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About VäyryneniteHide

Heikki A. Väyrynen
Light pink to rose-red, salmon pink, pale gray, brown
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named after Heikki Allen Väyrynen (1888-1956), professor of mineralogy, Technical High School, Helsinki (Finland).
The manganese-beryllium-phosphate väyrynenite was first recognized in 1939 as a possible new mineral by Oleg von Knorring (1915-1994). However, it was first described as a new mineral by Volborth (1954), from Viitaniemi, Eräjärvi, Finland. Additional mineralogical data and new chemical analysis was given by Mrose and von Knorring (1959).

Classification of VäyryneniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First published:

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
A : With small and medium-sized cations

5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
1 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with fluoride

Physical Properties of VäyryneniteHide

Transparent, Translucent
Light pink to rose-red, salmon pink, pale gray, brown
Perfect {010}, good {100}, fair {001}.
3.22 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.23 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of VäyryneniteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.638 - 1.640 nβ = 1.658 - 1.662 nγ = 1.664 - 1.667
Measured: 46° to 55°, Calculated: 51° to 57°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.026 - 0.027
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v moderate
X= orangish
Y= red
Z= dark red

Chemical Properties of VäyryneniteHide

IMA Formula:

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:

Warning: A non-numeric value encountered in /home/mindat/www/show_class.php on line 3767
MnO34.01 %
FeO5.92 %
CaO0.53 %
BeO13.85 %
Na2O0.20 %
K2O0.04 %
Al2O30.40 %
Li2Otraces %
P2O539.98 %
H2O+4.93 %
H2O-0.19 %
F0.00 %
insol.0.06 %
Total:100.11 %
Sample references:
1Viitaniemi pegmatite, Eräjärvi area, Orivesi, Pirkanmaa, FinlandMrose, M. E., Von Knorring, O. (1959) The mineralogy of vChemical analysis by von Knorring.

Crystallography of VäyryneniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.411(5) Å, b = 14.49(2) Å, c = 4.73 Å
β = 102.75°
a:b:c = 0.373 : 1 : 0.326
Unit Cell V:
361.71 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Often as fine grained aggregates. Euhedral crystals are rare. Short to long prismatic crystals parallel to [001]. Forms observed: {001}, prisms {010} and {110}. Prism faces are generally striated vertically

Geological EnvironmentHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):
Geological Setting:
Alteration product of beryl and triphylite in complex granitic pegmatites.

Type Occurrence of VäyryneniteHide

Synonyms of VäyryneniteHide

Other Language Names for VäyryneniteHide

Simplified Chinese:红磷锰铍石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
10 photos of Väyrynenite associated with EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
8 photos of Väyrynenite associated with CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
8 photos of Väyrynenite associated with TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
8 photos of Väyrynenite associated with TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
8 photos of Väyrynenite associated with Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
5 photos of Väyrynenite associated with HurlbutiteCaBe2(PO4)2
3 photos of Väyrynenite associated with LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
3 photos of Väyrynenite associated with PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
3 photos of Väyrynenite associated with QuartzSiO2
2 photos of Väyrynenite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BA.AxeliteNa14Cu7(AsO4)8F2Cl2Tet. 4mm : P4bm
8.BA.10BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BA.10HerderiteCaBe(PO4)FMon. 2/m
8.BA.10HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 2/m 2/m : P21/b 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.1.1AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)FTric. 1 : P1
22.1.2LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
22.1.3NatrophosphateNa6+xHxF(PO4)2 · (19+x)H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
22.1.5NacaphiteNa2Ca(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.6ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.1.9FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.1.10HerderiteCaBe(PO4)FMon. 2/m
22.1.11IsokiteCaMg(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
22.1.14FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
22.1.15MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2OOrth. mm2 : Pba2
22.1.16MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
22.1.18FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.1.21MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : P2/m
22.1.22Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.23TripliteMn2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m
22.1.25ZwieseliteFe2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.26McauslaniteFe3Al2(PO4)3(PO3OH)F · 18H2OTric.
22.1.28SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
22.1.29TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)FMon. m : Bb
22.1.30Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m
22.1.31DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VäyryneniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Volborth, A. (1954) Phospatminerale aus dem Lithiumpegmatit von Viitaniemi, Eräjärvi, Zentral-Finland. Ann. acad. Sci. Fennicae, Ser. A, III Geol.Geograf., 39:1-90
Volborth, A. (1954): Väyryneniiti [BeMn[PO4](OH,F)]. Geologi(Finland):6:7 [Preliminary announcement]
Fleischer M (1954) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 39: 848-852 [Abstract]
Volborth, A., Stradner, E. (1954) Väyrynenit BeMn[PO4](OH), ein neues Mineral. Anzeiger der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-Natur Wissenschaftliche Klasse: 92: 21-23
Fleischer M (1956) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 41, 370-372 [Abstract]
Mrose, M. E., Von Knorring, O. (1959) The mineralogy of väyrynenite, (Mn,Fe)Be(PO4)(OH). Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 112: 275-288
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1976): 143: 309.
Canadian Mineralogist (2000): 38: 1425-1432.
Ray L. Frost, Andrés López, Yunfei Xi, Željka Žigovečki Gobac, Ricardo Scholz (2014): The molecular structure of the phosphate mineral väyrynenite: a vibrational spectroscopic study. Spectroscopy Letters 47, 253-260.

