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Yarrowite

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Formula:
Cu9S8
"Extended" formula is Cu+20Cu2+7(S2)7S10 (Goble, 1985).
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Bluish-grey, black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Yarrow Creek and Spionkop Creek Valley, Alberta, Canada.

Classification of Yarrowite

Approved
Approval Year:
1978
2.CA.05d

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
A : With Cu
2.7.3.1

2 : SULFIDES
7 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
3.1.12

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of Yarrowite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Bluish-grey, black
Hardness (Mohs):

Chemical Properties of Yarrowite

Formula:
Cu9S8

"Extended" formula is Cu+20Cu2+7(S2)7S10 (Goble, 1985).
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ag

Crystallography of Yarrowite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.8 Å, c = 67.26 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 17.7
Unit Cell Volume:
V 841.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Yarrowite

Relationship of Yarrowite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Chalcocite (see here)
2.CA.05aCovelliteCuS
2.CA.05bKlockmanniteCuSe
2.CA.05cSpionkopiteCu39S28
2.CA.10NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
2.CA.15CalvertiteCu5Ge0.5S4
3.1.1ChalcociteCu2S
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5
3.1.4AniliteCu7S4
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5
3.1.6SpionkopiteCu39S28
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5
3.1.8CovelliteCuS
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2Se
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2Se
3.1.11UmangiteCu3Se2
3.1.13AthabascaiteCu5Se4
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSe
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2
3.1.16WeissiteCu2-xTe
3.1.17RickarditeCu7Te5
3.1.18VulcaniteCuTe
3.1.19BambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2
3.1.20LautiteCuAsS
3.1.21MgriiteCu3AsSe3
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
3.1.26MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
3.1.29IdaiteCu5FeS6
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
3.1.31PutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2O
3.1.33EskeborniteCuFeSe2
3.1.34Chaméanite(Cu,Fe)4As(Se,S)4
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16

Other Names for Yarrowite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Yarrowit
Simplified Chinese:雅硫铜矿
Spanish:Yarrowita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Yarrowite

Reference List:
Goble, R.J. (1980): Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518. [Abstracted in: American Mineralogist (1981): 1279]

Goble, R.J. (1985): The relationship between crystal structure, bonding and cell dimensions in the copper sulfides. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 61-76.




Internet Links for Yarrowite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-4354.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Yarrowite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
    • Rainbow Massif
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 99-105
Vlasov E.A., Pertsev A.N., Kotova M.S., Beltenev V.E. (2010) Ore-hosting metasomatic rocks of hydrothermal fields in the ore cluster «Semenov» region (Mid-Atlantic ridge, 13°31'). Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Richardson, S.M. and Day, A.D. (1997) Geology of the Esperanza copper deposit. Proceedings of the 3rd International Mining Geology Conference, Launceston. pg. 51-56
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Graz
Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (1999)
    • Knittelfeld
      • Flatschach
J.Raith+ T.Leitner+ W.Paar (2015)
    • Köflach
      • Voitsberg
        • Krems
Moser & Postl (1990); Exel (1993)
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
GOBLE, R.J. (1980): Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518. GOBLE, R.J. (1985): The relationship between crystal structure, bonding and cell dimensions in the copper sulfides. Canadian Mineralogist 23, 61-76.
  • New Brunswick
    • Charlotte Co.
      • Saint George Parish
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada Popular Geoscience 97.
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
    • Kings Co.
      • Springfield Parish
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
      • Studholm Parish
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mazenod Lake District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933 ; Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933.
      • Parrsboro
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
    • Lunenburg Co.
      • New Ross
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Plummer Additional Township
        • Bruce Mines
Sabina, Ann P., GSC Miscellaneous Report 49, page 49, Bruce Mines Copper Mines
    • Rainy River District
      • Little Turtle Lake Area
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.159
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Shanghang Co.
        • Zijinshan ore field
Yu Liu, Wenyuan Liu, and Shaohuai Wang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(4), 735-741
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 71.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kolwezi District
        • Kolwezi
Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008)
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Pforzheim
        • Würm
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Gallenbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
      • St Blasien
        • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Schöllkrippen
          • Großkahl
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
          • Huckelheim
Schmitt, R. T. (1993): "Sulfide und Arsenide aus den Gruben Segen Gottes bei Huckelheim und Hilfe Gottes bei Großkahl im Spessart", Der Aufschluss 44, 111-122. (in German)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Hunsrück
      • Birkenfeld
        • Sonnenberg-Winnenberg
Roger Lang analyses/research 1994-1998
      • Idar-Oberstein
        • Fischbach
Scheiderhöhn & Kautzsch 1936, research R. Lang, 1994-1998
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Oberlausitz
      • Niesky
        • Horscha
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Der Schieferabbau Pansberg bei Horscha in der Lausitz, Sachsen. Lapis 32 (7-8), 68-73; 86.
Indonesia
 
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
      • Bogor District
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
      • Ardakan (Ardekan)
http://www.fos.ut.ac.ir/~journal/G.80.1E_2.htm
Ireland
 
  • Co. Kerry
    • Killarney
      • Lough Leane
Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Masino Valley
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Iwaki City
Matsubara et al (2002) Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 97, 177-184.
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Shimohei-gun
          • Tanohata-mura
Matsubara, S. et al (2002) Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 97, 177-184.; Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kurosawa, M., & Suzuki, Y. (2002). Potassicleakeite, a New Amphibole from the Tanohata Mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 177-184.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Legnica
      • Lubin District
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 109.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Turkey
 
  • Black Sea Region
    • Gümüşhane Province
Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral 18 (2006) 28
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    • Leicestershire
      • Stanton under Bardon
UKJMM 26:43-51
    • Somerset
      • Bridgwater (Bridgewater)
        • Cannington
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Warwickshire
      • Nuneaton
UKJMM 26:43-51
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Loch Kishorn
Faithfull, J., Young, B., Starkey, R.E. (2012) Copper mineralisation at Rassal, Kishorn, Highland Region. Journal of the Russell Society, Vol. 15, pg. 49-58.
  • Wales
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 428; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Rob Bowell, lab tested
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Ivanpah District
        • Ivanpah Mts
          • Kessler Peak
Ronald Wynn Sheets, James R. Craig, Robert J. Bodnar (1995) Composition And Occurrence Of Electrum At The Morning Star Deposit, San Bernardino County, California: Evidence For Remobilization Of Gold And Silver. Canadian Mineralogist 33:137-151
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Western Margin Duluth Complex
Raič, S., Mogessie, A., Benkó, Z., Molnár, F., Hauck, S., & Severson, M. (2015). Arsenic-rich Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization in Wetlegs, Duluth complex, St. Louis county, Minnesota, USA. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53:105-132
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Virginia
    • Charlotte Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Halifax Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Boggs, R.C. (1984) Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Golden Horn batholith, northern Cascades, Washington. PhD thesis University of California, Santa Barbara.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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