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Wroewolfeite

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About WroewolfeiteHide

Caleb Wroe Wolfe
Formula:
Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Colour:
Intense blue-green, bluish
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after Caleb Wroe Wolfe (1908-1980), Professor of Geology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The mineral wolfeite is also named after him.
Dimorph of:
A rare copper sulphate hydrate that generally forms at low temperatures (Yoder et al., 2007). Compare also posnjakite.


Classification of WroewolfeiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1973
7.DD.10

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.4.2.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
25.2.10

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag

Physical Properties of WroewolfeiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Intense blue-green, bluish
Streak:
Blue-green
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of WroewolfeiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.637 nβ = 1.682 nγ = 1.694
2V:
Measured: 53° , Calculated: 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.057
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of WroewolfeiteHide

Formula:
Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O

Crystallography of WroewolfeiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
m - Domatic
Space Group:
Pm
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.045(1) Å, b = 5.646(1) Å, c = 14.337(6) Å
β = 93.39(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.071 : 1 : 2.539
Unit Cell V:
488.47 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Tabular, ruler- or sword-shaped, blocky, prismatic.
Twinning:
By reflection on {001} and {100}, yielding fourlings.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.152 (100)
3.581 (70)
2.628 (35)
2.431 (20)
2.379 (20)
2.278 (20)
2.004 (30)

Type Occurrence of WroewolfeiteHide

Synonyms of WroewolfeiteHide

Other Language Names for WroewolfeiteHide

Simplified Chinese:斜蓝铜矾
Spanish:Wroewolfeita
Traditional Chinese:斜藍銅礬

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Lautenthalite4 photos of Wroewolfeite associated with Lautenthalite on mindat.org.
Susannite2 photos of Wroewolfeite associated with Susannite on mindat.org.
Linarite2 photos of Wroewolfeite associated with Linarite on mindat.org.
Serpierite1 photo of Wroewolfeite associated with Serpierite on mindat.org.
Anglesite1 photo of Wroewolfeite associated with Anglesite on mindat.org.
Copper1 photo of Wroewolfeite associated with Copper on mindat.org.
Brochantite1 photo of Wroewolfeite associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Cuprite1 photo of Wroewolfeite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.
Langite1 photo of Wroewolfeite associated with Langite on mindat.org.
Malachite1 photo of Wroewolfeite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OTric.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2OHex.
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.2.1ChalcocyaniteCuSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.2BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
25.2.3ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.2.4BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.2.5DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.6AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.7BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.8PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.9LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
25.2.11KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.12NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.13PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
25.2.14FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.2.15CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.2.16EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3OMon.
25.2.17DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.18LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric.
25.2.19ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.2.20CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
25.2.21WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.2.22CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
25.2.23GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OMon.
25.2.24RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.26KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2Mon.
25.2.27Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
25.2.28ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WroewolfeiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mineralogical Magazine (1975): 40: 1-5.
American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 179.
American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 1050-1055.
Yoder, C. H., Agee, T. M., Ginion, K. E., Hofmann, A. E., Ewanichak, J. E., Schaeffer, C. D., Jr., Carroll, M. J., Schaeffer, R. W. & McCaffrey, P. F. (2007): The relative stabilities of the copper hydroxyl sulphates. Mineralogical Magazine 71, 571-577.

