SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About VanadiumHide

Freya (Vanadis)
Specific Gravity:
6.033 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Member of:
The element was rediscovered in 1830 by Sefstrom, who named the element in honor of the Scandinavian goddess, Vanadis, because of its beautiful multicolored compounds.
Second recognized new V species from the Colima volcano fumaroles after colimaite.

Classification of VanadiumHide


1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
E : Iron-chromium family

Physical Properties of VanadiumHide

Could not be measured
6.033 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Could not be determined

Chemical Properties of VanadiumHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of VanadiumHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.022 Å
Unit Cell V:
27.6 ų
Irregular to flattened crystals, 5-20 micron in diameter
From powder diffraction

Crystal StructureHide

Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
Polyhedra Off | Si Polyhedra | All Polyhedra
Remove metal-metal sticks
Display Options
Black Background | White Background
Perspective On | Perspective Off
2D | Stereo | Red-Blue | Red-Cyan
CIF File    Best | x | y | z | a | b | c
Stop | Start
Console Off | On | Grey | Yellow
IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0011235VanadiumWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Body centered cubic, bcc, structure Crystal Structures 1 7-8319630293
0012902VanadiumStraumanis M E (1959) Absorption correction in precision determination of lattice parameters Journal of Applied Physics 30 1965-19691959synthetic0293
0014111VanadiumJames W J, Straumanis M E (1960) Lattice parameter and expansion coefficient of vanadium Journal of the Electrochemical Society 107 69-691960synthetic0293
0015117VanadiumHull A W (1922) Crystal structures of vanadium, germanium and graphite Physical Review 20 113-11319220293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
From Type Description.

Type Occurrence of VanadiumHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Smooth, irregular to flattened crystals 5-20 μm in diameter. Precipitated in glass tubes from the vapor, but also found on natural rocks.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geological Museum, Mexican National University, Mexico City, Mexico, sample number FIM 12/01
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Volcanic fumaroles; precipitated in a narrow temperature interval 550-680°C
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of VanadiumHide

Relationship of Vanadium to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
SteinhardtiteAl0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AE.05ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.10Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.15ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.15FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.20AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.25JedwabiteFe7(Ta,Nb)3Hex. 6mm : P63mc
1.AE.30ManganeseMnIso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VanadiumHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ostrooumov, M. (2013) Vanadium, IMA 2012-021a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 11; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.
Ostrooumov, M. & Taran, Yu. (2016): Vanadium, V – a new native element mineral from the Colima volcano, State of Colima (Mexico), and implications for fumarole gas composition. Mineralogical Magazine, 80: 371-382

Internet Links for VanadiumHide

Localities for VanadiumHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • San Luis Province
    • Sierra de Comechingones
Frank K. Mazdab collection (thin section FKM-202; )
  • Viti Levu
    • Vatukoula Gold Field (Tavua Gold Field)
      • Vatukoula
Scherbarth, N. L., & Spry, P. G. (2006). Mineralogical, petrological, stable isotope, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Tuvatu gold-silver telluride deposit, Fiji: Comparisons with the Emperor deposit. Economic Geology, 101(1), 135-158.
  • Central Greece
    • Phthiotis
      • Domokos
Ifandi, E., Zaccarini, F., Tsikouras, B., Grammatikopoulos, T., Garuti, G., Karipi, S., & Hatzipanagiotou, K. (2018). First occurrences of Ni-V-Co phosphides in chromitite from the Agios Stefanos Mine, Othrys Ophiolite, Greece. Ofioliti, 43(2), 131-145.
  • Haifa District
    • Mount Carmel
Griffin, W. L., Gain, S. E. M., Adams, D. T., Huang, J. X., Saunders, M., Toledo, V., ... & O’Reilly, S. Y. (2016). First terrestrial occurrence of tistarite (Ti2O3): Ultra-low oxygen fugacity in the upper mantle beneath Mount Carmel, Israel. Geology, 44(10), 815-818.; Griffin, W.L., Gain, S.E.M., Huang, J.-X., Saunders, M., Shaw, J., Toledo, V., O’Reilly, S.Y. (2018): A terrestrial magmatic hibonite-grossite-vanadium assemblage: desilication and extreme reduction in a volcanic plumbing system, Mt Carmel, Israel. American Mineralogist, 103, (in press).
Mexico (TL)
  • Jalisco
    • Colima volcanic complex
Ostrooumov, M. (2013) Vanadium, IMA 2012-021a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 11; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.; Ostrooumov, M. and Taran, Y. (2015): Discovery of Native Vanadium, a New Mineral from the Colima Volcano, State of Colima (Mexico). Revista de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 20, 109-110.; Ostrooumov, M. & Taran, Yu. (2016): Vanadium, V – a new native element mineral from the Colima volcano, State of Colima (Mexico), and implications for fumarole gas composition. Mineralogical Magazine, 80: 371-382
South Africa
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
Castillo-Oliver, M.; Melgarejo, J.C.; Torró, L.; Villanova-de-Benavent, C.; Campeny, M.; Díaz-Acha, Y.; Amores-Casals, S.; Xu, J.; Proenza, J.; Tauler, E. Sandstone-Hosted Uranium Deposits as a Possible Source for Critical Elements: The Eureka Mine Case, Castell-Estaó, Catalonia. Minerals 2020, 10, 34.
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: August 4, 2020 04:04:04 Page generated: August 2, 2020 20:49:10
Go to top of page