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About ZelleriteHide

Howard Davis Zeller
Ca(UO2)(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Light lemon-yellow
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named after Howard Davis Zeller (24 December 1922, Warren, Ohio, USA - 14 April 2009, Denver, Colorado, USA), geologist with the United States Geological Survey who discovered the mineral.
Dimorph of:
This page provides mineralogical data about Zellerite.

Classification of ZelleriteHide

Approval Year:
First Published:

E : Uranyl Carbonates
C : UO2:CO3 < 1:1 - 1:2

3 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1

11 : Carbonates
11 : Carbonates of Cr and U

Pronounciation of ZelleriteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of ZelleriteHide

Transparent, Translucent
Light lemon-yellow
3.25 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.242 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ZelleriteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.536 nβ = 1.559 nγ = 1.697
Measured: 30° to 45°, Calculated: 48°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.161
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v
X=Y= colorless; Z = pale yellow

Chemical Properties of ZelleriteHide

Ca(UO2)(CO3)2 · 5H2O

Crystallography of ZelleriteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.22 Å, b = 19.25 Å, c = 4.93 Å
a:b:c = 0.583 : 1 : 0.256
Unit Cell V:
1,064.81 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of ZelleriteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 112827.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of ZelleriteHide

Other Language Names for ZelleriteHide


Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
8 photos of Zellerite associated with VogliteCa2Cu(UO2)(CO3)4 · 6H2O
1 photo of Zellerite associated with LiebigiteCa2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
1 photo of Zellerite associated with GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
1 photo of Zellerite associated with SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.EC.05FontaniteCa(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2OOrth.
5.EC.10MetazelleriteCa(UO2)(CO3)2 · 3H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide · 3H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.11.1StichtiteMg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
11.11.2Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3Orth. mm2 : Imm2
11.11.3Joliotite(UO2)CO3 · nH2OOrth.
11.11.4GrimseliteK3Na(UO2)(CO3)3 · H2OHex.
11.11.5BayleyiteMg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2OMon.
11.11.6MetazelleriteCa(UO2)(CO3)2 · 3H2OOrth.
11.11.8WyartiteCaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2OOrth.
11.11.9UrancalcariteCa(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth.
11.11.10SharpiteCa(UO2)3(CO3)4 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
11.11.11VogliteCa2Cu(UO2)(CO3)4 · 6H2OMon.
11.11.12AndersoniteNa2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
11.11.13SwartziteMgCa(UO2)(CO3)3 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
11.11.14RabbittiteCa3Mg3(UO2)2(CO3)6(OH)4 · 18H2OMon.
11.11.15Kamotoite-(Y)Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2OMon. 2/m
11.11.16Shabaite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.11.17Astrocyanite-(Ce)Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2OHex.
11.11.18Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2OMon.
11.11.20ZnucaliteZn12Ca(UO2)(CO3)3(OH)22 · 4H2OOrth.

Fluorescence of ZelleriteHide

Fluoresces patchy green under SW and LW UV

Other InformationHide

Special Storage/
Display Requirements:
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ZelleriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, Memoir (1963): 15: 21.
Coleman, R.G., D.R. Ross, Meyrowitz, R. (1966) Zellerite and metazellerite, new uranyl carbonates. American Mineralogist: 51: 1567–1578.
Fleischer, M. (1964) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 49: 439-448.
Frost, R.L., Dickfos, M.J., Cejka, J. (2008) Raman spectroscopic study of the uranyl carbonate mineral zellerite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 39: 582-586.

Internet Links for ZelleriteHide

Localities for ZelleriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
      • Jáchymov
Lapis 2002(7/8), 52
Specimen from Jakub Plasil. In the collection of Brent Thorne
  • South Bohemian Region
    • Písek District
      • Kovářov
        • Předbořice
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Rožná
        • Rožná deposit
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 2. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 2
  • Occitanie
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1998, 2, p.13-26]
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
  • Buskerud
    • Krødsherad
Collected by (Sigurd Stordal) & analyzed by (Pavel Kartashov)
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
Hîrtopanu P., Udubaşa G., Scott P., Hârtopanu I. (2004) Uranium sulphide mineralisation in the Bistriţa Mts., East Carpathians, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 81:108-111
  • Adygea
Collected by Pavel Martynov & Tim Pashko in may 2012. EDS by Anatoly Kasatkin, XRD by Jakub Plasil.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica District
Števko M., Sejkora J., Plášil J. (2012): Supergénna uránová mineralizácia na ložisku Banská Štiavnica (Slovenská republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 20, 1, 110-120 (in Slovak with English abstract).
  • New Mexico
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • McKinley Co.
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon
        • Fry Mesa
Handbook of Mineralogy, 2005.
  • Wyoming
    • Campbell Co.
Jim Hall, from Dr Howard Zeller's personal collection
    • Fremont Co.
      • Gas Hills Mining District
Am Min 51:1567-1578
Mineral and/or Locality  
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