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Weissbergite

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About WeissbergiteHide

Formula:
TlSbS2
Colour:
Steel-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
5.79
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named after Byron G. Weissberg (b. 1930), geologist and mineralogist, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (New Zealand).
Chemically, the Sb analogue of (monoclinic) lorándite.
Compare the closely related drechslerite (with As-Sb ordering in the crystal structure).


Classification of WeissbergiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1975
2.HD.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
D : With Tl
3.7.7.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
7 : ø = 2
5.5.13

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl

Physical Properties of WeissbergiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Steel-gray
Streak:
Dark gray
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Four different cleavages: one perfect, two very good, one good.
Density:
5.79 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.22 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WeissbergiteHide

Anisotropism:
Strong
Reflectivity:
nmR= = 35.0 - 36.8 (546 nm%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 0%.

Chemical Properties of WeissbergiteHide

Formula:
TlSbS2

Crystallography of WeissbergiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.123 Å, b = 6.293 Å, c = 11.838 Å
α = 101.34°, β = 98.39°, γ = 103.21°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.973 : 1 : 1.881
Unit Cell V:
426.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Frequently anhedral granular.
Comment:
Originally assumed to have space group P1 (no. 1).

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009980WeissbergiteRey N, Jumas J C, Olivier-Fourcade J, Philippot E (1983) Sur les composes III-V-VI: Etude structurale du disulfure d'antimoine et de thallium, TlSbS2 Acta Crystallographica C39 971-9741983synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.75 Å(10)
3.71 Å(10)
3.65 Å(10)
3.58 Å(10)
2.97 Å(100)
2.84 Å(10)
2.35 Å(10)
1.49 Å(10)
Comments:
ICDD 29-1331 (synthetic)

Type Occurrence of WeissbergiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Hydrothermal deposits

Synonyms of WeissbergiteHide

Other Language Names for WeissbergiteHide

Simplified Chinese:维硫锑铊矿
Spanish:Weissbergita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Weissbergite associated with ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
5 photos of Weissbergite associated with ChalcedonySiO2
3 photos of Weissbergite associated with KermesiteSb2S2O
2 photos of Weissbergite associated with

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HD.05LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.15ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
2.HD.20JankovićiteTl5Sb9(As,Sb)4S22Tric. 1 : P1
2.HD.25RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.30ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
2.HD.35EdenharteritePbTlAs3S6Orth.
2.HD.40JentschiteTlPbAs2SbS6Mon. 2/m
2.HD.45HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
2.HD.50BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.55SicheriteTlAg2(As,Sb)3S6Orth.
2.HD.60GabrieliteTl6Ag3Cu6(As,Sb)9S21Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3Trig. 3m : R3m
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
5.5.4SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.5.6RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
5.5.7HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
5.5.8Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
5.5.9BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.10VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.12GillulyiteTl2As7.5Sb0.3S13Mon. 2/m
5.5.14Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
5.5.15VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7Tric.
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
5.5.18ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
5.5.19CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10Mon.
5.5.20ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains thallium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for WeissbergiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 720-724.
Dickson, F. W. (1978): Weissbergite, TlSbS2, a new mineral from the Carlin gold deposit, Nevada. American Mineralogist, 63, 720-724.
Rey, N, Jumas, J. C., Olivier-Fourcade, J., and Philippot, E. (1983): Sur les composés III-V-VI: Etude structurale du disulfure d’antimoine et de thallium. Acta Crystallographica, 39, 971-974.
Mineralogical Record (1993): 24: 446.
Kharbish, S. (2011): Raman spectrosopic investigations of some Tl-sulfosalt minerals containing pyramidal (As,Sb)S3 groups. American Mineralogist, 96, 609-616.

Internet Links for WeissbergiteHide

Localities for WeissbergiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
North Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci Municipality
    • Rožden
Rieck, B. (1993): Famous mineral localities: Allchar, Macedonia, Mineralogical Record, 24 (6), 437-449; Boevl, B., Bermanec, V., Serafimovski, T., Lepitkoval, S., & Mikulcic, S. (2001). Allchar Mineral Assemblage. Geologica Macedonica, Vol. 15-16, p. 1-23 (2001-2002) Suppl
Russia
 
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Agminsky District
      • Upper Amga gold-mining district
Anisimova, G.S.; Kondratieva, L.A.; Kardashevskaia, V.N. (2020) Characteristics of Supergene Gold of Karst Cavities of the Khokhoy Gold Ore Field (Aldan Shield, East Russia). Minerals 10, 139.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld
See also http://fglb.clubdesk.ch/clubdesk/www
USA (TL)
 
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
        • Elko
Amer.Min.(1977) 62, 720-724; Min.Rec.:20:469.
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Sheeprock Mountains
        • Little Valley
King, N. R. (2014, October). THE MINERAL ASSEMBLAGE FROM LOOKOUT PASS AREA, SHEEPROCK MOUNTAINS, TOOELE CO., UTAH. In 2014 GSA Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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