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Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Member of:
Named after its chemical composition, containing gold (Latin: aurum) and antimony (Latin: stibium).
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AurostibiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.

12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of AurostibiteHide

Gray with bornite like tarnish
VHN100=280 - 292 - Vickers
9.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    9.91 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AurostibiteHide


Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 61.6%.
Colour in reflected light:
Galena like with pinkish tinge.

Chemical Properties of AurostibiteHide


Crystallography of AurostibiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.646 Å
Unit Cell V:
293.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Sparse elongate grains to 3.5 cm

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.32 (50)
2.97 (40)
2.71 (30)
2.34 (40)
1.999 (100)
0.865 (50)
0.783 (40)
Giant Yellowknife mine, Canada.

Type Occurrence of AurostibiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Canadian Geological Survey, Ottawa; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada.
Graham, A.R., Kaiman, S. (1952) Aurostibite, AuSb2; a new mineral in the pyrite group. American Mineralogist: 37: 461-469.

Other Language Names for AurostibiteHide

Relationship of Aurostibite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
PyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gold4 photos of Aurostibite associated with Gold on
Jamesonite2 photos of Aurostibite associated with Jamesonite on
Quartz2 photos of Aurostibite associated with Quartz on
Stibnite2 photos of Aurostibite associated with Stibnite on
Chalcopyrite2 photos of Aurostibite associated with Chalcopyrite on
Chalcostibite1 photo of Aurostibite associated with Chalcostibite on
Cuprostibite1 photo of Aurostibite associated with Cuprostibite on
Criddleite1 photo of Aurostibite associated with Criddleite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aGeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aHaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aLauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPenroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aVaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsSMon. 2 : P21
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aFerroseliteFeSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10cGlaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aSafflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsSOrth. mm2 : Pca21
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSeIso. 2 3 : P21 3

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3,Ni,Co,Fe)S2 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3,Sb)2 m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AurostibiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Oftedal, I. (1928) Über die Kristallstrukturen der verbindungen RuS2, OsS2, MnTe2 und AuSb2. Mit einem Anhang über die Gitterkonstant von Pyrit. Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie: 135: 291-299.
Coleman, L.C. (1953) Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay area, N.W.T. American Mineralogist: 38: 506-527.
Graham, A.R., Kaiman, S. (1952) Aurostibite, AuSb2; a new mineral in the pyrite group. American Mineralogist: 37: 461-469.
Pearson, W.B. (1964) Electrical resistivity, Hall coefficient, and thermoelectric power of AuSb2 and Cu2Sb*. Canadian Journal of Physics: 42: 519-525.
Furuseth, S., Selte, K., Kjekshus, A. (1967) On the solid solubility and structural properties of PdAs2-xSbx, PtP2-xAsx, PtP2-xSbx, PtP2-xBix, PtAs2-xSbx, PtAs2-xBix, PtSb2-xBix, Pdl-mPtmAs2, Pdl-mPtmSb2, Pdl-mAumSb2, and Ptl-mAumSb2. Acta Chemica Scandinavica: 21: 527-536.
Naz'mova, G.N., Spiridonov, E.M., Shalayev, Y.S. (1975) Aurostibite from the Bestyube deposit, northern Kazakhstan. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 222: 687–689 (in Russian).
Freund, G.A., Kirby, R.D., Sellmyer, D.J. (1977) Raman scattering from pyrite structure AuSb2. Solid State Communications: 22: 5-7.
Ashley, P.M., Cook, N.D.J., Hill, R.L. (1990) Occurrence and significance of aurostibite in Sb–Au ore from Hillgrove, New South Wales, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie: Monatshefte: 537–551.
Cook, N.J. (1992) Antimony-rich mineral parageneses and their association with Au minerals within massive sulfide deposits at Sulitjelma, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1992: 97-106.
Jedwab, J., Chuva, J.M., Poot, E. (1992) Reflected-light microscope and SEM/EMP observations on the behaviour of aurostibite (AuSb2) during amalgamation. Mineralogical Magazine: 56: 561-565.
Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Gabašová, A., Hloušek, J., Šrein, V., Vavrín, I., Skála, R., Sejkora, J., Drábek, M. (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district. Journal of the Czech Geological Society: 48: 19-147.

