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About WhitlockiteHide

Herbert P. Whitlock
Colourless, grey-white, light pink, light yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Vitreous, Resinous
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named after Herbert Percy Whitlock (31 July 1868, New York City, New York, USA - 22 February 1948), Curator of Minerals, American Museum of Natural History, New York (USA).
Whitlockite Group.
Visually indistinguishable from bobdownsite.
Structurally related to wopmayite.

All non-terrestrial whitlockites are actually merrillite (Dowty, 1977).

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Whitlockite.

Classification of WhitlockiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations

3 : (AB)3(XO4)2

19 : Phosphates
4 : Phosphates of Ca

Physical Properties of WhitlockiteHide

Vitreous, Resinous
Transparent, Translucent
Colourless, grey-white, light pink, light yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
None Observed
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
3.12 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.102 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WhitlockiteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.629 nε = 1.626
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.003
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of WhitlockiteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of WhitlockiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.33 Å, c = 37.103(5) Å
a:c = 1 : 3.592
Unit Cell V:
3,428.79 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals exhibit rhombohedral development; rarely tabular {0001}. Coarse-granular to earthy. Cave pearls.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of WhitlockiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Harvard University 95030
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of WhitlockiteHide

Other Language Names for WhitlockiteHide

Varieties of WhitlockiteHide

Martinite (of Kloos)A carbonate-bearing variety of whitlockite.
ZeugiteA carbonate-bearing Whitlockite.

Relationship of Whitlockite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
Hedegaardite(Ca,Na)9(Ca,Na)Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)Trig. 3m : R3c
MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Montgomeryite26 photos of Whitlockite associated with Montgomeryite on mindat.org.
Robertsite11 photos of Whitlockite associated with Robertsite on mindat.org.
Laueite8 photos of Whitlockite associated with Laueite on mindat.org.
Fairfieldite8 photos of Whitlockite associated with Fairfieldite on mindat.org.
Albite8 photos of Whitlockite associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Strunzite8 photos of Whitlockite associated with Strunzite on mindat.org.
Gormanite5 photos of Whitlockite associated with Gormanite on mindat.org.
Mitridatite5 photos of Whitlockite associated with Mitridatite on mindat.org.
Fluorapatite5 photos of Whitlockite associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.
Kulanite4 photos of Whitlockite associated with Kulanite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AC.WopmayiteCa6Na3□Mn(PO4)3(PO3OH)4 Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.10Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30Mon. m : Pb
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AC.25Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(NaCa2)Mn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2Orth. mm2 : Pca21
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 · Trig. 3 : P3
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe2+4Na4}{Fe2+43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe2+7(PO4)6Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12Mon. 2/m
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)Tet. 4 : I4
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 3m : R3c,◻)19Mg2(PO4)14Trig. 3m : R3m 3m (3 2/m) : R3m 3m : R3c 3m : R3c

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.4.1MonetiteCa(HPO4)Tric. 1
19.4.2HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
19.4.3BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
19.4.4IsoclasiteCa2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2OMon.
19.4.5BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.4.6CanaphiteNa2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2OMon.
19.4.7Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2OMon. m : Pm
19.4.9BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.4.10Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

