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Zaratite

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About ZaratiteHide

Antonio Gil y Zarate
Formula:
Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Colour:
Emerald-green; green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.57 - 2.649
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named after Antonio Gil y Zarate (1 December 1793, El Escorial, Madrid, Spain – 27 January 1861, Madrid, Spain), dramatist.
A secondary nickel carbonate of uncertain and apparently variable composition.
Garcia-Guinea et al. (2014) concluded that "zaratite" should not deserved a species status. Their samples taken from various localities proved to be low-crystalline anhydrous zaratite, nullaginite, or gaspéite, all differing in Ni/C/H ratios.

See also hellyerite.


Classification of ZaratiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959), Questionable
5.DA.15

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
A : With medium-sized cations
16b.4.1.1

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 3:1
11.14.6

11 : Carbonates
14 : Carbonates of Co and Ni

Physical Properties of ZaratiteHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Emerald-green; green in transmitted light.
Streak:
Light green
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.57 - 2.649 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.67 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ZaratiteHide

Type:
Isotropic
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Emerald green (fiber length)
Yellowish green (perpendicular to fiber length).

Chemical Properties of ZaratiteHide

Formula:
Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
IMA Formula:
Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Common Impurities:
Mg

Crystallography of ZaratiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.16 Å
Unit Cell V:
233.74 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Incrustations; small stalactititic; minute mammillary. Microcrystalline structure; massive, compact.

Type Occurrence of ZaratiteHide

Synonyms of ZaratiteHide

Other Language Names for ZaratiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AragoniteCaCO3
BruciteMg(OH)2
CalciteCaCO3
ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Millerite14 photos of Zaratite associated with Millerite on mindat.org.
Heazlewoodite11 photos of Zaratite associated with Heazlewoodite on mindat.org.
Sphalerite6 photos of Zaratite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Chromite5 photos of Zaratite associated with Chromite on mindat.org.
Hellyerite4 photos of Zaratite associated with Hellyerite on mindat.org.
Reevesite2 photos of Zaratite associated with Reevesite on mindat.org.
Orcelite1 photo of Zaratite associated with Orcelite on mindat.org.
Hydromagnesite1 photo of Zaratite associated with Hydromagnesite on mindat.org.
Garnierite1 photo of Zaratite associated with Garnierite on mindat.org.
Pentlandite1 photo of Zaratite associated with Pentlandite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.DA.AlexkhomyakoviteK6(Ca2Na)(CO3)5Cl·6H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
5.DA.05DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
5.DA.05GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
5.DA.05HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
5.DA.05WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
5.DA.05UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZn (also called Mineral F, Dunn, 1995)Mg5(Zn,Mn)3(CO3)2(OH,Cl)12 · H2O
5.DA.05UM1987-01-CO:HMgSMg4(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O ?Mon.
5.DA.10ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
5.DA.10IndigiriteMg2Al2(CO3)4(OH)2 · 15H2O
5.DA.10ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2OTrig. 3m : R3c
5.DA.15OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
5.DA.20KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.25CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon.
5.DA.30Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2OTric.
5.DA.35HydroscarbroiteAl14(CO3)3(OH)36 · nH2OTric.
5.DA.35ScarbroiteAl5(CO3)(OH)13 · 5H2OHex.
5.DA.40CaresiteFe2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
5.DA.40QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
5.DA.40CharmariteMn2+4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.45Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2OHex.
5.DA.45ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.45Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.DA.45ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OHex.
5.DA.50ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
5.DA.50DesautelsiteMg6Mn3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
5.DA.50HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50PyroauriteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50ReevesiteNi6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OTrig.
5.DA.50StichtiteMg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.DA.50TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig.
5.DA.50UM1998-10-CO:CoHNiCo6Fe2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O ?
5.DA.55CoalingiteMg10Fe3+2(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2OTrig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.14.1SpherocobaltiteCoCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
11.14.2Kolwezite(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2Tric.
11.14.3NullaginiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2Mon.
11.14.4HellyeriteNiCO3 · 5.5H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
11.14.5OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
11.14.7KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2OHex.
11.14.8Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
11.14.9GaspéiteNi(CO3)Hex.
11.14.10ReevesiteNi6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OTrig.
11.14.11ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2OTrig.
11.14.12SzymańskiiteHg16(Ni,Mg)6(CO3)12(OH)12(H3O)8•3H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in heated dilute HCl with effervescence.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
None.

