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About WolfeiteHide

Caleb Wroe Wolfe
Red-brown to dark brown, green (rare); light brown in transmitted light.
Sub-Adamantine, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
4½ - 5
Specific Gravity:
3.79 - 3.82
Crystal System:
Member of:
Named in 1949 by Clifford Frondel in honor of Dr. Caleb Wroe Wolfe ( October 22, 1908- July 17, 1980), American crystallographer and Professor of Geology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA who was also a systematic mineralogist interested in granite pegmatite phosphates.
The mineral wroewolfeite is also named after him.

Classification of WolfeiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1

6 : A2(XO4)Zq

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn

Physical Properties of WolfeiteHide

Sub-Adamantine, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparent, Translucent
Red-brown to dark brown, green (rare); light brown in transmitted light.
White, off-white.
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale
On {010}, good; on {120}, fair; on {110}, very poor.
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
3.79 - 3.82 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.88 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Density value of 3.83 estimated for the pure Fe2+ end member.

Optical Data of WolfeiteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.741 - 1.750 nβ = 1.742 - 1.750 nγ = 1.746 - 1.759
Measured: 51°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.005 - 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Faintly pleochroic in thick grains.

Chemical Properties of WolfeiteHide


Crystallography of WolfeiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.20 Å, b = 13.17 Å, c = 9.79 Å
β = 108°
a:b:c = 0.926 : 1 : 0.743
Unit Cell V:
1,496.01 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Almost always massive, rare crystals prismatic [001], with the prism zone striated vertically.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.649 Å(25)
3.381 Å(20)
3.191 Å(80)
3.098 Å(100)
2.929 Å(70)
2.881 Å(30)
2.817 Å(60)
Hagendorf, Germany

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Granitic pegmatites.

Type Occurrence of WolfeiteHide

Other Language Names for WolfeiteHide

Simplified Chinese:羟磷铁矿

Relationship of Wolfeite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
TripliteMn2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m
TriploiditeMn2+2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
ZwieseliteFe2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
9 photos of Wolfeite associated with TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
3 photos of Wolfeite associated with SideriteFeCO3
2 photos of Wolfeite associated with HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3
2 photos of Wolfeite associated with LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
1 photo of Wolfeite associated with Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
1 photo of Wolfeite associated with PyriteFeS2
1 photo of Wolfeite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
1 photo of Wolfeite associated with AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
1 photo of Wolfeite associated with ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
1 photo of Wolfeite associated with RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BB.XArsenowagneriteMg2(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.05AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)FTric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.10TripliteMn2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m
8.BB.10ZwieseliteFe2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15SarkiniteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
8.BB.15TriploiditeMn2+2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.BB.15Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)OMon. 2/m
8.BB.15HydroxylwagneriteMg2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.20HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : P3 1m
8.BB.20Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
8.BB.25AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BB.30AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30EveiteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BB.30ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.35ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.35TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.40BarbosaliteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.45TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BB.50NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.70TuraniteCu5(VO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.80FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.90ZinclipscombiteZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet. 4 2 2 : P43 21 2

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 2/m : P2/b 2/m : P2/mĕkite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)OMon.,Fe3+)(PO4)OMon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.12.6RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.11PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.13TriploiditeMn2+2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.12.22HureauliteMn2+5(PO3OH)2(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.23SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.30FillowiteNa3CaMn2+11(PO4)9Trig. 3 : R3
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)(KNa)(Mn2+◻)Ca(Na2Na)Mn2+13Al(PO4)11(PO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.35LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.36GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.39BeusiteMn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2Mon.
19.12.40MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon.
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
19.12.52AttakoliteCaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.12.55EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
19.12.57ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of WolfeiteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WolfeiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 779.
Kovář and Slavík (1900) Verh. Geol. Reichsanst. Wien: 50: 347.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 145.
Müllbauer (1925) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 61: 318.
Hägele (1938) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 267.
Kokkoros (1938) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 278.
Richmond (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 469.
Mason (1941) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 62: 373 (Berggren analysis).
Frondel, C. (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 692-698.
Kolitsch, U. (2003) Mg-rich wolfeite, (FeII,Mg)2(PO4)(OH): structure refinement and Raman spectroscopic data. Acta Crystallogr. E59, i125-i128.
Hatert, F. (2007) FeII2(PO4)(OH), a synthetic analogue of wolfeite. Acta Crystallogr. C63, i119-i121.

