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Willemite

This page kindly sponsored by John Kashuba
William I of the Netherlands
Formula:
Zn2SiO4
Colour:
Colorless, white, pastel green, apple-green, light blue, azure-blue, yellow, burgundy-red, brown, mahogany-brown, gray, black, pink
Lustre:
Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.89 - 4.19
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1830 by Serve-Dieu Abailard "Armand" Lévy in honor of William I (Willem) (1772-1843), King (1813-1840) of the Netherlands, wherein the type locality was located at the time, in gratitude of having been granted Professorship at the University of Liège by the king (Lévy had been banished from France during the French Restoration). This species was previously discovered in 1825 and was identified as "siliceous oxyde of zinc" by Lardner Vanuxem and William Hypolitus Keating. At the time, "siliceous oxyde of zinc" was a synonym of electric calamine, now known as hemimorphite. Willemite and hemimorphite have about the same weight percentage of zinc and silica. Vanuxem and Keating (1824) noted their "siliceous oxyde of zinc" had an additional component of iron and manganese that was coincidentally the same weight percentage as the amount of water in hemimorphite. Vanuxem and Keating also made a mistake in describing the crystallography of their specimens and confounded their mineral with one previously described. Gerard Troost (1825) wrote that the mineral of Vanuxem and Keating was not the same as the previously named siliceous oxide of zinc and that it was probably a new mineral. Troost sent specimens for chemical analysis to Thomas Thomson, but Thomson did not analyze the potentially new mineral. He analyzed a more prominent mineral on the specimen that had been sent to him because the unknown was not clearly indicated. When Lévy named willemite, it was not a re-naming, as has sometimes been supposed. No species had been previously proposed that was the same as willemite.
Phenakite Group.

Crystals prismatic, both stout and slender, terminated by rhombohedra and {0001}, to 20 cm. Commonly tiny simple hexagonal prisms or radial tufts of acicular needles outside of the New Jersey occurrences. Coarse to finely granular, disseminated; in fibrous aggregates, botryoidal, and massive.

A relatively common secondary zinc silicate in many Pb-Zn or Zn deposits which contain or contained sphalerite, from which it is commonly formed upon oxidation in a siliceous environment.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Willemite.


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Classification of WillemiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.AA.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
A : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in tetrahedral [4] coordination
Dana 7th ed.:
51.1.1.2
51.1.1.2

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
1 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
14.7.11

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
7 : Silicates of Ba, Sr and Zn

Physical Properties of WillemiteHide

Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colorless, white, pastel green, apple-green, light blue, azure-blue, yellow, burgundy-red, brown, mahogany-brown, gray, black, pink
Streak:
White
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good to poor {1120}, poor {0001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.89 - 4.19 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.224 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WillemiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.691 - 1.694 nε = 1.719 - 1.725
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.028
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of WillemiteHide

Formula:
Zn2SiO4
Common Impurities:
Al,Fe,Mn,Pb,Mg,Ca

Crystallography of WillemiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:
R3
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.93 Å, c = 9.31 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.668
Unit Cell V:
1,564.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
18
Morphology:
Blocky, hexagonal, barrel-shaped crystals, often with rounded terminations (Franklin area); commonly acicular in clusters to radial-fibrous aggregates; long-prismatic, hexagonal, doubly-terminated crystals; layered, botryoidal masses (Putta).

Crystallographic forms of WillemiteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Willemite no.11 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.10(20)
4.02(30)
3.49(70)
2.84(100)
2.63(90)
2.32(50)
1.860(40)
1.552(20)

Type Occurrence of WillemiteHide

Synonyms of WillemiteHide

Other Language Names for WillemiteHide

Varieties of WillemiteHide

Beta-WillemiteA variety willemite that occurs as crusts of small, barrel-shaped crystals lining cavities in fault gouge cavities or solution cavities in regular willemite-bearing ore at the Sterling Mine, Ogdensburg, NJ. A fluorescent response of golden-yellow to orang...
Grape WillemiteA variety of willemite distinguished solely by its dark burgundy-red to purplish color. Occurred with massive andradite in coarse-textured ore in the Franklin ore body.
Radial WillemiteA local name at Franklin, NJ, applied to colorless to off-white secondary willemite from veinlets traversing ore that forms radial-fibrous aggregates and phosphoresces bright green very persistently.
Sea Foam WillemiteA locally applied name for a variety of secondary willemite with a seeming cryptocrystalline texture and delicate pastel-green colour occurring in veins and veinlets in typical red willemite-franklinite ore at the Sterling Mine, Ogdensburg, NJ.
TroostiteA Mn-bearing variety of willemite.
XingshaoiteA variety of Willemite containing up to 25.4% of CoO.

Originally reported from Xinshao Co., Shaoyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China.

Relationship of Willemite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
EucryptiteLiAlSiO4Trig. 3 : R3
PhenakiteBe2SiO4Trig. 3 : R3

Common AssociatesHide

CalciteCaCO3
FluoriteCaF2
HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
QuartzSiO2
WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Calcite828 photos of Willemite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Franklinite725 photos of Willemite associated with Franklinite on mindat.org.
Zincite171 photos of Willemite associated with Zincite on mindat.org.
Hardystonite160 photos of Willemite associated with Hardystonite on mindat.org.
Andradite124 photos of Willemite associated with Andradite on mindat.org.
Mimetite117 photos of Willemite associated with Mimetite on mindat.org.
Clinohedrite105 photos of Willemite associated with Clinohedrite on mindat.org.
Cerussite73 photos of Willemite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Sphalerite71 photos of Willemite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Tephroite69 photos of Willemite associated with Tephroite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AA.05EucryptiteLiAlSiO4Trig. 3 : R3
9.AA.05PhenakiteBe2SiO4Trig. 3 : R3
9.AA.10LiberiteLi2BeSiO4Mon. m : Pm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

