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Zirconolite

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Formula:
CaZrTi2O7
Colour:
Black to brown, red
Lustre:
Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
A complex zirconium titanium oxide with three polytypoids known (2M, 3O, 3T).

Gieré et al. (1998) identified five hypothetical end-members, CaZrTi2O7, CaZrMe5+Me3+O7, ACTZrTiMe2+O7, REEZrTiMe3+O7 and REEZrMe5+Me2+O7.
The last one has been observed as a 53% percentage of REEZrNb(Mn,Fe)O7 in a sample from the Eifel volcanic region (Della Ventura et al., 2000).

Related to laachite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of ZirconoliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DH.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
H : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
8.2.5.5

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
2 : A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
7.10.5

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th

Physical Properties of ZirconoliteHide

Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Black to brown, red
Streak:
Dark brown, brownish yellow
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of ZirconoliteHide

Type:
Biaxial
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of ZirconoliteHide

Formula:
CaZrTi2O7
IMA Formula:
(Ca,Y)Zr(Ti,Mg,Al)2O7

Crystallography of ZirconoliteHide

Polytype:
Formula:
Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Ratio:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Z:
Zirconolite-2MZirconolite-3OZirconolite-3T
   
Monoclinic Orthorhombic Trigonal 
2/m - Prismaticmmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal3 2 - Trapezohedral
B2/b  P31 2 1
C2/c   
a = 12.444(2) Å, b = 7.266(1) Å, c = 11.341(2) Å
β = 100.59(1)°
a = 10.148(4) Å, b = 14.147(5) Å, c = 7.278(3) Å
a = 7.279(2) Å, c = 16.89(2) Å
a:b:c = 1.713 : 1 : 1.561a:b:c = 0.717 : 1 : 0.514a:c = 1 : 2.32
V 1,007.97 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
V 1,044.86 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
V 775.00 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
   

Type Occurrence of ZirconoliteHide

Other Language Names for ZirconoliteHide

Varieties of ZirconoliteHide

NiobozirconoliteA Nb-bearing variety of zirconolite.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Calzirtite3 photos of Zirconolite associated with Calzirtite on mindat.org.
Calcite2 photos of Zirconolite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Spinel2 photos of Zirconolite associated with Spinel on mindat.org.
Rutile2 photos of Zirconolite associated with Rutile on mindat.org.
Ilmenite2 photos of Zirconolite associated with Ilmenite on mindat.org.
Magnetite1 photo of Zirconolite associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.
Ulvöspinel1 photo of Zirconolite associated with Ulvöspinel on mindat.org.
Fayalite1 photo of Zirconolite associated with Fayalite on mindat.org.
Hornblende1 photo of Zirconolite associated with Hornblende on mindat.org.
Sanidine1 photo of Zirconolite associated with Sanidine on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DH.05Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
4.DH.05OrthobranneriteU4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2Orth.
4.DH.05Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6Mon.
4.DH.10KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2Orth.
4.DH.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6Mon.
4.DH.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mB2X6-wY1+wIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
4.DH.15Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15JixianitePb(W,Fe3+)2(O,OH)7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Natrobistantite
4.DH.15Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Plumbobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mB2X6-wY1-n
4.DH.15Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
4.DH.15Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)A2-mB2X6-wY1-nIso.
4.DH.15Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)Iso.
4.DH.15Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mB2X6-wY1-n
4.DH.15Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6FIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutopyrochlore (of Chukanov et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6ZAmor.
4.DH.15Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BismutostibiconiteBi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BindheimitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20MonimoliteIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DH.20CuproroméiteCu2Sb2(O,OH)7Iso.
4.DH.20StetefeldtiteAg2Sb2(O,OH)7Iso.
4.DH.20Stibiconite(Sb,O,OH) ?
4.DH.25RosiaitePbSb5+2O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.DH.35LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8Trig.
4.DH.35PetscheckiteUFe(Nb,Ta)2O8Hex.
4.DH.40IngersoniteCa3Mn2+Sb5+4O14Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
4.DH.45PittongiteNa0.22(W,Fe3+)(O,OH)3 · 0.44H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

8.2.5.1Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.10.1BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.10.2ArkeliteIso.
7.10.3PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15Hex.
7.10.4SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.10.6CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9Tet.
7.10.7Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-xIso.
7.10.8Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.
7.10.9UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?Iso.
7.10.10ThorianiteThO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
May be slightly radioactive.