Internet Links for VäyryneniteHide

Localities for VäyryneniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Nuristan
    • Kamdesh District
Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field
Yueqing Yang, Yunxiang Ni, Yongquan Guo, Nianming Qiu, Chenghu Chen, Chaofa Cai, Yaping Zhang, Jiabing Liu, and Yuexian Chen (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(3), 10-21; Yunxiang Ni and Yueqing Yang (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 252-257; Yueqing Yang, Wenying Wang, Yunxiang Ni, Chenghu Chen, and Jinghuang Zhu (1998): Geology of Fujian 17(2), 68-78; Rao, C., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Hatert, F., Xia, Q., Yue, X., & Wang, W. (2017). Insights into post-magmatic metasomatism and Li circulation in granitic systems from phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 864-876.
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Lahti, Seppo I. (1981): On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 314
Mrose, M. E., Von Knorring, O. (1959) The mineralogy of väyrynenite, (Mn,Fe)Be(PO4)(OH). Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 112: 275-288
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Ulan
Gordiyenko et al. (1973): ZVMO 102, 422-435.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • Gilgit-Baltistan
    • Roundu District
Min Rec 36:3 p295
    • Shigar District
      • Braldu Valley
        • Dassu
Blauwet, D. (2006): Famous mineral localities: Alchuri, Shigar Valley, Northern Areas, Pakistan. Mineralogical Record 37, 513-540.
H. Obodda
imported from Shigar District imported from Rondu District
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
    • Chitral District
Meixner & Paar (1976): Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 143, 309-318.
  • Guarda
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chita
      • Durulgui pegmatite field
Lykova I. S., Varlamov D. A., Chukanov N. V., Pautov L. A., Ksenofontov D. A. (2017): Phosphates of the Chalotskoe pegmatite deposit (Transbaikalia). Zapiski RMO 146, 44-53
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
Roda Robles et al. (1999): Mineralogical Magazine 63, 535-558.; Roda-Robles, E., Vieira, R., Pesquera, A., & Lima, A. (2010). Chemical variations and significance of phosphates from the Fregeneda-Almendra pegmatite field, Central Iberian Zone (Spain and Portugal). Mineralogy and Petrology, 100(1-2), 23-34.
  • Stockholm County
    • Nynäshamn
      • Norrö
Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25
    • Sigtuna
      • Arlanda
Langhof, J. , Jonsson, E. & Gustafsson, L. (2016): Sekundära Be-mineral i svenska granitpegmatiter-en översikt. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 43-52
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
A.U. Falster, J.W. Nizamoff, G. Bearss, and W.B. Simmons (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 18-20..
    • Oxford County
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., Dallaire, D. A., Nizamoff, J. W., & Sprague, R. A. (2019). The Emmons Pegmatite, Greenwood, Oxford County, Maine. Rocks & Minerals, 94(6), 498-519.
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
  • Wisconsin
    • Florence Co.
      • Fern
        • Pine River pegmatites
Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
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