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Wakefieldite-(Ce)

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About Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Ce(VO4)
Colour:
Black
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Member of:
Name:
Originally named kusuite for the Kusu deposit, 85 km SW of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Renamed to wakefieldite-(Ce) in 1987, when, at the same time, wakefieldite was renamed wakefieldite-(Y). The original wakefieldite was in turn named for the lake near its type locality.
Xenotime Group.
The Ce analogue of wakefieldite-(Y), wakefieldite-(La) and wakefieldite-(Nd).

A solid solution involving Ce- and Y-dominant wakefieldite was recently found, together with As-rich xenotime-(Y), as a probable secondary mineral in silicified Agathoxylon wood (Matisová et al., in press).


Classification of Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Approved
8.AD.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
38.4.11.4

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
4 : AXO4
21.3.7

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
3 : Vanadates of Al, rare earths, Pb, V or Bi

Pronounciation of Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Colour:
Black
Streak:
Rusty-brown

Chemical Properties of Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Ce(VO4)
IMA Formula:
CeVO4

Crystallography of Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I41/amd
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.34 Å, c = 6.50 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.886
Unit Cell V:
350.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Dipyramidal (pseudo-octahedral) or prismatic [001]
Comment:
Unit-cell parameters variable: 7.33-7.35, 6.45-6.56 A.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.89 (50)
3.678 (100)
2.766 (90)
2.594 (40)
2.291 (30)
1.891 (70)
1.638 (40)

Type Occurrence of Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Relationship of Wakefieldite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
PretuliteSc(PO4)Tet.
Wakefieldite-(La)La(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
Wakefieldite-(Nd)Nd(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
Xenotime-(Yb)Yb(PO4)Tet.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Brewsterite1 photo of Wakefieldite-(Ce) associated with Brewsterite on mindat.org.
Hematite1 photo of Wakefieldite-(Ce) associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Analcime1 photo of Wakefieldite-(Ce) associated with Analcime on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AD.05NahpoiteNa2HPO4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AD.10MonetiteCa(HPO4)Tric. 1
8.AD.10WeiliteCa(HAsO4)Tric. 1 : P1
8.AD.10ŠvenekiteCa(H2AsO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
8.AD.15Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
8.AD.15Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)Tet. 4 2 2 : I41 2 2
8.AD.20Phosphammite(NH4)2(HPO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.25BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
8.AD.30SchultenitePb(HAsO4)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AD.35Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35DreyeriteBi(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35PretuliteSc(PO4)Tet.
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Yb)Yb(PO4)Tet.
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(La)La(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.40PucheriteBi(VO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.AD.45XimengiteBi(PO4)Trig.
8.AD.50Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.50Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
8.AD.50RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)Mon. 2/m
8.AD.50CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2Mon. 2/m
8.AD.50Monazite-(Sm)Sm(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AD.50UM2005-35-VO:CaFePSiTh(Th,Ca)(VO4,SiO4,PO4)
8.AD.55TetrarooseveltiteBi(AsO4)Tet.
8.AD.60Chursinite(Hg+2)0.5Hg2+(AsO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.65ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

38.4.11.2Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
38.4.11.3Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

