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About VysotskiteHide

Specific Gravity:
6.705 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Named after Nikolai Konstantinovich Vysotskii (1864-1932), geologist who found the platinum ore deposit at Noril'sk.

Classification of VysotskiteHide

First Published:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.

8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Physical Properties of VysotskiteHide

1½ on Mohs scale
VHN100=715 - 864 kg/mm2 - Vickers
6.705 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of VysotskiteHide

Weak to moderate

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 46.0–46.6%.

Chemical Properties of VysotskiteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of VysotskiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.37 Å, c = 6.54 Å
a:c = 1 : 1.027
Unit Cell V:
265.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of VysotskiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mining Institute, St. Petersburg, 93a/1.
A.E. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, 64853.

Other Language Names for VysotskiteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫钯矿
Traditional Chinese:硫鈀礦

Relationship of Vysotskite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Braggite2 photos of Vysotskite associated with Braggite on mindat.org.
Bornite1 photo of Vysotskite associated with Bornite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CC.05Achávalite(Fe,Cu)SeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05FrebolditeCoSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
2.CC.05NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
2.CC.05Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.10Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.CC.10TroiliteFeSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.15CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CC.20MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
2.CC.25Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
2.CC.30VavříniteNi2SbTe2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.35bCooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc,Pd,Ni)STet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.12.2LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.23Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2AsMon. 2/m : P2/m
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3Tric. 1 : P1
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
3.12.44CooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3Tet. 4 2 2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VysotskiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gaskell, T.F. (1937) The structure of braggite and palladium sulphide. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 96: 203-213.
Genkin, A.D., Zvyagintsev, O.E. (1962) Vysotskite, a new sulfide of palladium and nickel. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 91: 718-725.
Fleischer, M. (1963) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 48: 708-712.
International Mineralogical Association (1967) Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 131-136.
Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Stewart, J.M., Turner, K., and Skinner, B.J. (1978) On cooperite, braggite, and vysotskite. American Mineralogist: 63: 832-839.
Criddle, A.J., Stanley, C.J. (1985) Characteristic optical data for cooperite, braggite and vysotskite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 149-162.
Brese, N.E., Squattrito, P.J., Ibers, J.A. (1985) Reinvestigation of the structure of PdS. Acta Crystallographica: C41: 1829-1830.
Bowles, J.F.W. (2000) Prassoite, vysotskite and keithconnite from the Freetown layered complex, Sierra Leone. Mineralogy and Petrology: 68: 75-84.

