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Winchite

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Formula:
☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
The winchite group minerals are defined as sodium-calcium amphiboles with A(Na+K+ 2Ca)<0,5 apfu and with C(Al+Fe3++2Ti)<1,5 apfu. The W position may contain (OH),F or Cl.

Winchite is defined with
C2+ position: Mg dominant
C3+ position: Al dominant
W position: (OH) dominant.
Colour:
Cobalt-blue to violet-blue, lavender-gray, gray, colorless
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For Howard J. Winch, British geologist, manager and chemist to the Kajlidongri quarry, who discovered of the mineral.
The Kajlidongri mine, Madhya Pradesh, India, is generally considered to be the type locality for winchite, but since Fe3+ >> Al the mineral composition of the mineral found here corresponds to a ferri-winchite composition. See locality page for further information.


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Classification of WinchiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DE.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles
66.1.3b.1

66 : INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
1 : Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
14.25.1

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
25 : Silicates of Fe, Ca and alkalis and of Fe, Mg, Ca and alkalis

Physical Properties of WinchiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Cobalt-blue to violet-blue, lavender-gray, gray, colorless
Streak:
Pale blue-grey
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of WinchiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.636 nβ = 1.646 nγ = 1.658
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of WinchiteHide

Formula:
☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2

The winchite group minerals are defined as sodium-calcium amphiboles with A(Na+K+ 2Ca)<0,5 apfu and with C(Al+Fe3++2Ti)<1,5 apfu. The W position may contain (OH),F or Cl.

Winchite is defined with
C2+ position: Mg dominant
C3+ position: Al dominant
W position: (OH) dominant.
IMA Formula:
◻NaCa(Mg4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Ti,Mn,Na,K

Crystallography of WinchiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.83 Å, b = 18.06 Å, c = 5.3 Å
β = 104.45°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.544 : 1 : 0.293
Unit Cell V:
911.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Synonyms of WinchiteHide

Other Language Names for WinchiteHide

Russian:Винчит
Simplified Chinese:蓝透闪石
Traditional Chinese:藍透閃石

Relationship of Winchite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Ferro-ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-fluoro-winchite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)F2
Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
Fluoro-winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)F2

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Braunite1 photo of Winchite associated with Braunite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.05Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DE.05Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Manganocummingtonite☐{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Manganogrunerite☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Permanganogrunerite☐{Mn2+2}{Mn2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite{Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Joesmithite{Pb}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Be2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite☐{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2 Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-chloro-edenite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Magnesiotaramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3AlFe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Potassic-richteriteK[CaNa][Mg5]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Mangano-ferri-eckermannite[Na][Na2][Mn2+4(Fe3+)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteNaNa2(Mn2+2Mn3+3)(Si8O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteNa(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2Mon.
9.DE.25Sodic-ferri-clinoferroholmquistiteNa0.5{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraite{Na}{Na2}{MgMn3+2LiTi4+}Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

66.1.3b.5Aluminobarroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
66.1.3b.9Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
66.1.3b.11Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
66.1.3b.15Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.25.2Ferri-winchite (of Leake 1978)
14.25.3Alumino-ferrowinchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.25.4Ferro-ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
14.25.5Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
14.25.6Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.25.7Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
14.25.8ImandriteNa12Ca3Fe3+2(Si6O18)2Orth.
14.25.9Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WinchiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Fermor, L.L. (1904) A new form of blue amphibole from Central India. Records of the Geological Survey of India: 31: 235-236.
Fermor, L.L. (1906) Manganese in India, Transactions of the Mining and Geological Institute of India: 1, Part 2, 2nd edition.
Nayak, V.K., Leake, B.E. (1975) On 'winchite' from the original locality at Kajlidongri, India. Mineralogical Magazine: 40: 395-399.
Leake, B.E., Ferrow, C.M., Nayak, V.K. (1981) Further studies on winchite from the type locality. American Mineralogist: 66: 625-631.
Leake, B.E., Farrow, C.M., Chao, F., Nayak, V.K. (1986) Winchite re-discovered from the type locality in India. Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 173-175.
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.