References for ZirconoliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gatehouse, B. M., Grey, I. E., Hill, R. J. and Rossell, H. J. (1981): Zirconolite, CaZrxTi3-xO7; structure refinements for near-end-member compositions with x = 0.85 and 1.30. Acta Crystallogr. B37, 306-312.
Mazzi, F. and Munno, R. (1983) Calciobetafite (new mineral of the pyrochlore group) and related minerals from Campi Flegrei, Italy; crystal structures of polymignite, and zirkelite: comparison with pyrochlore and zirconolite. American Mineralogist: 68: 262-276.
Bayliss, P., Mazzi, F., Munno, R. and White, T. J. (1989) Mineral nomenclature: zirconolite. Mineral. Mag. 53, 565-569.
Cheary, R. W. (1992): Zirconolite CaZr0.92Ti2.08O7 from 294 to 1173 K. J. Solid State Chem. 98, 323-329.
Rossell, H. J. (1992): Solid solution of metal oxides in the zirconolite phase CaZrTi2O7. I. Heterotype solid solutions. J. Solid State Chem. 99, 38-51.
Rossell, H. J. (1992): Solid solution of metal oxides in the zirconolite phase CaZrTi2O7. II: The ternary phase CaZrxTi3−xO7. J. Solid State Chem. 99, 52-57.
Mineralogical Magazine (1994): 5: 259-269.
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 110: 845-848.
Calos, N. J., Forrester, T. S., Kennard, C. H. L. and White, T. J. (1996): Crystal structure of calcium titanium ytterbium zirconium oxide (zirconolite-2M), Ca0.71Ti1.16Yb0.66Zr1.46O7. Z. Kristallogr. 211, 703-704.
Gieré, R., Williams, C. T. and Lumpkin, G. R. (1998) Chemical characteristics of natural zirconolite. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 78, 433-459.
Bulakh, Andrei G.; Nesterov, Alexander R.; Anastasenko, Galina F.; Anisimov, Ilija S. (1999) Crystal morphology and intergrowths of calzirtite Ca2Zr5TiO16, zirkelite (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x, zirconolite CaZrTi2O7 in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kola Peninsula (Russia). Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh. 1999, 11-20.
Della Ventura, G., Bellatreccia, F. and Williams, C. T. (2000) Zirconolite with significant REEZrNb(Mn,Fe)O7 from a xenolith of the Laacher See eruptive center, Eifel volcanic region, Germany. Can. Mineral. 38, 57-65.
Della Ventura, G., Williams, T. C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E. and Giordano, G. (2001): Perrierite-(Ce) and zirconolite from a syenitic ejectum of the Roccamonfina volcano (Latium, Italy): implications for the mobility of Zr, Ti and REE in volcanic environments. N. Jb. Mineral. 2001, 385-402.
Bellatreccia, F., Della Ventura, G., Williams, C. T., Lumpkin, G. R., Smith, K. L. and Colella, M. (2002) Non-metamict zirconolite polytypes from the feldspathoid-bearing alkali-syenitic ejecta of the Vico volcanic complex (Latium, Italy). Eur. J. Mineral. 14, 809-820.
G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf and U. Kolitsch (2003) Zirconolite (CaZrTi2O7) from the volcanic Eifel - Verification of three different polytypoids. Mineralien-Welt 14 (3), 32-35. (in German)

Internet Links for ZirconoliteHide

Localities for ZirconoliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Laouni
Can Miner. 25, 687-693 (1987)
Angola
 
