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Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

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Formula:
Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Colour:
Yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
From Chinese for "a cerium mineral from China."
The so called zhonghuacerite-(Ce) was never submitted to the IMA CNMMN for formal approval and was published in 1981 by Zhang & Tao. It entered the mineralogical literature via a review in the New Minerals section of Am. Min. 67, 1078. The description was published in Chinese and the reviewer was not aware that the mineral was not approved by IMA. The mineral was listed in the Glossary of Mineral Species (Fleischer 1983 and Fleisher and Mandarino 1995). The name was modified by the CNMMN in 1987 to zhonghuacerite-(Ce) (Nickel & Mandarino 1987) as part of the update of mineral names with Levinson modifiers, and was included in the IMA list of REE minerals without realizing that it was an unapproved mineral and mineral name. Officially, this species did not exist and there was no need to discredit it.

Bastnäsite Group.

Not valid, type material may be either Huanghoite-(Ce) or Kukharenkoite-(Ce). Formula and the revised monoclinic cell parameters seen in e.g. webmineral.com (from Dana 8?) suggest identity with kukharenkoite-(Ce).

Originally reported from West Mine, Bayan Obo (Bayun-Obo; Baiyunebo) deposit, Darhan Muminggan United Banner, Baotou League, Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Inner Mongolia), China.


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Classification of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Hide

Discredited
Notes:
Published without approval
Approval History:
Unnamed, but probably valid.
5/C.07-160
5.BD.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.8.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
12.1.20

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides

Physical Properties of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Hide

Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Yellow
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.745 nε = 1.565
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.180
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Ba2Ce(CO3)3F

Crystallography of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.07 Å, b = 5.07 Å, c = 9.82 Å
α = 90°, β = 90°, γ = 120°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1 : 1 : 1.937
Unit Cell V:
218.60 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1

Other Language Names for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Hide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cordylite-(Ce)1 photo of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) associated with Cordylite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Riebeckite1 photo of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) associated with Riebeckite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4FHex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2Mon.
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2FTrig. 3 : P3
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4Tric.
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex.
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2Orth.
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5Mon. 2/m
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zhang Peishan and Tao Kejie (1981): Zhonghuacerite Ba2Ce(CO3)3F - A new mineral. Scientia Geologica Sinica 1981(2), 195-196 (in Chinese with English abstract). American Mineralogist (1982) 67, 1078 (abstract).
Zhang Peishan, Tao Kejie, and Li Fanghua (1981): Zhonghuacerite - A new rare earth mineral. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(2), 65-74 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zaitsev et al. (1996): European Journal of Mineralogy 8, 1327-1336.

Internet Links for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Zhang Peishan, Tao Kejie, and Li Fanghua (1981): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(2), 65-74.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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