51.1.1.1PhenakiteBe2SiO4Trig. 3 : R3
51.1.1.3EucryptiteLiAlSiO4Trig. 3 : R3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.7.1SanborniteBa2(Si4O10)Orth.
14.7.2KrauskopfiteBaSi2O5 · 3H2OMon.
14.7.3WalstromiteBaCa2(Si3O9)Tric.
14.7.4MacdonalditeBaCa4Si16O36(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth.
14.7.5EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.7.6Ericssonite-2OBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth.
14.7.7GillespiteBaFe2+Si4O10Tet.
14.7.8AndrémeyeriteBaFe2+2(Si2O7)Mon.
14.7.9PellyiteBa2Ca(Fe,Mg)2Si6O17Orth.
14.7.10TaikaniteSr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2Mon.
14.7.12HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Imm2
14.7.13ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
14.7.14HardystoniteCa2Zn(Si2O7)Tet. 4 2m : P4 21m
14.7.15PetedunniteCa(Zn,Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)Si2O6Mon.
14.7.16ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2OMon. m : Bb
14.7.17JunitoiteCaZn2Si2O7 · H2OOrth. mm2
14.7.18LarsenitePbZnSiO4Orth. mm2 : Pna21
14.7.19EsperitePbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
14.7.20HodgkinsoniteMn2+Zn2(SiO4)(OH)2Mon.
14.7.21GerstmanniteMnMgZn(SiO4)(OH)2Orth.
14.7.22GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20Mon. 2/m
14.7.23FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2

Fluorescence of WillemiteHide

Bright green (SW UV & X-ray), often with very strong green phosphorescence; green (LW SW); creamy-white to pastel yellow (SW & LW UV)(common). Non-fluorescent willemite exists, but is very rare.

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Fusibility 3-4
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Ore of zinc / zinc oxide

References for WillemiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Vanuxem, Lardner and Keating, William Hypolitus (1824) Silicious oxyde of zinc". Journal of the Academy of Natural Science of Philadelphia, 4, p. 8.
Troost, Gerard (1825) Observations on the Zinc Ores of Franklin and Sterling, Sussex County, New Jersey, Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia, 4, 220-231.
Braun, M., (1857): Über die Galmeilagerstätte des Altenberges im Zusammenhang mit den Erzlagerstätten des Altenberger Grubenfeldes un der Umgegend. Zeitschrift d. Dt. Geolog. Gesellschaft
Brown, J. S. (1936) Supergene sphalerite, galena, and willemite at Balmat, NY. Economic Geology: 31: 331-354.
Hang, C., Simonov, M. A., Belov, N. V. (1970): Crystal structures of willemite Zn2[SiO4] and its germanium analog Zn2[GeO4]. Soviet Physics - Crystallography 15, 387-390.
Mineralogical Magazine (1977): 41: 71-75.
Simonov, M. A., Sandomirskii, P. A., Egorov-Tismenko, Y. K., Belov, N. V. (1977): Crystal structure of willemite, Zn2[SiO4]. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 237, 581-584.
Klaska, K. H., Eck, J. C., Pohl, D. (1978): New investigation of willemite. Acta Crystallographica B34, 3324-3325.
Francis, C. A. (1985) New data on the forsterite-tephroite series. American Mineralogist: 70: 568-575. [on willemite exsolution lamellae in tephroite]
Brugger, et al. (2003). Formation of willemite in hydrothermal environments: Economic Geology, 98, 819-835.