Internet Links for WolfeiteHide

Localities for WolfeiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Córdoba Province
Colombo, F., & Sfragulla, J. (2012). The Garnet–phosphate Buffer In Peraluminous Granitic Magmas: A Case Study From Pegmatites In The Pocho District, Córdoba, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1555-1571.
  • La Rioja Province
    • General Ángel V. Peñaloza Department
Fernando Colombo, Edgardo Baldo, Agustín Kriscautzky, Elisa V. Pannunzio Miner (2018) Metamictic griphite from the difunta correa pegmatite, sierra de los llanos, la rioja (Argentina). in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 495
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Thackaringa District
Plimer, I.R. and Blucher, I.D. (1979) Wolfeite and barbosalite from Thackaringa, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 505-507.
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.
          • Dorchap Dyke Swarm
Birch, W. D. (2018) Rare phosphate minerals in granite pegmatite dykes, northeastern Victoria, Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 238
Eagle, R. M., Birch, W. D., & McKnight, S. (2015). Phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites from the Mount Wills District, north-eastern Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 127(2), 55-68.; Birch, W. D. (2018) Rare phosphate minerals in granite pegmatite dykes, northeastern Victoria, Australia. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 238
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Cassedanne, J.P., Cassedanne, J.O. (1982) Presence de legrandite dans une pegmatite de Minas Gerais, Bresil. The Canadian Mineralogist: 20(1): 87-89.; Baptista, N. R., & Baptista, A. (1985) Radiocrystallography study of the wolfeite of pegmatite from Bela Vista, Minas Gerais State in Brazil (No. IEN-DIAPQ--05/85). Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear.
    • Galiléia
      • Laranjeiras
[MinRec 12:70]
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
[MinRec 20:Yukon 36-37]
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Unexpected Treasures from Rapid Creek, Yukon Territory. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 31-39; 150-152.; Van Velthuizen, Jerry, Sturman, B. Darko, Robinson, George W., Ansell, H. Gary (1992) Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River Area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record, 23(4), 1-47.
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
Rao, C., Wang, R. C., Hatert, F., & Baijot, M. (2014). Hydrothermal transformations of triphylite from the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite dyke, southeastern China. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 179-188.
Czech Republic
  • Plzeň Region
    • Domažlice District
      • Otov
Masau, M., Stanek, J., Cerny, P., Chapman, R.: J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 1-2, page 161 (2000)
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Bory
        • Horní Bory
          • Cyrilov (Cyrillhof)
Škoda, R., Staněk, J., Čopjaková, R.: Minerální asociace fosfátových nodulí z granitického pegmatitu od Cyrilova u Velkého Meziříčí, Moldanubikum; část 1 – primární a exsoluční fáze. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2007, 92, 59-74.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Razès
        • Chanteloube
          • Vilatte Quarries (La Vilate)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Regen District
        • Zwiesel
          • Rabenstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab District
        • Pleystein
Dill, H.G., Weber, B. (2009), Pleystein-City on Pegmatite, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Recife, Brazil.
DILL, H.G., MELCHER, F., GERDES, A. and WEBER, B. (2008): The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe-Mn-Mg-Sc-U-REE-Zn phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite (Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany). Canadian Mineralogist 46, 1131-1157.; Dill, H. G., Melcher, F., Gerdes, A., & Weber, B. (2008). The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe–Mn–Mg–Sc–U–REE phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite, Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46(5), 1131-1157.
        • Waidhaus
Dill, H. G., Škoda, R., & Weber, B. (2011). Preliminary results of a newly-discovered lazulite–scorzalite pegmatite–aplite in the Hagendorf-Pleystein Pegmatite Province, SE Germany. Asociación Geológica Argentina, Serie D, Publicación Especial, (14), 79-81.