  • Cuanza Sul Province (Kwanza Sul Province)
    • Sumbe City Council
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPI-07 Alkaline and carbonatite magmatism and related ore deposits: Extrusive calcite carbonatite from Catanda, Angola: Magmatic and hydrothermal history from studies of pyrochlore
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
MinMag 58:259 (1994)
    • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
      • Sør Rondane Mts
Grew, E. S., Essene, E. J., Peacor, D. R., Su, S. C. and Asami, M. (1991): Dissakisite-(Ce), a new member of the epidote group and the magnesium analogue of allanite-(Ce), from Antarctica. American Mineralogist 76, 1990-1997.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Tablelands Region
      • Kinrara National Park
Sutherland,FL, Coenraads, R, Abduriyim, A and Meffre, S., 2013. Lava Plains, NE Queensland, gem mineral suite. Abstracts, 36th Annual Seminar, Mineralogical Societies of Australasia. Sydney. p. 21-23.
  • Tasmania
Sebastian Meffre, pers comm
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
      • Barradale
Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
    • Derby-West Kimberley Shire
Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86
    • East Pilbara Shire
Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.; Hickman, A.H. (1978) Nullagine, Western Australia: Geological Survey of Australia 1:250,000 Geological Series Explanatory Notes, 22p. Rasmussen, B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2004) Zirconolite, a new U-Pb geochronometer. Geology, 32, 785-788. doi:10.1130/G20658.1. Rasmussen, B. et al (2012) Tranquillityite: the last lunar mineral comes down to Earth. Geology, 40(1) 83-86.
Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Lamboo Station
        • Mount Dockrell pegmatites (Mount Dockerell)
Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia (2007)
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Rasmussen, B. et al. (2009): Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 157, 559-572.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Weiz
      • Stubenberg am See
Tropper, P. et al. (2001, 2003, 2005, 2007); http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Catalão I carbonatite complex
      • Ouvidor
Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, Vol 85, No. 1 pp14-18
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Itatiaia
elluso, L., Guarino, V., Lustrino, M., Morra, V., De' Gennaro, R. (2016): The REE- and HFSE-bearing phases in the Itatiaia Alkaline Complex (Brazil), and geochemical evolution of feldspar-rich felsic melts. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12839&sid=298fa3a883df3b6a74caf0dae5778cc7 (2016)
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
MinMag 63:649; Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Grand Forks
Richard Gunter specimens, ID by XRD
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Tappe, S., (2005) Genesis of Ultramafic Lamprophyres and Carbonatites, Aillik Bay, Canada: Implications for Incipient Rifting in the Labrador Sea Area. Nature and Origin of Ultramafic Lamprophyres and Carbonatites from the Borders of the Labrador Sea: Insights from Petrology, Geochemistry, and Geochronology. PhD thesis Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell et al. (1993)
      • Killala Lake Area
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720. ; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Can Mineral February 1997 v. 35 no. 1 p. 105-118
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
          • Oka complex
ZUREVINSKI, S.E. AND MITCHELL, R.H. (2004) Extreme compositional variation of pyrochlore-group minerals at the Oka carbonatite complex, Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 1159-1168.
Cape Verde
Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Šumperk (Mährisch Schönberg)
        • Ruda nad Moravou
Novák M. Gadas P. (2010) ZONED, ANORTHITE- AND GROSSULARITE-BEARING, LEUCOTONALITIC PEGMATITE FROM SERPENTINIZED LHERZOLITE AT RUDA NAD MORAVOU, STARÉ MĚSTO UNIT, CZECH REPUBLIC. Can Miner 48 (3): 629-650.; Gadas, P., Novák, M., Talla, D., & Galiová, M. V. (2013). Compositional evolution of grossular garnet from leucotonalitic pegmatite at Ruda nad Moravou, Czech Republic; a complex EMPA, LA-ICP-MS, IR and CL study. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(2), 311-326.
    • Vysočina Region
      • Třebíč
Houzar S.: Zinkem a baryem bohaté minerální asociace (sfalerit - Zn-spinel - hyalofán - Ba-flogopit) z mramoru u Číchova na západní Moravě (moldanubikum). Acta rerum naturalium (Jihlava), 2015, 18, 1-7.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
Mohamed, A. (2013). Mineral chemistry and genesis of Zr, Th, U, Nb, Pb, P, Ce and F enriched peralkaline granites of El-Sibai shear zone, central Eastern Desert, Egypt.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: Implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL-JAPAN-, 40(1), 1.
    • Sodankylä
Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa-Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 395, 233 s.
Gabon
 
