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Woodwardite

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Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Formula:
Cu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
where (x < 0.5, n < 3x/2); Cu:Al ratios stated to fall between 1.73 and 2.03.
Colour:
Greenish-blue, turquoise-blue
Specific Gravity:
2.38
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after Samuel Pickworth Woodward (17 September 1821 – 11 July 1865), English naturalist and geologist.
See also hydrowoodwardite.
Compare also the chemically similar chalcoalumite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of WoodwarditeHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.2.2.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
25.2.21

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag

Pronounciation of WoodwarditeHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of WoodwarditeHide

Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Greenish-blue, turquoise-blue
Density:
2.38 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of WoodwarditeHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.552 - 1.571 nβ = 1.555 - 1.574 nγ = 1.565 - 1.576
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.013
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
strong

Chemical Properties of WoodwarditeHide

Formula:
Cu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O

where (x < 0.5, n < 3x/2); Cu:Al ratios stated to fall between 1.73 and 2.03.
IMA Formula:
(Cu,Al)9(SO4)2(OH)18 · nH2O

Crystallography of WoodwarditeHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Setting:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.306(2) Å, c = 26.77(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 5.045
Unit Cell V:
652.70 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Occurs as minute, botryoidal concretions with a fine-fibrous structure; spherulitic.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.9 (100)
4.47 (90)
2.65 (30)
2.55 (60)
2.28 (50)
1.98 (30)
1.53 (30)

Type Occurrence of WoodwarditeHide

Other Language Names for WoodwarditeHide

German:Woodwardit
Simplified Chinese:水铜铝矾
Spanish:Woodwardita

Relationship of Woodwardite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Azurite8 photos of Woodwardite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Cyanotrichite6 photos of Woodwardite associated with Cyanotrichite on mindat.org.
Carbonatecyanotrichite3 photos of Woodwardite associated with Carbonatecyanotrichite on mindat.org.
Hydrowoodwardite3 photos of Woodwardite associated with Hydrowoodwardite on mindat.org.
Devilline2 photos of Woodwardite associated with Devilline on mindat.org.
Kaolinite2 photos of Woodwardite associated with Kaolinite on mindat.org.
Cerussite1 photo of Woodwardite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Anglesite1 photo of Woodwardite associated with Anglesite on mindat.org.
Brochantite1 photo of Woodwardite associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Covellite1 photo of Woodwardite associated with Covellite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OTric.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2OHex.
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.2.1ChalcocyaniteCuSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.2BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
25.2.3ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.2.4BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.2.5DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.6AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.7BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.8PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.9LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
25.2.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.11KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.12NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.13PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
25.2.14FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.2.15CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.2.16EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3OMon.
25.2.17DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.18LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric.
25.2.19ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.2.20CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
25.2.22CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
25.2.23GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OMon.
25.2.24RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.26KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2Mon.
25.2.27Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2OTric.
25.2.28ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WoodwarditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Church (1866) Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, London: 13: 85, 113.
Church A H (1866) Chemical researches on new and rare Cornish minerals. Journal of the Chemical Society 19, 130-135
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 98. (langite, no. 3, from Klausen).
Meixner (1940) Zbl. Min.: 238.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 580.
Mineralogical Magazine (1976): 40: 644.
Iakhontova L K (1981) New data on posnjakite, serpeirite and woodwardite. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 256, 1221-1225
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1999): 75.
Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Genin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T., Colombo, F. (2012): Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1289-1336.