Internet Links for WroewolfeiteHide

Localities for WroewolfeiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Condobolin district
Jim Sharpe coll.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Kaprun valley
        • Kaprun
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2009): 1586) Langit, Wroewolfeit und einige weitere Mineralphasen aus einer Kupferschlacke vom Lechnerberg bei Kaprun, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg. Pp. 207-208 in Niedermayr et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199./119., 189-236.
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1873) Wroewolfeit aus den Schlacken der Astenschmiede im Hüttwinkltal, Rauris, Salzburg. P. 111 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
Meixner, H. (1976): Kupfersulfat-Minerale aus Österreich. Der Karinthin, 74, 226-231.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Styria
    • Niedere Tauern
      • Öblarn
        • Walchen
Kolitsch, U. (2013): 1824) Plumbojarosit, Wroewolfeit und die Phase Ca[Zn8(SO4)2(OH)12Cl2](H2O)9 aus den Schlacken der Walchen bei Öblarn, Niedere Tauern, Steiermark. Pp. 133-134 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXII. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994); Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
      • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
        • Vals valley
ExtraLapis no. 12 (1997): "Zillertal. Das Tal der Gründe und Kristalle", 100 pp.
      • Zillertal
        • Zamser Grund (Zams valley)
          • Schrammacher
ExtraLapis no. 12 (1997): "Zillertal. Das Tal der Gründe und Kristalle", 100 pp.
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Silber valley
        • Fresch alp
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1859) Calcit, Chalkopyrit, Devillin, Gips, Pyrit, Quarz und Wroewolfeit von einem kleinen Schurf beim Langsee, Alpe Fresch, Silbertal, Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 99 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Bastogne
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
    • Bertrix
Dehove, J. (2006): Les minéraux de la Carrière de la Flèche, Bertrix, province du Luxembourg, Belgique. Magazine du 4M, 27(261), 7-11.
    • Stavelot Massif
Michel Bloindieau
        • Cahai (Cahay)
José Dehove collection
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Halifax Co.
      • Musquodoboit Harbour
http://nsminerals.atspace.com/Dunbrack.html
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
      • Poule-les-Echarmeaux
Chollet Pascal collection
    • Savoie
      • Tarentaise valley
        • La Léchère (Notre Dame de Briançon)
De Ascencao Guedes R. (2001), Le Penay: un filon de galène argentifère (La Léchère, Savoie), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 13-20
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Poullaouen
Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Cernay
        • Steinbach
          • Silberthal
Mines, mineurs et minéralogie du Silberthal, Tomes 1 et 2
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Foix
Michel Lemonnier collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
No reference listed
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Badenweiler
Lapis, 15 (12),13-20.
      • Baiersbronn
        • Schönegründ
No reference listed
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Todtnau
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Vöhl
      • Thalitter
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
        • Grane Reservoir
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
      • Lautenthal
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Eifel
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
        • Ramsbeck
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Siegerland
      • Siegen
        • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Adenau
      • Dümpelfeld
        • Lückenbach
Schüller, W., Reinhardt M. (2013): Eifelgold und Salamander: Die Grube Leimbach, Ahrtal.- Lapis, 38 (11), S. 26-31.
    • Lahn valley
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
          • Virneberg Mine (St Josephsberg Mine)
Habel, B. (2006): Die Mineralien der Kupferschlacken der Grube „Virneberg“ bei Rheinbreitbach, Rhein. Mineralien-Welt, 17, (1), 38-49; Heinrich, M., Reinhardt, M. (2017): Virneberg, Rheinbreibach, Siebengebirge, Germania. I minerali delle scorie. Micro, 15, 2-2017, 104-107.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Straßberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Saxony
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
Triantafyllidis, S. & Skarpelis, N. (2006): Mineral formation in an acid pit lake from a high-sulfidation ore deposit: Kirki, NE Greece. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 88, 68-71.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Mayo
Moreton, S., & Jackson, B. (1992). Annabergite and Wroewolfeite: two minerals new to Ireland. Irish journal of earth sciences, 177-180.
  • Co. Wicklow
    • Glendasan
Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2007) “The mineralogy of the Wicklow lead mines”, Journal of the Mining Heritage Trust of Ireland, No. 7, p.19-32.
Italy
 