Internet Links for WillemiteHide

Localities for WillemiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Colón Department
      • El Sauce
        • El Sauce Quarry
Minerals acquired from Nelson Valenzuela
  • San Luis
    • San Martín department
      • San Martín
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1073.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Northern Broken Hill Block
Econ Geol (1994) 89:423-437
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
          • Mount Fitton homestead
Australian Mineralogist (5), 5-8. (1990); Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals:1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.
        • Leigh Creek
          • Puttapa
Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456.
Economic Geology 67: 1146-1167(1972); Journ. Geol. Soc. Aust. 18, 165-171 (1971)
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Bunkers Range
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 6453
  • Western Australia
    • Mukinbudin Shire
Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Hochobir
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Niedermayr: Der Hochobir, Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für Kärnten (Klagenfurt), 1999
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
Kolitsch, U. (2013): 1799) Anglesit, Brochantit, Calcit, Callaghanit, Connellit, Cuprit, Diopsid, Elyit, Forsterit, Kupfer, Lithargit, Magnesiochromit, Malachit, Monohydrocalcit, Phoenicochroit, Rouait und Willemit in Schlacken der Montanwerke Brixlegg, Tirol. Pp. 111-114 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXII. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
        • Kelmis (La Calamine)
Daltry, Vaughn & Deliens, Michel (1994) The Type Mineralogy of Belgium . Annals of the Belgium Geological Society 116:15-28
Braun, M., (1857): Über die Galmeilagerstätte des Altenberges im Zusammenhang mit den Erzlagerstätten des Altenberger Grubenfeldes un der Umgegend, Zeitschrift d. Dt. Geolog. Gesellschaft
        • Lontzen
          • Astenet
Schulz, W., (1886): Führer des Berg- und Hütteningenieurs durch die Umgegend von Aachen, Georgi, Aachen
Schulz, W. (1886): Führer des Berg- und Hütteningenieurs durch die Umgegend von Aachen, Georgi Aachen Herbst, F. (1910): Der technische Betrieb des Erzbergbaus – Der Bergbau auf der linken Seite des Niederrheins II Holzapfel, E. (1910): Die Geologie des Nordabfalls der Eifel mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Gegend von Aachen – Der Bergbau auf der linken Seite des Niederrheins I Klockmann, F. (1910): Die Erzlagerstätten der Gegend von Aachen - Der Bergbau auf der linken Seite des Niederrheins II Dewez, L., Lespineux, G. (1949): Les Minerais Du Sol Belge; Centenaire de l`Association des Ingenieurs sortis de l`Ècole de Liege, Section Geologie. Dr.G de Ruiter; Die ehemaligen Zinkgruben des Altenberger Grubenfeldes der Gesellschaft der Vieille Montagne, 1980, Im Göhltal, Zeitschrift der Vereinigung für Kultur, Heimatkunde und Geschichte im Göhltal, no.27, 1980, pag 1-15
Schulz, W. (1886): Führer des Berg- und Hütteningenieurs durch die Umgegend von Aachen, Georgi Aachen
        • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
No reference listed
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, H.A., Balassone, G., and Dejonghe, L. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 187-210.
Daltry, Vaughn & Deliens, Michel (1994) The Type Mineralogy of Belgium . Annals of the Belgium Geological Society 116:15-28
L. Dejonghe, F. Ladeuze, D.Jans - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993, 483pp
      • Theux
L. Dejonghe et al - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993 - 483 pages.
        • Oneux
L. Dejonghe et al - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993 - 483 pages.
  • Limburg Province
    • Dilsen-Stokkem
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Vazante
Slezak, P. R., 2012, Geology, mneralogy, and geochenmistry of the Vazante Noorthern Extension zinc silicate deposit, Minas Gerais, Brazil: M.S. thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario (pdf available at https://qspace.library.queensu.ca/handle/1974/7027?mode=full).
Slezak, P. R., 2012, Geology, mneralogy, and geochenmistry of the Vazante Noorthern Extension zinc silicate deposit, Minas Gerais, Brazil: M.S. thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario (pdf available at https://qspace.library.queensu.ca/handle/1974/7027?mode=full).
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Nelson Mining Division
      • Salmo
        • Reeves MacDonald mine
Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Pictou Co.
A.L. Sangster, "Willemite and Native Silver Occurrences, Kirkmount, Pictou County, Nova Scotia", GSC Paper 86-1A, pp. 151-158, 1986.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
Miller (1996), Canadian Mineralogist: 34:349-371; Salvi & Williams-Jones (1995); Am.Min.: 80:1031-1040; Miller (1990), Newfoundland Dept. of Mines & Energy Geol. Sur. Report 90-1: 171-182.; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
Econ Geol (1991) 86:1222-1237
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
Brent Thorne collection
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Challacollo
maurizio dini collection - analysed material
      • Pampa del Tamarugal
sample analysed by Tony Kampf, senior curator of NHM of LAC, California
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Longnan Prefecture
      • Dangchang Co.
Yongqiang Yang and Li Li (2010): Global Geology 29(1), 56-59
  • Guangdong Province
    • Meizhou Prefecture
      • Mei Co.
Jinyan Yao (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(4), 5-11
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Guilin Prefecture
      • Gongcheng Co.
Ernan Fan, Huixin Tian, Weigui Ma, and Zengzhi Jiang (1986): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology, Science and Technology Edition 27(1)
      • Yangshuo Co.
Ernan Fan, Huixin Tian, Weigui Ma, and Zengzhi Jiang (1986): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology, Science and Technology Edition 27(1)
Pengtao Yu, Jie Liang, Ying Chen, and Yan Huang (2010): Metallurgical Analysis 30(12), 14-21
  • Henan Province
    • Luoyang Prefecture
      • Song Co.
        • Dongwan gold field
Yuhua Pei and Haiqi Yan (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(3), 56-60; Meijuan Yao, Junfeng Shen, Shengrong Li, Ye Cao, and Xiuyan Liu (2008): Geological Bulletin of China 27(5), 649-656
  • Hunan Province
    • Hengyang Prefecture
      • Changning Co.
        • Shuikoushan ore field
Xingmin Luo (2006): Hunan Nonferrous Metals 22(6), 4-8
    • Shaoyang Prefecture
Yuchun Zhen and Zhenheng Huang (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(1), 33-36
    • Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Longshan Co.
        • Luota Pb-Zn ore field
Juemin Bao, Rongjiang Wang, and Zhengxiang Bao (2003): Hubei Geology and Mineral Resources 17(2), 8-12
    • Yongzhou Prefecture
      • Lanshan Co.
Hunan Metallurgical Exploration Team 238 (1976): Geology and Prospecting 13(6), 62-66
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Jiujiang Prefecture
      • De'an Co.
        • Pengshan Sn-Pb-Zn ore field
Wenliang Gao, Jianhua Xu, E Xiao, and Guonian Zhan (2006): Mineral Resources and Geology 20(4), 383-388
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huidong Co.
Wen Qi, Mantang Hou, and Genbao Wang (2006): Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment 28(2), 30-36; Bo Yuan, Jingwen Mao, Xinghu Yan, Yue Wu, Feng Zhang, and Liangliang Zhao (2014): Acta Petrologica Sinica 30(1), 209-220
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Gejiu Co.
        • Gejiu Sn-polymetallic ore field
Baogui Zhang, Zhong Zhang, Linbo Yao, Jing Hu, Mingzai Wang, and Sanxue Wang (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(6), 30-33
    • Qujing Prefecture
      • Huize Co.
        • Huize Zn-Pb-(Ag) ore field
Jingchun Wang and Daliang Yu (2006): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 25(2), 129-132
National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00019811
National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00019811
    • Zhaotong Prefecture
      • Ludian Co.
Yunman Zhou (2003): Geology-Geochemistry 31(4), 16-21
      • Qiaojia Co.
Qiliang Chen (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(1), 22-26
      • Yongshan Co.
Qiliang Chen (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(1), 22-26
      • Zhaoyang District
Changqing Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Suoping Wu, Houmin Li, Feng Liu, Baojian Guo, and Derong Gao (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(3), 336-348
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
        • Poličany
          • Vrchlice river valley
Pauliš P. Mineralogické lokality okolí Kutné Hory. Kuttna, Kutná Hora 1999. ISBN 80-902719-0-1.
      • Příbram
        • Vrančice
Rocks & Min.:64:58-59.
J.Hyrsl (1992)
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou District
        • Bystřice nad Pernštejnem
J.Suchankova, D.Holeczy, B.Fojt, J.Leichmann (2007) New Pb-Zn and (U) mineralization in the deposit Rožná. Proceedings the 3rd Congress ČGS 2007
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kipushi
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Alavus
Ilkka Mikkola collection
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hérault
      • Montpellier
        • Clermont l'Hérault
Ambert, P., Balestro, F., Laroche, M., Figueroa, V. and Rovira, S. (2014) Technological aspects of the earliest metallurgy in France: ‘furnaces’ and slags from La Capitelle du Broum (Péret, France). Historical Metallurgy 47(1), 60-74.
    • Tarn
      • Réalmont
        • Montredon-Labessonnié
Bernadi G. (1992), Peyrebrune, Carrière du Rivet (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°1, pp: 3-10
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
        • Büsbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Mausbach
Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1983) Die Minerale der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Aufschluss, 34 (2), 89-99.; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neue Minerale von der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Aufschluss 37 (2), 55-67.; Bender/Marl, D. & Krimmelbein/Altena, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
No reference listed
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
Adrian A. Finch (1990) Genthelvite and Willemite, Zinc Minerals Associated with Alkaline Magmatism from the Motzfeldt Centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine 54:407-412
Finch, A.A. (1990): Genthelvite and Willemite, Zinc Minerals Associated with Alkaline Magmatism from the Motzfeldt Centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 54: 407-412
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Metcalf-Johansen, J. (1977): Willemite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline Intrusion. Mineralogical Magazine. 41, 71-75
Metcalf-Johansen, J. (1977): Willemite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline Intrusion. Mineralogical Magazine. 41, 71-75
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.184)
India
 