21.3.1SteigeriteAl(VO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
21.3.2Alvanite(Zn,Ni)Al4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
21.3.3MetaschoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
21.3.4SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2OMon.
21.3.5SatpaeviteAl12V4+2V5+6O37 · 30H2O
21.3.6VanaliteNaAl8V10O38 · 30H2OMon.
21.3.7Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.8ChervetitePb2(V2O7)Mon.
21.3.9MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.3.10DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.3.11ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)Mon. 2/m
21.3.11DreyeriteBi(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.11PucheriteBi(VO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.3.12SchumacheriteBi3(VO4)2O(OH)Tric.
21.3.13NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
21.3.14Pottsite(Pb3xBi4-2x)(VO4)4·H2O (0.8 < x < 1.0)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
21.3.15Duhamelite(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)Orth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1977) La kusuïte (Ce3+, Pb2+, Pb4+)VO4, nouveau minéral. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 100: 39-41.
Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., Mandarino, J.A., Chao, G.Y. (1977) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 62: 1057-1061.
Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1986) La kusuïte devient la wakefieldite-(Ce) plombifère. Bulletin de Minéralogie: 109: 305-305.
Budracco-Gritti, C., Quartieri, S., Vezzalini, G., Permingeat, F., Pillard, F., Rinali, R. (1987) Une wakefieldite-(Ce) non plombifêre: nouvelles données sur l’espèce minérale correspondant à l’orthovanadate de cérium. Bulletin de Minéralogie: 110: 657-663.
Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Ercit, T.S., Grice, J.D., Grew, E.S. (1988) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 73: 927-935.
Howard, D.G. (1995) Occurrence of wakefieldite-(Ce) with zeolites at Yellow Lake, British Columbia, Canada. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie Monatshefte: 3: 127–132.
Matisová, P., Götze, J., Leichmann, J., Škoda, R., Strnad, L., Drahota, P., Grygar, T.M. (2016) Cathodoluminescence and LA-ICP-MS chemistry of silicified wood enclosing wakefieldite – REEs and V migration during complex diagenetic evolution. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28(5): 869-887.

Internet Links for Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Wakefieldite-(Ce)Hide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary; Arkaroola Station)
          • Mt Painter area
Bakker RJ (2006), Contrib Mineral Petrol152, 541-569
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
        • Obernberg valley
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. & Auer, C. (2018): 2076) Aegirin, Aegirin-Augit, Albit, Baddeleyit, Baryt, Brandtit(?), Braunit, Calcit, Canosioit, Clinosuenoit (ehemals „Manganocummingtonit“), Coelestin, Diaspor, Dolomit, Fluorapatit (As-haltig), Fluorcalcioroméit, Gamagarit, Hämatit, Hausmannit, Hjalmarit, Hollandit, Hydroxycalcioroméit, Klinochlor, Kutnohorit, Mischkristalle Manganiandrosit-(La) - Manganiakasakait-(La), Nambulit, Phlogopit, Piemontit, Pyrobelonit, Sb-haltiger Pyrophanit, Quarz, Ranciéit(?), Rhodochrosit, Rhodonit, Richterit, Rutil, Spessartin, Talk, Thorit, Tremolit, Tilasit, Titanit, Tokyoit, Wakefieldit-(Ce), Wakefieldit-(Y), Zirkon, das Sb-Analogon von Hydroxymanganopyrochlor und unbenanntes LaAsO4 vom Obernberger Tribulaun, Nordtirol - ein erster Bericht über mineralogisch komplexe, linsenförmige metamorphe Manganvererzungen. Pp. 206-213 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Osoyoos Mining Division
      • Olalla
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia-Silesia Region
    • Frýdek-Místek
Matýsek D. (2013): Projevy mobilizace prvků vzácných zemin (REE) v podbeskydských těšínitech. Acta Mus. Morav., Sci. nat., 98, 101–113.
Democratic Republic of the Congo (TL)
 
  • Sud-Kivu
    • Mwenga
Bull.Minéral.(1986) 109, 305
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
U. Kolitsch, J. Gröbner, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und A. Pring (2005): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (II): Dreyerit, Gasparit-(Ce), Klinobisvanit, Kobaltkoritnigit, Metatyuyamunit, Roscoelith, Sengierit, Vésigniéit und Wakefieldit. Lapis 30 (9), 35-39; 58. (in German)
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Andernach
        • Nickenich
          • Nickenicher Sattel (Eicher Sattel)
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
  • Thuringia
    • Harz
      • Nordhausen
        • Ilfeld
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch and J. Wesiger (2011): New finds of vanadate and rare-earth minerals from the manganese mine Ilfeld, Harz. Mineralien-Welt 22 (1), 41-49. (in German)
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 657-663.
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