świętokrzyskie
    • Świętokrzyskie Mts (Holy Cross Mts)
Personally collected by Zając Piotr in 2008-2012
Gucwa, I.; Pelczar, A.; Wieser, T. (1960): Variscites from Wisniowka (Holy Cross Mts.). Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci., Ser. Sci., Geol. Geograph. 8 (1), 37-43.; J. Witkowski
Portugal
 
  • Bragança District
    • Torre de Moncorvo
      • Felgar
Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by p-XRD
Pedro Alves collection
    • Vinhais
António Manuel Ináçio Martins collection
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Ponte da Barca
      • São Lourenço de Touvedo
Self-find by Nuno Afonso; optical and XRD analysed
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Moreira do Lima
Pedro Alves collection
  • Viseu District
    • Mangualde
      • Quintela de Azurara
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Cerna valley
Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Onac, B.P., Kearns, J., Breban, R., and Pânzaru, S.C. (2005): Proceedings of the Annual Scientific Session of The Geological Society of Romania, Rosia Montana, 20-21 May 2005, 93.
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Plast
Local geolofist S.V.Kolesnichenko data
          • Kochkar' District
            • Svetlyi
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
Bertossa, A., 1967. Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda 4, 25-45.
    • Gatumba District
Bertossa, A. (1968) Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda: 4: 25-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15.
F. Hatert, P. Lefèvre, A.M. Fransolet, M.R. Spirlet, F. Fontan, P. Keller : "Ferrorosemaryite, []NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3, a new phosphate mineral from the Rubindi pegmatite, Rwanda", Bull. Liaison S.F.M.C., Vol. 16, 2004, pp 44-45.; Lefèvre, P., Fransolet, A. M., Fontan, F., & Keller, P. Petrographic study of the Al-rich phosphate mineral associations of the Rubindi-Kabilizi pegmatite, Gatumba area, Rwanda.
Senegal
 
  • Tambacounda Region
    • Falémé River basin
      • Saraya
Gineste, C. & Bantsimba, C. (2005): Sénégalite et phosphates associés de Kouroudiako, Falémé, Sénégal. Le Règne Minéral, 65, 13-24.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 3 Sed-Ž, Bratislava, Veda 1990, s. 1247-1256.
    • Revúca Co.
      • Sirk
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759.
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng Province
    • Witwatersrand field
      • West Rand District (West Rand)
        • Far West Rand (West Wits Line)
          • Western Sector
            • Carletonville
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Thabazimbi
          • Glenover carbonatite
Minerals of South Africa
    • Capricorn District
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Nelspruit
Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
  • North West Province
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Ventersdorp
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Western Cape Province
    • West Coast District
Miller, C. E., Mentzer, S. M., Berthold, C., Leach, P., Ligouis, B., Tribolo, C., ... & Porraz, G. (2016). Site-formation processes at Elands Bay Cave, South Africa. Southern African Humanities, 29(1), 69-128.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Zamora
      • Aliste
Arribas, A.; Galán, E.; Martín Pozas, J.M.; Nicolau, J. & Salvador, P. (1971): Estudio mineralógico de la variscita de Palazuelo de las Cuevas, Zamora (España). 115-132. Emilio Galan. & Salvador Mirete. ( I.G.M.E.1979): Introducción a los Minerales de España. 312. Collection J.A.CENDON. Collection Francisco Javier Gutierrez Nuez.
Jordi Fabre
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
F. Costa et al. , "Current Research in Geology Applied to Ore Deposits", P. Fenoll Hach-Ali et al. Editors, University of Granada, Spain, 1993.
          • Bruguers
Bareche, E (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona, 269 p.
        • Sant Feliu de Llobregat
          • Collserola mountain range
            • Santa Creu d'Olorda
Bareche, E. (2005): "Els minerals de Catalunya: segle XX". Grup Mineralògic Català & Institució Catalana d'Historia Natural. Barcelona.
      • Barcelonès
        • Barcelona city
          • Collserola mountain range
            • Santa Creu d'Olorda
J L Bravo collection
      • Maresme
        • Tordera
Marc C collection
      • Vallès Occidental
        • Montcada i Reixac
Mineralogistes de Catalunya (1997), VII (1): 34-55
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
Joan Rosell (02/2016)
J. Rosell (02/2016)
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Tomiño
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
Sudan
 