References for ZaratiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Silliman (1847) American Journal of Science: 3: 407 (as Hydrate of Nickel).
Silliman (1848) American Journal of Science: 6: 248 (as Emerald Nickel).
Casares (1850) A.M. Alcibar in Min. Revista of Madrid: 304 (as Carbonato hidratado de Niquel).
Casares (1851) A.M. Alcibar in Min. Revista of Madrid: 176, March, 1851 (as Zaratita).
Kenngott, G.A. (1853) Ubersichte der Resultate mineralogischer Forschungen for the years 1850-51, Vienna: 18 (as Texasite).
Smith and Brush (1853) American Journal of Science: 16: 52.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 158.
Slavík (1925) Časopis Nârod. Musea, Prague, Czech Republic: 99: 112.
Slavík (1926) American Mineralogist: 11: 279.
Fenoglio M. (1934) Sulla struttura cristallina della Zaratite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma: 5: 33-36.
Fenoglio M. (1934) Nuove ricerche sulla zaratite: zaratite sintetica. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma: 265-274.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 245-246.
Williams, K.L., Threadgold, I.M., Hounslow, A.W. (1959) Hellyerite, a new nickel carbonate from Heazlewood, Tasmania. American Mineralogist: 44: 533–538. [with data on zaratite]
Mineralogical Magazine (1963): 33: 663.
Garcia-Guinea, J., La Iglesia, A., Crespo-Feo, E., González del Tanago, J., Correcher, V. (2014) The status of zaratite; investigation of the type specimen from Cape Ortegal, Galicia, Spain. European Journal of Mineralogy: 25: 995-1004.

Internet Links for ZaratiteHide

Localities for ZaratiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Huckitta Station
Madigan, C.T. (1939), The Huckitta meteorite, Central Australia, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 25, No. 165, pp 353-371, June 1939
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
Andersen, P., Bottrill, R. & Davidson, P. (2002): Famous mineral localities: The Lord Brassey mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Record 33, 321-332. Garcia-Guinea, J., La Iglesia, A., Crespo-Feo, E., González del Tanago, J., Correcher, V. (2014): The status of zaratite; investigation of the type specimen from Cape Ortegal, Galicia, Spain. European Journal of Mineralogy: 25: 995-1004.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
    • West Coast municipality
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hirt
        • Griesserhof (Gulitzen; Gullitzen)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
  • Styria
    • Knittelfeld
      • St Lorenzen bei Knittelfeld
Meixner, H. (1959): Kraubather Lagerstättenstudien. V. Die Nickelmineralisation im Kraubather Serpentingebiet. - Berg- und Hüttenmännische Mh. 104, 83-87.
    • Leoben
Meixner, H. (1952): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XII. Carinthia II, 142./62, 27-46.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemia Region
Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991; Zacek, V., Oplustil, S., Mayova, A. & Meyer, F. R. (1995): Die Mineralien von Kladno in Mittelböhmen, Tschechische Republik. Mineralien-Welt 6 (1), 13-30 (in German).
Řídkošil, T., Hanžl, P.: Minerály z haldy bývalého Dolu Felix v Otvovicích. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1983, roč. 28, č. 3, s. 317.
  • Liberec Region
    • Frýdlant (Frýdlant v Čechác)
      • Nové Město pod Smrkem
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
  • Ústí Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
      • Dubí (Eichwald)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Qaasuitsup
      • Qeqertarsuaq Island (Disko Island)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.;Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.160)
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schauinsland Pb-Zn mining district
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
India
 
  • Odisha (Orissa)
    • Keonjhar District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
Bariand, P., Bachet, B., Brassy, C., Medenbach, O., Deliens, M., Vautier, R., & Piret, P. (1993) A New Uranium Mineral from the Talmessi Mine, Iran, and Rabejac, France. Mineralogical Record: 24: 463-467
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Cogne Valley
      • Cogne
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Campo Franscia (Franscia)
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Varaita Valley
        • Sampeyre
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Oita Prefecture
      • Oita-gun
        • Notsuharu-mura (Notsuhara; Nozuharu)
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Nelson Region
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
    • Tasman Region
      • Takaka
Grapes, R.H., Challis, G.A. (1999) Gersdorffite with pentlandite, violarite, pyrrhotite, and pyrite, northwest Nelson, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 42:2, 189-204.
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
        • Orsk
          • Khalilovskii District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Vhembe District
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Carratraca
        • Los Jarales
Romero Silva JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. 318 pp. Published by CEDMA Malaga County Council. Spain
Romero Silva JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council Malaga. 318pp
Romero Silva JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la Provincia de Málaga. CEDMA edition County council. Málaga 318pp
      • Estepona
Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Edited by Cedma. Malaga County Council 318 pg. 1 map
      • Mijas
Romero Silva JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council Malaga. 318pp
      • Ojén
        • Ojén lherzolite massif
Romero Silva JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. Edita CEDMA County Council Malaga. 318pp
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Cedeira
        • Teixidelo
Mineralogical Magazine (1963), 33, 663.; Martínez Alcíbar, A. (1850) Raro e importante mineral de níquel. Revista Minera, 1, 302-306; Garcia-Guinea, J., La Iglesia, A., Crespo-Feo, E., González del Tanago, J., Correcher, V. (2014) : The status of zaratite; investigation of the type specimen from Cape Ortegal, Galicia, Spain. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25, 995-1004
UK
 
