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Zapatalite

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General Emiliano Zapata
Formula:
Cu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
Colour:
Pale blue to turquoise blue
Lustre:
Dull
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.016
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named after Emiliano Zapata (1879-1919), peasant hero of the Mexican revolution. He was the Mexican rebel leader who stated that "It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees." He was a former sharecropper who organised and led peasants during the battles of the Mexican Revolution.
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Classification of ZapataliteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1971
8.DE.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
42.5.3.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
19.2.7

19 : Phosphates
2 : Phosphates of Cu

Pronounciation of ZapataliteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of ZapataliteHide

Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Pale blue to turquoise blue
Streak:
Pale blue
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {001}
Density:
3.016(26) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.017 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ZapataliteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.646 nε = 1.635
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
In shades of pale green
Comments:
May be biaxial

Chemical Properties of ZapataliteHide

Formula:
Cu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O

Crystallography of ZapataliteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.223 Å, c = 11.518 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.757
Unit Cell V:
2,669.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Morphology:
Massive, botryoidal crusts.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
11.60 (99)
7.617 (100)
6.817 (69)
5.754 (73)
4.584 (44)
3.042 (48)
2.531 (45)

Type Occurrence of ZapataliteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA

Synonyms of ZapataliteHide

Other Language Names for ZapataliteHide

German:Zapatalit
Spanish:Zapatalita

Common AssociatesHide

ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz8 photos of Zapatalite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Pseudomalachite6 photos of Zapatalite associated with Pseudomalachite on mindat.org.
Libethenite6 photos of Zapatalite associated with Libethenite on mindat.org.
Ordoñezite5 photos of Zapatalite associated with Ordoñezite on mindat.org.
Chenevixite4 photos of Zapatalite associated with Chenevixite on mindat.org.
Malachite2 photos of Zapatalite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Reichenbachite2 photos of Zapatalite associated with Reichenbachite on mindat.org.
Cacoxenite1 photo of Zapatalite associated with Cacoxenite on mindat.org.
Rashleighite1 photo of Zapatalite associated with Rashleighite on mindat.org.
Planerite1 photo of Zapatalite associated with Planerite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DE.05SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2
8.DE.10FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
8.DE.15BulachiteAl2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2OOrth.
8.DE.25CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2OTric.
8.DE.35AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2OOrth.
8.DE.40JuanitaiteBi(Cu,Ca,Fe)10(AsO4)4(OH)11 · 2H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/nnm
8.DE.45IangreyiteCa2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2OTrig. 3 2 : P3 2 1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.2.1LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
19.2.2CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.2.3ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m
19.2.4LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
19.2.5PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.2.6NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
19.2.8TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.9SieleckiiteCu3Al4(PO4)2(OH)12 · 2H2OTric.
19.2.10PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.11HentscheliteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon.
19.2.13ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.14Phosphofibrite(H2O,K)3.5Fe8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 5H2OMon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ZapataliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S. A. (1972) Zapatalite, a new mineral from Sonora, Mexico. Mineralogical Magazine: 38: 541-544.
American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 1911-1912.

Internet Links for ZapataliteHide

Localities for ZapataliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
P. Elliott & U. Kolitsch (X-ray powder diffraction + SEM-EDS)
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Mexico
 
  • San Luis Potosí
    • Mun. de Rioverde
Planer-Friedrich, B. (2000). Hydrogeological and hydrochemical investigations in the Rio Verde Basin, Mexico. Freiberg Online Geoscience, 3, 1-145.
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Naco
      • Cerro Morita
[Min Mag 38 (1972), 541; Am. Min., 57, 1911-1912 (1972) ; MinRec 5:40]
Portugal
 
  • Évora District
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
Rewitzer, C. & Marques de Sá, J.P. (1998): Die Miguel Vacas Mine: Eine Kupferlagerstätte im Süden Portugals. Lapis 23(5), 13-23 Handbook of Mineralogy
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Snowstorm Mountains District
Photos in mindat galleries. Material collected 2007 by Jim McGlasson.
    • Lander Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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