Internet Links for AurostibiteHide

Localities for AurostibiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Sandon Co.
Ashley, P.M., Cook, N.D.J., Hill, R.L. (1990) Occurrence and significance of aurosibite in the Au-Sb ore from Hillgrove, New South Wales, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Vol. 12, pp. 539-551.
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Bendigo
      • Costerfield
Hawkins, I.E. (1980). The stibnite gold association in Victoria.Thesis (M.Sc) - La Trobe University. Submitted to the Dept. of Geology, School of Physical Sciences.
    • Mount Alexander Shire
Cristiana Ciobanu & Bill Birch 2008, Gold-Bismuth-Tellurium Mineralisation at Maldon, Victoria, Australia: A Classic Locality Revisited, Sixth Iinternational Conference, Mineralogy and Museums; Ciobanu, C. L., Birch, W. D., Cook, N. J., Pring, A., & Grundler, P. V. (2010). Petrogenetic significance of Au–Bi–Te–S associations: the example of Maldon, Central Victorian gold province, Australia. Lithos, 116(1), 1-17.
    • Strathbogie Shire
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Nullagine
Mock, C., Elliott, B.G., Ewers, G.R., Lorenz, R.P. (1987), Gold deposits of Western Australia, BMR Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Department of Primary Industries and Energy/ Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
  • Potosí Department
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guia a los Yacimientos Metaliferos de Bolivia. (Minera San Cristobal S.A. & Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz); Jan Bernard & Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.; Dill, H. G., Weiser, T., Bernhardt, I. R., & Kilibarda, C. R. (1995). The composite gold-antimony vein deposit at Kharma (Bolivia). Economic Geology, 90(1), 51-66.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Iron Quadrangle
      • Mariana (Marianna de Itacolumy)
        • Passagem de Mariana district
Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Rhodope Mts
Tarkian, M., & Breskovska, V. (1989). Greenockite from the Madjarovo Pb-Zn ore district, Eastern Rhodope, Bulgaria. Mineralogy and Petrology, 40(2), 137-144.
  • New Brunswick
    • York Co.
      • Clarence Stream area
K.G. Thorne, D.R. Lentz, D. Hoy, L.R. Fyffe, and L.J. Cabri (2009): Characteristics of Mineralization at the Main Zone of the Clarence Stream Gold Deposit, Southwestern New Brunswick, Canada: Evidence for an Intrusion-Related Gold System in the Northern Appalachian Orogen. Exploration and Mining Geology 17, 13-49.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Yellowknife
COLEMAN, L.C. (1953): Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay are, N.W.T. American Mineralogist 38, 506-527. GRAHAM, A.R. & KAIMAN, S. (1952): Aurostibite, AuSb2; a new mineral in the pyrite group. American Mineralogist 37, 461-469.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • West Gore
Econ Geol (1996) 91:1239-1262
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Balmer Township
Rocks & Minerals 79:2 pp94-99
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
    • Timiskaming District
      • McGarry Township
American Mineralogist: 37: 461-469.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Val d'Or
Simard, M., Gaboury, D., Daigneault, R., & Mercier-Langevin, P. (2013). Multistage gold mineralization at the Lapa mine, Abitibi Subprovince: insights into auriferous hydrothermal and metasomatic processes in the Cadillac–Larder Lake Fault Zone. Mineralium Deposita, 48(7), 883-905.
  • Gansu Province
    • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Luqu Co.
Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Jianming Liu, and Wenquan Lu (1993): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 13(2)
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Jinchengjiang District
        • Beixiang - Furongchang ore field
Zhifen Li (1988): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 8(2); Changjin Cai (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 65-71
  • Hunan Province
    • Huaihua Prefecture
      • Yuanling Co.