  • North Kurdufan Wilayah (Shamal Kurdufan Wilayah)
    • Nuba Mtns.
Adam, A. A., Eltayeb, M. A. H., & Ibrahim, O. B. (2014). Uranium recovery from Uro area phosphate ore, Nuba Mountains, Sudan. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 7(5), 758-769.
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Kiruna district
      • Svappavaara
Bjällerud, C-G. (1989): Phospate minerlas from the Leveäniemi Iron Mine, Svappavaara, Sweden. Mineralogical Record. 20(5):343-346
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • New Taipei City
      • Ruifang District
James Huang
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Endellion
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Treverbyn
        • Stenalees
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, No. 14 p27
    • Cumbria
      • Braithwaite District
        • Causey Pike
          • Scar Crag
BMS Database; Young, B. (1988) Wavellite and Variscite from Scar Crag Cobalt Mine, Cumbria. The Cumberland Geological Society, Proceedings 5(1):13-16.
    • Devon
      • North Devon
        • Bishop's Tawton
Alysson Rowan Collection
        • Filleigh
BMS Database
  • Wales
    • Swansea
      • Bishopston
Ian Jones collection
Uruguay
 
  • Lavalleja Department
    • Minas
Eckel, E.B. and Milton, C. (1953) Economic Geology, 48, #6, 437-446.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Cherokee Co.
Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
  • Arizona
    • Apache Co.
      • Monument Valley
        • Yazzi Mesa
          • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 412.
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:66
Rolf Luetcke
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Avant
Arthur E. Smith (2008) Mineral News, 24, #8, 7-8.
Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:346-350
Rocks & Min.:64:296.
Arthur E. Smith (2008) Mineral News, 24, #8, 7.
      • Hot Springs
Arthur E. Smith (2008) Mineral News, 24, #8, 8.
      • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
        • Union Carbide Mine
R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Mauldin Mt.
Rocks & Min.: 56:190.
Rocks & Min.: 63:112.
      • North Mountain
Rocks & Min.: 63:113; 64:294; Sick (1984).
    • Polk Co.
      • Big Fork
Rocks & Min.:63:118.
  • California
    • El Dorado Co.
      • Slate Mts
        • Slate Mountain District
          • Slate Mountain
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 380; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 304, 311; www.mineralsocal.org
  • Colorado
    • Routt Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Florida
    • Polk Co.
      • Central Florida Phosphate District (Bone Valley)
        • Homeland
Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
        • Noralyn/Phosphoria Mines (IMC-Agrico)
Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
  • Georgia
    • Burke Co.
      • Girard District
Jason Smith & M.E. Ciriotti (2005) [m.ciriotti@tin.it]
    • Lincoln Co.
Barwood,Henry.,(1999)Phosphate Minerals at Graves Mountain,Georgia;Graves Mountain and Magruder Mine,Southeastern Geological Society Guidebook No.38,April 23-25,1999
  • Idaho
    • Fremont Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Missouri
USGS National Geochemical Database :Rocks - File D521473
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Carlin District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 769; Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada; NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Coaldale District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Crow Springs District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Gilbert District
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada
      • Goldfield District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Online Documents OF06-19 - Nevada Uranium and Thorium Occurrences
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Buffalo Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Birch Creek District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Bullion District
Rockpick Legend specimen
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Dr. Tony Kampf of the Los Angeles Museum of Natural History xrayed a representative sample of the material and got a good match for variscite.
      • Reese River District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington District
          • Yerington
Jeremy Zolan
    • Mineral Co.
      • Candelaria District
        • Candelaria Silver Mine
Collection of Kelly Starnes 1990
NBMG Bull 58 Geology and Mineral Resources of Mineral County, Nevada
      • Silver Star District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Rept 17 Turquoise Deposits of Nevada (1968)
    • Nye Co.
      • San Antonio Mts
        • Tonopah District
          • Tonopah
personal referernce
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada; USGS Bull 723
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Northumberland District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Humboldt Range
        • Willard District
[MinRec 39:297]; MinRec 32:239
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Santa Fe Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • North Carolina
    • Alamance Co.
      • Snow Camp
