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Yarrowite

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About YarrowiteHide

Formula:
Cu9S8
"Extended" formula is Cu+20Cu2+7(S2)7S10 (Goble, 1985).
Colour:
Bluish-grey, black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Yarrow Creek and Spionkop Creek Valley, Alberta, Canada.

Classification of YarrowiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1978
2.CA.05d

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
A : With Cu
2.7.3.1

2 : SULFIDES
7 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
3.1.12

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of YarrowiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Bluish-grey, black
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of YarrowiteHide

Formula:
Cu9S8

"Extended" formula is Cu+20Cu2+7(S2)7S10 (Goble, 1985).
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ag

Crystallography of YarrowiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.8 Å, c = 67.26 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 17.7
Unit Cell V:
841.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of YarrowiteHide

Synonyms of YarrowiteHide

Other Language Names for YarrowiteHide

German:Yarrowit
Simplified Chinese:雅硫铜矿
Spanish:Yarrowita

Relationship of Yarrowite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz8 photos of Yarrowite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Djurleite6 photos of Yarrowite associated with Djurleite on mindat.org.
Spionkopite5 photos of Yarrowite associated with Spionkopite on mindat.org.
Chalcocite4 photos of Yarrowite associated with Chalcocite on mindat.org.
Wooldridgeite2 photos of Yarrowite associated with Wooldridgeite on mindat.org.
Calcite2 photos of Yarrowite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Hematite2 photos of Yarrowite associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Roxbyite1 photo of Yarrowite associated with Roxbyite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CA.05aCovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CA.05bKlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CA.05cSpionkopiteCu39S28Trig.
2.CA.10NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.CA.15CalvertiteCu5Ge0.5S4Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.1.1ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.1.4AniliteCu7S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
3.1.6SpionkopiteCu39S28Trig.
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
3.1.8CovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
3.1.11UmangiteCu3Se2Tet.
3.1.13AthabascaiteCu5Se4Orth.
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.16WeissiteCu2-xTeHex.
3.1.17RickarditeCu7Te5Orth.
3.1.18VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
3.1.19BambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
3.1.20LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.21MgriiteCu3AsSe3
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.1.26MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.29IdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.1.31PutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2OHex.
3.1.33EskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
3.1.34Chaméanite(Cu,Fe)4As(Se,S)4Iso.
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for YarrowiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Goble, R.J. (1980): Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518. [Abstracted in: American Mineralogist (1981): 1279]
Goble, R.J. (1985): The relationship between crystal structure, bonding and cell dimensions in the copper sulfides. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 61-76.

Internet Links for YarrowiteHide

Localities for YarrowiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
    • Rainbow Massif
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 99-105
Vlasov E.A., Pertsev A.N., Kotova M.S., Beltenev V.E. (2010) Ore-hosting metasomatic rocks of hydrothermal fields in the ore cluster «Semenov» region (Mid-Atlantic ridge, 13°31'). Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Richardson, S.M. and Day, A.D. (1997) Geology of the Esperanza copper deposit. Proceedings of the 3rd International Mining Geology Conference, Launceston. pg. 51-56
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Graz
Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (1999)
    • Knittelfeld
      • Flatschach
J.Raith+ T.Leitner+ W.Paar (2015)
    • Köflach
      • Voitsberg
        • Krems
Moser & Postl (1990); Exel (1993)
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
GOBLE, R.J. (1980): Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518. GOBLE, R.J. (1985): The relationship between crystal structure, bonding and cell dimensions in the copper sulfides. Canadian Mineralogist 23, 61-76.
  • New Brunswick
    • Charlotte Co.
      • Saint George Parish
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada Popular Geoscience 97.
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
    • Kings Co.
      • Springfield Parish
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
      • Studholm Parish
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mazenod Lake District
      • Diane Lake
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933 ; Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933.
      • Parrsboro
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
    • Lunenburg Co.
      • New Ross
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Plummer Additional Township
        • Bruce Mines
Sabina, Ann P., GSC Miscellaneous Report 49, page 49, Bruce Mines Copper Mines
    • Rainy River District
      • Little Turtle Lake Area
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.159
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Shanghang Co.
        • Zijinshan ore field
Yu Liu, Wenyuan Liu, and Shaohuai Wang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(4), 735-741
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
      • Klášterec nad Ohří
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 71.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kolwezi District
      • Kolwezi
Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Dominican Republic
 
