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Vauquelinite

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Louis Nicolas Vauquelin
Formula:
Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Colour:
Olive-green, apple-green, brown to nearly black
Lustre:
Adamantine, Resinous
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
6.16
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after Louis Nicolas Vauquelin (1763-1829), Professor of Chemistry, University of Paris (France) and discoverer of chromium.
Fornacite-Vauquelinite Series. The phosphate analogue of fornacite.

Related to the Brackebuschite Group.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of VauqueliniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.FC.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
F : Chromates
C : With PO4, AsO4, SiO4
43.4.3.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
4 : Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
22.5.1

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
5 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with chromate, molybdate, niobate or tantalate

Physical Properties of VauqueliniteHide

Adamantine, Resinous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Olive-green, apple-green, brown to nearly black
Streak:
Greenish or brownish
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
6.16 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.16 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of VauqueliniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.110 nβ = 2.220 nγ = 2.220
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.110
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Light green
Y = Light brown
Z = Light brown
Comments:
2V = near zero.

Chemical Properties of VauqueliniteHide

Formula:
Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
IMA Formula:
CuPb2(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)

Crystallography of VauqueliniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.754(5) Å, b = 5.806(6) Å, c = 9.563(3) Å
β = 94.55°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.369 : 1 : 1.647
Unit Cell V:
761.25 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals commonly minute and frequently wedge-shaped; irregularly aggregated; and mammillary fibrous forms; reniform; botryoidal; granular, compact.
Twinning:
On {102}.

Type Occurrence of VauqueliniteHide

Synonyms of VauqueliniteHide

Other Language Names for VauqueliniteHide

Relationship of Vauquelinite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Crocoite85 photos of Vauquelinite associated with Crocoite on mindat.org.
Pyromorphite17 photos of Vauquelinite associated with Pyromorphite on mindat.org.
Embreyite7 photos of Vauquelinite associated with Embreyite on mindat.org.
Mimetite7 photos of Vauquelinite associated with Mimetite on mindat.org.
Phoenicochroite7 photos of Vauquelinite associated with Phoenicochroite on mindat.org.
Quartz6 photos of Vauquelinite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Hemihedrite6 photos of Vauquelinite associated with Hemihedrite on mindat.org.
Coronadite5 photos of Vauquelinite associated with Coronadite on mindat.org.
Goethite4 photos of Vauquelinite associated with Goethite on mindat.org.
Manganese Oxides4 photos of Vauquelinite associated with Manganese Oxides on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.FC.10FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.FC.10MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)Mon.
7.FC.15HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2Tric.
7.FC.15IranitePb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2Tric.
7.FC.20CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2OMon.
7.FC.20EmbreyitePb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

43.4.3.2FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
43.4.3.3MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)Mon.
43.4.3.4UM1994-19-PO:CuHMoPbPb2Cu(PO4)(MoO4,AsO4,CrO4,GaO4)(OH)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.5.2EmbreyitePb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2OMon.
22.5.3CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2OMon.
22.5.4FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
22.5.5MolybdofornacitePb2Cu(MoO4,CrO4)(AsO4,PO4)(OH)Mon.
22.5.6Mendozavilite-NaFe[Na2(H2O)15Fe3+(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe3+3O35(OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
22.5.7ParamendozaviliteNaAl4Fe7(PO4)5(PMo12O40)(OH)16 · 56H2OMon.
22.5.8Betpakdalite-CaCa[Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
22.5.9Betpakdalite-NaCa[Na2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
22.5.10Obradovicite-KCu[K2(H2O)17Cu(H2O)6][Mo8As2Fe3+3O34(OH)3]Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
22.5.11Melkovite[Ca2(H2O)15Ca(H2O)6][Mo8P2Fe3+3O36(OH)]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
22.5.12RankachiteCa0.5(V4+,V5+)(W6+,Fe3+)2O8(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
22.5.13OlmsteaditeKFe2+2(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2OOrth.
22.5.14JohnwalkiteK(Mn2+,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2(H2O,OH)Orth.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Partially soluble in HNO3.

