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Vitusite-(Ce)

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About Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Vitus Bering
Formula:
Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
Colour:
Pale pink, white, pale green, also yellow, gray to black
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.60 - 3.70
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named after Vitus Bering (baptised 5 August 1681, died 19 December 1741), a Danish-Russian explorer of the northern seas.
May be altered to "erikite" = a pseudomorphous mixture of monazite and rhabdophane after vitusite-(Ce) (Pekov et al., 1997).

Related to dyrnaesite-(La).


Classification of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Approved
Approval Year:
1976
8.AC.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
38.1.8.1
38.1.8.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
1 : ABXO4
19.9.9

19 : Phosphates
9 : Phosphates of rare earths and Sc

Physical Properties of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Pale pink, white, pale green, also yellow, gray to black
Streak:
White
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{001}, {010}, {100}, but degree of development unstated
Density:
3.60 - 3.70 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.63 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.602 - 1.604 nβ = 1.647 - 1.650 nγ = 1.649 - 1.654
2V:
Measured: 30° , Calculated: 22° to 32°
Birefringence:
0.045
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.047 - 0.050
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v
Optical Extinction:
XYZ = abc
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
IMA Formula:
Na3Ce(PO4)2

Crystallography of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
Pca21
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.342 Å, b = 18.680 Å, c = 14.062 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.286 : 1 : 0.753
Unit Cell V:
1,403.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Twinning:
pseudohexagonal on {160} and {120}
Comment:
Pc21b, Neues Jahrbuch MA 1980 137:42; a supercell 58.75

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.58 (90)
4.67 (90)
4.63 (90)
3.51 (90)
2.81 (100)
2.80 (100)
2.69 (90)
2.67 (90)
Comments:
ICDD 33-1232

Type Occurrence of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

General Appearance of Type Material:
prismatic, to 5 mm
granular, and in fine-grained aggregates.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geology Museum, Kola Branch, Academy of Sciences, Apatity, 5544; Mining Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1209/1; University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; National School of Mines, Paris, France; The Natural History Museum, London, England, 1994,36
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Nepheline syenite pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Simplified Chinese:磷铈钠石
Traditional Chinese:磷鈰鈉石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Natrolite6 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite4 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Magnesio-arfvedsonite on mindat.org.
Steenstrupine-(Ce)4 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Steenstrupine-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Mountainite4 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Mountainite on mindat.org.
Belovite-(Ce)2 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Belovite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Albite2 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Manganoneptunite2 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Manganoneptunite on mindat.org.
Sazhinite-(Ce)2 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Sazhinite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Raite2 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Raite on mindat.org.
Chkalovite1 photo of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Chkalovite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AC.WopmayiteCa6Na3□Mn(PO4)3(PO3OH)4 Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.10Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30Mon. m : Pb
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AC.25Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3Iso.
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 · Trig. 3 : P3
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe2+4Na4}{Fe2+43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe2+7(PO4)6Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.55HarrisoniteCa(Fe2+,Mg)6(PO4)2(SiO4)2Trig.
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.70StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12Mon. 2/m
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)Tet. 4 : I4
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.9.1Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
19.9.2Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.9.3Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.9.4Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
19.9.5Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
19.9.6Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.7Rhabdophane-(La)La(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.8Rhabdophane-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.10Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
19.9.11Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
19.9.12Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
19.9.13KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
RØNSBO, J.G., KHOMYAKOV, A.P., SEMENOV, E.I., VORONKOV, A.A., and GARANIN, V.K (1979): Vitusite, a new phosphate of sodium and rare earths from the Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola and Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 137, 42-53. [Abstract in: American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 812]
MAZZI, F. and UNGARETTI, L. (1994): The crystal structure of vitusite from Ilímaussaq, (South Greenland) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1993, 49-66.
HORVÁTH, L. and GAULT, R.G. (1990): The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
Mineralogical Magazine: (1992) 56: 235-237.
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Sørensen, H. (1997): Erikite - a pseudomorph after vitusite. Neues. Jahrb. Mineral. Monatsh., 1997, 97-112.

Internet Links for Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
          • Kuannersuit Plateau (Kvanefjeld)
Grey, I.E., Macrae, C.M., Mumme, W.G. and Pring, A. (2010): Townendite, Na8ZrSi6O18, a new uranium-bearing lovozerite group mineral from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, Southern Greenland. American Mineralogist 95, 646-650.
RØNSBO, J.G., KHOMYAKOV, A.P., SEMENOV, E.I., VORONKOV, A.A., and GARANIN, V.K (1979) Vitusite, a new phosphate of sodium and rare earths from the Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola and Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 137, (1) 42-53. Abstract in: American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 812. Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.
Pekov,I.V. & Ekimenkova, I.A. (2001): Two new rare-earth-rich mineral associations in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 143-144
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
        • Koashva Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2
      • Lovozero Massif
        • Alluaiv Mt
          • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
V. Grishin collection
Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
Pekov, Igor V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former soviet Union. Moscow , 370pp
        • Kedykverpakhk Mt
          • Karnasurt mine (Kedyk area)
Mineralogical Record: 36(4): 397-416.
Pekov, Igor V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former soviet Union. Moscow , 370pp
Mineral and/or Locality  
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