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Humboldtine Group

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About Humboldtine GroupHide

Formula:
M2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
M = Fe, Mn, Mg, Zn
Several synthetic members are known (with M = Co, Ni, Zn).
Various space-group symmetries (monoclinic, orthorhombic and triclinic) have been reported for these M(II) oxalate dihydrates.
The natural members mainly crystallise in space group C2/c.


Chemical Properties of Humboldtine GroupHide

Formula:
M2+(C2O4) · 2H2O

M = Fe, Mn, Mg, Zn

Relationship of Humboldtine Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Glushinskite Mg(C2O4) · 2H2OMon.
Humboldtine Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
Lindbergite Mn2+(C2O4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Humboldtine) Zn(C2O4) · 2H2O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Humboldtine GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Pezerat, H., Dubernat, J., Lagier, J. P. (1968): Structure of magnesium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, and zinc oxalate dihydrates. Existence of stacking faults. C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris, Sér. C 288, 1357-1360 (in French).
Deyrieux, R. & Peneloux, A. (1969): Divalent metal oxalates. I. Crystal structure of two allotropic forms of dihydrated ferrous oxalate. Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr. 1969, 2675-2681 (in French).
Dubernat, J. and Pezerat, H. (1974): Fautes d’empilement dans les oxalates dehydrates des métaux divalents de la série magnésienne (Mg,Fe,Co,Ni,Zn,Mn). Journal of Applied Crystallography, 7, 387-393 (in French).
Deyrieux, R., Berro, C., Peneloux, A. (1973): Oxalates of some divalent metals. III. Crystal structure of dihydrated manganese, cobalt, nickel, and zinc oxalates. Polymorphism of dihydrated cobalt and nickel oxalates. Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr. 1973, 25-34 (in French).
Pezerat, H., Lagier, J. P., Dubernat, J. (1975): Structure of dihydrated oxalates of the magnesium series. Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr. 1975, 1000-1002 (in French).

Internet Links for Humboldtine GroupHide

Localities for Humboldtine GroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
[Unnamed (Zn-analogue of Humboldtine)] Kolitsch, U. (2013): 1785) Das Zn-Analogon von Humboldtin und das Zn-Analogon von Schulenbergit aus der Pb- und Ba-reichen Schlacke von Waitschach bei Hüttenberg, Kärnten. Pp. 98-99 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Klein-Pöchlarn
        • Ebersdorf (Lehen-Ebersdorf)
[Humboldtine] Kolitsch, U. (2016): 1978) Hydrothermal gebildeter Humboldtin von Ebersdorf, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 225-226 in Walter, F. et al. (2016): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXV. Carinthia II, 206./126., 203-250.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Kaprun valley
        • Kaprun
[Humboldtine] Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1750) Anglesit, Apatit, Azurit, Fayalit, Humboldtin, Laihunit, Magnetit, Vonsenit und eine Cu-S-Si-O-H-Phase aus einer Kupferschlacke vom Lechnerberg bei Kaprun, Salzburg. Pp. 153-155 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Grieswies - Krumlkeeskopf area
            • Grieswies-Schafkar
[Humboldtine] peter neschen collection; Kolitsch (2015); Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1929) Humboldtin und eine ungewöhnliche, aus Calcit bestehende Pseudomorphose vom Erfurter Weg, Grieswies-Schafkar, Rauris, Salzburg. P. 236 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
[Humboldtine] Kolitsch, U. (2016): 1974) Humboldtin vom Kaisererbruch, Raurisertal, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg. Pp. 221-222 in Walter, F. et al. (2016): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXV. Carinthia II, 206./126., 203-250.
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Rettenegg
        • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
          • Prinzkogel mines
            • Southern District
[Lindbergite] Jakely, D., Bernhard, F. & Weiß, A. (2008): Die Mineralien der Silber-Blei-Zink-Erzvorkommen am Prinzenkogel bei Rettenegg in der Oststeiermark. Joannea Mineralogie, 5, 1-159 / Der Steirische Mineralog, Sonderband 1, 1-159.
Botswana
 
  • North-West District
    • Ngamiland West District
[Glushinskite] http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/glushinskite.pdf
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Coronel Murta
[Humboldtine] Sergio Varvello collection; Stephan Wolfsried collection
    • Galiléia
      • Sapucaia do Norte
[Lindbergite] AmMin 89:1087
[Humboldtine] Matioli PA, Atencio DM, Coutinho JMV, Menezes Filho LAD (1997): Humboldtina de Santa Maria de Itabira, Minas Gerais, primeira ocorrência brasileira e primeira ocorrência mundial em fraturas de pegmatito. Anais Acad. Bras. Cien. 69, 431-432.; Rolando and Bruno Gioia collection
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Lambton Co.
      • Bosanquet Township
[Humboldtine] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1103.
  • Québec
    • Montréal
[Humboldtine] TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
Colombia
 
