SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Weberite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About WeberiteHide

02559380014947128588902.jpg
Theobald Weber
Formula:
Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Colour:
Grayish white; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.96
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named after Theobald Christian Fridrich Weber (September 13, 1823, København - September 3, 1886 Svendborg), a founder of the Danish cryolite industry in 1857.
This page provides mineralogical data about Weberite.


Classification of WeberiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.CB.25

3 : HALIDES
C : Complex halides
B : Neso-aluminofluorides
11.6.13.1

11 : HALIDE COMPLEXES
6 : Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
8.6.8

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
6 : Halides of Al

Physical Properties of WeberiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Grayish white; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
On {101} poor; on {010} indistinct.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.96 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.966 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WeberiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.344 - 1.346 nβ = 1.346 - 1.348 nγ = 1.347 - 1.350
2V:
Measured: 83° (3), Calculated: 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.003 - 0.004
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of WeberiteHide

Formula:
Na2Mg[AlF6]F
IMA Formula:
Na2MgAlF7

Crystallography of WeberiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Immm
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.31 Å, b = 7.06 Å, c = 9.99 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.035 : 1 : 1.415
Unit Cell V:
515.57 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Irregular grains and masses. Inclusions in cryolite.
Twinning:
With [111] as twin axis and {011} as composition plane, commonly as contact twins

Crystal StructureHide

Load
Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Show
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
Polyhedra Off | Si Polyhedra | All Polyhedra
Remove metal-metal sticks
Display Options
Black Background | White Background
Perspective On | Perspective Off
2D | Stereo | Red-Blue | Red-Cyan
View
CIF File    Best | x | y | z | a | b | c
Rotation
Stop | Start
Labels
Console Off | On | Grey | Yellow
IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0013477WeberiteKnop O, Cameron T S, Jochem K (1982) What is the true space group of weberite? Journal of Solid State Chemistry 43 213-2211982Ivigtut, Greenland0293
0013478WeberiteKnop O, Cameron T S, Jochem K (1982) What is the true space group of weberite? Journal of Solid State Chemistry 43 213-2211982Ivigtut, Greenland0133
0013479WeberiteKnop O, Cameron T S, Jochem K (1982) What is the true space group of weberite? Journal of Solid State Chemistry 43 213-2211982Ivigtut, Greenland0293
0013480WeberiteKnop O, Cameron T S, Jochem K (1982) What is the true space group of weberite? Journal of Solid State Chemistry 43 213-2211982Ivigtut, Greenland0133
0013481WeberiteKnop O, Cameron T S, Jochem K (1982) What is the true space group of weberite? Journal of Solid State Chemistry 43 213-2211982Ivigtut, Greenland0293
0013482WeberiteKnop O, Cameron T S, Jochem K (1982) What is the true space group of weberite? Journal of Solid State Chemistry 43 213-2211982Ivigtut, Greenland0133
0013483WeberiteKnop O, Cameron T S, Jochem K (1982) What is the true space group of weberite? Journal of Solid State Chemistry 43 213-2211982Ivigtut, Greenland0293
0013484WeberiteKnop O, Cameron T S, Jochem K (1982) What is the true space group of weberite? Journal of Solid State Chemistry 43 213-2211982Ivigtut, Greenland0133
0015669WeberiteGiuseppetti G, Tadini C (1978) Re-examination of the crystal structure of weberite Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 25 57-621978Ivigtut, Greenland0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
1.779 Å(10)
2.95 Å(9)
2.89 Å(9)
5.05 Å(6)
5.89 Å(5)
2.30 Å(5)
1.542 Å(5)

Type Occurrence of WeberiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1981.936
Geological Setting of Type Material:
cryolite deposit and overlying pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for WeberiteHide

