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Wickenburgite

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About WickenburgiteHide

02682750015614872071535.jpg
Wickenburg, Arizona, USA
Formula:
CaPb3Al2Si10O24(OH)6
Colour:
Colorless, White, Pink
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
3.85
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after the town of Wickenburg, Arizona, USA, near the discovery locality - the Potter-Cramer claim.

Classification of WickenburgiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1968
First Published:
1968
9.EG.55

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
G : Double nets with 6-membered and larger rings
Dana 7th ed.:
74.2.1.1
74.2.1.1

74 : PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
2 : Modulated Layers
16.14.14

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
14 : Aluminosilicates of Ti, Zr, Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of WickenburgiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless, White, Pink
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on the {0001}
Density:
3.85 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.84 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WickenburgiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.692 nε = 1.648
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.044
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of WickenburgiteHide

Formula:
CaPb3Al2Si10O24(OH)6
IMA Formula:
Pb3CaAl2Si10O27 · 4H2O

Crystallography of WickenburgiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P3 1c
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.56 Å, c = 20.19 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.359
Unit Cell V:
1 ų
Z:
2
Twinning:
None observed

Type Occurrence of WickenburgiteHide

Reference:
Williams, S.A. (1968) Wickenburgite, a new mineral from Arizona. American Mineralogist: 53: 1433-1438.

Synonyms of WickenburgiteHide

Other Language Names for WickenburgiteHide

Relationship of Wickenburgite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
11 photos of Wickenburgite associated with MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
7 photos of Wickenburgite associated with FluoriteCaF2
7 photos of Wickenburgite associated with WillemiteZn2SiO4
5 photos of Wickenburgite associated with CalciteCaCO3
4 photos of Wickenburgite associated with IranitePb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
3 photos of Wickenburgite associated with DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
2 photos of Wickenburgite associated with CerussitePbCO3
2 photos of Wickenburgite associated with PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
2 photos of Wickenburgite associated with HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
2 photos of Wickenburgite associated with AragoniteCaCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EG.05CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2OMon.
9.EG.10Naujakasite(Na,K)6(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe)4Si8O26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.10ManganonaujakasiteNa6(Mn2+,Fe2+)Al4Si8O26Mon.
9.EG.15DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
9.EG.20KampfiteBa12(Si11Al5)O31(CO3)8Cl5Mon. m
9.EG.25SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2OTrig.
9.EG.25VertumniteCa4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.EG.30Eggletonite(Na,K,Ca)2(Mn,Fe)8(Si,Al)12O29(OH)7 · 11H2OMon.
9.EG.30Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2OMon.
9.EG.30Tamaite(Ca,K,Ba,Na)3-4Mn24(Si,Al)40(O,OH)112 · 21H2OMon.
9.EG.35CoombsiteK(Mn,Fe,Mg)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig.
9.EG.35ZussmaniteK(Fe,Mg,Mn)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig. 3 : R3
9.EG.40Franklinphilite(K,Na)4(Mn2+,Mg,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 6H2OTric.
9.EG.40LennilenapeiteK6-7(Mg,Mn,Fe,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 16H2OTric.
9.EG.40Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.40Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EG.45Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)Mon.
9.EG.45Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2OMon.
9.EG.50JagoitePb18Fe3+4[Si4(Si,Fe3+)6][Pb4Si16(Si,Fe)4]O82Cl6Hex.
9.EG.60HyttsjöitePb18Ba2Ca5Mn2+2Fe3+2Si30O90Cl · 6H2OTrig.
9.EG.65ArmbrusteriteK5Na7Mn15[(Si9O22)4](OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.70Britvinite[Pb7(OH)3F(BO3)2(CO3)][Mg4.5(OH)3(Si5O14)]Tric. 1 : P1
9.EG.75Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.14.1ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2OOrth.
16.14.2VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.14.3RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]Tric. 1 : P1
16.14.4Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.
16.14.5Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.
16.14.6JonesiteBa4(K,Na)2Ti4Al2(Si3O9)2(SiO4)4O2 · 6H2OOrth.
16.14.7Lourenswalsite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Mg,Ca,Fe)4(Si,Al,Fe)6O14(OH)12Hex.
16.14.8Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2OMon.
16.14.9KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
16.14.10EllenbergeriteMg6(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)2(Al,Mg)6Si8O28(OH)10Hex.
16.14.11Carlosturanite(Mg,Fe,Ti)21(Si,Al)12O28(OH)34•H2OMon.
16.14.12EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
16.14.13PlumalsitePb4Al2(SiO3)7
16.14.15MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
16.14.16Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
16.14.17BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
16.14.18MathewrogersitePb7FeAl3GeSi12O36(OH,H2O)6Trig.

Fluorescence of WickenburgiteHide

Dull orange under SW UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WickenburgiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S.A. (1968) Wickenburgite, a new mineral from Arizona. American Mineralogist: 53: 1433-1438.
Lam, A.E., Groat, L.A., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C. (1994) The crystal structure of wickenburgite, Pb3CaAl[AlSi10O27](H2O)3, a sheet structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 32: 525-532.
Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., Roberts, A.C. (1995) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 80: 845-850.
Shannon, R.D., Shannon, R.C., Medenbach, O., Fischer, R.X. (2002) Refractive index and dispersion of fluorides and oxides. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data: 31: 931-970.
Hesse, K.F., Liebau, F., Eulert, H.H. (2003) Wickenburgite, a double-layer silicate Pb3Al[6][Ca[6]Al[4]Si[4]10O27(H2O)3]·H2O: crystal chemistry and thermal behaviour. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 218: 542-552.
Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (2004) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 89: 467-471.

Internet Links for WickenburgiteHide

Localities for WickenburgiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Bad Ems
        • Frücht
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • La Paz Co.
      • Silver Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 419; Bancroft, P. & G. Bricker (1990), Arizona's silver mining district, Min.Rec.: 21: 151-168.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 419; Bancroft, P. & G. Bricker (1990), Arizona's silver mining district, Mineralogical Record: 21: 151-168; Min.Rec.: 21: 160.
Southern California Micromounters Symposium, Jan 29, 2010, Redlands, CA.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Belmont Mountains
        • Wickenburg area
C. Lemanski, Jr.
      • Osborn Mining District
        • Hummingbird Spring
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 419.
        • Tonopah
          • Belmont Mountain
            • Tiger Wash
Richard Dale collection; Mineral News (2002) 18-1 pp1,5-7
Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Jenkins, R.A., Bloch, E.M. (2013): Rongibbsite, Pb2(Si4Al)O11(OH), a new zeolitic aluminosilicate mineral with an interrupted framework from Maricopa County, Arizona, U.S.A. American Mineralogist, 98, 236-241
      • Vulture Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 103, 192, 419; Williams, S.A. (1968), Wickenburgite, a new mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 53: 1433-1438; Williams, S.A. & R.A. Bideaux (1975), Creaseyite, Cu2Pb2(Fe,Al)2Si5O17·6H2O, a new mineral from Arizona and Sonora, Mineralogical Magazine: 40: 227-231.
      • Wickenburg
Min.Rec.: 1: 80.
    • Mohave County
      • Artillery Mountains
        • Artillery Peak
S. A. Williams (1982) Luddenite, a New Copper-Lead Silicate from Arizona Mineralogical Magazine 1982 46 : 363-364
        • Rawhide Wash
Joan Rosell (2019)
          • Rawhide Mine area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 419-420; Williams, S.A. (1982), Luddenite, a new copper-lead silicate mineral from AZ, Mineralogical Magazine: 46:363-364.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 280.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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