  • Estuaire Province
    • Monts de Cristal complex
Maier, W. D., Rasmussen, B., Fletcher, I. R., Godel, B., Barnes, S. J., Fisher, L. A., ... & Lahaye, Y. (2015). Petrogenesis of the∼ 2· 77 Ga Monts de Cristal Complex, Gabon: Evidence for Direct Precipitation of Pt-arsenides from Basaltic Magma. Journal of Petrology, 56(7), 1285-1308.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
Canadian Mineralogist 38:57-65
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Andernach
        • Nickenich
Blass, G., Graf, HW., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Über neue Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 6/2005
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
            • Wingertsberg
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien-Welt 14, 352-358, 2003
      • Mendig
        • Bell
[Zirconolite-2M] Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2013): Die Mineralogischen Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 24 (3), 33-41.
India
 
  • Gujarat
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Indonesia
 
  • Lesser Sunda Islands
    • Nusa Tenggara Timur Province (East Lesser Sunda Islands Province)
      • Lomblen Island
www.geo.uu.nl/Research/Petrology/hoog96.htm.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Caserta Province
      • Roccamonfina Volcanic Complex
        • Sessa Aurunca
-Della Ventura, G., Williams, T.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Giordano, G. (2001): Perrierite-(Ce) and zirconolite from a syenitic ejectum ofthe Roccamonfina volcano (Latium, Italy): implications for the mobility of Zr, Ti and Ree in volcanic environments, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2001, 385-402.
    • Naples Province
Russo, M., Punzo, I., Blass, G., & Ciriotti, M. E. (2007). Zirconolite, albite ed epidoto: nuova e poco note specie del Somma-Vesuvio. Micro (UK report), 1/2007, 43-48.; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconlite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconolite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008.
Pascal, M.L. et al. (2008): Zirconolite, Calzirtite, Baddeleyite, Betafite, Geikielite and Quandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius – inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10
          • Ercolano
Russo, M., Punzo, I., Blass, G., Ciriotti, M.E. (2007): Zirconolite, albite ed epidoto: nuova e poco note specie del Somma Vesuvio. Micro, 1/2007, 43-48.
            • San Vito
Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
        • Phlegrean Fields
          • Bacoli
Fedele L., Tarzia M., Belkin H.E., De Vivo B., Lima A., Lowenstern J.B. (2006): Magmatic–hydrothermal fluid interaction and mineralization in alkali-syenite nodules from the Breccia Museo pyroclastic deposit, Naples, Italy. In: De Vivo B. (ed.), Volcanism in the Campania Plain: Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei and Ignimbrites. Developments in Volcanology, vol. 9, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, pages 125-161.
Canadian Mineralogist 38:57-65; Mazzi, F. and Munno, R. (1983): Calciobetafite (new mineral of the pyrochlore group) and related minerals from Campi Flegrei, Italy; crystal structures of polymignite, and zirkelite: comparison with pyrochlore and zirconolite. American Mineralogist: 68: 262-276
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
Caponera, I., Fiori, S., Pucci, R., & Signoretti, E. (2007). I minerali dei Colli Albani. Un aggiornamento sugli ultimi dieci anni di ricerche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 74-91.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Làtera volcano
Gianfranco Ciccolini Collection
      • Vico Lake
No reference listed
Bill Henderson specimens
http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html; Cámara,F., Williams,C.T., Della Ventura,G., Oberto,R. & Caprilli,E. (2004): Non-metamict betafite from Le Carcarelle (Vico volcanic complex, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 939-950
Signoretti, E., Carlini, R., Mattei, L. (2004): Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Pian di S. Martino, Le Carcarelle, Torre del Quercio. Il Cercapietre, 1-2, articolo 3; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html
http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A02.html
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Thalhammer, O., & Garuti, G. (2005). The Finero chromitites (Ivrea Zone, Italy): evidence for metasomatism in a mantle plume. Poster session presented at Platinum 10th International Platinum Symposium, Oulu, Finnland, .; Martin, R. F., & De Vito, C. (2005). The patterns of enrichment in felsic pegmatites ultimately depend on tectonic setting. The Canadian Mineralogist, 43(6), 2027-2048.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch valley)
Gartner, Ar., Gartner An. (2002): Burgum im schönen Pfitschtal. Tipografia Novaprint Cavalese, 126 pp.
    • Trento Province
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Breguzzo
          • San Pietro-Breguzzo Valley
            • Malga Trivena hut
Gieré, R., Williams, C.T. (1992): REE-bearing minerals in a Ti-rich vein from the Adamello contact aureole (Italy). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 112, 83-100.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Pitigliano
AMI UK Service analysis.
[Zirconolite-3T] Nasti, V., Benvegnù, N., Fiori, S., Fratangeli, G., Mussino, A., Signoretti, E. (2006): Segnalazioni in breve. Zirconolite di Poggio Bettinello. Stoppaniite (?) di Capranica. Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2006.
Japan
 
