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Wickmanite

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Formula:
Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Colour:
Brownish yellow, yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named after Frans Erik Wickman (1915-2013), Swedish mineralogist.
Dimorph of:
Schoenfliesite Group. The Ge analogue (unnamed) is described by Geier & Ottemann (1970) (see 'UM1970-16-OH:GeMn').


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Classification of WickmaniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1965
4.FC.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
C : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; corner-sharing octahedra
6.3.6.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
3 : X(OH)3
7.11.7

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
11 : Oxides of Sn and Pb

Pronounciation of WickmaniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of WickmaniteHide

Vitreous, Resinous
Colour:
Brownish yellow, yellow
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of WickmaniteHide

Formula:
Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
IMA Formula:
Mn2+Sn4+(OH)6
Common Impurities:
Ca

Crystallography of WickmaniteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Pn3
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.8744 Å
Unit Cell V:
488.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
RRUFF ID: R100017.9 has 7.904(1) Å.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.552 (4)
3.931 (10)
2.778 (6)
2.372 (3)
1.7618 (7)
1.6080 (5)
1.0536 (4)

Type Occurrence of WickmaniteHide

Synonyms of WickmaniteHide

Other Language Names for WickmaniteHide

Relationship of Wickmanite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BurtiteCa[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)Tet. 4/m : P42/n
Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Tetrawickmanite4 photos of Wickmanite associated with Tetrawickmanite on mindat.org.
Jeanbandyite3 photos of Wickmanite associated with Jeanbandyite on mindat.org.
Crandallite3 photos of Wickmanite associated with Crandallite on mindat.org.
Stannite3 photos of Wickmanite associated with Stannite on mindat.org.
Pyrite3 photos of Wickmanite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Chiavennite2 photos of Wickmanite associated with Chiavennite on mindat.org.
Dolomite1 photo of Wickmanite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Natrolite1 photo of Wickmanite associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Behoite1 photo of Wickmanite associated with Behoite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FC.05BernaliteFe(OH)3 · nH2O (n = 0.0 to 0.25)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
4.FC.05DzhalinditeIn(OH)3Iso.
4.FC.05SöhngeiteGa(OH)3Tet.
4.FC.10BurtiteCa[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
4.FC.10Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
4.FC.10NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
4.FC.10SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
4.FC.10VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
4.FC.15JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)Tet. 4/m : P42/n
4.FC.15MopungiteNa[Sb5+(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/n
4.FC.15StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]Tet.
4.FC.15TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/n
4.FC.20Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FC.20Magnesionigerite-6N6S(Mg,Al,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FC.20Magnesionigerite-2N1S(Mg,Al,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FC.20Ferronigerite-6N6S(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FC.20Zinconigerite-2N1S(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FC.20Zinconigerite-6N6S(Zn,Mg,Al)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FC.25Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12Trig.
4.FC.25Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

6.3.6.2SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
6.3.6.3NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
6.3.6.4VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
6.3.6.5BurtiteCa[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
6.3.6.6Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.11.1RomarchiteSnOTet.
7.11.2CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.4SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.5BurtiteCa[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.6VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.8TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.9JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.10NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
7.11.11Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
7.11.12Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
7.11.13MagnesionigeriteTrig.
7.11.14ArgutiteGeO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.15BrunogeieriteFe2+2Ge4+O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.11.16StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]Tet.
7.11.17CarboiriteFeAl2(GeO4)O(OH)2Tric.
7.11.18OtjisumeitePbGe4O9Tric.
7.11.19BartelkeitePb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.11.20MassicotPbOOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
7.11.21LithargePbOTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
7.11.22MiniumPb3O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mbc
7.11.23PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
7.11.24Scrutinyiteα-PbO2Orth.
7.11.25MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.11.26MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
7.11.27CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
7.11.28CoronaditePb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
7.11.29QuenselitePbMnO2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
7.11.30PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2
7.11.31Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex.
7.11.32SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WickmaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi (1967): 4: 395-399.
Acta Crystallographica: 13: 601-603.
American Mineralogist (1968): 1063.
Christensen, A. N., Hazell, R. G. (1969): Hydrotermal preparation of hydroxy stannates. The crystal structure of MnSn(OH)6. Acta Chemica Scandinavica, 23, 1219-1224. [synth. wickmanite]
American Mineralogist (1971): 56: 1488.
Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal, Kiev (1984): 6: 89-92.

Internet Links for WickmaniteHide

Localities for WickmaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
        • Luina
http://www.crocoite.com/mainadit/luina.htm
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
      • Llallagua
[MinRec 32:474]
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Royal Ontario Museum Collection
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Josef Vajdak (2002) Mineral News, 18, #1, 6.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
      • Santa Eulalia District
        • West Camp
          • Francisco Portillo
Peter Megaw Collection
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Sombrerete
      • San Martín
        • San Martín-Sabinas District
Peter Megaw
Morocco
 
  • Fès-Meknès Region
    • Meknès Prefecture
      • Meknès
        • El Hammam (El Hamman)
Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/wickmanite.pdf.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
      • Tvedalen
Åmli, R. and Griffin, W.L. (1972): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway, No 47. Three minerals new to Norway: Wickmannite, Leadhillite and Hydrocerussite. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 192-196
Larsen, K. E. (2016): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2015-2016. Norsk mineralsymposium 2016, 127-135.
Nordrum, F. S. (2007): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2006-2007. STEIN 34 (2), 14-26; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Kamphaug, E. (1987): Wikmanitt (sic!) fra Vevja-bruddet i Tvedalen. NAGS-nytt 14 (4),27.
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
[MinRec 13:238]; Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, pp. 1307-1311). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica; Ivashchenko, V. I., & Lavrov, О. В. (2006) Ore Deposits and Occurrences in the North Ladoga Region, Southwest Karelia. in Ore Deposits And Occurrences In The North Ladoga Region, Southwest Karelia Field Trip Guidebook. Understanding the genesis of ore deposits to meet the demands of the 21st century 12th Quadrennial IAGOD Symposium 2006. Moscow. P.41-64.
          • Old Mining Field
Canadian Mineralogist 15,437(1977)
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Haninge
      • Utö
Langhof, J., Holtstam, D. & Gustafsson, L., 2000: Chiavennite and zoned genthelvite-helvite as late-stage minerals of the Proterozoic LCT pegmatites at Utö, Stockholm, Sweden. GFF, Vol. 122 (Pt. 2, June), pp. 207-212. Stockholm. ISSN 1103-5897
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Arkiv Min.Geol.(1967) 4, 395-399; MinRec: 4:27, 13:238; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Långban district
No reference listed
Swedish Museum of Natural History, specimen ID 19221388.
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Sandström, F. (2008) Varuträskpegmatiten. Litofilen, 25 (2), 17-46
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Just
        • Botallack
          • Cliff outcrops
Hubbard, N. (1989): Mineralogical Magazine 48, 388
USA
 
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004, Minerals and their Localities,pg # 658
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
Min Rec 17:5 p342
Mineral and/or Locality  
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