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Antenucci, D., Fontan, F., & Fransolet, A. M. (1989). X-ray powder diffraction data for wolfeite:(Fe 0.59 Mn 0.40 Mg 0.01) 2 PO 4 (OH). Powder Diffraction, 4(01), 34-35.;
Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
VIGNOLA, P., & DIELLA, V. (2007). Phosphates from Piona granitic pegmatites (Central Southern Alps, Italy). Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Book of Abstr.(T. Martins & R. Vieira, eds.). Universidade do Porto, Departamento de Geologia, Memórias, 8, 102-103.
Vignola, P., Fransolet, A.M., Guastoni, A. & Appiani, R. (2011). Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 30-38
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Rabbi
        • Ceresè
Vignola, P., Zucali, M., Rotiroti, N., Marotta, G., Risplendente, A., Pavese, A., ... & Bertoldi, G. (2018). The Chrysoberyl-and Phosphate-Bearing Albite Pegmatite of Malga Garbella, Val Di Rabbi, Trento Province, Italy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 56(4), 411-424.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Świdnica County
      • Gmina Świdnica
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78
Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Gołębiowska, B., Włodek, A., Grochowina, A. (2016): Maneckiite, ideally NaCa2Fe2+2(Fe3+Mg)Mn2(PO4)6(H2O)2, a new phosphate mineral of the wicksite supergroup from the Michałkowa pegmatite, Góry Sowie block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
  • Castelo Branco
    • Covilhã
American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 854-860, l982; Bussink, R. W. (1984). Geochemistry of the Panasqueira tungsten-tin deposit, Portugal. Geologica Ultraiectina, 33, 1-170.
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Ponte da Barca
      • São Lourenço de Touvedo
Leal Gomes, C., Azevedo, A., Lopes Nunes, J., & Dias, P. A. (2009). Phosphate fractionation in pegmatites of Pedra da Moura II claim–Ponte da Barca–Portugal. Estudos Geológicos, 19(2), 172.
  • Maramureș
Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
  • Sibiu
    • Lotru-Cibin Mountains
Calin N, Fransolet A, Baijot M, Marincea S, Dumitras D, Hatert F, Anason M, Iancu A (2014) A possible new mineral species, "ferrogatehouseite" (Fe,Mn)5(PO4)2(OH)4 from Conţu Pegmatite, Romania. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 264
South Africa
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa
      • Aggeneys
Stalder, M. & Rozendaal, A. (2002): Graftonite in phosphatic iron formations associated with the mid-Proterozoic Gamsberg Zn-Pb deposit, Namaqua Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 66, 915-927.
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
Roda, E., Fontán, F., Pesquera, A., & Keller, P. (2001). Phosphate mineral associations of the Aldehuela de la Bóveda, Li-Sn-Nb+-Tb bearing pegmatite, Salamanca, Spain: . In Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21 st Century. Proceedings of the Joint sixth Biennial SGA-SEG Meeting (pp. 477-480).
      • Garcirrey
Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Alt Empordà
        • Cadaqués
Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Museu Mollfulleda de Mineralogia - Grup Mineralògic Català, 269 p.
  • Jämtland County
    • Bräcke
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
  • Östergötland County
    • Motala
      • Godegård
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 855.
  • Stockholm County
    • Haninge
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
      • Utö
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
    • Nynäshamn
      • Norrö
Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
    • Sigtuna
      • Arlanda
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sollefteå
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Walpole
Anna Wilken collection
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
No reference listed
American Mineralogist (1949): 34: 692-705; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 855.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p. 96.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115; NIZAMOFF, J. W. (2004, November). Phosphate mineralogy and paragenesis of the Palermo# 2 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. In 2004 Denver Annual Meeting.
      • Orange
Mineralogical Record: 17: 342.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Custer
Rocks & Minerals (2000): 75(3): 156-169.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone Mining District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
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