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About Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Vitus Bering
Pale pink, white, pale green, also yellow, gray to black
Vitreous, Greasy
Specific Gravity:
3.60 - 3.70
Crystal System:
Named after Vitus Bering (baptised 5 August 1681, died 19 December 1741), a Danish-Russian explorer of the northern seas.
May be altered to "erikite" = a pseudomorphous mixture of monazite and rhabdophane after vitusite-(Ce) (Pekov et al., 1997).

Related to dyrnaesite-(La).

Classification of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Approval Year:

A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th ed.:

1 : ABXO4

19 : Phosphates
9 : Phosphates of rare earths and Sc

Physical Properties of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Vitreous, Greasy
Pale pink, white, pale green, also yellow, gray to black
4½ on Mohs scale
{001}, {010}, {100}, but degree of development unstated
3.60 - 3.70 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.63 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.602 - 1.604 nβ = 1.647 - 1.650 nγ = 1.649 - 1.654
Measured: 30° , Calculated: 22° to 32°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.047 - 0.050
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v
Optical Extinction:
XYZ = abc

Chemical Properties of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.342 Å, b = 18.680 Å, c = 14.062 Å
a:b:c = 0.286 : 1 : 0.753
Unit Cell V:
1,403.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
pseudohexagonal on {160} and {120}
Pc21b, Neues Jahrbuch MA 1980 137:42; a supercell 58.75

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
6.58 (90)
4.67 (90)
4.63 (90)
3.51 (90)
2.81 (100)
2.80 (100)
2.69 (90)
2.67 (90)
ICDD 33-1232

Type Occurrence of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

General Appearance of Type Material:
prismatic, to 5 mm
granular, and in fine-grained aggregates.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geology Museum, Kola Branch, Academy of Sciences, Apatity, 5544; Mining Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1209/1; University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; National School of Mines, Paris, France; The Natural History Museum, London, England, 1994,36
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Nepheline syenite pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Simplified Chinese:磷铈钠石
Traditional Chinese:磷鈰鈉石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Natrolite6 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite4 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Magnesio-arfvedsonite on mindat.org.
Steenstrupine-(Ce)4 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Steenstrupine-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Mountainite4 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Mountainite on mindat.org.
Belovite-(Ce)2 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Belovite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Albite2 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Manganoneptunite2 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Manganoneptunite on mindat.org.
Sazhinite-(Ce)2 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Sazhinite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Raite2 photos of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Raite on mindat.org.
Chkalovite1 photo of Vitusite-(Ce) associated with Chkalovite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AC.WopmayiteCa6Na3□Mn(PO4)3(PO3OH)4 Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.10Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30Mon. m : Pb
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AC.25Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 · Trig. 3 : P3
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe2+4Na4}{Fe2+43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe2+7(PO4)6Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12Mon. 2/m
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)Tet. 4 : I4
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.9.1Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
19.9.2Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.9.3Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.9.6Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.7Rhabdophane-(La)La(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.8Rhabdophane-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
19.9.13KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
RØNSBO, J.G., KHOMYAKOV, A.P., SEMENOV, E.I., VORONKOV, A.A., and GARANIN, V.K (1979): Vitusite, a new phosphate of sodium and rare earths from the Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola and Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 137, 42-53. [Abstract in: American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 812]
MAZZI, F. and UNGARETTI, L. (1994): The crystal structure of vitusite from Ilímaussaq, (South Greenland) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1993, 49-66.
HORVÁTH, L. and GAULT, R.G. (1990): The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359.
Mineralogical Magazine: (1992) 56: 235-237.
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Sørensen, H. (1997): Erikite - a pseudomorph after vitusite. Neues. Jahrb. Mineral. Monatsh., 1997, 97-112.

Internet Links for Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Vitusite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
          • Kuannersuit Plateau (Kvanefjeld)
Grey, I.E., Macrae, C.M., Mumme, W.G. and Pring, A. (2010): Townendite, Na8ZrSi6O18, a new uranium-bearing lovozerite group mineral from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, Southern Greenland. American Mineralogist 95, 646-650.
RØNSBO, J.G., KHOMYAKOV, A.P., SEMENOV, E.I., VORONKOV, A.A., and GARANIN, V.K (1979) Vitusite, a new phosphate of sodium and rare earths from the Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola and Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 137, (1) 42-53. Abstract in: American Mineralogist (1980): 65: 812. Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals First described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication 8.
Pekov,I.V. & Ekimenkova, I.A. (2001): Two new rare-earth-rich mineral associations in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 143-144
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Koashva Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
    • Lovozero Massif
      • Alluaiv Mt
        • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
V. Grishin collection
Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
Pekov, Igor V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former soviet Union. Moscow , 370pp
      • Kedykverpakhk Mt
        • Karnasurt mine (Kedyk area)
Mineralogical Record: 36(4): 397-416.
Pekov, Igor V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former soviet Union. Moscow , 370pp
Mineral and/or Locality  
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