Changjin Cai (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 65-71; Xuexiang Gu, Schulz, O., Vavtar, Fr., Jianming Liu, and Minghua Zheng (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(1), 107-120; Xuexiang Gu, Schulz, O., Vavtar, F., Jianming Liu, Minghua Zheng, and Shaohong Fu (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31(1-4), 319-336
    • Yueyang Prefecture
      • Pingjiang Co.
Baoqin Yuan, Shuzhang Tian, and Jingyu Chen (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(4), 312-314; Changjin Cai (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 65-71
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
          • Baogutu
            • Kuogeshaye Mine
Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Norman King; Keutsch Photo 45328; Kruszewski Photo 67774; Jiří Zachariáš, Matěj Němec (2017): Gold to aurostibite transformation and formation of Au-Ag-Sb phases: the Krásná Hora deposit, Czech Republic. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 987-999.
[AmMin 84:197]
      • Příbram
        • Dubenec
Litochleb J., Sejkora J., Šrein V. 2006: The Au-Ag-Sb-Bi-Te mineralization from the deposit Bytíz (Mine 19), The Příbram uranium-polymetallic ore district, Czech Republic. Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 133-135
      • Příbram District
        • Psí hory gold district
          • Mokrsko
Jiří Zachariáš, Petr Morávek, Petr Gadas, Jaroslava Pertoldová (2014): The Mokrsko-West gold deposit, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic: Mineralogy, deposit setting and classification. Ore Geology Reviews 58, 238-263.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Sud-Kivu
    • Mwenga
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Ilomantsi
Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Pampalo(Ward)-Gold Database.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Haapavesi
Kojonen, Kari, Johanson, Bo, Sipilä, Esko 1991. The Kiimala gold deposit in Haapavesi, Western Finland. in: Geological Survey of Finland, Current Research 1989-1990. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 12, 75-79, 1991; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Vesiperä - Gold Database
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Huittinen; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    • Somero
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Himanka
Kontionoemi, Olavi andMursu, Juha (2006). Hirvikangas gold prospect in Himanka, western Finland. Geogical Survey of Finland, M 19/2413/2006/1/10.
    • Orivesi
Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353
    • Pihtipudas
      • Kanalanmäki area
        • Säkkärämäki
Novoselov, K., Belogub, E., Kotlyarov, V., Mikhailov, A. (2015): Ore mineralogy and formation conditions of the Pirunkoukku gold occurrence (Finland). European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(5): 639-649
    • Seinäjoki
      • Nurmo
Geological Survey of Finland website
Aho, Lea 1980. Seinäjoki-Nurmo Sb mineralisatiosta. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M19/2222/-80/1/10; Borodaev, Y., Mozgova, N., Ozerova, N., Bortnikov, N. Oivanen, P., Iletuinen, O. (1983): Associations Of Ore Minerals In The Deposits Of The Seinajöki District And The Discussion On The Ore Formation, Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland. 55 (1), 3-23
    • Ylöjärvi
Luukkonen Ari 1994. Main geological features, metallogeny and hydrotermal alteration phenomena of certain gold and gold-tin-tungsten prospects in southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 377.
  • Brittany
    • Ille-et-Vilaine
      • Martigné-Ferchaud
Pillard F., Chauris L., Laforêt C. (1985), Inventaire minéralogique de la France, Ed. BRGM, n°13, pp: 106-111
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Evaux
        • Budelière
Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral.
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Elz valley
        • Waldkirch
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Western Region
    • Ashanti gold belt
      • Obuasi
Oberthür, T., Weiser, T., Amanor, J.A., and Chryssoulis, S.L. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 2-15.
  • Kordestan Province (Kurdestan Province; Kordistan Province; Kurdistan Province)
    • Qorveh County
      • Qorveh
Rafiei, B., Bakhtiari, N.M, Hashemi, M., and Khodaei, A.S. (2010): International Journal of Environmental Research 4(4), 647-654
