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Viitaniemiite

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Formula:
Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Colour:
Gray-white
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Viitaniemi, Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland.
This page provides mineralogical data about Viitaniemiite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of ViitaniemiiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1977
8.BL.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
41.3.5.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : (AB)3(XO4)Zq
22.1.19

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
1 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with fluoride

Physical Properties of ViitaniemiiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Gray-white
Hardness:

Optical Data of ViitaniemiiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.557 nβ = 1.565 nγ = 1.571
2V:
Measured: 81° , Calculated: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of ViitaniemiiteHide

Formula:
Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
IMA Formula:
NaCaAlPO4F3

Crystallography of ViitaniemiiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.83 Å, b = 7.14 Å, c = 5.44 Å
β = 109.37°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.957 : 1 : 0.762
Unit Cell V:
250.27 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of ViitaniemiiteHide

Synonyms of ViitaniemiiteHide

Other Language Names for ViitaniemiiteHide

Simplified Chinese:氟磷铝钙钠石
Traditional Chinese:氟磷鋁鈣鈉石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Roscherite2 photos of Viitaniemiite associated with Roscherite on mindat.org.
Morinite1 photo of Viitaniemiite associated with Morinite on mindat.org.
Amblygonite1 photo of Viitaniemiite associated with Amblygonite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BL.05BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.05HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.05SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05GallobeudantitePbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.BL.10BenauiteSrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10DussertiteBaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
8.BL.10GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2OTrig.
8.BL.10PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10SegnititePbFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10SpringcreekiteBaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)NdAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13ArsenowaylanditeBiAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.25PattersonitePbFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.1.1AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)FTric. 1 : P1
22.1.2LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
22.1.3NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
22.1.5NacaphiteNa2Ca(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.6ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.1.7NefedoviteNa5Ca4(PO4)4FTric.
22.1.9FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.1.10HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)Mon. 2/m
22.1.11IsokiteCaMg(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
22.1.12PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)Mon.
22.1.13BabefphiteBaBePO4(F,OH)Tet.
22.1.14FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
22.1.15MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2OOrth. mm2 : Pba2
22.1.16MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
22.1.17BøggilditeNa2Sr2Al2PO4F9Mon.
22.1.18FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.1.20VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.21MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)FMon.
22.1.22Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.23Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)Mon. 2/m
22.1.24Magniotriplite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)2PO4FMon.
22.1.25Zwieselite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.26McauslaniteFe3Al2(PO4)3(PO3OH)F · 18H2OTric.
22.1.27RichelliteCaFe3+2(PO4)2(OH,F)2Amor.
22.1.28SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
22.1.29TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)FMon. m : Bb
22.1.30Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m
22.1.31DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ViitaniemiiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland (1981): 314: 51-56.
American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 1102.
American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 961-966.
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1991): 120: 74.

Internet Links for ViitaniemiiteHide

Localities for ViitaniemiiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Konar Province (Kunar Province; Konarh Province; Konarha Province; Nuristan)
    • Chapa Dara District
Herb Obodda
  • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
    • Kamdesh District
Lapis 17(1), 51 (1992)
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montréal
RAMIK, R.A., STURMANN, B.D., ROBERTS, A.C., and DUNN, P.J. (1983) Viitaniemiite from the Francon Quarry, Montreal, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 499-502. TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
Finland (TL)
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Lahti, S. I. (1981): On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 314, 51-56
France
 
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Soumans
        • Montebras
Patureau, J., Chiappero, P-J. & Lebocey, J. (2011): Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans, Creuse. Le Règne Minéral. 99, 5-33
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka Prefecture
Shirose, Y., Uehara, S. (2014) Secondary phosphates in montebrasite and amblygonite from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109, 103-108.; Shirose, Y., & Uehara, S. (2014). Secondary phosphates in montebrasite and amblygonite from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(2), 103-108.
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Baltistan
      • Skardu District
        • Braldu Valley
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Henclová (Henzlová)
Petrík, I., Kubiś, M., Konečný, P. & Malachovský, P. (2011): Rare phospates from the Surovec Topaz-Li-Mica microgranite, Gemeric Unit, Western Carpathians, Slovak Republik: Role of F/H2O of melt. Canadian Mineralogist. 49. 521-540
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Gemerská Poloma (Poloma; Veszverés)
Števko M., Uher P., Sejkora J., Malíková R., Škoda R., Vaculovič T. (2015): Phosphate minerals from the hydrothermal quartz veins in specialized S-type granites, Gemerská Poloma (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Journal of Geosciences, 60, 4, 237-249.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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