  • England
    • Staffordshire
      • Ecton
Ford, T., Sarjeant, A., and Smith, M. (1993): UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 13, 16-55
    • Warwickshire
      • Nuneaton and Bedworth
        • Bedworth
BMS Database
  • Scotland
    • Shetland Islands
      • Unst
        • Baltasound-Haroldswick area
Heddle, M.F. (1878) The Geognosy and Mineralogy of Scotland: Orkney and Shetland. Island of Unst. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 2, p. 12-35.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Tallapoosa Co.
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
  • California
    • Alameda Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Livermore District (Tesla District)
          • Tesla
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 390.
    • Del Norte Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Blue Creek Mountain
Anonymous (1962), World news on mineral occurrences: Rocks & Minerals: 37: 153; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 390.
    • Fresno Co.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 396; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 391.
    • Madera Co.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 140, 390.
    • Mendocino Co.
Hanks, Henry Garber (1886), Sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 6 part 1, 145 pp. (includes catalog of minerals); […(abstract): Neues Jahrb., 1887, Band 2: 474]: 140; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 390.
Blake, Wm. P. (1855), Observations on the extent of the gold region of California and Oregon, with notices of mineral localities in California and of some remarkable specimens of crystalline gold: American Journal of Science, 2nd. Series: 20: 82; Blake, Wm. P. (1858), Report of a geological reconnaissance in California 370 pp., New York: 303; Blake, Wm. P. (1866), Annotated catalogue of the principal mineral species hitherto recognized n California and the adjoining states and territories; being a report of the California State Board of Agriculture. 31 pp., Sacramento; Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 396; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 391.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Hollister
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 396; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 391.
Bradley, W.W., Huguenin, Emile, Logan, C.A., Tucker, W.B., and Waring, C.A. (1918), Manganese and chromium in California: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 76: 166; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 141.
    • San Luis Obispo Co.
Cronise, T.F. (1868), The natural wealth of California, 696 pp. H.H. Bancroft Co., San Francisco: 593; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 391.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Santa Cruz Mts
Bailey, Edgar H. & Donald L. Everhart (1964), Geology and quicksilver deposits of the New Almaden district, Santa Clara County, California: USGS PP 360: 102; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 234.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Castella
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 391.
    • Siskiyou Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Callahan District (Scott River District)
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 391.
  • Georgia
    • Jenkins Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Maryland
Gems and Minerals of America - Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
      • State Line District
[MinRec 12:154-155]
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
        • West Nottingham Township
          • Nottingham
Mineralogy of Pennsylvania - 1922; Samuel S. Gordon, pg. 181
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
        • Fulton Township
The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1875-1922; Samuel G. Gordon, Pg. 204; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246. Garcia-Guinea, J., La Iglesia, A., Crespo-Feo, E., González del Tanago, J., Correcher, V. (2014): The status of zaratite; investigation of the type specimen from Cape Ortegal, Galicia, Spain. European Journal of Mineralogy: 25: 995-1004.
Geyer, A.R., Smith, R.C., Barnes, J.H. (1976) Mineral collecting in Pennsylvania (4th ed.). Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Resources, Topographic and Geologic Survey, 260 pages, at pp.154-155. Garcia-Guinea, J., La Iglesia, A., Crespo-Feo, E., Gonzalez del Tanago, J., Correcher, V. (2013) The status of zaratite: investigation of the type specimen from Cape Ortegal, Galicia, Spain. European Journal of Mineralogy 25:6, 995-1004,(occurrence cancellation).
        • Little Britain Township
Mineralogy of Pennsylvania-1922; Samuel S. Gordon, pg. 206
          • Texas
American Republican, Jan. 2nd 1849 (Chester Co., Newspaper); 2nd geological Survey of Pennsylvania Preliminary Report 1874, F. A. Genth, Pg 156B; Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1069; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
    • Northampton Co.
      • Easton
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
          • C.K. Williams Quarry complex (Williams and Company Rock Quarry)
Rocks & Min.: 17:344.
  • Texas
    • Blanco Co.
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.
    • Gillespie Co.
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.
Ransom, Jay Ellis (1974 ) Gems and Minerals of America :pg 543
      • Oxford
American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 410412, 1978; American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 156-169, 1982
  • Vermont
    • Orleans Co.
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Smock, John C. (1883) The Useful Minerals of the United States in Mineral Resources of the United States, USGS, 1883.
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Colville Indian Reservation
        • Nespelem District (Moses District)
          • Moses Mountain
            • Stepstone Creek
``Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956; Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
  • Wisconsin
    • Milwaukee Co.
AmMin 44:995-1009
Bragrowski, B.P. (1940), Occurrence of millerite at Milwaukee, Wisconsin: American Mineralogist: 25 (8): 556-559.
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