German:Weberit
Spanish:Weberita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
7 photos of Weberite associated with QuartzSiO2
6 photos of Weberite associated with SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
6 photos of Weberite associated with FluoriteCaF2
6 photos of Weberite associated with MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
5 photos of Weberite associated with BaryteBaSO4
5 photos of Weberite associated with GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
5 photos of Weberite associated with CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
5 photos of Weberite associated with JørgenseniteNa2(Sr,Ba)14Na2Al12F64(OH,F)4
4 photos of Weberite associated with TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
3 photos of Weberite associated with ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.CB.05CryolithioniteNa3Al2(LiF4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
3.CB.15CryoliteNa2NaAlF6Mon. 2/m
3.CB.15ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.CB.15SimmonsiteNa2LiAlF6Mon.
3.CB.20ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]Trig.
3.CB.30KarasugiteSrCa[Al(F,OH)7]Mon.
3.CB.35UsoviteBa2CaMgAl2F14Mon.
3.CB.40PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2OMon. 2/m
3.CB.40ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.CB.45CarlhintzeiteCa2[AlF6]F · H2OTric.
3.CB.50YaroslaviteCa3Al2F10(OH)2 · H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.6.1ZharchikhiteAlF(OH)2Mon.
8.6.2ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2OTrig.
8.6.3CadwaladeriteAl5(H2O)3(OH)12 · n(Cl,H2O)Amor.
8.6.4CryolithioniteNa3Al2(LiF4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.6.5CryoliteNa2NaAlF6Mon. 2/m
8.6.6ChioliteNa5Al3F14Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mnc
8.6.7ElpasoliteK2NaAlF6Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
8.6.9Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6 · H2O Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
8.6.10KoeneniteNa4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.6.11 Chlor-manasseiteMgxAl(OH)2x+2Cl · (x-0.8)H2O
x about 1.75
8.6.12GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]Tric. 1 : P1
8.6.13ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.6.14YaroslaviteCa3Al2F10(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
8.6.15CarlhintzeiteCa2[AlF6]F · H2OTric.
8.6.16ColquiriiteCaLi[AlF6]Trig.
8.6.17ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.6.18PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2OMon. 2/m
8.6.19Zirklerite(Fe,Mg,Ca)9Al4Cl18(OH)12 · 14H2O (?)Trig.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Slightly soluble in water. Readily soluble in an AlCl3 solution.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WeberiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bøgvad, R. (1938) Weberite, a new mineral from Ivigtut. Meddelelser om Grønland: 119: 3-11.
Foshag, W.F. (1939) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 24: 278.
Brosset (1943) American Chemical Society: 37: 13.
Byström, A. (1944) The structure of weberite, Na2MgAlF7. Arkiv för kemi, mineralogi och geologi: 18(1).
Ferguson, R.B. (1948) Observations on weberite and jarlite. American Mineralogist: 33(3-4): 195-195.
Ferguson, R.B. (1949) Observations on some aluminium fluoride minerals. American Mineralogist: 34(5-6): 383-397.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 127-128.
Giuseppetti, G., Tadini, C. (1978) Re-examination of the crystal structure of weberite. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 25: 57-62.
Knop, O., Cameron, T.S., Jochem, K. (1982) What is the true space group of weberite?. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 43(2): 213-221.
Caramanian, A., Souron, J.P., Gredin, P., de Kozak, A. (2001) The crystal structure of the weberite Na2MgInF7. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 159: 234-238.

Internet Links for WeberiteHide

Localities for WeberiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Western Antarctica
    • Antarctic Peninsula
      • South Shetland Islands
Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill
Finland
 
  • Kymenlaakso
    • Kotka
Ilkka Mikkola collection; Lahti, Seppo I. 2012. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4. 6-23
Greenland (TL)
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
Meddelelser om Grønland (1938), 119(7), 1; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 112, 128.;Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Kazakhstan
 
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Russia
 
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
Starikova, Sharygin, V.V. (2015): Ba-dominant fluoroaluminates from the Katugin rare-metal deposit (Transbaikalia, Russia): chemical and Raman data. XXXII International Conference "Alkaline Magmatism of the Earth and Related Strategic Metal Deposits", August 7-14, Apatity, Kola, Russia; Starikova, A. E., Bazarova, E. P., Savel’eva, V. B., Sklyarov, E. V., Khromova, E. A., & Kanakin, S. V. (2019) Pyrochlore-Group Minerals in the Granite-Hosted Katugin Rare-Metal Deposit, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals, 9(8), 490.
Ukraine
 
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
Yurk Yu.Yu., Gurov E.P., Gurova E.P. (1973) Pecularities of fluorin mineralogy of Ukrainian crystalline shield, - Naukova Dumka, Kiev, pp.184 (in Russian).; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • El Paso Co.
      • Cheyenne Mining District (St. Peters Dome Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
        • St Peters Dome
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Am Min 51:299-323
    • Fremont Co.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; Armbrustmacher, T. J. (1988) Geology and resources of thorium and associated elements in the Wet Mountains area, Fremont and Custer counties, Colorado. USGS Professional Paper: 1049-F
  • Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting Mining District
        • Gillis Range
Mineralogical Record: 31: 204.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2021, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us - Report a bug/vulnerability Current server date and time: April 19, 2021 22:50:39 Page generated: March 23, 2021 23:59:29
Go to top of page