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Ajmer Division
      • Bhilwara District
Nalin Shah (2002) Rampura-Agucha - A remobilized SEDEX deposit Southeastern Rajasthan, India in M. Deb, Wayne David Goodfellow eds. Sediment-hosted lead-zinc sulphide deposits: attributes and models of some major deposits in India, Australia and Canada
Indonesia
 
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
      • Bogor District
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
Bariand, P. 1963. Contribution à la minéralogie de l’lran. Bulletin de la Société Française de minéralogie et de cristallographie, 86: 17-64. [Locality description in brief and mineralogical list with photographs] Bariand, P. 2003. Un apercu général sur la Minéralogie de I'Iran. Le Règne Minéral, 54: 41-51.
        • Chah Milleh (Chah-Mileh; Tchah-Mille)
XRD analysis
  • Yazd Province
    • Taft District
Wilke, H.J. (1977): Persisches Tagebuch (4). - LAPIS, 2, 10, p. 32-35
  • Zanjan Province
    • Sheykhlar
USGS database; Gilg, H. A., Boni, M., Balassone, G., Allen, C. R., Moore, F. (2003)The 3-stage evolution of the Angouran Zn "oxide"-sulfide deposit, Iran. In: Mineral exploration and sustainable development. Millpress, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 77-80.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Kilkenny
    • Johnstown
Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Seriana Valley
        • Riso Valley
Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Ozieri
Olmi F., Sabelli C., Santucci, A., Brizzi, G. (1995): I silicati e i vanadati di Ozieri (SS). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1995, 145-160
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., & Capperi, M. (2007). Valle dello Stregaio e Monte Gai, Massa Marittima, Grosseto. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 92-102.
      • Montieri
        • Gerfalco
Batacchi, C., Cadoni, M., Ciriotti, M.E. (2011): Murdochite di Fosso Mandromicci, Gerfalco, Toscana: primo ritrovamento italiano. Micro (Periodico dell'AMI). 2011 (3), 101-112
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
[MinRec 33:168] ((error???))
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Numata City
Yamada, Y., Shiobara, Y., Hirama, T.: "Melanotekite and willemite from Numata City, Gunma Prefecture, Japan."
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Nikko City
Ohe Rikosha specimens
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Ahumada
      • Los Lamentos Mts (Sierra de Los Lamentos)
Wilson, W. E. (1980). Famous mineral localities: Los Lamentos, Chihuahua, Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 11, 277-286.
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
      • Santa Eulalia District
        • East Camp
Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
        • West Camp
Min News (1997) 13:8 pp 1,6,8
          • Francisco Portillo
Peter Megaw Collection
Rob Lavinsky
    • Mun. de Casas Grandes
      • San Pedro Corralitos
Min Rec 35:6 pp4-17
Wendell W. (2004) - Famous Mineral Localities: San Pedro Corralitos. Mineralogical Record 35(6), 4-17,65.
Mineralium Deposita, 44 (2009) 363-370
  • Coahuila
    • Mun. de Sierra Mojada
J.R. de Wet and J.D. Singleton (2008) Development of a viable process for the recovery of zinc from oxide ores. The Journal of The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 108:253-259
  • Jalisco
    • Mun. de Bolaños
      • Bolaños
http://www.amsac.com.mx/mminero/septiembre/sep98a1.html
Panczner(1987):393.
Panczner (1987): 393.
Panczner (1987):80-393; Dana 7:I:518.
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Ojo Caliente
      • La Blanca
Parker, R. (2010). Geology And Mineral Resources Of The Bilbao Silver-Lead-Zinc Deposit, State Of Zacatecas, Mexico. Private Company Report for Xtierra Inc.
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
G.M. Tsareva data
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
  • L'oriental Region
    • Jbel Bou Arhous
Flavien Choulet, Nicolas Charles, Luc Barbanson, Yannick Branquet, Stanislas Sizaret, Aomar Ennaciri, Lakhlifi Badra, Yan Chen (2014): Non-sulfide zinc deposits of the Moroccan High Atlas: Multi-scale characterization and origin. Ore Geology Reviews, 56, 115-140.; F. Choulet, M. Buatier, L. Barbanson, R. Guégan, A. Ennaciri (2016): Zinc-rich clays in supergene non-sulfide zinc deposits. Mineralium Deposita 51, 467–490.
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
[MinRec 12:45, 8:Tsumeb 34/50/67]
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) 119 pp; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 815 pp (in English)
      • Grootfontein
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 249 pp. (in English)
[Mineralogical Record 28:124]
[Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Niger
 