Piezoelectric, pyroelectric
Readily soluble in dilute acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WhitlockiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Julien, A.A. (1865) On metabrushite, zeugite, ornithite, and other minerals of the Key of Sombrero, W.I.. American Journal of Science: 40: 367-379. (as Zeugite)
Shepard, C.U., Jr. (1878) On a new mineral, pyrophosporite: an anhydrous pyrophosphate of lime from the West Indies. American Journal of Science: 15: 49-51. (as Pyrophosphorite)
American Mineralogical Society, Program and Abstracts (1940): 7.
Frondel, C. (1941) Whitlockite: a new calcium phosphate, Ca3(PO4)2. American Mineralogist: 26: 145-152.
Frondel, C. (1943) Mineralogy of calcium phosphates in insular phosphate rock. American Mineralogist: 28: 215-232.
Bannister, F.A., Bennett, H. (1947) Whitlockite from Sebdou, Oran, Algeria. Mineralogical Magazine: 28: 29-30.
Frondel, C. (1949) Wolfeite, xanthoxenite, and whitlockite from the Palermo Mine, New Hampshire. American Mineralogist: 34: 692-705.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 684-686.
Fisher, D.J. and Volborth, A. (1960) Morinite-Apatite-Whitlockite. American Mineralogist 45, 645-667.
Gopal, R., Calvo, C. (1972) Structural relationship of whitlockite and β Ca3(PO4)2. Nature Physical Science: 237: 30-32.
Gopal, R., Calvo, C., Ito, J., Sabine, W.K. (1974) Crystal structure of synthetic Mg-whitlockite, Ca18Mg2H2(PO4)14. Canadian Journal of Chemistry: 52: 1155-1164.
Calvo, C., Gopal, R. (1975) The crystal structure of whitlockite from the Palermo Quarry. American Mineralogist: 60: 120-133.
Kostiner, E., Rea, J.R. (1976) The crystal structure of manganese-whitlockite, Ca18Mn2H2(PO4)14. Acta Crystallographica: B32: 250-253.
Schroeder, L.W., Dickens, B., Brown, W.E. (1977) Crystallographic studies of the role of Mg as a stabilizing impurity in β-Ca3(PO4)2. II. Refinement of Mg-containing β-Ca3(PO4)2. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 22: 253-262.
Dowty, E. (1977) Phosphate in Angra dos Reis: structure and composition of the Ca3(PO4)2 minerals. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 36: 347-351.
Hughes, J.M., Jolliff, B.L., Rakovan, J. (2008) The crystal chemistry of whitlockite and merrillite and the dehydrogenation of whitlockite to merrillite. American Mineralogist: 93: 1300–1305.
Adcock, C.T., Hausrath, E.M., Forster, P.M., Tschauner, O., Sefein, K.J. (2014) Synthesis and characterization of the Mars-relevant phosphate minerals Fe- and Mg- whitlockite and merrillite and a possible mechanism that maintains charge balance during whitlockite to merrillite transformation. American Mineralogist: 99: 1221-1232.
Tsirlin, A.A., Dikarev, E.V., Shpanchenko, R.V., Antipov, E.V. (2006) A new whitlockite, Ca8.42Na1.16V(PO4)7. Acta Crystallographica: C62: i13-i15.