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
Nishio & Minakawa (2003) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 201.
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Miyako City
          • Kamineichi
Kato & Matsubara (1991) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 17, 11-20.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Madagascar
 
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
      • Amboasary District
        • Maromby Commune
www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.
        • Tranomaro Commune
Seydoux-Guillaume, A-M.,Montel, J-M., Wirth, R. & Moine, B. (2009): Radiation damage in diopside and calcite crystals from uranothorianite inclusions. Chemical Geology, (2009),318-332
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region (Mandalay Division)
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Kyauk-Pyat-That
          • Thurein-taung
[Zirconolite-3T] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas District
Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
Norway
 
  • Oslo
    • Sørkedalen
Barth, T.F.W. (1944): Studies of the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. II. Systematic petrography of the plutonic rocks. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. Mat,-Nat.Kl. 1944, 9, 1-104 (p.58); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 82.
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langangen
Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A.(1976): Mineraler fra Langangen. NAGS-nytt 3(1),9-12. (in norwegian)
        • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
        • Slevolden
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
      • Mørje
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field july 2009
Nordrum, F.S. (2007): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2006-2007. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 35: 61-68
      • Larvik town
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
      • Malerød
Andresen, P. (2011): Mineralene fra Midtfjellet larvikittbrudd, Malerød, Larvik. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 41-47
      • Rekkevikbukta
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field 25.10.2012
Berzelius, J. (1824): Undersökning af några Mineralier. 2. Polymignit. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-akademiens Handlingar. 338-345
[MinRec 23:435]; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp (p. 395)
        • Grevle
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2455
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16,p.395
Nordrum, F.S. (2011): Noen nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2010-2011. Stein. 38 (2): 14-23
Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544
      • Tjølling
        • Håkestad
Hansen, R.(1981). Mineralnotater. NAGS-nytt 8(4),18;Haifler, J. & Škoda, R. (2012): Chemical characterisation and xrd study of zirconolite from Håkestad alkaline pegmatite, Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged. 7,51
        • Klåstad
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
Svein A. Berge collection; Larsen, K.E. & Stensvold, B.K.(2015): Berylliummineraler og andre sjeldne mineraler i syenittpegmatitter i Skallist larvikittbrudd, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 47-56
        • Stålaker
Hansen, R.(1981).Mineralnotater. NAGS-nytt 8(4),18
      • Tvedalen
MAC depository of Unpublished Data, document Larvik Plutonic complex, CM51_735 (Piilonen et al 2013)
    • Re
      • Ramnes
Andersen, F. & Berge, S. A. (1994): Himberg pukkverk, Ramnes, Vestfold. STEIN 21 (2), 96-102
    • Sandefjord
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2001 & MM-1845
      • Fokserød
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-947
Berge, S.A. & Larsen,A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater".NAGS-nytt 7(2),21-24. (in norwegian)
Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater. NAGS-nytt 7(2),21-24.
Berge, S. A. & Hansen, R. (1975): Mineraler fra Sandefjord. NAGS-nytt nr 1, 10-12 (in norwegian)
      • Østerøya
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117
MAC depository of Unpublished Data, document Larvik Plutonic complex, CM51_735 (Piilonen et al 2013)
      • Vesterøya
Berge, S. A. & Larsen, A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater. NAGS-nytt 7 (2),21-24. (in norwegian)
Svein A. Berge collection
Berge, S.A. & Hansen, R. (1976): Mineraler i Sandefjordsområdet III-Varden. NAGS-nytt 3 (4), 13-16 (in norwegian)
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1371
Oman
 
