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About WickenburgiteHide

Wickenburg, Arizona, USA
Colorless, White, Pink
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named after the town of Wickenburg, Arizona, USA, near the discovery locality - the Potter-Cramer claim.

Classification of WickenburgiteHide

Approval Year:
First Published:

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
G : Double nets with 6-membered and larger rings
Dana 7th ed.:

74 : PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
2 : Modulated Layers

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
14 : Aluminosilicates of Ti, Zr, Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of WickenburgiteHide

Colorless, White, Pink
Distinct on the {0001}
3.85 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.84 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WickenburgiteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.692 nε = 1.648
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.044
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of WickenburgiteHide

IMA Formula:
Pb3CaAl2Si10O27 · 4H2O

Crystallography of WickenburgiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P3 1c
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.56 Å, c = 20.19 Å
a:c = 1 : 2.359
Unit Cell V:
1 ų
None observed

Type Occurrence of WickenburgiteHide

Williams, S.A. (1968) Wickenburgite, a new mineral from Arizona. American Mineralogist: 53: 1433-1438.

Synonyms of WickenburgiteHide

Other Language Names for WickenburgiteHide

Relationship of Wickenburgite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
11 photos of Wickenburgite associated with MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
7 photos of Wickenburgite associated with FluoriteCaF2
7 photos of Wickenburgite associated with WillemiteZn2SiO4
5 photos of Wickenburgite associated with CalciteCaCO3
4 photos of Wickenburgite associated with IranitePb10Cu(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
3 photos of Wickenburgite associated with DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
2 photos of Wickenburgite associated with CerussitePbCO3
2 photos of Wickenburgite associated with PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
2 photos of Wickenburgite associated with HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
2 photos of Wickenburgite associated with AragoniteCaCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EG.05CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2OMon.
9.EG.10Naujakasite(Na,K)6(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe)4Si8O26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.15DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
9.EG.20KampfiteBa12(Si11Al5)O31(CO3)8Cl5Mon. m
9.EG.25SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2OTrig.
9.EG.25VertumniteCa4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.EG.30Eggletonite(Na,K,Ca)2(Mn,Fe)8(Si,Al)12O29(OH)7 · 11H2OMon.
9.EG.30Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2OMon.
9.EG.30Tamaite(Ca,K,Ba,Na)3-4Mn24(Si,Al)40(O,OH)112 · 21H2OMon.
9.EG.35ZussmaniteK(Fe,Mg,Mn)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig. 3 : R3
9.EG.40Franklinphilite(K,Na)4(Mn2+,Mg,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 6H2OTric.
9.EG.40LennilenapeiteK6-7(Mg,Mn,Fe,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 16H2OTric.
9.EG.40Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.40Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EG.45Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2OMon.
9.EG.60HyttsjöitePb18Ba2Ca5Mn2+2Fe3+2Si30O90Cl · 6H2OTrig.
9.EG.65ArmbrusteriteK5Na7Mn15[(Si9O22)4](OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.70Britvinite[Pb7(OH)3F(BO3)2(CO3)][Mg4.5(OH)3(Si5O14)]Tric. 1 : P1
9.EG.75Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.14.1ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2OOrth.
16.14.2VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.14.3RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]Tric. 1 : P1
16.14.6JonesiteBa4(K,Na)2Ti4Al2(Si3O9)2(SiO4)4O2 · 6H2OOrth.
16.14.8Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2OMon.
16.14.12EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
16.14.15MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
16.14.17BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m

Fluorescence of WickenburgiteHide

Dull orange under SW UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WickenburgiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S.A. (1968) Wickenburgite, a new mineral from Arizona. American Mineralogist: 53: 1433-1438.
Lam, A.E., Groat, L.A., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C. (1994) The crystal structure of wickenburgite, Pb3CaAl[AlSi10O27](H2O)3, a sheet structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 32: 525-532.
Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., Roberts, A.C. (1995) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 80: 845-850.
Shannon, R.D., Shannon, R.C., Medenbach, O., Fischer, R.X. (2002) Refractive index and dispersion of fluorides and oxides. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data: 31: 931-970.
Hesse, K.F., Liebau, F., Eulert, H.H. (2003) Wickenburgite, a double-layer silicate Pb3Al[6][Ca[6]Al[4]Si[4]10O27(H2O)3]·H2O: crystal chemistry and thermal behaviour. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 218: 542-552.
Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (2004) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 89: 467-471.

Internet Links for WickenburgiteHide

Localities for WickenburgiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Bad Ems
        • Frücht
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
  • Arizona
    • La Paz Co.
      • Silver Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 419; Bancroft, P. & G. Bricker (1990), Arizona's silver mining district, Min.Rec.: 21: 151-168.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 419; Bancroft, P. & G. Bricker (1990), Arizona's silver mining district, Mineralogical Record: 21: 151-168; Min.Rec.: 21: 160.
Southern California Micromounters Symposium, Jan 29, 2010, Redlands, CA.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Belmont Mountains
        • Wickenburg area
C. Lemanski, Jr.
      • Osborn Mining District
        • Hummingbird Spring
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 419.
        • Tonopah
          • Belmont Mountain
            • Tiger Wash
Richard Dale collection; Mineral News (2002) 18-1 pp1,5-7
Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Jenkins, R.A., Bloch, E.M. (2013): Rongibbsite, Pb2(Si4Al)O11(OH), a new zeolitic aluminosilicate mineral with an interrupted framework from Maricopa County, Arizona, U.S.A. American Mineralogist, 98, 236-241
      • Vulture Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 103, 192, 419; Williams, S.A. (1968), Wickenburgite, a new mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 53: 1433-1438; Williams, S.A. & R.A. Bideaux (1975), Creaseyite, Cu2Pb2(Fe,Al)2Si5O17·6H2O, a new mineral from Arizona and Sonora, Mineralogical Magazine: 40: 227-231.
      • Wickenburg
Min.Rec.: 1: 80.
    • Mohave County
      • Artillery Mountains
        • Artillery Peak
S. A. Williams (1982) Luddenite, a New Copper-Lead Silicate from Arizona Mineralogical Magazine 1982 46 : 363-364
        • Rawhide Wash
Joan Rosell (2019)
          • Rawhide Mine area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 419-420; Williams, S.A. (1982), Luddenite, a new copper-lead silicate mineral from AZ, Mineralogical Magazine: 46:363-364.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 280.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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