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Yugawaralite

This page kindly sponsored by Gianfranco Ciccolini
Formula:
CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Colour:
Colourless, white, pinkish
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Yugawara Hot Spring, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of YugawaraliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.GB.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
B : Chains of single connected 4-membered rings
Dana 7th ed.:
77.1.7.2
77.1.7.2

77 : TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
1 : Zeolite group - True zeolites
16.9.24

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
9 : Aluminosilicates of Ca

Physical Properties of YugawaraliteHide

Vitreous, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, white, pinkish
Streak:
White
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Indistinct on [010]
Fracture:
Conchoidal

Optical Data of YugawaraliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.495 nβ = 1.497 nγ = 1.504
2V:
Measured: 78° , Calculated: 58°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of YugawaraliteHide

Formula:
CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca(Si6Al2)O16 · 4H2O
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mg,Na,K

Crystallography of YugawaraliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.72 Å, b = 13.98 Å, c = 10.05 Å
β = 111.52°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.481 : 1 : 0.719
Unit Cell V:
878.34 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals flat tabulkar parallel to {010}. Showing (100), (010), (001), (110), (120), (011) and (-111).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.057 (100)
4.672 (70)
4.652 (67)
5.81 (52)
7.01 (31)
3.237 (29)
4.295 (26)

Type Occurrence of YugawaraliteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
A network of veins with well devloped crystals.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Science Museum, Tokyo, Japan.
National School of Mines, Paris, France.
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 106164, 106931.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Andesite tuff metamorphosed by hot spring action.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for YugawaraliteHide

Relationship of Yugawaralite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2 : P21
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2OMon. 2
Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric.
Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2OHex.
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Levyne SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
ClinoptiloliteNote on the distinguishing differences between clinoptilolite and heulandite (hhttp://rruff.
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2OOrth.
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
Dachiardite-KK4(Si20Al4O48)·13H2OMon.
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2OMon.
ErioniteThis name now refers to a group of related minerals.
Faujasite SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
FerrieriteZeolite Group.
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2OTet. 4 2m : I4m2
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
GmeliniteIn 1997, gmelinite was split into Gmelinite-Ca, Gmelinite-Na and Gmelinite-K.
GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2OOrth.
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2OOrth.
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
HeulanditeNote on the distinguishing differences between heulandite and clinoptilolite (http://rruff.
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2OOrth. mm2
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2OHex.
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2OOrth.
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2OOrth.
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2OOrth.
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
Natrolite SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2OIso. 2 3 : I2 3
ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84•34H2OIso.
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2OHex.
PhillipsiteZeolite Group.
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.
StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fmmm
Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2OOrth.
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2OHex.
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2OTric.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz10 photos of Yugawaralite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Heulandite7 photos of Yugawaralite associated with Heulandite on mindat.org.
Calcite3 photos of Yugawaralite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Gyrolite3 photos of Yugawaralite associated with Gyrolite on mindat.org.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)2 photos of Yugawaralite associated with Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) on mindat.org.
Erionite1 photo of Yugawaralite associated with Erionite on mindat.org.
Apophyllite1 photo of Yugawaralite associated with Apophyllite on mindat.org.
Stilbite1 photo of Yugawaralite associated with Stilbite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.GB.05Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
9.GB.05AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric.
9.GB.05HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
9.GB.05LithositeK6Al4Si8O25 · 2H2OMon.
9.GB.05LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
9.GB.05Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.GB.05WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
9.GB.05KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.GB.10LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GB.20RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.
9.GB.25GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
9.GB.30Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.
9.GB.35ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