  • Agadez Department
    • Aïr Region
      • South Aïr
Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Goldschmidt, V.M. (1911): Die Kontaktmetamorphose im Kristianiagebiet . Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. 1.Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1911. No 1. Kristiania
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71
Svein A.Berge collection (collected in 1988)
Peter Andresen collection (identified by UV), sept 2003
Peru
 
  • Lima Department
    • Huarochiri Province
      • Casapalca
In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Poland
 
  • Małopolskie
    • Chrzanów District
      • Trzebinia
        • Trzebinia smelting plant
Włodyka, R., Gawęda, A., Warchulski, R. (2015): Metallurgical slags from the “Trzebinia” smelting plant, Poland. Mineralogia Special Papers: 44: 108-109
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Katowice
      • Świętochłowice
Puziewicz, J., Zainoun, K. and Bril, H. (2007): Primary phases in pyrometallurgical slags from a zinc-smelting waste dump, Świętochłowice, Upper Silesia, Poland. Can. Mineral. 45, 1189-1200.
Portugal
 
  • Beja District
    • Moura
      • Sobral da Adiça
Pimentel, R., Nunes, R. & De Ascenção, R.(2007): Les minéraux d'altération de plomb (Pb) et zinc (Zn) du massif de Preguiça, Moura, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 75, 19-26.
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
 
  • Bouenza Department
    • M'fouati District
Michel Arliguie specimens
Demetrius Pohl
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Tuva Republic
      • Chikhachev Range
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
        • Dal'negorsk (Dalnegorsk; Tetyukhe; Tjetjuche; Tetjuche)
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Ardovo
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
          • Cerro de los Guardias
Jean-Marc JOHANNET collection
      • San José
Georges FAVREAU collection
    • Córdoba
      • Cardeña
I. Ramos Márquez; C. Menor Salván; M. Calvo Rebollar; A. Carmona Ruiz y J. Viñals (2012) Kasolita de la mina “San Rafael”, Cardeña (Córdoba, España). Acopios, 3: 63-76. DOI: 10.7597/acopios2171-7788.2012.63
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Nysten, P. (2003): Yeatmanite and magnussonite from the Garpenberg Norra mine, Bergslagen ore province, Sweden. Can. Mineral., 41, 201-206
Öhman, L., F. Grensman (2000): Garpenberg (Södra). Litofilen, 17, 29-38
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
        • Norra Kärr
Tranefors, H. & Olsson, K. (2017) Norra Kärr- ett återbesök och uppdatering från juni 2016. Litiofilen: 34: 7-10.
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Rocks & Min.: 60:243; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Kjell Gatedal
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004)
Tunisia
 
  • Siliana Governorate
    • Siliana
      • Djebel Sekarna
Dill, Weiss, Botz, Dohrmann, Paleontological, mineralogical and chemical studies of syngenetic and epigenetic Pb–Zn–Ba–P mineralizations at the stratotype of the K/P boundary, International Journal of Earth Sciences, Feb 2010.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • City of Carlisle District
        • Tindale (Tindale Fell)
Braithwaite, R.S.W., Lamb, R.P.H. and Nattrass, A.L. (2006): Secondary species associated with weathering of industrial residues at Tindale Fell Spelter Works, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society 9, 61-64.; Norman Wilson collection
Ukraine
 