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
      • Anzio
Marco Bonifazi Collection
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
          • Reppia
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Corsaglia Valley
        • Roburent
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo " F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
Olmi F., Sabelli C., Brizi G. (1988): Agardite-(Y), Gysinite-(Nd) and other rare minerals from Sardinia. Mineralogical Record, 19, 305-310.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Chinellato Matteo
      • Piombino
Muenchener Micromounter - Lithothek
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
Yamada, T. & Hirama, T. (2000) Suisyou, 13, #1, 21-25.; Ohnishi, M., & Shimobayashi, N. (2011). Tsumebite from the Kisamori mine, Akita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106(1), 51-56.
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Froland
Pers. Com. G. Raade 12.07.1990 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991.
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Raade, G.(1995): Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 9, 18-26
Nilsen, Øyvind Juul (1993): Konnerudområdets sekundærmineraler. STEIN 20 (1), 12-21
Nilsen, Øyvind Juul (1993): Konnerudområdets sekundærmineraler. STEIN 20 (1), 12-21
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Brusturi
Coll. G.Koller,Analysed by S.Szakáll 2008
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Revúca Co.
      • Nandraž
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2004): Famous mineral localities: the Bastnäs mines - Riddarhyttan ore field, Bergslagen district, Västmanland, Sweden. The Mineralogical Record, 35 (3):187-200
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Grimentz
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Bagnes Valley
      • Bruson
Cuchet, S., Ansermet, S. & Meisser, N. (2012): Die kupferhaltige Mineralisierung am Six Blanc im Wallis. Schweizer Strahler 46 (4), 2-16 (in German and French).
UK
 
  • England
    • Co. Durham
      • Castleside
R. S. W. Braithwaite, R. P. H. Lamb & A. L. Nattrass (2006): Heavy metals and their weathering products in residues from Castleside Smelting Mill, County Durham, including a new slag mineral, copper antimonate. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 54-61. ; Norman Wilson collection
    • Cornwall
      • Calstock
        • Gunnislake
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • St Cleer
        • Craddock Moor
In the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • St Hilary
Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Betterton, J. (1989) Birnessite from Penberthy Croft Mine, Cornwall - a Second English Occurrence. Journal of the Russell Society, 2:2, 48.
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006; Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
          • Roughton Gill
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. British Museum (Natural History), London.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 29-47.
[Cooper & Stanley, 1987 - "Minerals of the Caldbeck Fells", 132]
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
      • Eden
        • Alston Moor
          • Garrigill
[MinRec 13:168]
    • Devon
      • West Devon
        • Mary Tavy
[MinRec 13:168-169]
    • Shropshire
      • Hope-Shelve District
        • Shelve
[MinRec 13:167, 13:169-170]; Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Blackcraig
Livingstone, A., Macpherson, H.G. and Jackson, B. (1976) Wroewolfeite and other langite group minerals from Blackcraig Kirkcudbrightshire. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 40, n° 316, pp. 893-894.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, pp. 169-177.;
      • Wanlockhead
BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
S.Rust collection
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
BMS Database; Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
UKJMM No5
      • Cwmrheidol
        • Ystumtuen
No reference listed
      • Trefeirig
        • Goginan
No reference listed
        • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
BMS Database
No reference listed
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Pontrhydygroes
BMS Database, UKJMM 17
      • Ysbyty Ystwyth
No reference listed
No reference listed
    • Gwynedd
      • Dolgellau Gold Belt
        • Bontddu
          • Vigra Mine
BMS Database
        • Llanfachreth
BMS Database
      • Nantlle Vale
[MinRec 13:167-168]
    • Powys
      • Machynlleth
        • Dylife
BMS Database
USA
 
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
Dunn, P. J., R. C. Rouse and J. A. Nelen (1975): Wroewolfeite, a new copper sulfate hydroxide hydrate, Mineralogical Magazine 40:1-5.
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Ishpeming Greenstone belt (Marquette Greenstone belt)
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Martin Jensen and Tony Nikischer (2012) Some notes on the mineralogy of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana. Mineral News, 28, #6, 1-10.
  • Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Coos Co.
      • Gorham
A. Plante collection.
  • North Carolina
    • Haywood Co.
      • Waterville Lake
A. Kampf 2-2018
Mineral and/or Locality  
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