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About ZincobotryogenHide

(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Bright orange-red
Vitreous, Greasy
Crystal System:
The name is derived from its zinc content and similarity to botryogen.
The Zn analogue of botryogen. The higher hydrate counterpart of chaidamuite. Chemically similar to zincocopiapite and somehow to lishizhenite. A very rare secondary Zn-Fe(III) sulphate formed in the oxidation zone.

Orginally described as a new mineral by Kwang-chih et al. (1964) from Xitieshan Pb-Zn deposit, Da Qaidam Co., Haixi Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai (Chinghai) Province, China. Thereafter considered as a mineral that needed reinvestigation. Finally approved by IMA in 2016 (IMA 2015-107).

Crystal structure details:
(1) chains of the [Fe3+(SO4)2(OH)(H2O)]2− composition, set || c
(2) chain-linked [MO(H2O)5] octahedra, where M = Zn, Mg
(3) also chain-linked but unshared water molecule
(4) 1+2+3 gives larger chain-forming [M2+Fe3+(SO4)2(OH)(H2O)6(H2O)] module
(5) hydrogen bonds play a role of an inter-chain module linkage

Classification of ZincobotryogenHide

Approval Year:

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations; chains of edge-sharing octahedra

9 : (AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of ZincobotryogenHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Bright orange-red
2½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of ZincobotryogenHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.542(5) nβ = 1.551(5) nγ = 1.587(5)
Calculated: 54.1°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.045
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
colorless (X) - light yellow (Y) - yellow (Z)
Z ‖ b; X ∧ c = 10°; negative elongation

Chemical Properties of ZincobotryogenHide

(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
IMA Formula:
ZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O

Crystallography of ZincobotryogenHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.504(2) Å, b = 17.801(4) Å, c = 7.1263(1) Å
β = 100.08(3)°
a:b:c = 0.59 : 1 : 0.4
Unit Cell V:
1311.9 ų

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
8.92 (100)
6.32 (77)
5.56 (23)
5.14 (45)
4.08 (22)
3.76 (20)
3.21 (31)
3.03 (34)

Type Occurrence of ZincobotryogenHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
prismatic crystals, 0.05 to 2 mm in size
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
collections of the Museum of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 9825, Beijing 100029, China (registration number KDX067)
Geological Setting of Type Material:
oxidation zone of a Pb-Zn deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of ZincobotryogenHide

Other Language Names for ZincobotryogenHide

Simplified Chinese:锌赤铁矾

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DC.05AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DC.05Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
7.DC.10ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DC.10ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.DC.15FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
7.DC.20XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2OMon.
7.DC.25BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
7.DC.30ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DC.30GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide · 7H2OMon. 2/m · 6H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.5.3NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
25.5.4KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
25.5.5Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.6Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.5.11GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.5.13Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.5.17SchuetteiteHg2+3(SO4)O2Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
25.5.18Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)xIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ZincobotryogenHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Tu Kwang-chih, Li Hsi-lin, Hsieh Hsen-deh, and Yin Shu-sen (1964): Zincobotryogen and zincocopiapite, two new varieties of sulfate minerals. Ti Chih Hsueh Pao [Acta Geologica Sinica] 44(1), 99-101 (in Chinese with English abstract). - American Mineralogist (1964), 49, 1776 (abstract).
Yang Hexiong and Eu Pingqiu (1988): Crystal structure of zincobotryogen. Kuangwu Xuebao [Acta Mineralogica Sinica] 8(1), 1-12 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yang, Z., Giester, G., Mao, Q., Ma, Y., Zhang, D., Li, H. (2016): Zincobotryogen, IMA No. 2015-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 409; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413.
Yang, Z., Giester, G., Mao, Q., Ma, Y., Zhang, D. & Li, H. (2017): Zincobotryogen, ZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH)⋅7H2O: validation as a mineral species and new data. Mineral. Petrol. 111, 363-372.

Internet Links for ZincobotryogenHide

Localities for ZincobotryogenHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Arica and Parinacota
    • Arica Province
      • Los Camarones
Samples analysed by Tony Kampf of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA
China (TL)
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi
      • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
        • Xitieshan
Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; Wanmao Li, Guoying Chen, and Zhizhong Peng (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(2), 109-114; Yang, Z., Giester, G., Mao, Q., Ma, Y., Zhang, D., Li, H. (2016): Zincobotryogen, IMA No. 2015-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 409; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413; Yang, Z., Giester, G., Mao, Q., Ma, Y., Zhang, D. & Li, H. (2017): Zincobotryogen, ZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH)⋅7H2O: validation as a mineral species and new data. Mineral. Petrol. 111, 363-372.
  • Kerman
    • Rafsanjan County
      • Pariz
Khorasanipour, M. (2015). Environmental mineralogy of Cu-porphyry mine tailings, a case study of semi-arid climate conditions, Sarcheshmeh mine, SE Iran. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 153, 40-52.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 430; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
[MinRec 24:435]
  • Colorado
    • Gilpin Co.
      • Black Hawk District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
      • Central City District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Rio Grande Co.
      • Summitville District (Summit District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Mineral and/or Locality  
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