  • Monseñor Nouel Province
    • Maimón
Torró, L., Proenza, J. A., Melgarejo, J. C., Alfonso, P., de Pablo, J. F., Colomer, J. M., ... & Chávez, C. (2016). Mineralogy, geochemistry and sulfur isotope characterization of Cerro de Maimón (Dominican Republic), San Fernando and Antonio (Cuba) Lower Cretaceous VMS deposits: formation during subduction initiation of the Proto-Caribbean lithosphere within a fore-arc. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 794-817.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Pforzheim
        • Würm
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Gallenbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
      • St Blasien
        • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Schöllkrippen
          • Großkahl
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
          • Huckelheim
Schmitt, R. T. (1993): "Sulfide und Arsenide aus den Gruben Segen Gottes bei Huckelheim und Hilfe Gottes bei Großkahl im Spessart", Der Aufschluss 44, 111-122. (in German)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Hunsrück
      • Birkenfeld
        • Sonnenberg-Winnenberg
Roger Lang analyses/research 1994-1998
      • Idar-Oberstein
        • Fischbach
Scheiderhöhn & Kautzsch 1936, research R. Lang, 1994-1998
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Oberlausitz
      • Niesky
        • Horscha
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Der Schieferabbau Pansberg bei Horscha in der Lausitz, Sachsen. Lapis 32 (7-8), 68-73; 86.
Indonesia
 
  • Java
    • West Java Province
      • Bogor District
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
      • Ardakan (Ardekan)
http://www.fos.ut.ac.ir/~journal/G.80.1E_2.htm
Ireland
 
  • Co. Kerry
    • Killarney
      • Lough Leane
Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Masino Valley
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Iwaki City
Matsubara et al (2002) Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 97, 177-184.
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Shimohei-gun
          • Tanohata-mura
Matsubara, S. et al (2002) Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 97, 177-184.; Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kurosawa, M., & Suzuki, Y. (2002). Potassicleakeite, a New Amphibole from the Tanohata Mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 177-184.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Legnica
      • Lubin District
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 109.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Turkey
 
  • Black Sea Region
    • Gümüşhane Province
Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral 18 (2006) 28
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    • Leicestershire
      • Hinckley and Bosworth
        • Stanton under Bardon
          • Cliffe Hill Quarry
UKJMM 26:43-51
    • Somerset
      • Sedgemoor
        • Cannington
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Warwickshire
      • Nuneaton and Bedworth
UKJMM 26:43-51
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Loch Kishorn
Faithfull, J., Young, B., Starkey, R.E. (2012) Copper mineralisation at Rassal, Kishorn, Highland Region. Journal of the Russell Society, Vol. 15, pg. 49-58.
  • Wales
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 428; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Rob Bowell, lab tested
Robert Bowell and Rolf Luetcke
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Ivanpah District
        • Ivanpah Mts
          • Kessler Peak
Ronald Wynn Sheets, James R. Craig, Robert J. Bodnar (1995) Composition And Occurrence Of Electrum At The Morning Star Deposit, San Bernardino County, California: Evidence For Remobilization Of Gold And Silver. Canadian Mineralogist 33:137-151
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Western Margin Duluth Complex
Raič, S., Mogessie, A., Benkó, Z., Molnár, F., Hauck, S., & Severson, M. (2015). Arsenic-rich Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization in Wetlegs, Duluth complex, St. Louis county, Minnesota, USA. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53:105-132
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Virginia
    • Charlotte Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Halifax Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Boggs, R.C. (1984) Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Golden Horn batholith, northern Cascades, Washington. PhD thesis University of California, Santa Barbara.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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