Internet Links for WhitlockiteHide

Localities for WhitlockiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Oran Province
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686.; F. A. Bannister and Miss Hilda Bennett (1947) Whitlockite from Sebdou, Oran, Algeria. Mineralogical Magazine 28:29-30
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Transantarctic Mts
Semenova, A. S., Nazarov, M. A., & Guseva, E. V. (1992, March). Lunar Meteorite MAC 88105: Petrology of Igneous Rock Clasts. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 23).
  • Buenos Aires
    • Coronel Suaréz
      • D'Orbigny
  • Chaco
    • Doce de Octubre Department
      • Gran Chaco
Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Wooltana homestead area
Snow, M.R., Pring, A., Allen, N. (2014) Minerals of the Wooltana Cave, Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 138:2, 214-230.
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 1324.; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
    • Olary Province
      • Weekeroo Station
Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • Cocklebiddy Roadhouse
Caves: processes, development, and management By David S. Gillieson; Bridge, P.J.(1973):Guano Minerals from Murra-el-Evelyn Cave Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (December 1973):39:467-469
      • Madura Roadhouse
Mineralogical Magazine (1977): 41: 33-35.
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Millstatt lake
Walter, F. (1998): Exkursion E4 am 27.9.1998 - MinPet 98 (Pörtschach am Wörthersee/Kärnten) - Die Pegmatite des Millstätter See-Rückens. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 143, 437-450. [http://www.uibk.ac.at/mineralogie/oemg/bd_143/143minpet98_437-450.pdf]
        • Wolfsberg
Pichler (2009)
  • San Salvador District
    • San Salvador Island
Onac B.P., Mylroie J.E., White W.B. (2001): Mineralogy of cave deposits on San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Carbonates and Evaporites, 16, 1, 8-16.; Onac B.P., Sumrall J., Mylroie J.E., Kearns J. (2009): Cave minerals of San Salvador Island, Bahamas. The University of South Florida karst studies series, 1, 70 pp.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Martinho Campos
      • Ibitira
Heim, N. A., Wadhwa, M. & Davis, A. M. (March 1999) Rare Earth Element Abundances in Vapor Deposited Minerals in Ibitira Vesicles: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXX: abstract no. 1908. (March 1999)
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Picuí
Sergio Varvello collection
  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Angra dos Reis
      • Ilha Grande
Prinz, M., Keil, K., Hlava, P. F., Berkely, J. L., Gomes, C. B. & Curvello, W. S. (1977) Studies of Brazilian meteorites. III - Origin and history of the Angra DOS Reis achondrite: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 35 (2): 317-330. (June 1977) ; Dowty, E. (1977) Phosphate in Angra Dos Reis - Structure and composition of the Ca3(PO4)2 minerals. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 35 (2): 347-351. (June 1977)
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Mineralogical Record: 32: 416.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
  • Saskatchewan
    • Springwater
Davis, A. M., & Olsen, E. J. (1989, March). The origin of phosphate minerals in the Eagle Station and Springwater pallasites. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 20, p. 220).
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
Horvath, L. (2003). Whitlockit vom Big Fish River, Yukon, Kanada. Lapis 28 (9), 39-40 + 58.
Richard Gunter Collection
[MinRec 23:Yukon 34]
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Taltal
Kimura, M., Ikeda, Y., Ebihara, M., & Prinz, M. (1991). New enclaves in the Vaca Muerta mesosiderite: Petrogenesis and comparison with HED meteorites. Antarctic Meteorite Research, 4, 263.
  • Anhui
    • Bozhou
      • Qiaocheng District
        • Xiaoyanzhuang
Kuiren Wang and Junxin Wang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(3), 238-244
  • Guangdong
    • Shaoguan
      • Wengyuan Co.
Xie, X., Chen, M., Zhai, S., & Wang, F. (2014). Eutectic metal+ troilite+ Fe‐Mn‐Na phosphate+ Al‐free chromite assemblage in shock‐produced chondritic melt of the Yanzhuang chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 49(12), 2290-2304.
  • Hubei
    • Suizhou
      • Zengdu District (Cengdou District)
        • Xihe
Chen, M., Shu, J., & Mao, H. K. (2008). Xieite, a new mineral of high-pressure FeCr2O4 polymorph. Chinese Science Bulletin, 53(21), 3341-3345.; Chen, M., & Xie, X. (2015). Shock-produced akimotoite in the Suizhou L6 chondrite. Science China Earth Sciences, 58(6), 876-880.
