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(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Green, blue, greenish blue, dark blue; greenish blue in transmitted light
3½ - 4
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named after A. Veszeli (1820-1888), Hungarian mining engineer, who discovered the species.
A rare secondary Cu-Zn mineral occurring in the oxidised zones of base metal deposits.

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Classification of VeszelyiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
A : With small (and occasionally larger) cations

2 : (AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O

19 : Phosphates
6 : Phosphates of Zn

Physical Properties of VeszelyiteHide

Green, blue, greenish blue, dark blue; greenish blue in transmitted light
Green to white
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
On {001} and {110}.
3.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.42 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of VeszelyiteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.618 - 1.640 nβ = 1.622 - 1.658 nγ = 1.658 - 1.695
Measured: 35° to 71°, Calculated: 38° to 72°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040 - 0.055
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v
Z = Blue
X = Greenish blue

Chemical Properties of VeszelyiteHide

(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Cu2+3PO4(OH)3 · 2H2O

Crystallography of VeszelyiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.8275 Å, b = 10.2244 Å, c = 7.5322 Å
β = 103.18°
a:b:c = 0.961 : 1 : 0.737
Unit Cell V:
736.90 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals short prismatic {100}, elongated [001]. Commonly pseudo-octahedral {100} and {011}, modified by {001}, {110}, {111} and {121}; also as granular aggregates.

Type Occurrence of VeszelyiteHide

Synonyms of VeszelyiteHide

Other Language Names for VeszelyiteHide

Simplified Chinese:磷砷锌铜矿

Common AssociatesHide

HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Hemimorphite71 photos of Veszelyite associated with Hemimorphite on
Quartz16 photos of Veszelyite associated with Quartz on
Chrysocolla8 photos of Veszelyite associated with Chrysocolla on
Philipsburgite5 photos of Veszelyite associated with Philipsburgite on
Limonite3 photos of Veszelyite associated with Limonite on
Andradite3 photos of Veszelyite associated with Andradite on
Calcite2 photos of Veszelyite associated with Calcite on
Smithsonite1 photo of Veszelyite associated with Smithsonite on
Malachite1 photo of Veszelyite associated with Malachite on
Cerussite1 photo of Veszelyite associated with Cerussite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DA.05BearsiteBe2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
8.DA.05MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
8.DA.10RoscheriteCa2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.DA.10ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DA.10GreifensteiniteCa2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon.
8.DA.10AtencioiteCa2Fe2+3Mg2Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
8.DA.10RuifrancoiteCa2(◻,Mn)2(Fe3+,Mn,Mg)4Be4(PO4)6(OH)4(OH,H2O)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DA.10GuimarãesiteCa2Be4Zn5(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DA.10FootemineiteCa2Mn2+Mn2+2Mn2+2Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DA.15UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2OMon.
8.DA.20WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DA.25TiptopiteK2(Na,Ca)2Li3Be6(PO4)6(OH)2 · H2OHex.
8.DA.35Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.
8.DA.35Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.
8.DA.40SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DA.45GlucineCaBe4(PO4)2(OH)4 · 0.5H2O
8.DA.50Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.6.1TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
19.6.2SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.6.3HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
19.6.4ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.6Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.
19.6.7ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
19.6.8ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
19.6.9EhrleiteCa4Be3Zn2(PO4)6 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.10Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.11Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.12JungiteCa2Zn4Fe3+8(PO4)9(OH)9 · 16H2OOrth.
19.6.13SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
19.6.14PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VeszelyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schrauf (1874) Anz. Ak. Wien: 11: 135.
Schrauf (1879) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 4: 31.
Mennell (1920) Mineralogical Magazine: 19: 69.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 153.
Wakabayashi and Komada (1921) Journal of the Geological Society Tokyo: 28: 191 (as Arakawaite).
Ito (1927) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 65: 305.
Zsivny (1931) Magyar Tudom. Akad. Mat. Termeszett. Ertisitö, Budapest: 48: 331.
Buttgenbach (1932) Ac. Roy. Belgique, Bull., Cl. Sc.: 18: 43.
Zsivny (1932) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 82: 87.
Hintze, C. (1933) Handbuch der Mineralogie, I(4.2), 891–893.
Buttgenbach (1941) Ac. Roy. Belgique, Bull., Cl. Sc.: 448.
Berry (1948) American Mineralogist: 33: 750.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 916-918.
Ghose, S., S.R. Leo, and C. Wan (1974) Structural chemistry of copper and zinc minerals: Part I. Veszelyite, (Cu, Zn)2ZnPO4(OH)3 •2H2O: a novel type of sheet structure and crystal chemistry of copper-zinc substitution. American Mineralogist: 59: 573–581.

Internet Links for VeszelyiteHide

Localities for VeszelyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Atacama Region
    • Huasco Province
      • Vallenar
        • Sierra Bolsico area
M. Dini & A.Molina Collections - analysed with quantitative and semi quantitative methods by Dr. Jochen Schluter (curator of Hamburg Mineral Museum)
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Gejiu Co.
        • Gejiu Sn-polymetallic ore field
Ottens, B. (2006): LAPIS 31 (4), 20
    • Wenshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Maguan Co.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kipushi
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Piret, P., Deliens, M., & Piret-Meunier, J. (1985). Occurrence and crystal structure of kipushite, a new copper-zinc phosphate from Kipushi, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 35-42.
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
No reference listed
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Gerrei
          • Villaputzu
Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Hida City
Garcia Moreno, R., Mathis, F., Mazel, V., Dubus, M., Calligaro, T., & Strivay, D. (2008). Discovery and Characterization of an Unknown Blue‐green Maya Pigment: Veszelyite*. Archaeometry, 50(4), 658-667.
    • Kinki Region
      • Shiga Prefecture
        • Konan City
          • Ishibe
Okamoto, A., Miyawaki, R. & Nakai, I. (1988): Petersite from the Haiyama quarry, Shiga Prefecture, Japan. Geoscience Magazine 37, 191-194.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Daisen
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
        • Kyohwa
Dana 7:II:917.
        • Nishisemboku
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
  • Puebla
    • Mun. de Zacapoaxtla
      • Zacapoaxtla
Romania (TL)
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
Zsivny, V.(1932): Veszelyite from Vaskö, Moravia. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Kristallgeometrie, Kristallphysik, Kristallchemie 82, 87-110.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 917.
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
S Rust Collection
BMS Database
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Ahmeek
Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Waisman D. (1992) Minerals of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana Mineralogical Record, Vol. 23 No. 6, p. 477-483.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Bristol and Jackrabbit Districts
        • Bristol Silver Mines Inc.
Bob Werner (2009) Mineral News, 25, #11, 1-5.
  • Central Province
    • Kabwe District
      • Kabwe (Broken Hill)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 917.
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.; Frei, Martina (2005) Composition, formation, and leaching behaviour of supergene, polymetallic ores from the Sanyati deposit (Zimbabwe): A case study
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