Internet Links for VysotskiteHide

Localities for VysotskiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Burgas Province
    • Kameno
Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
Canadian Mineralogist 45, 775; Grammatikopoulos, T.A., Hiebert, R.S., Barr, S.M. and Valeyev, O., (2006) Cu-Ni-PGM Mineralization In The Mechanic Settlement Pluton, Southern New Brunswick, Canada. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
Good, D. J., Cabri, L. J., & Ames, D. E. (2017). PGM facies variations for Cu-PGE deposits in the Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Ontario, Canada. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 748-771.
      • Lac des Iles Area
Dana's New Mineralogy; Canadian Mineralogist 22:233-237; Hulbert, L. J., Duke, J. M., Eckstrand, O. R., Lydon, J. W., Scoates, R. F. J., Cabri, L. J., & Irvine, T. N. (1998) Geological Environments of Platinum Group elements. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1440. Natural Resources Canada.
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.22, pp. 125-136 (1984); D. H. Watkinson and G. Dunning v(1979) Geology and platinum-group mineralization, Lac-des-Iles Complex, northwestern Ontario. Can Mineral 17:453-462
      • Seeley Lake Area
EcoMetrix Reort for Stillwater Canada Inc, Marathon Project (2012) Table 4.1-3
  • Hebei
    • Chengde
      • Fengning Co.
        • Boluonuo
Zuxiang Yu, Shuren Lin, Bao Zhao, Qingsong Fang, and Qishun Huang (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Zuxiang Yu (1982): Bull. Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, 4, 78–81
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
Thomassen, B., and Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006): Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.
DR Congo
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Mutoshi (Ruwe)
  • Lapland
    • Inari
      • Lemmenjoki
Kojonen, K., McDonald, A. M., Stanley, C. J., Johanson, B., & Tranberg, J. (2014) An unusual Se-bearing moncheite and Te-bearing palladseite, Miessi River, Inari, Finland. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 104
    • Penikat complex
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136
      • Sompujärvi Reef
American Mineralogist: 85: 1564; Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
    • Portimo complex
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1236-1241
    • Sodankylä
Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
      • Kevitsansarvi (Keivitsansarvi)
mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.
  • Epirus
    • Pindos Mtn
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Argirios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras, Konstantin Hatzipanagiotou, Federica Zaccarini und Giorgio Garuti (2011): Mineralogy, composition and PGM of chromitites from Pefki, Pindos ophiolite complex (NW Greece): evidence for progressively elevated fAs conditions in the upper mantle sequence. Mineralogy and Petrology 101, 129-150.
  • Odisha
    • Keonjhar District
Prichard, H. M., Mondal, S. K., Mukherjee, R., Fisher, P. C., & Giles, N. (2018). Geochemistry and mineralogy of Pd in the magnetitite layer within the upper gabbro of the Mesoarchean Nuasahi Massif (Orissa, India). Mineralium Deposita, 53(4), 547-564.
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Benguet Property
          • Tuba
Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, S.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd-minerals in the Sto. Tomas II, porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Mount Filipp
Kutyrev, A. V., Sidorov, E. G., Antonov, A. V., & Chubarov, V. M. (2018). Platinum-group mineral assemblage of the Prizhimny Creek (Koryak Highland). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(8), 935-944.
[Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320; Spiridonov, E. M., E. A. Kulagov, A. A. Serova, I. M. Kulikova, N. N. Korotaeva, E. V. Sereda, I. N. Tushentsova, S. N. Belyakov, and N. N. Zhukov. "Genetic Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Rh mineralogy in Noril’sk sulfide ores." Geology of Ore Deposits 57, no. 5 (2015): 402-432.
            • Noril'sk Cu-Ni deposit
              • Noril'sk-1 Cu-Ni deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov data
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Murmansk Oblast
Gabov, D. A. (2010). PGE and Au minerals from the low-sulfide ore of the Pana Tundra Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 624-629.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
    • Monche-Tundra
Chashchin, V. V., Petrov, S. V., & Drogobuzhskaya, S. V. (2018). Loypishnyun Low-Sulfide Pt–Pd Deposit of the Monchetundra Basic Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(5), 418-448.
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., & Mokhov, A. V. (2009). Assemblages and genesis of platinum-group minerals in low-sulfide ores of the Monchetundra deposit, Kola peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(6), 467-485.
Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Bakaev, G. F., Sholokhnev, V. V., Lapina, M. I., Muravitskaya, G. N., & Voitekhovich, V. S. (2003). The PGE ore mineralization in the Monchegorsk magmatic layered complex (Kola Peninsula, Russia). GEOLOGY OF ORE DEPOSITS C/C OF GEOLOGIIA RUDNYKH MESTOROZHDENII, 45(4), 287-308.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Northern Karelia
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p63
Sierra Leone
  • Western Area
Mineralogy and Petrology (2000): 68: 75-84 .
Bowles, J. F., Suárez, S., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2018). The mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of the alluvial platinum-group minerals of the Freetown Layered Complex, Sierra Leone. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-30.
South Africa
  • Limpopo
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
Minerals of South Africa
Voordouw, R. J., Gutzmer, J., & Beukes, N. J. (2010). Zoning of platinum group mineral assemblages in the UG2 chromitite determined through in situ SEM-EDS-based image analysis. Mineralium Deposita, 45(2), 147-159.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
Madon, M., Gil, J.I., Via, J. and Girardeau, J. (1991). Characterization and thermodynamic properties of andradite, Ca3Fe2Si3O12. American Mineralogist, 76:1249-1260.; Moreno, T., Lunar, R., Prichard, H.M., Monterrubio, S. and Ortega, L. (1999) Platinum-group element mineralization in chromitites from the ultramafic massifs of the Cabo Ortegal complex. Geogaceta, 25:135-138.; Moreno, T., Gibbons, W., Lunar, R., Prichard, H.M., Monterrubio, S. and García-izquierdo, B. (2002) Concentraciones de cromita y elementos del grupo del platino en las rocas ultramáficas del complejo de Cabo Ortegal (NO de España): implicaciones tectónicas. Bol. Soc. Esp. Min., 25:129-144.; García, B., Lunar, R. and Capote, R. (2002). Difusión de Al-Cr en espinelas durante la deformación en rocas ultramáficas de los complejos de Cabo Ortegal (NO de España) y de BraganÇa (NE de Portugal). Bol. Soc. Esp. Min., 25A:37-44.
  • California
    • Nevada Co.
      • North San Juan District
        • North San Juan
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 63-64; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp. 589-594 (1979); Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
          • J-M Reef (Howland Reef)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp."149-162(1 985)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
      • Stillwater Complex
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
    • Sweet Grass Co.
      • Stillwater Complex
Bart Cannon analysis, Cannon Microprobe, #FP 40, January 8, 1995.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi mining district (Hartley mining district)
      • Chiredzi
Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342
Mineral and/or Locality  
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