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Wittite

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About WittiteHide

Formula:
Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Colour:
Light lead-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after T. Witt, Swedish mining engineer at the Falun Mine.
Studies of the distribution of Se in the crystal structure are necessary to determine whether wittite is a Se-rich variety of cannizzarite or an independent species (Moëlo et al., 2008).


Classification of WittiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959), Questionable
2.JB.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
3.6.5.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
5.6.31

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of WittiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Light lead-gray
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
One good cleavage. Cleabage surfaces show striations at 57° to 57.5°.

Chemical Properties of WittiteHide

Formula:
Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
IMA Formula:
Pb8Bi10(S,Se)23

Crystallography of WittiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 29.15 Å, b = 4.07 Å, c = 15.83 Å
β = 98.5°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 7.162 : 1 : 3.889
Unit Cell V:
1,857.45 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of WittiteHide

Other Language Names for WittiteHide

Afrikaans:Wittite
German:Wittit
Simplified Chinese:硫硒铅铋矿
Spanish:Wittita

Varieties of WittiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Ikunolite4 photos of Wittite associated with Ikunolite on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite1 photo of Wittite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Wittite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Lillianite1 photo of Wittite associated with Lillianite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.20CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
2.JB.25gNuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb4As2S7Orth.
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53 Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aGustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40aXilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.65VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.6.5.1CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WittiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Johansson (1924), Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi: 9: 2.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 451.
American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 397.
Mumme, W.G. (1980): Seleniferous lead- bismuth sulphosalts from Falun, Sweden: weibullite, wittite, and nordströmite. American Mineralogist 65, 789-796.
Mineralogy and Petrology (1992): 46: 137-153.
American Mineralogist (1993): 78: 238.
Borodaev, Y.S., Garavelli, A., Garbarino, C., Grillo, S.M., Mozgova, N.N., Organova, N.I., Trubkin, N.V., and Vurro, F. (2000) Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. III. Wittite and cannizzarite. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 23-34.
Moëlo, Y., Makovicky, E., Mozgova, N.N., Jambor, J.L., Cook, N., Pring, A., Paar, W., Nickel, E.H., Graeser, S., Karup-Møller, S.; Balić-Žunić, T.; Mumme, W.G., Vurro, F., Topa, D., Bindi, L., Bente, K., Shimizu, M. (2008): the IMA CNMNC Sulfosalt Subcommittee. Revision of sulfosalt definition and nomenclature. A review of sulfosalts systematics. European Journal of Mineralogy, 20, 7-46.

Internet Links for WittiteHide

Localities for WittiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
China
 
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Anyuan Co.
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
      • Yudu Co.
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • St Blasien
        • Urberg
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
BORODAEV Y.S., GARAVELLI A., GARBARINO C., GRILLO S.M., MOZGOVA N.N., ORGANOVA N.I., TRUBKIN N.V., VURRO F. (2000): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. III. Wittite and cannizzarite. - Canadian Mineralogist - 38, 23-34.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza province
      • Torrebelvicino
antonio zordan collection
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola
Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
Russia
 
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Kolyma River Basin
      • Ducat District
        • Omsukchan
Can Min 38:23-34; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Efimov, A. V., Borodaev, Y. S., & Moëlo, Y. (1992). Wittite with Se-rich cosalite and bismuthinite from Nevskoe tin deposit (Magadan district, Russia). Mineralogy and petrology, 46(2), 137-153.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Kavalerovo mining district
      • Dal'negorsk (Dalnegorsk; Tetyukhe; Tjetjuche; Tetjuche)
Simanenko, L. F. (2007). Modes of trace element occurrence in galena from the Partizansky base metal-skarn deposit, Primorye. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 1(2), 144-152.
    • Malinovsky cluster
Gvozdev, V. I., Fedoseev, D. G., Gurikov, A. V., Sadkin, S. I., Semenyak, B. I., & Ratkin, V. V. (2014). Mineralogy of accompanying elements in the ores of the Kordonnoe skarn scheelite-sulfide deposit in Primorsky Krai. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 8(3), 200-212.
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast
        • Plast
          • Kochkar' District
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rochovce (Rachensdorf)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
Arkiv Kemi Min.Geol.(1924) 9, 2; Lasskogen, J. (2010). Volcanological and volcano-sedimentary facies stratigraphical interpretation of the Falun Cu-Zn-Pb-(Ag-Au) sulphide deposit, Bergslagen district, Sweden. MS Thesis; American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
Am Min 88:4 pp 676-685
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Middle Pass District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
          • Middlemarch Pass area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 422.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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