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
P.M. Kartashov data
USA
 
  • Arizona
Rocks & Min.:64:58.
    • Cochise Co.
      • Chiricahua Mts
        • California District
          • Rustler Park
Rolf Luetcke
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 95; Miller, D.K. and Wilson, W.E. (1983), Famous Mineral Localities: The Hilltop Mine, Min.Rec.: 14:121-126; Pough, F.N. (1941), Occurrence of willemite, Am.Min.: 26: 92-102; Rocks & Min.:64:58.
Rolf Luetcke
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Middle Pass District
          • Escapule Mine group (Escapule Mine; Joe Escapule Mine; Moonlight group; Northside group; Garnet group; Arizona group)
Rolf Luetcke
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
          • Gleeson
            • Costello Mine group (Costello claims)
Rocks & Min.:63:329.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420.
Rolf Luetcke
      • Huachuca Mts
        • Hartford District (Huachuca Mountains District)
C. Lemanski Jr. - self collected.
          • Miller Peak
            • Miller Canyon
Mr. Roy Parsons, Huachuca City, AZ
          • Montezuma Canyon
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 39.
          • Ramsey Canyon
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046172, MRDS ID #M241004.
      • Little Dragoon Mts
        • Cochise District
          • Dragoon
Rolf Luetcke
          • Gunnison Hills
            • Dragoon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Cooper, J.R. (1957), Metamorphism and volume losses in carbonate rocks near Johnson Camp, Cochise Co., AZ. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull. 68: 577-610; Rocks & Min.: 64: 58.
Rolf Luetcke
Rolf Luetcke
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, USA 420; Cooper, J.R. & L.T. Silver (1964), Geology and ore deposits of the Dragoon quadrangle, Cochise Co., AZ, USGS PP 416.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 12:315]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
In the collection of Brent Thorne
          • Tombstone
The Rocksmiths (former mine owners).
Brent Thorne
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Rolf Luetcke
Collected by Joe Ruiz. Ananlyzed by Raman at the University of Arizona.
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
      • Globe-Miami District
        • Globe Hills District
          • Globe Hills
            • Burch area
              • Radium
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 77, 128; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 95; Wilson, E.D., et al (1950), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part I, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 156: 104-105.
            • Globe
              • Big Johnnie Gulch
Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami District, Arizona, USGS PP 342: 118.
            • Midland City
              • Irene Gulch
Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342: 77, 121.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Clifton
            • Modoc Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Lindgren, W. (1905), The copper deposits of the Clifton-Morenci District, AZ, USGS PP 43; Univ. AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 60; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 96.
    • La Paz Co.
      • Granite Wash Mts
        • Ellsworth District
Keith, Stanton B. (1978) State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Br. Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma Co., Arizona: 149 (Table 4); Dale (1959): 15-16; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
      • Plomosa Mts
        • Plomosa District
          • Black Mesa
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 123, 420.
      • Trigo Mts
        • Silver District
          • Black Rock Wash
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 94; Rocks & Min.:64:58.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 223, 420; Bancroft, P. & G. Bricker (1990), Arizona's silver mining district, Min.Rec.: 21: 151-168; Rocks & Min.: 64:58.
Visually identified by Dana Slaughter on a specimen of Wulfenite from the Robert Ray collection of Northridge, CA. Identification also based on fluorescence.
Self-collected: C. Lemanski; J. Ebner; E. Stuart; R. DuBlois; S. Misiur.
Collected by C. Lemanski, Jr. and crew.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 158: 91; Edson, G.M. (1980), The Red Cloud mine, Yuma, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 141-152; Rocks & Min.: 61:55-56; MinRec 21:160.
Southern California Micromounters Symposium, Jan 29, 2010, Redlands, CA.
      • Wenden
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 96..
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Belmont Mts
        • Wickenburg area
C. Lemanski, Jr.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Hummingbird Spring
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 103, 420; Williams, S.A. (1968), Wickenburgite, a new mineral from Arizona, Am.Min.: 53: 1433-1438.
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
              • Tiger Wash
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 413, 420; Allen, G.B. & W. Hunt (1988), The Tonopah-Belmont Mine, Maricopa Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 19(3): 139-144; Rocks & Min.: 63: 328; Rocks & Min.: 64: 58; Am.Min.: 81: 244-248.
Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1962), Reconnaissance study of uranium deposits in AZ, USGS Bull. 1147-A: A16.
      • Painted Rock Mts
        • Painted Rock District
          • Theba
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.; Mineralogical Record 22:381
      • Vulture Mts
        • Vulture District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 103, 192, 247, 420; Williams, S.A. (1968), Wickenburgite, a new mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 53: 1433-1438; Williams, S.A. & R.A. Bideaux (1975), Creaseyite, Cu2Pb2(Fe,Al)2Si5O17·6H2O, a new mineral from Arizona and Sonora, Mineralogical Magazine: 40: 227-231; Rocks & Min.: 64:58.
    • Mohave Co.
      • Cleopatra District
        • Kimble Sub-District
          • Rawhide Wash
Personally collected by Jerry A. Baird in October 2011. PXRD identification on mimetite and creaseyite by Tony Kampf. Wet chemical and visual identification on other minerals.
    • Pima Co.
      • Cimarron & Sheridan Mts
        • Cimarron District (Salt Well District)
          • Cimarron Mts
            • Casa Grande
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420-421; Wilson, E.D. & G.H. Roseveare (1949), Arizona nonmetallics: A summary of past production and present operations (2nd.ed.), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 155: 48; Funnell, J.E. & E.J. Wolfe (1964), Compendium on nonmetallic minerals of AZ, Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio.
      • Empire Mts
        • Empire District
          • The Narrows
            • Cienega Creek
Rolf Luetcke
      • Silver Bell Mts