Jason B. Smith collection
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Indentified by EDS, 2004 . Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.150243-00
    • Forsyth Co.
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No. 123054-00
    • Randolph Co.
MinRec 8:392-393
  • Pennsylvania
    • Centre Co.
      • State College
        • Skytop
U.S. Geological Survey/ U.s. Department of the Interior
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Carlisle
        • Waggoners Gap
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 76-77; Grant, Raymond W. (Apr, 1973), Pa Mins. (PM), PM(124), Keystone Newsletter.
      • Mount Holly Springs
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the Pa List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Soc. of PA, Inc.: 76; Gordon, S. G. (1925), "Variscite.... & Other Phosphates, from Moore's Mill, Cumberland Co., PA," Mineral Note No. 2:4-7, Acad. Nat. Sci. of Phila. Proc., Vol. 77, (1926).
    • Snyder Co.
      • Perry Township
        • Mount Pleasant Mills
          • Lime Ridge
K. Cabaniss & L.E. Kearns (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 13.
  • South Carolina
    • Cherokee Co.
      • Kings Creek District
        • Kings Creek Mine
Rocks & Minerals 54:4 pp173-175
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Bald Mountain District
Loomis, T. (2011), "News from the Black Hills, South Dakota", Mineral News, in press
      • Trojan District
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
  • Tennessee
    • Cocke Co.
      • Del Rio District
        • Del Rio
R&M 72:4 pp 268-270
  • Utah
    • Box Elder Co.
      • Curlew Valley
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Pilot Range
        • Lucin District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
          • Lucin
            • Utahlite Hill
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 769.
J. Marty (1995) Minerals of the Utahlite Claim (Edison and Bird Mine), Lucin, Box Elder County, Utah. Microprobe 8-2:4-10; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Shubat, M. A. (1988). Scandium-bearing Aluminum Phosphate Deposits of Utah. Utah Geological and Mineral Survey, Department of Natural Resources and Energy, State of Utah. RI 209
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Promontory Mts
        • Promontory District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Salt Lake Co.
Rob Lavinsky
    • Tooele Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Mercur District (Camp Floyd District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Stansbury Mts
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 759, 837.; American Mineralogist 27:443; Shubat, M. A. (1988). Scandium-bearing Aluminum Phosphate Deposits of Utah. Utah Geological and Mineral Survey, Department of Natural Resources and Energy, State of Utah. RI 209
    • Uintah Co.
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com] http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,326639,326639,page=1#msg-326639
    • Utah Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Fairfield
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 958, 976.
Wilson, W. (2010): The Clay Canyon Variscite Mine, Fairfield Utah. Mineralogical Record. 41:321-349.
        • Mercur District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Virginia
    • Buckingham Co.
      • Farmville District
        • Sprouses Corner
Mitchell, R.S. & Fordham, O.M., Jr., Southeastern Geology 28(2),81-86(1987)
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Giles Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Rockbridge Co.
      • Lyndhurst-Vesuvius District
Rocks & Min.: 57: 20-22 & 60: 168.
  • Wisconsin
    • Dodge Co.
      • Iron Ridge District (Neda Iron District)
Hawley, J. & A. Bevan (1934) Mineralogy and genesis of the Mayville iron ore of Wisconsin: american Mineralogist: 19 (11): 493- 514.
Hawley, J. & A. Bevan (1934) Mineralogy and genesis of the Mayville iron ore of Wisconsin: american Mineralogist: 19 (11): 493- 514.
Hawley, J. & A. Bevan (1934) Mineralogy and genesis of the Mayville iron ore of Wisconsin: american Mineralogist: 19 (11): 493- 514.
    • Jackson Co.
Klemic, Harry and Mary Mrose, (1972) Geologic relations and x-ray crystallography of wavellite from Jackson County, Wisconsin and their geologic implications: U.S.G.S. Professional Paper 800-C: C-53 - C-62. Falster, A.U. (1984) Wavellite in Jackson County, Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals, 59 (3): 125-126.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Navoiy Viloyati (Navoi)
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Auminzatau Mts
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Lyavlyakan-Beshkak ore field
Solodov, I.N., Nesterova, M.V., Shugina, G.A., Ganina, N.I., Shulik, L.S., and Solodov, D.I. (2001): Lithology and Mineral Resources 36(1), 43-62.
    • Kokpatas village
Mineraly Uzbekistana(Minerals of the Uzbekistan) - izd."FAN" UzbSSR-vol.1-4 - 1976-1977
Venezuela
 
  • Dependencias Federales
Shepard (1877); Jambor, J. L. (1963): Elroquite and phosphochromite discredited. Can. Mineral. 7, 676-677.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 760.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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