SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Wairauite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
04741840015207583453293.jpg
Red Hills, Wairau Valley at about 1000 meters altitude

Red Hills, Wairau Valley, Marlborough Region, New Zealand
Formula:
CoFe
Colour:
Steel-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
8.32
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Wairau Valley, South Island, New Zealand.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of WairauiteHide

Approved
Approval year:
1964
First published:
1964
1.AE.15

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
E : Iron-chromium family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.18.1
1.1.11.6

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.60

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of WairauiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Steel-gray
Hardness:
Hardness:
VHN100=255 - Vickers
Density:
8.32 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Chemical Properties of WairauiteHide

Formula:
CoFe
Common Impurities:
Ni

Crystallography of WairauiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 2.85 Å
Unit Cell V:
23.15 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1

Crystal StructureHide

Load
Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Show
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
Polyhedra Off | Si Polyhedra | All Polyhedra
Remove metal-metal sticks
Display Options
Black Background | White Background
Perspective On | Perspective Off
2D | Stereo | Red-Blue | Red-Cyan
View
CIF File    Best | x | y | z | a | b | c
Rotation
Stop | Start
Labels
Console Off | On | Grey | Yellow
IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0005254WairauiteBayliss P (1990) Revised unit cell dimensions, space group, and chemical formula of some metallic minerals The Canadian Mineralogist 28 751-75519900293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of WairauiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
very small grains distributed throughout serpentinite, typically < 2 microns diameter
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geological Survey of New Zealand, Lower Hutt, New Zealand, P25574; Cambridge University, Cambridge, England; National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 137192.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Serpentinite near a large ultramafic intrusion
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Challis, G.A., Long, J.V.P. (1964) Wairauite, a new cobalt-iron mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 942-948.

Synonyms of WairauiteHide

Other Language Names for WairauiteHide

German:Wairauit
Simplified Chinese:铁钴矿
Spanish:Wairauita
Traditional Chinese:鐵鈷礦

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AE.VanadiumVIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05MolybdenumMoIso.
1.AE.05ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.AE.05TungstenWIso.
1.AE.05UM2001-06-E:CrFeNiFe7Cr2Ni
1.AE.10Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.10TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.AE.10AntitaeniteFe3Ni
1.AE.15ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.15FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.20AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.25JedwabiteFe7(Ta,Nb)3Hex. 6mm : P63mc
1.AE.30ManganeseMnIso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.1.11.1Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.1.11.2Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.11.3TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.1.11.4AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.11.5NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag,Hg)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3n
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Highly magnetic
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WairauiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Challis, G.A., Long, J.V.P. (1964) Wairauite, a new cobalt-iron mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 942-948.
Fleischer, M. (1965) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 50: 519-522.
Lorand, J.-P., Pinet, M. (1983) Sur la présence de fer natif et de wairauite (FeCo) dans les périodites serpentinisées du massif ultramafique de Ronda (Cordillère Bétique; Espagne du Sud) (On the occurrence of native iron and wairauite in serpentinized peridotites from the Ronda ultramafic body (Betic Cordillera, Southern Spain)). Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des sciences, Série 2: 297(6): 501-504.
Bayliss, P. (1990) Revised unit cell dimensions, space group, and chemical formula of some metallic minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 28: 751-755.
Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J. (1991) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 76: 2020-2026.
Hua, X., Eisenhour, D.D., Buseck, P.R. (1995) Cobalt‐rich, nickel‐poor metal (wairauite) in the Ningqiang carbonaceous chondrite. Meteoritics: 30(1): 106-109.
Ukegawa, C., Minakawa, T. (2004) Awaruite, wairauite and Ni-sulphides in serpentinite from Sikoku. Abstracts for the Meeting (2004) of the Mineralogical Society of Japan.
Hazen, R.M., Hystad, G., Golden, J.J., Hummer, D.R., Liu, C., Downs, R.T., Morrison, S.M., Ralph, J., Grew, E.S. (2017) Cobalt mineral ecology. American Mineralogist: 102: 108-116.

Internet Links for WairauiteHide

Localities for WairauiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Marchesi, C., Garrido, C. J., Harvey, J., González-Jiménez, J. M., Hidas, K., Lorand, J. P., & Gervilla, F. (2013). Platinum-group elements, S, Se and Cu in highly depleted abyssal peridotites from the Mid-Atlantic Ocean Ridge (ODP Hole 1274A): Influence of hydrothermal and magmatic processes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 166(5), 1521-1538.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • New Westminster Mining Division
www.em.gov.bc.ca/cf/minfile/search/search.cfm?minfilno=092HSW136
  • Nunavut
    • Coppermine River area
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Chamberlain, J. A., McLeod, C. R., Traill, R. J., & Lachance, G. R. (1965). Native metals in the Muskox intrusion. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2(3), 188-215.
China
 
  • Shaanxi
    • Hanzhong
      • Ningqiang County
Xin, H., Eisenhour, D.D., and Buseck, P.R. (1995): Meteoritics 30(1), 106-109.
India
 
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Brearley, A.J. & Jones, R.H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials, Chapter 3; Papike, J.J.-Ed.: Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. 398 pages.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Balangero
Prete, R. (1995): L'amiantifera di S. Vittore, Balangero, Torino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1995, 313-333.
Japan
 
  • Ehime Prefecture
Ukegawa & Minakawa (2004) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 138.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Pavlodar Region
    • Pavlodar
Krot, A. N., Brearley, A. J., Biryukov, V. V., Ulyanov, A. A., Keil, K., Swindle, T. D. & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1997). Dark inclusions in the reduced CV3 chondrite Efremovka - Evidence for various degrees of aqueous alteration and thermal metamorphism. Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII, pdf#1346, 769-770. (March 1997)
New Zealand (TL)
 
  • Marlborough Region
    • Wairau Valley
Challis, G.A., Long, J.V.P. (1964) Wairauite-a new cobalt-iron mineral. Mineralogical Magazine 33, 942-948.
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
F. Zaccarini et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 42, pp. 545-562 (2004).
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Korf
Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District
      • Kureika river
Ryabov, V. V., & Lapkovsky, A. A. (2010, October). Unique polymineral association of Co-Ni and noble metal phases in gabbro-dolerite of the Dzhaltul trap intrusion (Siberian Platform). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 434, No. 2, pp. 1325-1329). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Aidyrlya River
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Serbia
 
  • Central Serbia
    • Moravica District
      • Čačak
        • Jelica
Brearley, A.J. & Jones, R.H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials, Chapter 3; Papike, J.J.-Ed.: Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. 398 pages.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
Lorand, J.-P., Pinet, M. (1983) Sur la présence de fer natif et de wairauite (FeCo) dans les périodites serpentinisées du massif ultramafique de Ronda (Cordillère Bétique; Espagne du Sud) (On the occurrence of native iron and wairauite in serpentinized peridotites from the Ronda ultramafic body (Betic Cordillera, Southern Spain)). Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des sciences, Série 2: 297(6): 501-504.
UK
 
  • England
    • Lancashire
      • West Lancashire
        • Wrightington
Brearley, A.J. & Jones, R.H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials, Chapter 3; Papike, J.J.-Ed.: Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. 398 pages.
USA
 
  • Oregon
    • Josephine Co.
      • Josephine Creek Mining District
www.geo.cornell.edu/geology/faculty/Bird.html; (inclusions in "josephinite" nuggets) Dick, H.J.B. (1974) Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 24, 291-298.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2021, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us - Report a bug/vulnerability Current server date and time: April 14, 2021 02:38:32 Page generated: April 11, 2021 12:08:13
Go to top of page