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Wairauite

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Red Hills, Wairau Valley at about 1000 meters altitude

Red Hills, Wairau Valley, Marlborough Region, South Island, New Zealand
Formula:
CoFe
Colour:
Steel-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Wairau Valley, South Island, New Zealand.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of WairauiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1964
First Published:
1964
1.AE.15

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
E : Iron-chromium family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.18.1
1.1.11.6

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.60

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of WairauiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Steel-gray
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of WairauiteHide

Formula:
CoFe
Common Impurities:
Ni

Type Occurrence of WairauiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
very small grains distributed throughout serpentinite, typically < 2 microns diameter
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Serpentinite near a large ultramafic intrusion
Reference:
Challis, G.A., Long, J.V.P. (1964) Wairauite, a new cobalt-iron mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 942-948.

Synonyms of WairauiteHide

Other Language Names for WairauiteHide

German:Wairauit
Simplified Chinese:铁钴矿
Spanish:Wairauita
Traditional Chinese:鐵鈷礦

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AE.VanadiumVIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05MolybdenumMoIso.
1.AE.05ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.AE.05TungstenWIso.
1.AE.05UM2001-06-E:CrFeNiFe7Cr2Ni
1.AE.10Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.10TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.AE.10AntitaeniteFe3Ni
1.AE.15ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.15FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.20AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.25JedwabiteFe7(Ta,Nb)3Hex. 6mm : P63mc
1.AE.30ManganeseMnIso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.1.11.1Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.1.11.2Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.11.3TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.1.11.4AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.11.5NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Highly magnetic
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WairauiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Challis, G.A., Long, J.V.P. (1964) Wairauite, a new cobalt-iron mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 942-948.
Fleischer, M. (1965) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 50: 519-522.
Bayliss, P. (1990) Revised unit cell dimensions, space group, and chemical formula of some metallic minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 28: 751-755.
Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J. (1991) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 76: 2020-2026.
Hazen, R.M., Hystad, G., Golden, J.J., Hummer, D.R., Liu, C., Downs, R.T., Morrison, S.M., Ralph, J., Grew, E.S. (2017) Cobalt mineral ecology. American Mineralogist: 102: 108-116.

Internet Links for WairauiteHide

Localities for WairauiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • New Westminster Mining Division
www.em.gov.bc.ca/cf/minfile/search/search.cfm?minfilno=092HSW136
  • Nunavut
    • Coppermine River area
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Chamberlain, J. A., McLeod, C. R., Traill, R. J., & Lachance, G. R. (1965). Native metals in the Muskox intrusion. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2(3), 188-215.
China
 
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Ningqiang Co.
Xin, H., Eisenhour, D.D., and Buseck, P.R. (1995): Meteoritics 30(1), 106-109.
India
 
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Brearley, A.J. & Jones, R.H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials, Chapter 3; Papike, J.J.-Ed.: Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. 398 pages.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Balangero
Prete, R. (1995): L'amiantifera di S. Vittore, Balangero, Torino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1995, 313-333.
Japan
 
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
Ukegawa & Minakawa (2004) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 138.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Pavlodar
Krot, A. N., Brearley, A. J., Biryukov, V. V., Ulyanov, A. A., Keil, K., Swindle, T. D. & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1997). Dark inclusions in the reduced CV3 chondrite Efremovka - Evidence for various degrees of aqueous alteration and thermal metamorphism. Lunar and Planetary Science XXVIII, pdf#1346, 769-770. (March 1997)
New Zealand (TL)
 
  • South Island
    • Marlborough Region
      • Wairau Valley
Challis, G.A., Long, J.V.P. (1964) Wairauite-a new cobalt-iron mineral. Mineralogical Magazine 33, 942-948.
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
F. Zaccarini et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 42, pp. 545-562 (2004).
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
        • Aidyrlya River
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Serbia
 
  • Moravica District
    • Čačak (Caßak; Zazach)
      • Jelica
Brearley, A.J. & Jones, R.H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials, Chapter 3; Papike, J.J.-Ed.: Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. 398 pages.
UK
 
  • England
    • Lancashire
      • West Lancashire
        • Wrightington
Brearley, A.J. & Jones, R.H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials, Chapter 3; Papike, J.J.-Ed.: Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. 398 pages.
USA
 
  • Oregon
    • Josephine Co.
      • Josephine Creek District
www.geo.cornell.edu/geology/faculty/Bird.html; (inclusions in "josephinite" nuggets) Dick, H.J.B. (1974) Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 24, 291-298.
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