Help|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Ca4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2O
Colourless, green
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
From “Vertumnus” an Etruscan goddess adopted lately by Romans. It was a "rural" goddess of “mutation” and the protector of the evolution of fruit towards maturity.
This page provides mineralogical data about Vertumnite.

Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of VertumniteHide

Approval Year:

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
G : Double nets with 6-membered and larger rings

73 : PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
1 : Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
9 : Aluminosilicates of Ca

Physical Properties of VertumniteHide

Colourless, green
Very brittle
2.15(4) g/cm3 (Measured)    2.15 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of VertumniteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.531 nβ = 1.535 nγ = 1.541
Measured: 62° , Calculated: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r < v moderate
Rarely uniaxial -

Chemical Properties of VertumniteHide

Ca4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2O
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of VertumniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P1 1 21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.744(5) Å, b = 5.766(5) Å, c = 25.120(1) Å
γ = 119.72(5)°
a:b:c = 0.996 : 1 : 4.357
Unit Cell V:
0.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Flattened hexagonal prisms
Cyclic contact plane parallel to {001}, common
Strongly pseudohexagonal (a = 5.75 Å, c = 25.1 Å).

Type Occurrence of VertumniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Municipal Museum of natural history, Milan, Italy
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Cavity in a phonolite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of VertumniteHide

Other Language Names for VertumniteHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EG.05CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2OMon.
9.EG.10Naujakasite(Na,K)6(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe)4Si8O26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.15DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
9.EG.20KampfiteBa12(Si11Al5)O31(CO3)8Cl5Mon. m
9.EG.25SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2OTrig.
9.EG.30Eggletonite(Na,K,Ca)2(Mn,Fe)8(Si,Al)12O29(OH)7 · 11H2OMon.
9.EG.30Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2OMon.
9.EG.30Tamaite(Ca,K,Ba,Na)3-4Mn24(Si,Al)40(O,OH)112 · 21H2OMon.
9.EG.35ZussmaniteK(Fe,Mg,Mn)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig. 3 : R3
9.EG.40Franklinphilite(K,Na)4(Mn2+,Mg,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 6H2OTric.
9.EG.40LennilenapeiteK6-7(Mg,Mn,Fe,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 16H2OTric.
9.EG.40Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.40Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EG.45Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2OMon.
9.EG.55WickenburgiteCaPb3Al2Si10O24(OH)6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.EG.60HyttsjöitePb18Ba2Ca5Mn2+2Fe3+2Si30O90Cl · 6H2OTrig.
9.EG.65ArmbrusteriteK5Na7Mn15[(Si9O22)4](OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.70Britvinite[Pb7(OH)3F(BO3)2(CO3)][Mg4.5(OH)3(Si5O14)]Tric. 1 : P1
9.EG.75Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.9.1GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)Tet. 4 2m : P4 21m
16.9.2AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
16.9.3Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3
16.9.5DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
16.9.6GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
16.9.8Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
16.9.9Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.9.10PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2Orth. mm2
16.9.12BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
16.9.14ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
16.9.18LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
16.9.19ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
16.9.20WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
16.9.22ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
16.9.23LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
16.9.24YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2OMon.
16.9.25Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
16.9.26EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2OMon.
16.9.27GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
16.9.28CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2OOrth.
16.9.30StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fmmm
16.9.31SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2OTrig.
16.9.32AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VertumniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Passaglia, E. & Galli, E. (1977): Vertumnite, a new natural silicate. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 24: 57-66.
American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 1061.
Galli, E. and E. Passaglia (1978): Vertumnite: its crystal structure and relationship with natural and synthetic phases. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 25: 33-46.
Rinaldi, R., Sacerdoti, M. & Passaglia, E. (1990): Strätlingite: Crystal structure, chemistry, and a reexamination of its polytype vertumnite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 2: 841-849.
American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 674-675.

Internet Links for VertumniteHide

Localities for VertumniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
Postl, W., Bernhard, F., Bojar, H.-P., Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1775) Magnesiochromit, Phillipsit-Ca, Chabasit-Ca und Vertumnit sowie eine Ergänzung zur Phase Ca3Ti(Fe,Al)2O8 (= Shulamitit) in einem Ca-reichen Xenolith aus dem Basaltsteinbruch in Klöch, Steiermark. Pp. 172-174 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Waldshut
        • Detzeln
Falkenstein, F. (2010): Ein bislang unbekanntes Mineral- und Fossilvorkommen im Porphyr-Steinbruch bei Detzeln, im südöstlichsten Schwarzwald. Aufschluss, 61, 157-74.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Neue Mineralfunde - mineralogische Raritäten - aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 7/5, 28, 1996] [A. Wittern: Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001]
            • Southern lava flow
              • Mayener Feld
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
Caponera, I., Fiori, S., Pucci, R., & Signoretti, E. (2007). I minerali dei Colli Albani. Un aggiornamento sugli ultimi dieci anni di ricerche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 74-91.
      • Rome
        • Valleranello
Pucci, R. (2004): Vertumnite e tobermorite in un nodulo termometamorfosato nella leucitite di Vallerano (RM). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2004, 70-71.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Montalto di Castro
        • Pietra Massa Locality
Passaglia, E. & Turconi, B. (1982): Silicati ed altri minerali di Montalto di Castro - VT. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1982, 97-110.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Stoppa F., Scordari F., Mesto E., Sharygin V.V. and Bortolozzi G. - Calcium-aluminium-silicate-hydrate "cement" phases and rare Ca-zeolite association at Colle Fabbri, Central Italy (2010). Centr.Eur.J.Geosci. 2 (2), pag. 175-187 .
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 17, 2017 21:46:22 Page generated: September 11, 2017 22:49:52
Go to top of page