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Vuonnemite

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About VuonnemiteHide

Formula:
Na11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
Colour:
Light yellow to lemon-yellow, greenish yellow, light pink
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
2 - 3
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Vuonnemiok River, Khibina massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia.
This page provides mineralogical data about Vuonnemite.


Classification of VuonnemiteHide

Approved
Approval year:
1973
First published:
1973
9.BE.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
56.4.3.1

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
4 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with [Si2O7] with other cation groups

Physical Properties of VuonnemiteHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Light yellow to lemon-yellow, greenish yellow, light pink
Hardness:
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{001} "very perfect" plus two other perfect cleavages

Optical Data of VuonnemiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.636 - 1.639 nβ = 1.651 - 1.656 nγ = 1.680 - 1.683
2V:
Measured: 53°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.044
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively weak
Comments:
plane of optic axis {001}, Y ∧ c = 4 deg

Chemical Properties of VuonnemiteHide

Formula:
Na11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
IMA Formula:
Na6Na2Nb2Na3Ti(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2(OF)
Common Impurities:
Al,Nb,Fe,Mn,Mg,Ca,K

Crystallography of VuonnemiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.5 Å, b = 7.16 Å, c = 14.44 Å
α = 92.63°, β = 95.33°, γ = 90.51°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.768 : 1 : 2.017
Unit Cell V:
565.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0005581VuonnemiteErcit T S, Cooper M A, Hawthorne F C (1998) The crystal structure of vuonnemite, Na11TiNb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH), a phosphate-bearing sorosilicate of the lomonosovite group The Canadian Mineralogist 36 1311-13201998Ilimaussaq, Greenland0293
0005582VuonnemiteErcit T S, Cooper M A, Hawthorne F C (1998) The crystal structure of vuonnemite, Na11TiNb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH), a phosphate-bearing sorosilicate of the lomonosovite group The Canadian Mineralogist 36 1311-13201998Lovozero, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.14 Å(60)
5.16 Å(50)
4.74 Å(50)
4.24 Å(50)
3.582 Å(60)
2.869 Å(100
2.391 Å(50)
1.790 Å(60)
1.420 Å(50)

Type Occurrence of VuonnemiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Plates up to 1.8 x 1.5 x 0.15 cm
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Albitized alkalic rocks
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Bussen, I.V., Denisov, A.P., Zabavnikova, N.I., Kozyreva, L.V., Men'Shikov, Y.P., Lipatova, E.A. (1973) Vuonnemite, a new mineral. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 102: 423-426.

Synonyms of VuonnemiteHide

Other Language Names for VuonnemiteHide

Relationship of Vuonnemite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
EmmerichiteBa2Na(Na,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Mg)Ti2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
Fluorbarytolamprophyllite(Ba,Sr)2[(Na,Fe2+)3(Ti,Mg)F2][Ti2(Si2O7)2O2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
FluorlamprophylliteNa3(SrNa)Ti3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
KazanskyiteBaNa3Ti2Nb(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1
Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m
Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2FTric.
PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2Tric. 1 : P1
SaamiteBa◻Na3Ti2Nb(Si2O7)2O2(OH)F(H2O)2Tric. 1 : P1
Shkatulkalite Na2Nb2Na3Ti(Si2O7)2O2(FO)(H2O)4(H2O)3Mon. 2/m : P2/m
ZvyaginiteNaZnNb2Ti[Si2O7]20(OH,F)3(H2O)4 + (x < 1)Tric. 1 : P1

