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Wermlandite

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About WermlanditeHide

Formula:
Mg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
May contain some carbonate(?).
Colour:
Green-gray
Lustre:
Waxy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
1.932
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Långban, Värmland (Wermland), Sweden.
This page provides mineralogical data about Wermlandite.


Classification of WermlanditeHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1970
7.DD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.3.2.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : (AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
11.7.10

11 : Carbonates
7 : Carbonates of Al

Physical Properties of WermlanditeHide

Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Green-gray
Streak:
White to light gray green
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {0001}
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
1.932 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.96 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WermlanditeHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.493 nε = 1.482
2V:
Measured: 2° to 5°
Birefringence:
0.011
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Optical Extinction:
Parallel

Chemical Properties of WermlanditeHide

Formula:
Mg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O

May contain some carbonate(?).
IMA Formula:
Mg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O

Crystallography of WermlanditeHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
P3c1
Setting:
P3c1
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.303(3) Å, c = 22.57(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.426
Unit Cell V:
1,691.64 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Thin pseudohexagonal platy crystals

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
11.2 (70)
7.98 (100)
5.62 (40)
4.63 (50)
3.89 (40)
2.61 (40)
1.54 (40)
1.51 (30)
Comments:
ZK 168:133 (1984)

Type Occurrence of WermlanditeHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Low temperature vein filling in calcite.

Synonyms of WermlanditeHide

Other Language Names for WermlanditeHide

Relationship of Wermlandite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
KarchevskyiteMg18Al9(OH)54Sr2(CO3)9(H2O)6 (H3O)5Trig.
MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Calcite1 photo of Wermlandite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OTric.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2OHex.
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.7.1ScarbroiteAl5(CO3)(OH)13 · 5H2OHex.
11.7.2HydroscarbroiteAl14(CO3)3(OH)36 · nH2OTric.
11.7.3DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
11.7.4HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
11.7.5Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
11.7.6IndigiriteMg2Al2(CO3)4(OH)2 · 15H2O
11.7.7AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.7.8Para-alumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
11.7.9TunisiteNaCa2Al4(CO3)4(OH)8ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
11.7.11MontroyaliteSr4Al8(CO3)3(OH,F)26 · 10-11H2O
11.7.12DresseriteBaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.7.13HydrodresseriteBaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 3H2OTric.
11.7.14StrontiodresseriteSrAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth.

Fluorescence of WermlanditeHide

Not fluorescent.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WermlanditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Lithos (1971), 4, 213-217.
American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 327.
Rius, J. & Allmann, R. (1984): The superstructure of the double layer mineral wermlandite [Mg7(Al0.57,Fe3+0.43)2(OH)18]2+[(Ca0.6,Mg0.4)(SO4)2(H2O)12]2-. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 168, 133-144.
American Mineralogist (1995): 80: 408.
Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Genin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T., Colombo, F. (2012): Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1289-1336.

Internet Links for WermlanditeHide

Localities for WermlanditeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Lithos,(1971) 4, 213-217; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Persberg district
Linden, R.H. (2002): Gåsgruvan, En mineralundersökning under åren 1996-2002. Östra Värmlands Mineralsällskap (Cited in Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Östra Värmlands Mineral Society,Långban,Sweden
Mineral and/or Locality  
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