        • Silver Bell District
No reference listed
      • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
        • Comobabi Mts
          • Cababi District (Comobabi District)
            • Ko Vaya
              • Mildren Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Williams, S.A, (1963), Oxidation of sulfide ores in the Mildren and Steppe mining districts, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1119-1125.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Williams, S.A, (1963), Oxidation of sulfide ores in the Mildren and Steppe mining districts, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1119-1125.
      • Tucson Mts
        • Amole District
          • Jaynes
Rocks & Min.:63:327 & 64:58.
Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 96.
          • Saguaro National Monument
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 420; Jones, D. (1983), The Old Yuma mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 95-107, 326; Rocks & Min.:64:58.
      • Waterman Mts
        • Waterman District
          • Silver Hill District
            • Silver Hill
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 96; Min.Rec.: 19: 312.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Casa Grande District
        • Casa Grande
          • Casa Grande area
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 96.
      • Galiuro Mts
        • Table Mountain District
          • Table Mountain area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 183, 421; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
      • Mammoth District
        • Mammoth
          • Tucson Wash
R. O. Meyer collection.
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104, 421; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181; Fahey, J.J. (1955), Murdochite, a new copper lead oxide mineral, Am.Min.: 40: 905-906; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 96.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 421.
        • Bell Butte area
Collected and identified by John Ebner (2007), visual ID confirmed by C. Lemanski, Jr.
        • Superior area
          • Reymert Canyon
M. Ascher Collection; John Ebner collection; Chester Lemanski collection; Steven Misiur collection; Ronald Deblois collection, Mike Skebo collection.
      • Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation
        • Silver Reef District
          • Tat Momoli Mts
            • Chuichu area
              • Silver Reef Mountains area
                • White Horse Pass area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 421; Rocks & Min.: 63: 327; 64:58.
        • Slate Mts
          • Casa Grande District
            • Tat Momoli area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 421.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10102392, MRDS ID #M000048.
        • Vekol Mts
          • Vekol District
            • Kohatk
Rolf Luetcke
      • Tortilla Mts
        • Ripsey District
          • Ripsey Hill area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona (1995), 3rd.ed.: 158, 247, 413, 421; Williams, S.A. & J.W. Anthony (1970), Hemihedrite, a new mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 1088-1102
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Rita Mts
        • Tyndall District
          • Cottonwood Canyon
            • Amado
              • Devil's Cash Box ridge
                • Glove Mine group (Zombie & Zeco claims; Festiago-Franklin; Blacksmith adit)
Collection of Tom Trebisky, verified with Raman.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Castle Creek District
          • Copperopolis
Rolf Luetcke
Rolf Luetcke
      • Wickenburg
Personal communication with Richard Zimmerman (claim owner)
      • Wickenburg area
        • Red Picacho District
Rocks & Min.:63:328 & 64:58.
Mr. William Gardner, mine claim holder; C. Lemanski, Jr.
    • Yuma Co.
      • Castle Dome Mts
        • Castle Dome District
          • Kofa Game Range
            • Castle Dome Mine group
              • Buckeye vein group
Rocks & Mins.:64:58.
                • Hull Mine group (Rialto Mine group; Hull group of claims; Rialto claims)
Rolf Luetcke
      • Kofa Mts (S.H. Mts)
        • Kofa District
          • Kofa Game Range
Rocks & Min.: 64: 58.
  • California
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Foothill Copper Belt
        • Campo Seco District
          • Campo Seco
            • Penn Mine (Happy Jack; West Constellation; Satellite; Big Satellite; Hinkcley; Blue Jay; Meteor; Hecla; Little Satellite; Copper Hill; Penn Chemical Works; Campo Seco)
Parsons, M. B.; Bird, D. K.; Einaudi, M. T.; Alpers, C. N. (2001): Geochemical and mineralogical controls on trace element release from the Penn Mine base-metal slag dump, California. Applied Geochemistry 16, 1567-1593.
    • Imperial Co.
      • Chocolate Mts
        • Paymaster District
          • Midway Well
[Margerum, W (2003) The Paymaster Mine, The Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California Vol. 73 No. 8
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
Calif. Div. of Mines & Geology Bull. #189, Murdoch, et al (1966): 50.; Calif. Div. of Mines & Geology Bull. #189, Murdoch, et al (1966): 50.
          • Cerro Gordo
Merriam, Charles Warren (1963), Geology of the Cerro Gordo Mining District, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 408, 83 pp.: 43; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 384.
Irelan, William, Jr. (1890a), Ninth annual report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 9, 352 pp.: 47; Knopf, Adolf (1914b), Mineral resources of the Inyo and White Mountains, California: USGS Bulletin 540: 97; Siebenthal, C.E. (1917), Zinc: Mineral Resources U.S., 1915, part 1: 922; Merriam, Charles Warren (1963), Geology of the Cerro Gordo Mining District, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 408, 83 pp.: 43; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 217, 340, 384.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • San Bernardino Mts
        • Bear Valley District
          • Fawnskin (Grout)
Rocks & Min.:64:58.
Rocks & Min.:61:33-34.
      • Shadow Mts [2]
        • Shadow Mountains Tungsten-North Field
          • Silver Peak [2]
Tony Kampf
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
"The Blue Bell Claims San Bernardaino County, California", Maynard, M. et al, pg. 53.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Sedalia District
("Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997); U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 829; Sheridan, Douglas M., Raymond, William H. (1964) Precambrian deposits of zinc-copper-lead sulfides and zinc spinel (gahnite) in Colorado. USGS Bulletin 1550
    • Gilpin Co.
      • Central City District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Hinsdale Co.
Rocks & Minerals: Sept, 1998
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Evergreen District (Malachite District)
        • Bear Creek-Evergreen area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • La Plata Co.
