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About ZemanniteHide

Josef Zemann
Mg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
Crystal System:
Member of:
Named after Josef Zemann (b. 25 May 1923, Vienna, Austria), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Vienna (Austria), in recognition of his outstanding work in crystallography, crystal chemistry, optical mineralogy and spectroscopy, and other fields.
Zn-analogue of kinichilite and keystoneite. Fe-analogue of ilirneyite.
According to Mandarino et al. (1976) zemannite has zeolite-like framework of negatively charged [Zn^2(TeO^3)^3], with large channels parallel to [0001].

Classification of ZemanniteHide

Approval Year:

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
M : Tellurites without additional anions, with H2O

3 : A2(XO3)3·xH2O

28 : Selenites, Selenates, Tellurites, and Tellurates
3 : Tellurites

Physical Properties of ZemanniteHide

Light to dark
density probably ca. 4.36 g/cm#3#

Optical Data of ZemanniteHide

Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.850 nε = 1.930
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.080
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of ZemanniteHide

Mg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
IMA Formula:
Mg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O

Crystallography of ZemanniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
6/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.41(2) Å, c = 7.64(2) Å
a:c = 1 : 0.812
Unit Cell V:
585.87 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Prisms with bipyramidal terminations

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of ZemanniteHide

Synonyms of ZemanniteHide

Other Language Names for ZemanniteHide


Relationship of Zemannite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
IlirneyiteMg0.5ZnMn3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.
KinichiliteMg0.5Mn2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
8 photos of Zemannite associated with QuartzSiO2
5 photos of Zemannite associated with TelluriteTeO2
4 photos of Zemannite associated with BaryteBaSO4
3 photos of Zemannite associated with ParatelluriteTeO2
3 photos of Zemannite associated with Denningite(Mn2+,Ca,Zn)Te4+2O5
1 photo of Zemannite associated with BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
1 photo of Zemannite associated with TelluriumTe

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.JM.05KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.
4.JM.05KinichiliteMg0.5Mn2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
4.JM.10BlakeiteFe3+2[TeO3]3 (?)
4.JM.10EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
4.JM.15GraemiteCu[TeO3] · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmma
4.JM.20TeineiteCu2+(Te4+O3) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m · 4.5H2OHex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

28.3.2RajiteCu(Te4+2O5)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
28.3.3GraemiteCu[TeO3] · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmma
28.3.4TeineiteCu2+(Te4+O3) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
28.3.5CesbroniteCu2+3Te6+O4(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
28.3.6MroseiteCaTe4+(CO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
28.3.7QuetzalcoatliteZn6Cu3(TeO6)2(OH)6 · AgxPbyClx+2yTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
28.3.9KinichiliteMg0.5Mn2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
28.3.11SpiroffiteMn2+2Te4+3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
28.3.12WinstanleyiteTiTe4+3O8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
28.3.15Choloalite(Cu,Sb)3(Pb,Ca)3(TeO3)6ClIso. 4 3 2 : P41 3 2
28.3.16SmirniteBi2Te4+O5Orth. mm2
28.3.17ChekhovichiteBi2Te4+4O11Mon. 2/m
28.3.18Cliffordite(UO2)Te4+3O7Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
28.3.21EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
28.3.22BlakeiteFe3+2[TeO3]3 (?)
28.3.23MackayiteFe3+(Te4+2O5)(OH)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
28.3.24PoughiteFe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2OOrth.
28.3.25SonoraiteFe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2OMon.
28.3.26RodalquilariteFe2(TeO2OH)3(TeO3)ClTric. 1 : P1
28.3.27EztlitePb2+2Fe3+3(Te4+ O3)3(SO4)O2ClMon. m : Bm
28.3.28KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ZemanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mandarino, J.A., Williams, S.J. (1961) Five New Minerals from Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico. Science: 133: 2017.
Mandarino, J.A., Matzat, E., Williams, S.J. (1969) Abstract: Zemannite, a new tellurite mineral from Moctezum, Sonora, Mexico. The Canadian Mineralogist: 10: 139-140.
Fleischer, M. (1970) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 55: 1444-1449.
Mandarino, J.A., Matzat, E., Williams, S.J. (1976) Zemannite, a zinc tellurite from Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico. The Canadian Mineralogist: 14: 387-390.
Miletich, R. (1995) Crystal chemistry of the microporous tellurite minerals zemannite and kinichilite, Mg0.5[Me2+Fe3+(TeO3)3]•4.5H2O, (Me2+ = Zn, Mn). European Journal of Mineralogy: 7: 509-523.
Cametti, G., Churakov, S., Armbruster, T. (2017) Reinvestigation of the zemannite structure and its dehydration behavior: a single-crystal X-ray and atomistic simulation study. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 53-61.

Internet Links for ZemanniteHide

Localities for ZemanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Wallonia
    • Luxembourg
      • Stavelot Massif
        • Vielsalm
          • Salmchâteau
  • Shizuoka
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
Hori, H. et al. (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu (Geoscience Magazine) 44, 261-265
Mexico (TL)
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
      • Moctezuma
[Canadian Mineralogist(1969) 10, 139-140; MinRec 8:390, 1:42]
  • New Mexico
    • Doña Ana Co.
      • Organ Mts
        • Organ Mining District
Joy Desor, Analyst
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Tintic Mining District
        • Eureka
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
        • Mammoth
Collected and analyzed by John Dagenais
          • Mammoth Peak
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. Raman analyzed by Bob Housley.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. EDS analyzed by Kaygeedee minerals.
    • Utah Co.
SEM-EDS analyzed by Dr. Rob Bowell.
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