[Humboldtine] John Rakovan--see photo 875255
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Sokolov (Falkenau an der Eger)
[Humboldtine]
  • Ústí Region
    • Bílina (Bilin)
[Humboldtine] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1103.
    • Kadaň (Kaaden)
[Humboldtine] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1103; Bouška, V., Dvořák, Z.: Nerosty severočeské hěndouhelné pánve. Praha: Severočeské doly, a.s., 160 s.
    • Most
[Humboldtine] Mariano de Rivero, M. (1821): Note sur une combinaison de l'acide oxalique avec le fer trouvé à Kolowserux , près Belir en Bohême. Annal. Chim. Phys., Paris, XVIII, 207-211 (cited also in Karl Friedrich Rammelsberg: Handwörterbuch des chemischen Theils der Mineralogie); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1103; NBS Mon. 10 (1972), 24.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Offenburg
[Humboldtine] Walenta, K. (2003): Oxalatmineralien aus dem Schwarzwald. Erzgräber 17, 9-16. (in German)
      • St Ulrich
[Glushinskite] Walenta, K. (2003): Oxalatmineralien aus dem Schwarzwald. Erzgräber 17, 9-16. (in German)
      • Triberg
        • Gremmelsbach
[Lindbergite] Walenta, K. (2003): Oxalatmineralien aus dem Schwarzwald. Erzgräber 17, 9-16. (in German); American Mineralogist 89:1087-1091
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
[Lindbergite] Blaß, G. & Graf, H.-W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt 11(4), 57-60 (in German); U. Kolitsch, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und J. Gröbner (2004): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 29 (2) 18-23; 50. (in German); American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Hösbach
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
[Humboldtine] No reference listed
            • Rehberg
[Humboldtine] Lorenz, J. (2006): Die Achate aus dem Rhyolith vom Rehberg bei Sailauf im Spessart. Lapis 31 (6), 13-20; 70.
  • Hesse
    • Großalmerode
[Humboldtine] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1103; S. Weiss: Mineralfundstellen Deutschland West, Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
[Humboldtine] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1103.
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
        • Bräunsdorf
[Lindbergite] J. Gröbner and U. Kolitsch (2007): Aktuelle Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge III. Mineralien-Welt 18 (5), 16-19. (in German)
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
[Humboldtine] T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Bicske-Zsámbéki Basin
      • Bicske-Csordakút
[Humboldtine] Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
[Lindbergite] Kolitsch, U., Lackner, E., Ciriotti, M. E. (2008): Lindbergite: primo ritrovamento italiano a Molinello. MICRO (UK report), 1/2008, 69-72.
          • Reppia
[Lindbergite] Giorgio Bortolozzi - Probed.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Devero Valley
            • Baceno
              • Devero Alp
[Humboldtine] A.Guastoni, P.Gentile, F.Nestola, F.Soldani, F.Zorzi (2015): Humboldtina e Whewellite: due nuovi ossalati per il Monte Cervandone, valle Devero (VB). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 04-2015, 252-256.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Vignola-Falesina
[Humboldtine] Infrared Spectroscopy at Zannato Museum of Montecchio Maggiore, Vicenza; M. Boscardin, personal communication, in Guastoni A., Gentile P., Nestola F., Soldani V., Zorzi F. (2015): Humboldtina e whewellite: due nuovi ossalati per il Monte Cervandone, valle Devero (VB). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 4 (4-2015), 252-256.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Capoliveri
          • Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine)
[Humboldtine] Garavelli C.L. (1955): Ritrovamento di oxalite tra i minerali secondari del giacimento di Capo Calamita – Rend. Soc. Miner. Ital., 11, 176-181.
        • Porto Azzurro
[Humboldtine] Manasse E. (1910): Oxalite di Capo d'Arco (Isola d'Elba). Atti R. Acc. Lincei, Rend., ser. 5, 19, 2, 138-145.
Madagascar
[Humboldtine] Chukanov, N. V. (2014): Infrared spectra of mineral species. Extended library. Vol. 1. Springer: Dordrect, 2014. p. 205
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
      • Polar Yakutia
        • Bulun District
          • Lena River Basin
[Glushinskite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
[Lindbergite] Graeser, G. & Gabriel, W. (2016): Falottait (MnC2O4)·3H2O) - ein neues Oxalat-Mineral aus den Schweizer Alpen. Schweizer Strahler 50 (3), 20-27.
[Lindbergite]
[Lindbergite] American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091; Graeser, G. & Gabriel, W. (2016): Falottait (MnC2O4)·3H2O) - ein neues Oxalat-Mineral aus den Schweizer Alpen. Schweizer Strahler 50 (3), 20-27.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne
        • Killivose
[Humboldtine] Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
  • Scotland
    • Buchan Grampian
      • Insch
[Glushinskite] Wilson, M.J., Jones, D., Russell, J.D. (1980) Glushinskite, a naturally occurring magnesium oxalate. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 43, n° 331, p. 837-840.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
[Lindbergite] American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
USA
 
  • Arizona
[Glushinskite] Garvie, L. A. (2003). Decay-induced biomineralization of the saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantea). American Mineralogist, 88(11-12), 1879-1888.
[Glushinskite] Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 4; Garvie, L.A.J. (2003) Decay-induced biomineralization of the saguaro cactus (Carnegiea gigantean). American Mineralogist: 88: 1879-1888.
  • California
    • Kern Co.
      • Greenhorn Mts
        • Greenhorn District (Greenhorn Mountains District)
          • Alta Sierra
[Humboldtine] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 342.
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Ahmeek
[Humboldtine] Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Winterham
[Lindbergite] American Mineralogist, 89, 1087-1091
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