Internet Links for WoodwarditeHide

Localities for WoodwarditeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Balfour-Temma district
        • Balfour
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Prigglitz
        • Gasteil
Kolitsch, U. & Auer, C. (2014): 1889) Allophan(?), Baryt, Brannerit, Brochantit, Cassiterit, Chalkoalumit, Chalkopyrit, Chamosit, Chrysokoll(?), Covellin, ein Mineral der Cyanotrichitgruppe, Delafossit, Dravit, Hamatit, Jarosit, gediegenes Kupfer, Malachit, Manganoxide, Monazit-(Ce), Muskovit, Pyrit, Quarz, Schwefel, Stannit, Tetraedrit, Woodwardit(?) und Xenotim-(Y) vom bronzezeitlichen Kupferbergbau bei Gasteil, Prigglitz, Niederösterreich. Pp. 121-124 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
  • Salzburg
    • Kitzbühel Alps
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); U. Kolitsch (PXRD of sample collected by J. Brugger)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
      • Kitzbühel Alps
        • Kitzbühel
          • Jochberg
            • Kupferplatte
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1864) Brochantit, Carbonatcyanotrichit, Chalkoalumit, Cuprit, Gips, Metazeunerit, Posnjakit und Woodwardit von der Kupferplatte bei Jochberg, Kitzbühl, Tirol. Pp. 103-104 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Halifax Co.
      • Musquodoboit Harbour
Ronnie Van Dommelen Collection
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
          • Měděnec (Kupferberg)
Sejkora, J. & Šrein, V. (2012): Supergene Cu mineralization from the Mědnik hill near Měděnec, Krušné hory Mountains (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 20, 255-269.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
        • Urbeis
Aufschluss 1/85
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Badenweiler
Lapis, 15 (12),13-20.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 17-35
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Berthold, H.G. (1982) Serpierit von Letmathe. Lapis (2), 35.; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neue Minerale von der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Aufschluss 37 (2), 55-67.; Bender/Marl, D. & Krimmelbein/Altena, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
        • Rottleberode
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Königswalde
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
      • Glashütte
        • Bärenhecke
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Grünhain-Beierfeld
          • Beierfeld
[MinRec 30:203]
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Branko Rieck analysis
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Isarco Valley (Eisack Valley)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo (Sankt Jakob)
          • Vizze Pass (Pfitsch Pass; Pfitscher Joch)
Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti, I. (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
    • Trento Province
      • Canal San Bovo
        • Vanoi Valley
          • Pralongo
Conedera M., Bursi Gandolfi N., Ferretti P., Gualtieri A., Rocchetti I. (2016): Miniera di Pralongo. Una mineralizzazione cuprifera presso Canal San Bovo (Valle del Vanoi, Trento): Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 90-119.
      • Mocheni Valley
        • Frassilongo
          • Roveda
EDX analysis.
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Sassetta
          • Canina Valley
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
        • Suvereto
Luigi Chiappino data
      • Elba Island
        • Capoliveri
J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
      • Piombino
Cerutti, G. and Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20 (4), 13-18; 50 (in German).
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
          • Monte Trisa Mines
Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. "I minerali nel Vicentino", Museo "G. Zannato", Montecchio Maggiore, (Vicenza), 2011.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
Matsubara, S. & Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals (National Science Museum)
    • Chugoku region
      • Shimane Prefecture
        • Ohchi-gun
Watanabe, H., Tazaki, K., Islam, A. B. M., & Khodijah, C. S. (2003). 1-7. Copper biomineralization with banded structure at Dogamaru mine, Shimane Prefecture, Japan.
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Taka-gun
          • Taka-cho
            • Kami-ku
Takada & Matsuuchi (1981) Chigaku Kenkyu, 32, 191-199.; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Eidsvoll (Eidsvold)
      • Minnesund
Pers. Com. G. Raade 12.07.1990 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991. p 146
  • Aust-Agder
    • Froland
Pers. Com. G. Raade 12.07.1990 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991.p 146
  • Rogaland
    • Sauda
Pers. Com. G. Raade 12.07.1990 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991. p 146
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kaczawskie Mts
Siuda, R., Kruszewski, Ł. (2013): Secondary Cu minerals from abandoned Radzimowice mine (Sudety Mts, Poland) and conditions of their formation. Mineralogia Special Papers: 41: 78
UK (TL)
 
  • England
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580; Mineralogical Record: 9: 113.
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Camborne
          • Killivose
      • Liskeard District
        • St Cleer
          • Caradon Hill
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
          • Crow's Nest
SMLS slide library
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
No reference listed
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Botallack
            • Botallack Mine sett
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
BMS Database
    • Gwynedd
      • Nantlle Vale
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
          • Courtland
            • Casey Hill
Rolf Luetcke
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 425.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Rob Bowell, lab tested
Rob Bowell, lab tested
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Ralston Buttes District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Zambia
 
  • Copperbelt Province
    • Kalulushi District
      • Chambishi
No reference listed
Mineral and/or Locality  
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