Internet Links for WinchiteHide

Localities for WinchiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
Frank Hawthorne
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
Min Rec 36:3 p294
Algeria
 
  • Skikda Province
    • Azzaba area
Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie, Heflik W., 1989: Symplectic intergrowths in vulcanites from the Djebel Guettara manganese deposit (Northern Algeria). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20(2), 11-28
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Alcoota Station
Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Corinna-Savage River district
Bottrill & Taheri, 2008, Savage River mine, Unpub. Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania
    • Latrobe municipality
Bottrill, R. S.; 2001, Glaucophane and phengite bearing amphibolite, Port Sorell: mineral composition and petrology. Mineral resources Tasmania., Record 2001/13
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Bendigo
C. V. Spaggiari,  D. R. Gray and D. A. Foster(2002): Blueschist metamorphism during accretion in the Lachlan Orogen, south-eastern Australia, Journal of Metamorphic Geology, volume 20, Issue 8, pages 711–726,
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Pinchi Lake
Ghent, E.D., Stout, M.Z., erdmer, P. (1990) Howieite in blueschists, Pinchi Lake, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 855-858.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Doucette, C., Pe-Piper, G. (1997) Digitial mapping of the Wentworth plutonic complex, Cobequid Highlans, Nova Scotia, and petrology of its felsic phases. 1997 AGS Abstracts, Atlantic Geology: 33(1): 56.
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Ring of Fire
        • BMA527861 Area
Laarman,J.E. 2014. A DETAILED METALLOGENIC STUDY OF THE MCFAULDS LAKE CHROMITE DEPOSITS, NORTHERN ONTARIO , PhD Thesis, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
China
 
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Lianyungang Prefecture
      • Donghai Co.
Rong Yan and Jianjun Yang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1621-1633
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
Gao Jiu, Klemd, R., Zhang Lifei, Wang Su, and Xiao Xiong (1999): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 17(6), 621-636.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Kraslice (Graslitz)
Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Sifnos Island
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
  • South Aegean Department
    • Dodekánisos Prefecture (Dodekánissa)
      • Dodecanese Islands
        • Arki Island (Arkioi)
          • Akrotiri Koumaros
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
  • Sterea Hellas Department
    • Évvoia Prefecture
P. Xypolias, I. Iliopoulos, V. Chatzaras, and S. Kokkalas (2012) Subduction- and exhumation-related structures in the Cycladic Blueschists: Insights from south Evia Island (Aegean region, Greece)TECTONICS, VOL. 31, 22pp
India
 
  • Gujarat
    • Panch Mahal District
Sathe, R.V., Peshawa, V.V., and Karmarkar, B.M. (1965): Bull. Geochem. Soc. India 1, 36-39.
Sadashivajah, M.S., and Naganna, C. (1964): Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 59A, 355-361. Nayak, V. K. and Leake, B. E. (1975). On 'winchite' from the original locality at Kajlidongri, India, Mineralogical Magazine, 40,395-399.
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Balaghat District
Kilpady, S.R. (1964): J. Univ. Geol. Soc. Nagpur 1, 7.
      • Tirodi
http://www.mindat.org/article.php/1656/Amphiboles+from+the+Methamorphic+Manganese+Ores+of+Central+India
    • Jabalpur Division
      • Chhindwara District (Chindawara District; Chindwara District)
Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
    • Jhabua District
Nayak, V. K. (1966): Mineralogy and genesis of the manganese ores of Kajlidongri mine, district Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh, India. Economic Geology 61, 1280-1282.; B. E. LEAKE, C. M. FARROW, F. CHAO, V. K. NAYAK(1986): Winchite re-discovered from the type locality in India, MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE,VOL. 50, pp 173-175
  • Maharashtra
    • Bhandara District
Bilgrami, S. A. (1955). Manganese amphiboles from Chikla, Bhandara district, India. Min. Mag, 30, 633-644. Nayak, V. K. and Leake, B. E. (1975). On 'winchite' from the original locality at Kajlidongri, India, Mineralogical Magazine, 40,395-399
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
Lapis, 19 (10), 15-21+86.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Karumai
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Shimohei-gun
          • Yamada-machi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nagasaki Prefecture
      • Nagasaki City
        • Kinkai-Tone-machi
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime prefecture
      • Niihama City
        • Besshi
          • Sebadani
Naohito Kishira, Akira Takasu and Md. Fazle Kabir(2013):Modes of occurrence and chemical compositions of amphiboles. in eclogite from the northeastern part of the Seba eclogitic basic schists in the Sambagawa metamorphic belt, central Shikoku, Japan. Geoscience Rept. Shimane Univ.,vol 32, pp33-42
Okamoto, A., & Toriumi, M. (2005). Progress of actinolite‐forming reactions in mafic schists during retrograde metamorphism: an example from the Sanbagawa metamorphic belt in central Shikoku, Japan. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 23(5), 335-356.
Myanmar
 