  • Jiangsu
    • Taizhou
      • Gaogang District
        • Sixiangkou
Chen, M., El Goresy, A. & Gillet, P. Ringwoodite lamellae in olivine: clues to olivine–ringwoodite phase transition mechanisms in shocked meteorites and subducting slabs. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 101, 15033–15037 (2004)
  • Jilin
    • Jilin
      • Chuanying District
Wankang Huang, Yingwen Xie, and Jingming Pan (1978): Geochimica 7(1), 25-34
  • Shaanxi
    • Hanzhong
      • Ningqiang Co.
Wang, Y. & Hsu, W. (2009). Petrology and Mineralogy of the Ningqiang carbonaceous chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science Vol. 44, #5, 763-780. (May 2009).
  • Xinjiang
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Fukang Co.
Connolly, Jr., H.C., Zipfel, J., Grossman, J.N., Folco, L., Smith, C., Jones, R.H., Righter, K., Zolensky, M., Russell, S.S., Benedix, G.K., Yamaguchi, A., and Cohen, B.A. (2006): Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41(9), 1383–1418
  • Santiago de Cuba Province
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
  • Hesse
    • Lahn-Dill
      • Wetzlar
        • Waldgirmes
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Magdeburg
      • Salzwedel
        • Hohenlangenbeck
Matthes, J. (1995): The Salzwedel meteorite. Petrology and shock metamorphism. Chemie der Erde 55, 257-261.
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Bredstedt
      • Joldelund
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
  • Bihar
    • Gaya District
Lundberg, L. L., Crozaz, G., McKay, G., & Zinner, E. (1988). Rare earth element carriers in the Shergotty meteorite and implications for its chronology. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(8), 2147-2163.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Dindigul district
Kurat, G., Varela, M. E., & Zinner, E. (2005). Silicate inclusions in the Kodaikanal IIE iron meteorite.
  • Markazi
    • Delijan County
      • Naragh (Naraq; Narāq; Narāk)
Adib D., Liou J. G. (1979): The Naragh meteorite - A new olivine-bronzite chondrite fall. Meteoritics, 14, 257-272.
  • Negev
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province (Girgenti Province)
      • Agrigento (Girgenti)
Levi-Donati G.R., Jarosewich E. (1972): Mineralogical and chemical researches on L-chondrites: Girgenti. Meteoritics, 7, 2, 109-125.
  • Laikipia County
Schulze, H. & Otto, J. (1993) Rumuruti: A New Carlisle Lakes-type Chondrite, Meteoritics 28 (3): 433. (July 1993) ; Schulze, H., Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G. & Otto, J. (1994). Mineralogy and chemistry of Rumuruti: The first meteorite fall of the new R chondrite group, Meteoritics 29 (2), 275-286. (March 1994)
  • Sarawak
Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
  • Coahuila
    • Mun. de Cuatrociénegas
      • Cuatro Ciénegas (Cuatrociénegas de Carranza; Venustiano Carranza)
        • Limestone caves
Forti, P. et al. (2006): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 35/1, 79–98.
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Panczner (1987): 392.
  • Guerrero
    • Acapulco
Michel-Lévy, M. C. & Lorin, J. C. (1978) El Quemado, A New Type of Stone Meteorite Fallen Near Acapulco: Meteoritics 13: 411-412. (Dec 1978)
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
  • Marrakech-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
Keller, P. (1974): Phosphatmineralien aus Pegmatiten Südwestafrikas. Der Aufschluss 25,577-591.
    • Karibib
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
New Mineral Names. Mineral News, 28, #1 (January 2012), 13.
  • Curaçao
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686.; Ten Have, T., Heijnen, W., & Nickel, E. (1982). Alterations in guano phosphates and mio-pliocene carbonates of table mountain Santa Barbara, Curacao. Sedimentary Geology, 31(2), 141-165.
  • Katsina
McCoy, T.J., Wadhwa, M., and Keil, K. (1999) New lithologies in the Zagami meteorite: evidence for fractional crystallization of a single magma unit on Mars. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 63, Issues 7–8, April 1999, Pages 1249-1262.; Wang, A., Jolliff, B.L., and Haskin, L.A. (1999) Raman spectroscopic characterization of a Martian SNC meteorite: Zagami. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets (1991–2012), 104(E4), 8509-8519.; Minitti, M.E. and McCoy, T.J. (2012) Assessing the longwave ultraviolet fluorescent characteristics of Martian meteorites. In: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, PDF 2349.