      • La Plata District (California District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Lake Co.
      • Leadville District
        • Upper Iowa Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Park Co.
      • Montezuma District
        • Hall Valley (Hall's Valley)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Pitkin Co.
      • Aspen District (Roaring Fork District)
        • Aspen
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Connecticut
    • New Haven Co.
      • Cheshire
Found by Fred Schuster, former Don Miller collection
  • Idaho
    • Custer Co.
      • Bay Horse District
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Illinois
    • Vermilion Co.
      • Danville
        • Hegeler
Piatak, N. M. & Seal, R. R., II (2010): Mineralogy and the release of trace elements from slag from the Hegeler Zinc smelter, Illinois (USA). Applied Geochemistry, 25, 302-320
  • Montana
    • Broadwater Co.
      • Radersburg District (Cedar Plains District; Lone Mountain District)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
http://www.mineraltown.com/reports/montana_mines/summit_mine.php?idioma=2
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Alunite District
Richard W. Thomssen; Robert M. Housley (2005) Recent rare mineral finds in southern California and Nevada desert mines. Abstracts from the 2005 Desert Symposium. California State University, Desert Studies Consortium and LSA Associates, Inc.
      • Eldorado Mts
        • Eldorado District (Colorado District)
Robert M. Housley (2005) Recent rare mineral finds in southern California and Nevada desert mines. Abstracts from the 2005 Desert Symposium. California State University, Desert Studies Consortium and LSA Associates, Inc.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada; Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 65-69
    • Elko Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • McCoy District
U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-195
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Pioche District
        • Arizona Peak
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
    • White Pine Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
collected by and in the collection of Eckhard D. Stuart
      • Taylor District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Bergen Co.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 76.
    • Sussex Co.
      • Andover Township
Cummings, W. L., 2007, Personal communication
The Iron Mines of NJ (1910), Bayley: 133 & 221.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Palache(1935):83-87; Dunn(1995):Pt3:384-399.
Van King
Palache(1935):86.
Palache(1935).
Van King; Chester S. Lemanski, Jr.
Van King
Palache(1935):86.
David bernstein
Palache(1935):85-86.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Steve Sanford; Leavens, P. B., Zullo, J., & Verbeek, E. (2009). A complex, genthelvite-bearing skarn from the Passaic pit, Sterling Hill mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey. Axis, 5, 26.
[MinRec 1:86, 13:35, 19:275, 12:371, 5:36-37, 19:273; Palache(1935):83-87; Dunn(1995):Pt3:384-399.
Franklin Mineral Museum specimens
  • New Mexico
    • Doña Ana Co.
      • Organ Mts
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
          • Organ
Jerry Cone Collection
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Grant Co.
NMBMMR New Mexico Mineral symposium (2003) pp. 8-9
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Georgetown District
        • Georgetown
2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 34-43
2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
      • Steeple Rock District
        • Jim Crow-Imperial
2008 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
    • Hidalgo Co.
DeMark, R.S. (2004): News from the Apache mine, New Mexico. Mineral News, 20, 8.
Min News 20:10 p 8
      • Peloncillo Mts
        • San Simon District
          • Granite Gap
R&M 77:5 p298-305
R&M 77:5 p298-305
      • Red Hill District
Min News 20:6 p8
    • Luna Co.
NMBMMR Bull 72 Mineral Deposits of Luna County, New Mexico
      • Tres Hermanas Mts
NMBGMR Open-file Report OF-459
Min Rec 20:1 p57
Jerry Cone Collection
DeMark, R.S. (1989) Micromounting in New Mexico. Min Rec 20:57-64
Steve Stuart collection- from 2011 Tucson Microimineral Symposium
Jerry Cone Collection
Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
Walstrom 2006 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
        • Mine Hill
Jerry A. Baird
    • Sierra Co.
      • Hillsboro District
        • Hillsboro
Min Rec 20:1 p59
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; USGS Bull 945C
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; USGS Bull 945C
USGS Bull 945C
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Sierra Cuchillo (Cuchillo Negro Mts)
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
[MinRec 20:24]
Min Rec 20:1 pp13-24; GF Loughlin (1942) Geology and ore deposits of the Magdalena mining district, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 200.
      • North Magdalena District
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Silver Hill area
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd edition; C. Lemanski, Jr.
      • Socorro Peak District
R&M 66:1 p56-63
R&M 66:1 p56-63
R&M 66:1 p56-63
Rocks & Min.: 64:57; Dana 6:461.
R&M 66:1 p56-63
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc District
Brown, J.S. (1936) Supergene sphalerite, galena, and willemite at Balmat, NY. Economic Geology: 31: 331-354.
A.Mathauser collection
  • Oklahoma
    • Comanche Co.
      • Wichita Mts
        • Mount Scott
J.D. Price et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 435-451.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Carbon Co.
      • Lower Towamensing Township
        • Palmerton
Howard Heitner specimen
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • Star Range
        • Star and North Star Districts
Rick Dalrymple Collection
    • Iron Co.
      • Escalante District (Mt. Escalante)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Juab Co.
      • Fish Springs Mts
        • Fish Springs District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Yemen
 
  • Hadramawt Governorate
    • Mukalla
Mondillo, N., Boni, M., Balassone, G., Joachimski, M., & Mormone, A. (2014). The Jabali nonsulfide Zn–Pb–Ag deposit, western Yemen. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 248-267.
Zambia
 
  • Central Province
    • Kabwe District
      • Kabwe (Broken Hill)
Mineralogical Record (1980): 11: 347-348.; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
  • Lusaka Province
    • Lusaka
Maria Boni, Rosario Terracciano, Giuseppina Balassone, Sarah A. Gleeson und Alexander Matthews (2011): The carbonate-hosted willemite prospects of the Zambezi Metamorphic Belt (Zambia). Mineralium Deposita 46, 707-729.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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