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Furtei
        • Furtei mine
Ruggieri, G., Lattanzi, P., Luxoro, S., Dessi, R., Benvenuti. M, & Tanelli, G., 1997. Geology, Mineralogy and Fluid Inclusion Data of the Furtei High Sulfidation Gold Deposit, Sardinia, Italy. Economic Geology, 92 (1), 1-19.
  • Akmola Province (Aqmola Oblysy; Akmolinskaya Oblast')
P.M. Kartashov data; Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Kalba Range
Kovalev, K.R., Kalinin, Y.A., Naumov, E.A., Pirajno, F., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 186-205.
  • Borneo
    • Sarawak
      • Kuching
        • Bau
Wolfram Dieter Schuh (1993) Geology, Geochemistry, And Ore Deposits Of The Bau Gold Mining District, Sarawak, Malaysia. PhD Thesis University of Arizona.
  • Sikasso Region
McFarlane, C. R., Mavrogenes, J., Lentz, D., King, K., Allibone, A., & Holcombe, R. (2011). Geology and intrusion-related affinity of the Morila gold mine, southeast Mali. Economic Geology, 106(5), 727-750.
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308; Cook, N. J., Halls, C., & Kaspersen, P. O. (1990). The geology of the Sulitjelma ore field, Northern Norway; some new interpretations. Economic Geology, 85(8), 1720-1737.
Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Indigirka River Basin
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Vershino-Darasunskiy
Spiridonov, E. M., Krivitskaya, N. N., Bryzgalov, I. A., Kulikova, I. M., & Gorodetskaya, M. D. (2010, December). Bismuth-rich aurostibite: A product of maldonite replacement in a volcanogenic-plutonogenic Darasun deposit (Eastern Transbaikalia). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 435, No. 2, pp. 1611-1613). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Magadanskaya Oblast'
      • Kolyma River Basin
        • Ducat District
          • Omsukchan
            • Ducat ore field
Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
    • Primorskiy Kray
American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 432-435
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Kostomuksha
          • Kostomuksha Fe deposit
Kuleshevich, L.V., and Gor’kovets, V.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 599-608.
  • Tambacounda Region
The Massawa gold deposit, Eastern Senegal, West Africa: an orogenic gold deposit sourced from magmatically derived fluids? in Abdurrahman, A., J. C. Ø. Andersen, and B. J. Williamson. "Meeting of the Geological Society’s Mineral Deposits Studies Group was held on the 2nd–4th January 2013 at the University of Leicester, UK." Applied Earth Science (Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. B) 121.4 (2012): 211.
South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
    • Murchison Range
      • Gravelotte
Minerals of South Africa
  • Lappland
    • Gällivare
      • Aitik
Monika Kontturi & Olof Martinsson (2000) Gold in the Aitik Cu-Au deposit, Gellivare area, Northern Sweden. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Boliden
Nysten, P. (1986): Gold in the volcanogenic mercury-rich sulfide deposit Långsele, Skellefte ore district, northern Sweden. Mineralium Deposita 21, 116-120.; Shikazono, N., & Shimizu, M. (1988). Mercurian gold from the Tsugu gold-antimony vein deposit in Japan. Canad. Mineral, 26, 423-428.
        • Skellefteå Mine
Econ Geol (1996) 91:1073-1087
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Wenatchee District
        • Wenatchee
          • Squillchuck Creek
Lasmanis, R. (1995): Mineral News: A Compendium of Wenatchee District Mineralogy, Chelan County, Washington, p.6-7
  • Samarkand Viloyati (Samarqand)
    • North Nuratau Mts
      • Zarmitan
Torsten Graupner, Samuel Niedermann, Dieter Rhede, Ulf Kempe, Reimar Seltmann, C. Terry Williams and Reiner Klemd (2010): Multiple sources for mineralizing fluids in the Charmitan gold(-tungsten) mineralization (Uzbekistan). Mineralium Deposita 45, 667-682.
  • Matabeleland South
    • Gwanda - Filabusi District
Handbook of Mineralogy
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Midlands
    • Kwekwe District (Que Que District)
Zeitschrift fuer angewandte Geologie 38 (1992), 50-51
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