Reported as an alteration product of pyromorphite and as incrustation pseudomorphs after dolomite.
Health Risks:
Contains lead and chromium. Do not inhale dust and wash hands after handling.

References for VauqueliniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Berzelius (1818) Afhandlingar I Fysik, Kemi och Mineralogi, Stockholm: 6: 246 (as Vauqueline).
Berzelius, J.J. (1819) Nouveau système de Minèralogie. Translated from the Swedish. 8vo, Paris: 202.
Haüy, R.J. (1822) Traité de minéralogie. second edition, 4 volumes, with fol. Atlas: 3: 363 (as Plomb chromé).
Haidinger (1827) Edinburgh Journal of Science: 7: 213.
Phillips, Wm., augmented by Allan, R. (1837) Mineralogy, Fourth edition London: 369 (as Chromate of Lead and Copper).
John (1845) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 67 (as Chromphosphokupferbleispath).
Blum, J.R. (1863) Die Pseudomorphosen des Mineralreichs. Stuttgart, nachträge 3, Erlangen: 197.
Nordenskiöld (1867) Ak. Stockholm, Őfv.: 24: 655 (as Laxmannite).
Nordenskiöld (1869) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 137: 299 (as Laxmannite).
Hermann (1870) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 1: 196, 447 (as Phosphorchromit).
Davies (1877) Mineralogical Magazine: 1: 112.
Koksharov, N. von (1878) Materialien zur Mineralogie Russlands. 11 volumes with atlas: vol. 8: 345.
Pisani (1880) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 3: 196.
Des Cloizeaux (1882) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 5: 53.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 916.
Lacroix, A. (1910) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 4: 448.
Petterd, W.F. (1910) Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. 221pp., Hobart: 196.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 153.
Goldschmidt, V. (1923) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text, Heidelberg: vol. 9: 54.
Chirva (1935) Annals Leningrad State University, Series Geology: 1: 19 [Min. Abs.: 7: 460].
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 650-652.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1968): 126: 433.
Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie (1980): 103: 469.