77.1.7.1BrewsteriteMon.
77.1.7.3GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
77.1.7.4RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.9.1GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)Tet. 4 2m : P4 21m
16.9.2AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
16.9.3Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3
16.9.4SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.
16.9.5DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
16.9.6GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
16.9.7VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)Orth.
16.9.8Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
16.9.9Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.9.10PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2Orth. mm2
16.9.11KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Tet.
16.9.12BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
16.9.13MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
16.9.14ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
16.9.15CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4Orth.
16.9.17KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso.
16.9.18LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
16.9.19ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
16.9.20WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
16.9.21VertumniteCa4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
16.9.22ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
16.9.23LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
16.9.25Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
16.9.26EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2OMon.
16.9.27GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
16.9.28CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2OOrth.
16.9.30StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fmmm
16.9.31SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2OTrig.
16.9.32AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Not attacked by hot or cold hydrochloric acid.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for YugawaraliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Sakurai, K., Hayashi, A. (1952) “Yugawaralite”, a new zeolite. Science Reports of the Yokohama National University: 1: 69-77.
Fleischer, M. (1953) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 38: 426-426.
Leimer, H.W., Slaughter, M. (1969) The determination and refinement of the crystal structure of yugawaralite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 130: 88-111.
Eberlein, G.D., Erd, R.C., Weber, F., Beatty, L.B. (1971) New occurrence of yugawaralite from the Chena Hot Springs area, Alaska. American Mineralogist: 56: 1699-1717.
Pongiluppi, D. (1977) A new occurrence of yugawaralite at Osilo, Sardinia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 15: 113-114.
Wise, W.S. (1978) Yugawaralite from Bombay, India. Mineralogical Record: 9: 296.
Akizuki, M. (1987) An explanation of the optical variation in yugawaralite. Mineralogical Magazine: 51: 615-620.
Kvick, Å., Artioli, G., Smith, J.V. (1986) Neutron diffraction study of the zeolite yugawaralite at 13 K. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 174: 265-281.
Coombs, D.S., Alberti, A., Armbruster, T., Artioli, G., Colella, C., Galli, E., Grice, J.D., Liebau, F., Mandarino, J.A., Minato, H., Nickel, E.H., Passaglia, E., Peacor, D.R., Quartieri, S., Rinaldi, R., Ross, M., Sheppard, R.A., Tillmanns, E., Vezzalini, G. (1997) Recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals: report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1571-1606.
Mandarino, J.A. (1999) The Zeolite Group. Mineralogical Record: 30: 5-6.
Weisenberger, T., Selbekk, R.S. (2009) Multi stage zeolite facies mineralization in the Hvalfjordur area, Iceland. International Journal of Earth Sciences: 98(5): 985-999.
Tanaka, T., Kimura, R., Akizuki, M., Kudoh, Y. (2002) Origin of low-symmetry growth sectors in edingtonite and yugawaralite, and crystal structure of the k{011} and v{120} sectors of yugawaralite. Mineralogical Magazine: 66: 409-420.
Fois, E., Gamba, A., Tabacchi, G., Arletti, R., Quartieri, S., Vezzalini, G. (2005) The "template" effect of the extra-framework content on zeolite compression: the case of yugawaralite. American Mineralogist: 90: 28-35.

Internet Links for YugawaraliteHide

Localities for YugawaraliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Neuquén
    • Huiliches department
R. S. Bowman and S. E. Delap (Eds.) Zeolite ’06—7th International Conference on the Occurrence, Properties, and Utilization of Natural Zeolites Socorro, New Mexico USA, 16–21 July 2006 p. 242
    • Lácar department
      • Caleufú
Pablo Rodrigo Leal, María Elena Vattuone, and Carlos Oscar Latorre (2011) Zeolite assemblages from Northern Patagonian Andes, Argentina: A review. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, v.28, núm. 2, 2011, p. 212-225
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
      • El Quevar mining district
ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Osoyoos Mining Division
      • Olalla
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,524
Hungary
 
  • Csongrád Co.
    • Great Hungarian Plain
      • Üllés
Rappensberger,1991
Iceland
 