  • Dhofar Governorate (Al Janubiyah Province)
The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, 2004 JULY, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, Axxx–Axxx (2004)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Karkonosze Mts (Karkonosze Massif)
      • Szklarska Poręba District
Szełęg E. & Škoda R. 2008: Y, REE-rich zirconolite from the Skalna Brama pegmatite near Szklarska Poręba (Karkonosze Massif, Lower Silesia, Poland). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, p. 159
Portugal
 
  • Azores District
    • São Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Aldan province
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
[World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
        • Kukisvumchorr Mt
          • East slope
European Journal of Mineralogy 19, 95-103(2007)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Shlyukova Z.V. (1986) Mineralogy of contact formations of Khibina massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 96 (in Rus.)
Williams, C. T. (1996). The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.
      • Northern Karelia
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Sorokhtina, N.V., Chukanov, N.V., Voloshin, A.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Bogdanova, A.N., and Moiseev, M.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 620-628.; Kogarko, L.N. et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Vol 2.
      • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
[var: Niobozirconolite] No reference listed
Sri Lanka
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Bambarabotuwa
De Hoog, J., van Bergen, M.J. (1997): Notes on the Chemical composition of Zirconolite with Thorutite inclusions from Walaweduwa, Sri Lanka, Mineralogical Magazine, October 1997, Vol. 61, pp 721-725
Lapis 8(9), 17 (1983)
Sweden
 
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
[Zirconolite-3O] Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    • Timrå
      • Tynderö
[Zirconolite-3O] Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
http://www.vendsysselstenklub.dk/dokumenter/Norra%20Kaerr.pdf
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg district
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Zakrezewski, M.a., Lustenhouwer, W.H., Nugteren, H.J. & Williams, C.T. (1992). Rare earth minerals yttrian zirconolite and allanite-(Ce) and associated minerals from Koberg Mine, Bergslagen, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 56: 27-35.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
Canadian Mineralogist 38:57-65
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Strathclyde
www.abdn.ac.uk/geology/profiles/analysis/probe.htm.
USA
 
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
  • New Mexico
    • Union Co.
Hunt, W. F., Schwartz, J. M. & McCallum, I. S. (2005) Comparative study of equilibrated and unequilibrated eucrites: Subsolidus thermal histories of Haraiya and Pasamonte. The American Mineralogist 90 (11): 1871-1886.
The Moon
 
  • Mare Crisium
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
  • Mare Fecunditatis
A.V. Mokhov and P.M. Kartashov data; Gornostaeva, T. A., Kartashov, P. M., Mokhov, A. V., & Bogatikov, O. A. (2012, June). Native rhodium-bearing ferroplatinum in a lunar regolith sample from the Mare Fecunditatis. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 444, No. 2, pp. 770-772). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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