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
44 photos of Vuonnemite associated with UssingiteNa2AlSi3O8OH
31 photos of Vuonnemite associated with SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
17 photos of Vuonnemite associated with UmbozeriteNa3Sr4Th[Si(O,OH)3-4]8
9 photos of Vuonnemite associated with Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
9 photos of Vuonnemite associated with ChkaloviteNa2BeSi2O6
8 photos of Vuonnemite associated with Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn2+2Fe3+2Ce6Zr(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(PO3OH)(OH)2 · 2H2O
8 photos of Vuonnemite associated with ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
7 photos of Vuonnemite associated with Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2O
4 photos of Vuonnemite associated with VilliaumiteNaF
4 photos of Vuonnemite associated with Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BE.BetalomonosoviteNa64Ti4(Si2O7)2[PO3OH][PO2(OH)2]O2(OF)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.CámaraiteBa3Na(Fe2+,Mn)8Ti4(Si2O7)4O4(OH,F)7Tric. 1
9.BE.Christofschäferite-(Ce)Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8 Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BE.BobshannoniteNa2KBa(Mn,Na)8(Nb,Ti)4(Si2O7)4O4(OH)4(O,F)2Tric.
9.BE.Calciomurmanite(Na,◻)2Ca(Ti,Mg,Nb)4[Si2O7]2O2(OH,O)2(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.Batievaite-(Y)Y2Ca2Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.Delhuyarite-(Ce)Ce4Mg(Fe3+,W)3◻(Si2O7)2O6(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.XAsimowiteFe2+4O(Si2O7)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
9.BE.02WadsleyiteMg4O(Si2O7)Orth.
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet. 4mm : P4bm
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa6Zr2(Si2O7)2O4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17HiortdahliteNa2Ca4(Ca0.5Zr0.5)Zr(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OFMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.20Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
9.BE.22GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth.
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m
9.BE.25GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25EmmerichiteBa2Na(Na,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Mg)Ti2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Fluorbarytolamprophyllite(Ba,Sr)2[(Na,Fe2+)3(Ti,Mg)F2][Ti2(Si2O7)2O2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50Shkatulkalite Na2Nb2Na3Ti(Si2O7)2O2(FO)(H2O)4(H2O)3Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa2Mn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2OAmor.
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70UM2008-53-SiO:SrTiZrSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2Hex.
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30Trig. 3 : P31
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
The DTA curve shows a small exothermic effect at 350 C and an endothermic one at 870 C (melting).
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VuonnemiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bussen, I.V., Denisov, A.P., Zabavnikova, N.I., Kozyreva, L.V., Men'Shikov, Y.P., Lipatova, E.A. (1973) Vuonnemite, a new mineral. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 102: 423-426.
Drozdov, Y.N., Batalieva, N.G., Voronkov, A.A., Kuz’min, E.A. (1974) The crystal structure of Na11Nb2TiSi4P2O25F. Soviet Physics - Doklady: 19: 258-260.
Fleischer, M. (1974) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 59: 873-875 (875).
Rønsbo, J.G., Lenonardsen, E.S., Petersen, O.V., Johnsen, O. (1983) Second occurrence of vuonnemite: the Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 10: 451–460.
Ercit, T.S., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C. (1998) The crystal structure of vuonnemite, Na11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH), a phosphate-bearing sorosilicate of the lomonosovite group. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 1311-1320.
Ercit, T.S., Cooper, M.A., and Hawthorne, F.C. (1998) The crystal structure of vuonnemite, Na11Ti 4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH), a phosphate-bearing sorosilicate of the lomonosovite group. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1311-1320.
Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1464-1468.
Sokolova, E. (2006) From structure topology to chemical composition. I. Structural hierarchy and stereochemistry in titanium disilicate minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1273-1330.
Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Verin, I.A., Lykova, I.S. (2011) Crystal structure of hydrogen-bearing vuonnemite from the Lovozero alkaline massif. Crystallography Reports: 56: 407-410.
Sokolova, E., Camara, F. (2017) The seidozerite supergroup of TS-block minerals: nomenclature and classification, with change of the following names: rinkite to rinkite-(Ce), mosandrite to mosandrite-(Ce), hainite to hainite-(Y) and innelite-1T to innelite-1A. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1457–1484.

Internet Links for VuonnemiteHide

Localities for VuonnemiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
Rønsbo, J. G., Lenonardsen, E. S., Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (1983): Second occurrence of vuonnemite: the Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. N. Jahrb. Mineral. Monatsh., 451–460.; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33; Andersen, T., & Friis, H. (2015). The transition from agpaitic to hyperagpaitic magmatic crystallization in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Journal of Petrology, 56(7), 1343-1364.
      • Kvanefjeld (Kuannersuit Plateau)
        • Kvanefjeld Uranium deposit
Rønsbo, J.G., Lenonardsen, E.S., Petersen, O.V., Johnsen, O. (1983) Second occurrence of vuonnemite: the Ilímaussaq alkaline intrusion, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 10: 451–460.
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Koashva Mt
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bussen, I.V., Denisov, A.P., Zabavnikova, N.I., Kozyreva, L.V., Men'Shikov, Y.P., Lipatova, E.A. (1973) Vuonnemite, a new mineral. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 102: 423-426.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy. Vol. 4.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
    • Lovozersky District
      • Alluaiv Mountain
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Lapis, 4/97, Ivanjuk et al.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).; Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
Pluth, J. J., Smith, J. V., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., Semenov, E. I., Bram, A., Riekel, C., ... & Broach, R. W. (1997). Third-generation synchrotron x-ray diffraction of 6-μm crystal of raite,≈ Na3Mn3Ti0. 25Si8O20 (OH) 2⋅ 10H2O, opens up new chemistry and physics of low-temperature minerals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 94(23), 12263-12267.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Karnasurt mine (Kedyk area)
Pekov, I.V. (2005) The Palitra pegmatite, Lovozero massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The Mineralogical Record: 36: 397-416.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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