Internet Links for VauqueliniteHide

Localities for VauqueliniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
  • Western Australia
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Whim Creek
P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gurktaler Alpen
      • St Veit an der Glan
        • Tauchendorf
          • Grassendorf
G. Blass, H. W. Graf: Carinthia II 191./111.:145-147 (2001)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Hintze: Handbuch der Mineralogie
Eberhard Reich info taken from old specimen label.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kipushi
Piret, P., Deliens, M., & Piret-Meunier, J. (1985). Occurrence and crystal structure of kipushite, a new copper-zinc phosphate from Kipushi, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 35-42.
    • Kolwezi District
      • Kolwezi
Handbook of Mineralogy
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Pontgibaud
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 651.
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Dordogne
      • Nontron
Queneau Patrice Collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Kolitsch, U. & Götzinger, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. Erzgräber 14, 33-47. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Bensheim
        • Gronau
PETITJEAN collection
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Raidelbach
          • Katzenstein
O Dziallas collection
        • Reichenbach
          • Borstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN;
          • Hohenstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Lapis 25(2), 21 (2000)
Lapis 25(2), 13-30 (2000)
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+ 58.
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
          • Teufelsstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Gummersbach
        • Niedergelpe
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony
    • Glauchau
      • Callenberg
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
        • Schönbrunn
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Sounion Area
          • Agia Varvara Mines (St Barbara Mines)
Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Szár Hill
      • Szabadbattyán
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Yabu City
          • Oya-cho
http://staff.aist.go.jp/miyagi.iso14000/Works/Review/coop/0028/874.html (Dr. Takashi Yamada lecture to the Mineralogical Society)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Karkaralinsk Rayon
      • Karkaralinsk (Qarqaraly; Karsakpaj; Qarsaqpaj; Kaskelen)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Okahandja District
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 369 pp. (in English)
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Kavadar
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
No reference listed
American Mineralogist, Volume 88, pages 475–479, 2003
Pavel M. Kartashov data
              • Uspenskaya Mt
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 651.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Verkhnii Ufalei
Sehrig, M. (2012): Krokoit aus dem Ural - nicht nur aus Beresovka. Lapis, 37 (12), 30-31 (in German).
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Gulyaeva et al, Mineralogical Magazine 50:728-730 (1986)
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
          • Olifantspoort Farm
Reeks, G. (2007) Olifantspoort Mine, Olifantspoort, Northern Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3); Wight, Q. (2002). Through the'Scope: The Year in Micromounting: 2001 Was a Year of Change. Rocks & Minerals, 77(3), 181-189.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Lezant
Famous British Mineral Localities: Greystone Quarry, Lezant, Cornwall. N Elton, D Green, J Hooper & S Weiss. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals No 24, 2004, pp 9-28
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
Davies, T. (1877) VI. — Notes on vauquelinite from Scotland, and cantonite from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 1, n° 4, 112-114.; Bannister, F.A. (1933) The identity of mottramite and psittacinite with cupriferous descloizite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 23, n° 141, 376-386.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 289-295.
    • Strathclyde
      • South Lanarkshire
Davies, T. (1877) VI.— Notes on vauquelinite from Scotland, and cantonite from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine vol. 1, n° 4, 112-114.; Bannister, F.A. (1933) The identity of mottramite and psittacinite with cupriferous descloizite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 23, n° 141, 376-386.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 289-295 (referring to Davies (1877) and Bannister (1933).
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 325, 343, 412.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Belmont Mts
        • Wickenburg area
S.A. Williams and J. W. Anthony, Am. Min. v. 55 p. 1088 (1970)
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Hummingbird Spring
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 413; Williams, S.A. (1968), Wickenburgite, a new mineral from Arizona, Am.Min.: 53: 1433-1438; Williams, S.A. & J.W. Anthony (1970), Hemihedrite, a new mineral from Arizona, Am.Min.: 55: 1088-1102; Williams, S.A., et al (1970), A study of Phoenichchroite-Its structure and properties, Am.Min.: 55: 784-792.
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 413; Allen, G.B. & W. Hunt (1988), The Tonopah-Belmont Mine, Maricopa Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 19(3): 139-144.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 412; Silliman (1881); Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 67.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 412; Silliman, B. (1881), Mineralogical Notes, Amer. Jour. Sci.: 22: 198-205; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 67.
      • Vulture Mts
        • Vulture District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 412; Silliman, B. (1881), Mineralogical notes, Amer.Jour.Sci.: 22: 198-205; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 67.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 413; Williams, S.A. (1968), Wickenburgite, a new mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 53: 1433-1438; Williams, S.A. & J.W. Anthony (1970), Hemihedrite, a new mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 1088-1102; Williams, S.A., et al (1970), A study of phoenicochroite-Its structure and properties, Am.Min.:: 55: 784-792.
          • Vulture
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193, 327, 410, 412; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 67.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
PXRD analyzed by Tony Kamp.
      • Tortilla Mts
        • Ripsey District
          • Ripsey Hill area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona (1995), 3rd.ed.: 158, 247, 413, 426; Williams, S.A. & J.W. Anthony (1970), Hemihedrite, a new mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 1088-1102
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Joe Marty specimens; EDS and XRD confirmed.
in the collection of Eckhard D. Stuart, SEM by R. Housley
Housley R., pers.comm., May 2017
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
www.mineralsocal.org
  • Montana
    • Beaverhead Co.
      • Argenta District
        • Argenta
          • Stapleton Gulch
http://www.mineralnews.com/MinNews/MN18-2.html
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Spruce Mountain District
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Dr. William Wise presentation to the Northwest Micro MIneral Study Group, 1 May, 2004
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Belmont District
          • Belmont
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New York
    • Westchester Co.
      • Ossining (Sing Sing)
Whitlock, H P (1903) List of New York Mineral localities. New York State Museum.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Pequea Township
        • Conestoga
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 916,1069; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 652; Rocks & Minerals: 20: 319.
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Lance E. Kearns and Michael D. Dunn (2008) Mineral News, 24, #8, 1-6.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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