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Crystal System:
Named after Har Ye'elim and Nahal Ye'elim, the most conspicuous hill and wadi in the Hatrurim basin, Israel.
Sodalite Group.

Well-known as a synthetic component in sulphate-bearing cements. Also found as a product of burning coal dumps (see under "Kruzhevite").
Reacts readily with water.

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Classification of Ye'elimiteHide

Approval Year:

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations

25 : Sulphates
4 : Sulphates of Ca, Sr and Ba

Physical Properties of Ye'elimiteHide


Optical Data of Ye'elimiteHide


Chemical Properties of Ye'elimiteHide

IMA Formula:
Idealised Formula:
4CaO · 3Al2O3.SO3

Crystallography of Ye'elimiteHide

Crystal System:

Type Occurrence of Ye'elimiteHide

Synonyms of Ye'elimiteHide

Other Language Names for Ye'elimiteHide


Relationship of Ye'elimite to other SpeciesHide

Structurally related to group(s):
Sodalite GroupThe Sodalite group have sodalite stacking producing cubo-octahedral cages that contain the anions and cations which ...

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Hydroxylellestadite1 photo of Ye'elimite associated with Hydroxylellestadite on
Vapnikite1 photo of Ye'elimite associated with Vapnikite on
Brownmillerite1 photo of Ye'elimite associated with Brownmillerite on
Larnite1 photo of Ye'elimite associated with Larnite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.BC.10AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10DorallchariteTlFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.20AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
7.BC.25ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BC.30FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.BC.35KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BC.40PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
7.BC.45AlumoklyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2Tric. 1 : P1
7.BC.50CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
7.BC.55WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.BC.60MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2Mon. 2 : B2
7.BC.65LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.BC.65MunakataitePb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.BC.70ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6Tric. 1 : P1
7.BC.75KrivovichevitePb3Al(OH)6(SO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3c

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.4.1AnhydriteCaSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.4.2BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2OMon. 2 : B2
25.4.3GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
25.4.4GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
25.4.6EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2OMon.
25.4.7HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2OMon.
25.4.8SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.4.9GörgeyiteK2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2OMon.
25.4.10PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric. 1
25.4.11Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2OMon.
25.4.13EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
25.4.14BentoriteCa6(Cr3+,Al)2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
25.4.15CelestineSrSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.4.17BaryteBaSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ye'elimiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Fukuda, N. (1961): Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 34, 137-xx.
Fukuda, N. (1961): A ternary compound formed in the system CaO-Al2O3-CaSO4. Kogyo Kagaku Zasshi 64, 865-871.
Halstead, P. E.; Moore, A. E. (1962): The composition and crystallography of an anhydrous calcium aluminosulfate occurring in expanding cement. Journal of Applied Chemistry 12, 413-417.
Saalfeld, H. & Depmeier, W. (1972): Silicon-free compounds with sodalite structure. Kristall und Technik 7, 229-233.
Geological Survey of Israel, Current Research (1984): 1-4.
American Mineralogist (1987): 72: 226-227.
Feng, X. & Liao, G. (1988): Structure of calcium oxide.alumina.calcium sulfate (3CaO.3Al2O3.CaSO4). Wuhan Gongye Daxue Xuebao 10 (3), 1-6 (in Chinese).
Heritsch, H. (1990): Eine Kontaktbildung aus dem Nephelinbasanitsteinbruch von Klöch (Südoststeiermark) mit seltenen Mineralien; natürliches Vorkommen der Verbindung 4CaO.3Al2O3.SO3. Mitt. Abt. Mineralogie, Landesmuseum Joanneum 58, 15-35.
Wang, Y. G.; Ye, H. Q.; Kuo, K. H.; Feng, X. J.; Lao, G. L.; Long, S. Z. (1990): Electron diffraction and HREM studies of the new phase and superstructures in calcium aluminosulfate (Ca4Al6SO16). Journal of Materials Science 25, 5147-5156.
Andac, O.; Glasser, F. P. (1994): Polymorphism of calcium sulfoaluminate (Ca4Al6O16.SO3) [sic] and its solid solutions. Advances in Cement Research 6 (22), 57-60.
Ikeda, K.; Kishimoto, K.; Shima, H. (1996): Structure refinement of calcium sulfoaluminate, C4A3S with emphasis to oxygen deficiency. Cement and Concrete Research 26, 743-748.

Internet Links for Ye'elimiteHide

Localities for Ye'elimiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
Heritsch, H. (1990): Eine Kontaktbildung aus dem Nephelinbasanitsteinbruch von Klöch (Südoststeiermark) mit seltenen Mineralien; natürliches Vorkommen der Verbindung 4CaO.3Al2O3.SO3. Mitt. Abt. Mineralogie, Landesmuseum Joanneum 58, 15-35.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
EMPA data, Sharygin V.V.
Sharygin, V. V. (2012). Mineralogy of metacarbonate xenolith from alkali basalt, E. Eifel, Germany. In Ore Potential of Alkaline, Kimberlite and Carbonatite Magmatism. Book of Abstracts, XXIX International Conference. Training Program: Alkaline Magmatism of the Earth, Sudak-Moscow, ONTI GEOCHI RAS (pp. 156-158).
            • Southern lava flow
              • Mayener Feld
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
  • Negev
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
    • Dead Sea
Gross S (1984) Occurrence of ye'elimite and ellestadite in an unusual cobble from the "pseudo-conglomerate" of the Hatrurim basin, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel Current Research, 1-4
  • West Bank
    • Hatrurim Formation
Galuskin, E., Galuskina, I., Kusz, J., Armbruster, T., Marzec, K., Dzierżanowski, P., Murashko, M. (2014): Vapnikite Ca3UO6 - a new double perovskite mineral from pyrometamorphic larnite rocks of the Jabel Harmun, Palestine Autonomy, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 571-581
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Chelyabinsk coal basin
Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
            • Coal Mine No. 47
Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
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