  • Capital Region
[MinRec 17:340, 18:437-438]
Weisenberger, T. & Selbekk, R.S. (2009): Multi stage zeolite facies mineralization in the Hvalfjördur area, Iceland. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 98 (5): 985-999
  • Western Region
    • Hvalfjörður
Tschernich, R. W. (1992): Zeolites of the world. Geoscience Press, Phoenix, Arizona. [p.524]; Robinson, G. W. (1986): What's new in minerals? Mineralogical Record: 17: 339-342 [p.340]
    • Mýrasýsla
      • Norðurárdalur
        • Haugar
Self collected by Jamison Turnbull
Personal collection of Jamison K Turnbull.
[MinRec 12:21]
India
 
  • Maharashtra
    • Mumbai District (Bombay District)
Rob Lavinsky
      • Mumbai (Bombay)
        • Ward 38
          • Malad
Mineralogical Record, 9:296
Wise, W.S. (1978): Yugawaralite from Bombay, India. Mineralogical Record 9 (5): 296; No reference listed
    • Nashik District (Nasik District)
      • Sinnar
Collection Elmar Lackner (and many others).
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Osilo
Gelosa, M. & Mameli, P. (1999): I minerali delle cave di Osilo: località mineralogiche della Sardegna. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1999, 92-96.
  • Veneto
    • Verona province
      • Vestenanuova
M.Mattioli, M.Cenni, G.Raffaelli (2008): I Minerali del Veronese - Le mineralizzazioni secondarie delle rocce vulcaniche dei Monti Lessini. Memorie del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, II° serie - sezione Scienze della Terra 7 - 2008, 196
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Tokachi Province
      • Obihiro City
Hiroshi KONNO and Morihiro AOKI (1977): Yugawaralite from Nukabira, Hokkaido. Mineralogical Journal, 8, 456-462.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Toi-cho
[MinRec 8:517]; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Yugawara
Sci.Rep. Yokohama Nat.Univ.(1952) sect. 2, no. 1, 69-77
    • Tohoku Region
      • Aomori Prefecture
        • Kuroishi City
Onuki et al (1988) Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 83, 311-317.
      • Miyagi Prefecture
Seki, Y. and Okumura, K. (1968) Yugawaralite from Onikobe active geothermal area, Northeast Japan. Jour. Japan. Assoc. Min. Pet. Economic Geology, 60, #1, 27-33.; Yotaro Seki (1973) Distribution and Modes of Occurrence of Wairakites in the Japanese Island Arc The Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 79:521-527
Jordan
 
  • Irbid
    • Maqarin area
Khoury, H. N., Salameh, E., & Abdul-Jaber, Q. (1985). Characteristics of an unusual highly alkaline water from the Maqarin area, northern Jordan. Journal of Hydrology, 81(1), 79-91.
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Southland
Railton, G.L. et al (1990)
Réunion Island
 
  • Piton des Neiges Massif
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R. (2004) A vos loupes n°2 : la yugawaralite, Le Règne minéral, 59, 42-45. (in French)
      • Cilaos
Serge Lavarde Collection
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
World of Stones v.9
Tischenko A. data
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Aleutians East Borough
      • Unalaska Island
wwwdggs.dnr.state.ak.us/scan1/ri/text/RI84-23.PDF.
    • Fairbanks North Star Borough
      • Chena River
Tom Moore, "What's New in Minerals: Tuscon Show 2000" Mineralogical Record, May/June 2000.
Eberling, G. D., R. C. Erd, Florence Weber, and L. B. Beatty. "New Occurrence of Yugawaralite From the Chena Hot Springs Area, Alaska." The American Mineralogist 56 (1971): 1699-1715. 31 Dec. 2007.
  • Washington
    • Cowlitz Co.
      • Wolf Point
Micro Probe Vol. 7 No. 10
Micro Probe; Volume 1X, Number 1, pgs 2-6
  • Wyoming
    • Park Co.
Bargar, K.E.; Beeson, M.H. & Keith, T.E.C. (1981): Zeolites in Yellowstone National Park. Mineralogical Record 12, 29-38
[MinRec 12:34-35]
Mineral and/or Locality  
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