Northwest Africa Meteorites
Greshake, A. (2014) A strongly hydrated microclast in the Rumuruti chondrite NWA 6828: Implications for the distribution of hydrous material in the solar system. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 824-841. (May 2014)
  • Telemark
    • Bamble
Morton, R. D. (1961): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9). On the occurrence of two rare phospates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 41: 233-246.
  • Al Wusta
    • Sayh al Uhaymir
MPS 37,835(2002)
Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 87, MAPS 38, A189-A248 (2003)
  • Dhofar
Taylor, L. A., Nazarov, M. A., Ivanova, M. A., Patchen, A., Clayton, R. N., & Mayeda, T. K. (2000). Petrology of the Dhofar 019 shergottite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 35, 155.
Yukio, I., Makoto, K., Hiroshi, T., Gen, S., Kita, N., Yuichi, M., ... & Gerlind, D. (2006). Petrology of a new basaltic shergottite: Dhofar 378. Antarctic Meteorite Research, 19, 20-44.
  • Luzon
    • Calabarzon Region
      • Quezon province
H. J. Axon and M. J. Nasir (1977) A Metallographic and Microprobe Examination of a Metallic Nodule from the Bondoc Peninsula Meteorite. Mineralogical Magazine 41:121-122.
  • Greater Poland Voivodeship
    • Poznań Co.
Karwowski, Ł., Kusz, J., Muszyński, A., Kryza, R., Sitarz, M., Galuskin, E.V. (2015): Moraskoite, Na2Mg(PO4)F, a new mineral from the Morasko IAB-MG iron meteorite (Poland). Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 387-398.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78
Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Gołębiowska, B., Włodek, A., Grochowina, A. (2016): Maneckiite, ideally NaCa2Fe2+2(Fe3+Mg)Mn2(PO4)6(H2O)2, a new phosphate mineral of the wicksite supergroup from the Michałkowa pegmatite, Góry Sowie block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
    • Świdnica Co.
      • Gmina Świdnica
Włodek, A., Pieczka, A. (2011): Primary phosphate mineralization in a granitic pegmatite at Lutomia (Sowie Mts block, SW Poland). Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 188
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Rybnik District
      • Czerwionka-Leszczyny Commune
Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M. (2012): What have meteorites to do with coal fires? A case of Upper and Lower Silesian Basins. Mineralogia Special Papers 40: 28-30
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Ponte da Barca
      • São Lourenço de Touvedo
Leal Gomes, C., Azevedo, A., Lopes Nunes, J., & Dias, P. A. (2009). Phosphate fractionation in pegmatites of Pedra da Moura II claim–Ponte da Barca–Portugal. Estudos Geológicos, 19(2), 172.
  • Brașov
Puşcaş, C. M., Kristaly, F., Stremţan, C. C., Onac, B. P., & Effenberger, H. S. (2014). Stability of cave phosphates: Case study from Liliecilor Cave (Trascău Mountains, Romania). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 191(2), 157-168.
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Magadan
Sharygin, V. V., Kovyazin, S. V. & Podgornykh, N. M. (2006) Mineralogy of Olivine-hosted Inclusions from the Omolon Pallasite (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, XXXVII, abstract no.1235. (Mar 2006)
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dzhida Basin
        • Zakamensk
          • Dzhida W-Mo District
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Saint Helena
Richard, G. (1928): Newberyite and other phosphates from Ascension Island. Am. Mineral. 13, 397-401.; American Mineralogist 28:215-232
Saudi Arabia
  • Mintaqah Makkah
Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995), Minerals of South Africa.
  • Gauteng
    • West Rand District (West Rand)
      • Far West Rand (West Wits Line)
        • Western Sector
          • Carletonville
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Nelspruit
Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
  • North West
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Ventersdorp
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Western Cape
    • West Coast District
Miller, C. E., Mentzer, S. M., Berthold, C., Leach, P., Ligouis, B., Tribolo, C., ... & Porraz, G. (2016). Site-formation processes at Elands Bay Cave, South Africa. Southern African Humanities, 29(1), 69-128.
  • Andalusia
    • Granada
      • Benalúa de las Villas
Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Isábena
        • Roda de Isábena
Domanik, K. J., Sideras, L. C. & Drake, M. J. (2005) Olivine and Ca-Phosphate in the Diogenites Manegaon and Roda: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI, abstract no.2128.
