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Aubertite

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Formula:
CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Colour:
Azure-blue.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2 - 3
Specific Gravity:
1.815
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named for J. Aubert (1929-), geophysicist and assistant director at the Inst. Natl. Geophysics, France, who collected the mineral in 1961.
This page provides mineralogical data about Aubertite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AubertiteHide

Approved
First Published:
1979
7.DB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations; insular octahedra and finite units
Dana 7th ed.:
31.9.8.1
31.9.8.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
26.9

26 : Sulphates with Halide

Physical Properties of AubertiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Azure-blue.
Streak:
(not reported)
Hardness:
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {010}
Density:
1.815 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.85 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AubertiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.462 nβ = 1.482 nγ = 1.495
2V:
Measured: 71° , Calculated: 76°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.033
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of AubertiteHide

Formula:
CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
IMA Formula:
Cu2+Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O

Crystallography of AubertiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.28 Å, b = 13.23 Å, c = 6.28 Å
α = 91.17°, β = 94.67°, γ = 82.45°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.475 : 1 : 0.475
Unit Cell V:
515.50 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.50 (100)
4.247 (69)
3.952 (58)
6.25 (45)
5.59 (44)
3.690 (42)
3.130 (42)

Type Occurrence of AubertiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Azure-blue crusts of corroded grains.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris.
National School of Mines, Paris, France.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidized zone of a copper deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of AubertiteHide

Other Language Names for AubertiteHide

German:Aubertit
Simplified Chinese:水氯铝铜矾
Spanish:Aubertita

Relationship of Aubertite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Svyazhinite(Mg,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F · 14H2OTric.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Hexahydrite4 photos of Aubertite associated with Hexahydrite on mindat.org.
Pickeringite2 photos of Aubertite associated with Pickeringite on mindat.org.
Butlerite1 photo of Aubertite associated with Butlerite on mindat.org.
Aluminocopiapite1 photo of Aubertite associated with Aluminocopiapite on mindat.org.
Halotrichite1 photo of Aubertite associated with Halotrichite on mindat.org.
Pyrite1 photo of Aubertite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DB.05Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
7.DB.05Svyazhinite(Mg,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F · 14H2OTric.
7.DB.10KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.DB.10RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.DB.15JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
7.DB.20Minasragrite(V4+O)(SO4) · 5H2OMon. 2/m
7.DB.20Orthominasragrite(V4+O)(SO4) · 5H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
7.DB.20Anorthominasragrite(V4+O)(SO4) · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.25Bobjonesite(V4+O)(SO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m
7.DB.30AmarantiteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2OTric. 1
7.DB.30HohmanniteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2OTric. 1
7.DB.30MetahohmanniteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35CalciocopiapiteCaFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35CopiapiteFe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DB.35ZincocopiapiteZnFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 18H2OTric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

31.9.8.2Svyazhinite(Mg,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F · 14H2OTric.
31.9.8.3Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

26.1KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)FMon.
26.2SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
26.3SchaireriteNa21(SO4)7ClF6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
26.4GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4ClTrig.
26.5ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
26.6ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
26.7KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
26.8SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
26.10Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
26.11Svyazhinite(Mg,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F · 14H2OTric.
26.12D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3Iso.
26.13AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl
26.14KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
26.15Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2OIso.
26.16Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
26.17WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2OTric. 1 : P1
26.18CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
26.19LannoniteMg2Ca4Al4(SO4)8F8 · 24H2O Tet. 4/m : I4/m
26.20Chukhrovite-(Y)Ca3(Y,Ce)[F|SO4|(AlF6)2] · 10H2OIso.
26.21Chukhrovite-(Ce)Ca3(Ce,Y)[F|SO4|(AlF6)2] · 10H2OIso.
26.22GrandreefitePb2(SO4)F2Mon. 2/m
26.23PseudograndreefitePb6(SO4)F10Orth. 2 2 2 : F2 2 2
26.24SundiusitePb10(SO4)O8Cl2Mon.
26.25CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3ClMon.
26.26MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2Mon. 2 : B2
26.27AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
26.28XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2OMon.
26.29NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OClTet.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Water soluable.
Special Storage/
Display Requirements:
Must be kept dry.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AubertiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cesbron, F., Ginderow, D., Sichère, M., Vachey, H. (1979) L`aubertite, un nouveau chloro-sulfate hydraté de cuivre et d`aluminium. Bulletin de Minéralogie: 102: 348-350.
Ginderow, D., Cesbron, F. (1979) Structure cristalline de l'aubertite, AlCuCl(SO4)2·14H2O. Acta Crystallographica: B35: 2499-2502.
Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., Mandarino, J.A. (1980) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 65: 205-210.
Hawthorne, F.C. (1994) Structural aspects of oxide and oxysalt crystals. Acta Crystallographica: B50: 481-510.

Internet Links for AubertiteHide

Localities for AubertiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • San Juan
    • Calingasta Department
      • Calingasta
        • Quebrada Alcaparrosa
Gunnar Farber
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
Chukanov, N.V., Krivovichev, S.V., Chernyatieva, A.P., Mohn, G., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Van, K.V., Lorenz, J.A. (2013): Vendidaite, Al2(SO4)(OH)3Cl·6H2O, a new mineral from La vendida copper mine, Antofagasta Region, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 559-568.
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
          • Toki Cu deposit (Toki Cluster)
Bull.Min.(1979) 102, 348-350
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Sounion Area
          • Agia Varvara Mines (St Barbara Mines)
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Furtei
Da Pelo, S. & Frau, F (2000):, Magnesian aubertite, (Cu,Mg)Al(SO4)2Cl·14H4O, from the gold mine of Furtei in Sardinia, Italy. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2000(6), 279-288.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
            • Porto Levante
              • Faraglioni di Levante (Grotte dei Faraglioni; Grotte del Faraglione; "Grotte de Faraglione")
                • Faraglione Nico (Faraglione Piccolo; Faragghiune Nicu)
P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Rio Marina
Rolf Luetcke specimen
Peru
 
  • Tacna Department
    • Jorge Basadre Province
Diaby, N., Dold, B., Buselli, E., & Vicetti, R. (2006). EFFECTS ON ELEMENT MOBILITY BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF A WETLAND ON THE MARINE SHORE PORPHYRY COPPER TAILINGS DEPOSIT, BAHÍA DE ITE, PERU. In 7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), March (pp. 26-30).
Mineral and/or Locality  
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