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
Shi, G. H., Zhu, X. K., Deng, J., Mao, Q., Liu, Y. X., & Li, G. W. (2011). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(6), 1608-1620 Guanghai Shi, George E. Harlow, Jing Wang, Jun Wang, Enoch Ng, Xia Wang, ShuMin Cao and Wenyuan CUI(2012): Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of mineralogy, Vol 24, pp 345-384 ; Shi, G., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J. Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., Cao, G. & Cui, W. (2012): Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar:a review with new data. Eur. J. Mineral. 24, 345–370
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
Jing Wang, Guanghai Shi, Jun Wang, Ye Yuan, and Mengchu Yang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(4), 1450-1460
Nyunt, T. T. (2009). Petrological and geochemical contribution to the origin of jadeitite and associated rocks of the Tawmaw Area, Kachin State, Myanmar.
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 368 pp. (in English)
Oman
 
  • Muscat Province (Masqat Province)
    • Saih Hatat
Jour.Met.Geo 19:233–248 (2001)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sudetes Mts
www.geo.uw.edu.pl/AM/VOL54/wierzcholowski.pdf.(link broken? sept 2014).
Romania
 
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Vitim Plateau
          • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
Koneva A.A., Konev A.A., Vladykin N.V. (2010) Vein complex of the Biraya carbonatite deposit. in Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp. Chukanov, Nikita V. (2013): Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library, Springer Science & Business Media, 1735 pp
A. Konev et al.: European Journal of Mineralogy 17(5):715–721 (2005)
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
Gregor Borg et al (2001) Deep Exhumation and Tectonic Emplacement of the Nishni Tagil Ultramafic Complex and its Platinum Ores, Urals, Russia in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I., and Zhukov, I.G. (2005): Lithology and Mineral Resources 40(1), 30-47.
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Vishnevye Mts (Vishnyovye; Cherry)
Nedosekova, I.L. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 129-146.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Korea
 
  • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
    • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov data
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 961-970.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Vicosoprano
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 64
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
USA
 
  • California
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Cazadero
www.minsocam.org/msa/Handbook/Winchite.PDF.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
USGS Bull 2192
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
USGS Bull 2192
  • Montana
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Libby District (Snowshoe District)
        • Libby
American Mineralogist, Volume 88, pages 1955–1969, 2003; Lowers, H.A., Wilson, S.A., Hoefen, T.M., Benzel, W.M., and Meeker, G.P., 2012, Preparation and characterization of “Libby Amphibole” toxicological testing material: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1012, 20 p.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
      • Rainy Creek District
Eur. J. Mineral. 2008, 20, 1043–1053
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Vermont
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71. (1996)
Rocks & Min 71:330
    • Orleans Co.
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Venezuela
 
  • Nueva Esparta
    • Margarita Island
Handbook of Mineralogy
Zimbabwe
 
  • Midlands
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm.
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