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Garcirrey
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Vallès Occidental
        • Montcada i Reixac
Rosell, J., Viñals, J. y Moreno, M. (2010). Whitlockita, Ca9Mg(PO3OH)(PO4)4, un nuevo fosfato de la cantera del Turó de Montcada, Montcada i Reixac, Vallés Occidental, Barcelona. Revista de Minerales, 4, (4), 58-60.
  • California
    • Trinity Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Hyampom
Lydon, Philip Andrew (1964), Unusual phosphatic rock: California Division of Mines & Geology, Mineral Information Service: 17: 66-74; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 80, 384; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 317, 318.
  • Illinois
    • Jo Daviess Co.
      • Woodbine
Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
  • Iowa
    • Emmet Co.
Fuchs L H (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: Stanfieldite, a new phosphate mineral in stony-iron meteorites. The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 289-290
  • Kentucky
    • Carroll Co.
Davis, A. M., & Olsen, E. J. (1989, March). The origin of phosphate minerals in the Eagle Station and Springwater pallasites. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 20, p. 220).
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Poland
KKing, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
    • Oxford Co.
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
King, V. T., 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, ... Maine, Mineral News, v. 22(6): p. 1-3.
      • Rumford
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Potosi District
        • Twin Creeks Mine
Min News (1999) 15:6 pp 1,5-8
    • Mineral Co.
      • Candelaria District
Kampf, A.R., Adams, P.M. and Nash, B.P. (2016) Whiteite-(CaMgMg),CaMg3Al2(PO4)4(OH)2·8H2O, a New Jahnsite-group Mineral from the Northern Belle Mine, Candelaria, Nevada, U.S.A. Canadian Mineralogist. 54: 1513-1523.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
American Mineralogical Society, Program and Abstracts (1940) p. 7; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686, 842, 953, 977; Rocks & Minerals: 16: 208-211.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255; USGS Prof Paper 353; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 728-729.
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min.:64:504.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
  • Puerto Rico
    • Mayaguez
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Wise, W. (1997), J. Cave and Karst Studies, 53,170.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 14: 195; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
  • Texas
    • Castro Co.
      • Dimmitt
Rubin, A. E., Scott, E. R., Taylor, G. J., Keil, K., Allen, J. S., Mayeda, T. K., ... & Bogard, D. D. (1983). Nature of the H chondrite parent body regolith: Evidence from the Dimmitt breccia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth (1978–2012), 88(S02), A741-A754.
  • Utah
    • Rich Co.
      • Crawford Mts
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Laketown District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Woodruff Creek
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • West Virginia
    • Grant Co.
      • Landes
Meteoritics, volume 7, number 1, pages 31-38
  • Wisconsin
    • Waushara Co.
      • Saxeville
Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
  • Federal Dependencies
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 661, 686.; American Mineralogist 28:215-232
  • Miranda
Urbani, F. (1996) Venezuelan cave minerals: a review. Boletín de la Sociedad Venezolana de Espeleología, No.30, 1-13.
Franco Urbani (2009) Venezuelan Cave Minerals: Second Review. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 345
The Moon
  • Descartes Highlands
Dowty, E., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1974) Igneous rocks from Apollo 16 rake samples. In: Lunar Science Conference, 5th, Houston, Tex., March 18-22, 1974, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A75-39540 19-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1974, p. 431-445.
  • Mare Imbrium
    • Palus Putredinis
Peckett, A., Phillips, R., Brown, G.M. (1972): New zirconium-rich minerals from Apollo XIV and XV rocks. Nature: 236: 215-217; in: Fleischer, M. (1973): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 58: 139-141
Mineral and/or Locality  
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